Birthdays in History on February 18

Person of interestQin Shi Huang

259 BC Qin Shi Huang, Founder of the Qin dynasty and 1st emperor of a unified China (220 - 210 BC), born in Handan (d. 210 BC)

First Emperor of the Qin dynasty Qin Shi Huang
First Emperor of the Qin dynasty
Qin Shi Huang
  • 1374 Saint Jadwiga of Poland, Queen of Poland (d. 1399)
  • 1404 Leon B Alberti, Italian humanist/architect (Della Pittura)
  • 1486 Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, Bengali saint, inspired Chaitanya movement, born in Navadwip, India (d. 1534)
  • 1516 Mary I Tudor, [Bloody Mary], Queen of England (1553-58), born in Greenwich, England (d. 1558)
  • 1530 Uesugi Kenshin, Japanese samurai and warlord (d. 1578)
  • 1543 Charles III, Duke of Lorraine (d. 1608)
  • 1559 Isaac Casaubon, naturalized English classical scholar, theologian
  • 1602 Per Brahe (the younger), Swedish soldier (d. 1680)
  • 1609 Edward Hyde, Earl of Clarendon, English PM (1660-67), born in Dinton, England (d. 1674)
  • 1635 Johan Göransson Gyllenstierna, Swedish statesman (d. 1680)
  • 1658 Charles-Irénée Castel de Saint-Pierre, French writer (d. 1743)
  • 1677 Jacques Cassini, French astronomer (rings of Saturn)

Person of interestAlessandro Volta

1745 Alessandro Volta, Italian physicist and inventor of the 1st battery, born in Como, Italy (d. 1827)

Physicist and Inventor Alessandro Volta
Physicist and Inventor
Alessandro Volta
  • 1772 Giovanni Battista Brocchi, Bassano del Grappa, Italian Geologist
  • 1775 Thomas Girtin, artist/watercolorist, born in London, England

  • 1781 Henry Martyn, Truro, missionary
  • 1790 Marshall Hall, Basford Nottinghamshire, physician
  • 1795 George Peabody, South Danvers Mass, merchant/philanthropist
  • 1805 Louis Malesherbes Goldsborough, Rear Admiral (Union Navy)
  • 1814 Samuel Fenton Cary, U. S. Congressman (d. 1900)
  • 1815 Henri Leys, Flemish painter
  • 1817 Lewis Addison Armistead, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1863)
  • 1817 Walter Page Lane, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1892)
  • 1829 Jean Jacques Alfred Mouton, American Brigadier-General (Confederate Army), born in Opelousas, Louisiana (d. 1864)
  • 1833 James Deshler, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1863)
  • 1836 Ramakrishna [Gadadhar Chatterji], Indian mystic and yogi (preached unity of religions), born in Kamarpukur, British India (d. 1886)
  • 1838 Ernst Mach, Chirlitz-Turas Austria, physicist/philosopher/psychologist
  • 1844 Willem Maris, Dutch painter (Hague School)
  • 1848 Louis Comfort Tiffany, glassmaker (stained glass windows)
  • 1849 Alexander L. Kielland, Norwegian writer and politician (Garman og Worse)
  • 1857 Max Klinger, German graphic artist/painter/sculptor
  • 1858 Louise M A, princess of Belgium
  • 1860 Anders Zorn, Swedish painter/etcher/sculptor (Gustavus Vasa)
  • 1870 William Laurel Harris, American mural painter, writer (d. 1924)
  • 1871 Harry Brearley, English inventor (d. 1948)
  • 1875 Walter Andrae, German archaeologist (Babylon, Assur)
  • 1883 Níkos Kazantzákis, prominent Greek writer and philosopher (Zorba the Greek, The Last Temptation of Christ), born in Kandiye, Ottoman Empire (d. 1957)
  • 1884 Andrew Watson Myles, Canadian politician (d. 1970)
  • 1889 Sybold van Ravesteyn, architect (Blijdorp, CS Rotterdam, Utrecht)
  • 1890 Lauri SA Haarla, Finnish (stage)writer (Juudas, Sukeltaja)

  • 1892 Wendell Wilkie, American Presidential candidate (R-1940)/author (One World), (d. 1944)
  • 1895 Semjon Timoshenko, Russ marshal/inspector-general (WWII)

Person of interestAndré Breton

1896 André Breton, French writer and poet, founder of Surrealism, born in Tinchebray, France (d. 1966)

Writer and Surrealist André Breton
Writer and Surrealist
André Breton
  • 1897 Charles Kuentz, WW1 veteran, changed nationality 4 times (d.2005)
  • 1898 Enzo Ferrari, racing car manufacturer, Modena
  • 1898 Luis Muñoz Marín, Puerto Rican poet (d. 1980)
  • 1899 Arthur Bryant, English historian (King Charles II)
  • 1903 Nikolaj V Podgorny, pres USSR (1965-77)
  • 1906 Hans Asperger, Austrian pediatrician and eponym of Asperger syndrome, born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1980)
  • 1907 Harm van Riel, Dutch politician (Dutch Liberal Party)
  • 1909 Wallace Stegner, novelist/critic (Pulitzer-1971-Angle of Repose)
  • 1913 Artur Axmann, nazi youth leader
  • 1916 Betty Phyllis Gathergood, curator
  • 1916 Jean Drapeau, mayor of Montreal (1954- )
  • 1918 Jane Loevinger, American psychologist (d. 2008).
  • 1922 Eric Gairy, first Prime Minister of Grenada (1974-1979)
  • 1922 Helen Gurley Brown, American author/publisher and editor-in-chief of Cosmopolitan, born in Green Forest, Arkansas, (d. 2012)
  • 1922 Juhan Smuul, Estonian author (d. 1971)
  • 1924 Humberto Fernández Morán, Venezuelan scientist (d. 1999)
  • 1924 Louis Laberge, Quebec labour union leader (d. 2002)
  • 1925 Marcel Barbeau, Quebec artist
  • 1927 John Warner, American politician (Sen-R-VA, 1979-2009) married Elizabeth Taylor, born in Washington, D.C.
  • 1929 Leonard Cyril Deighton, English author (Ipcress File, Fighter)
  • 1930 Theodore C Freeman, Haverford Penn, capt USAF/astronaut
  • 1930 Gahan Wilson, American cartoonist
  • 1931 Johnny Hart, cartoonist (B.C., Wizard of Id), born in Endicott, New York (d. 2007)
  • 1931 Maxwell Thurman, US General
  • 1931 Swraj Paul, Indian/British industrial/multi-millionaire (Caparo)
  • 1931 Toni Morrison, Ohio, novelist (Tar Baby, Beloved, Song of Solomon)
  • 1932 Miloš Forman, Czech-American award-winning director (One Flew Over the Cuckoos Nest, Amadeus, The Firemen's Ball), born in Čáslav, Czechoslovakia (d. 2018)
  • 1932 Duane Michals, American photographer (Sequences, The journey of the spirit after death), born in McKeesport, Pennsylvania
  • 1934 Paco Rabbane [Francisco Cuervo], Spanish fashion designer and perfumer, born in Pasajes, Spain
  • 1934 Audre Lorde, American writer, feminist and activist (Black Unicorn), born in NYC, New York (d. 1992)
  • 1935 Michel Aoun, President of Lebanon (2016-present), born in Haret Hreik, Lebanon
  • 1936 Jean M. Auel, Finnish-American writer (Earth's Children series), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1938 Elke Erb, German writer, born in Scherbach
  • 1939 Claude Ake, political scientist
  • 1943 Graeme Garden, Scottish writer (The Goodies), born in Aberdeen, Scotland
  • 1946 Michael Buerk, British newsreader
  • 1947 Eliot Engel, American politician (Rep-D-NY), born in New York City
  • 1947 Princess Maria Christina, [Marijke], of Netherlands
  • 1948 Carolyn B Maloney, (Rep-D-NY)
  • 1949 Gary Ridgway, American serial killer
  • 1950 Michel Gauthier, Quebec politician
  • 1951 Isabel Preysler, Philippines-born Spanish socialite
  • 1952 Juice Newton, [Judy Cohen], American vocalist (Angel of the Morning), born in Virginia
  • 1952 Veronica "Randy" Crawford, US vocalist (One Day I'll Fly Away)
  • 1955 Miles Tredinnick, English playwright
  • 1957 Bruce Rauner, American politician, Governor of Illinois (2015-), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1960 Carol McGiffin, British TV and radio presenter
  • 1963 Henry Winter, English football journalist
  • 1965 Peter Martini, journalist
  • 1966 Guy Ferland, American television director
  • 1967 Harry Van Barneveld, Belgian judoka
  • 1974 Ruby Dhalla, Canadian politician
  • 1985 Lee Boyd Malvo, American serial killer