Birthdays in History on February 18

Qin Shi HuangQin Shi Huang (259-210 BC)

Founder of the Qin dynasty and 1st emperor of a unified China (220 - 210 BC), born in Handan

  • 1201 Nasir al-Din al-Tusi, Persian philosopher, architect and mathematician (Tadhkirah fi ʿilm al-hay), born in Ṭūs, Khorāsān (d. 1274)
  • 1374 Saint Jadwiga of Poland, Queen of Poland (d. 1399)
  • 1404 Leon B Alberti, Italian humanist/architect (Della Pittura)
  • 1486 Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, Bengali saint, inspired Chaitanya movement, born in Navadwip, India (d. 1534)
  • 1516 Mary I Tudor [Bloody Mary], Queen of England (1553-58), born in Greenwich, England (d. 1558)
  • 1530 Uesugi Kenshin, Japanese samurai and warlord (d. 1578)
  • 1543 Charles III, Duke of Lorraine (d. 1608)
  • 1559 Isaac Casaubon, naturalized English classical scholar, theologian
  • 1602 Per Brahe (the younger), Swedish soldier (d. 1680)
  • 1609 Edward Hyde, Earl of Clarendon, English PM (1660-67), born in Dinton, England (d. 1674)
  • 1635 Johan Göransson Gyllenstierna, Swedish statesman (d. 1680)
  • 1658 Charles-Irénée Castel de Saint-Pierre, French writer (d. 1743)
  • 1677 Jacques Cassini, French astronomer (rings of Saturn)

Alessandro VoltaAlessandro Volta (1745-1827)

Italian physicist and inventor of the 1st battery, born in Como, Italy

  • 1772 Giovanni Battista Brocchi, Bassano del Grappa, Italian Geologist
  • 1775 Thomas Girtin, artist/watercolorist, born in London, England
  • 1781 Henry Martyn, Truro, missionary
  • 1790 Marshall Hall, Basford Nottinghamshire, physician
  • 1795 George Peabody, South Danvers Mass, merchant/philanthropist
  • 1805 Louis Malesherbes Goldsborough, Rear Admiral (Union Navy)
  • 1814 Samuel Fenton Cary, U. S. Congressman (d. 1900)
  • 1815 Henri Leys, Flemish painter
  • 1817 Lewis Addison Armistead, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1863)
  • 1817 Walter Page Lane, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1892)
  • 1829 Jean Jacques Alfred Mouton, American Brigadier-General (Confederate Army), born in Opelousas, Louisiana (d. 1864)
  • 1833 James Deshler, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1863)
  • 1836 Ramakrishna [Gadadhar Chatterji], Indian mystic and yogi (preached unity of religions), born in Kamarpukur, British India (d. 1886)
  • 1838 Ernst Mach, Chirlitz-Turas Austria, physicist/philosopher/psychologist
  • 1844 Willem Maris, Dutch painter (Hague School)
  • 1848 Louis Comfort Tiffany, glassmaker (stained glass windows)
  • 1849 Alexander Lange Kielland, Norwegian writer (Gist; Fortuna; St. Hans Fest), and politician (mayor; governor), born in Stavanger, Norway (d. 1906)
  • 1857 Max Klinger, German graphic artist/painter/sculptor
  • 1858 Louise, princess of Belgium, married and divorced Philipp, Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1924)
  • 1860 Anders Zorn, Swedish painter/etcher/sculptor (Gustavus Vasa)
  • 1870 William Laurel Harris, American mural painter, writer (d. 1924)
  • 1871 Harry Brearley, English inventor (d. 1948)
  • 1875 Walter Andrae, German archaeologist (Babylon, Assur)
  • 1883 Níkos Kazantzákis, prominent Greek writer and philosopher (Zorba the Greek, The Last Temptation of Christ), born in Kandiye, Ottoman Empire (d. 1957)
  • 1884 Andrew Watson Myles, Canadian politician (d. 1970)
  • 1889 Sybold van Ravesteyn, architect (Blijdorp, CS Rotterdam, Utrecht)
  • 1890 Lauri SA Haarla, Finnish (stage)writer (Juudas, Sukeltaja)
  • 1892 Wendell Wilkie, American Presidential candidate (R-1940)/author (One World), (d. 1944)
  • 1895 Semjon Timoshenko, Russian marshal/inspector-general (WWII)

André BretonAndré Breton (1896-1966)

French writer and poet, founder of Surrealism, born in Tinchebray, France

  • 1897 Charles Kuentz, WW1 veteran, changed nationality 4 times (d. 2005)
  • 1898 Enzo Ferrari, racing car manufacturer, Modena
  • 1898 Luis Muñoz Marín, Puerto Rican poet (d. 1980)
  • 1899 Arthur Bryant, English historian (King Charles II)
  • 1903 Nikolai Podgorny, Ukrainian Soviet statesman, Premier of the USSR (1965-77), born in n Karlovka, Russian Empire (d. 1983)
  • 1906 Hans Asperger, Austrian pediatrician and eponym of Asperger syndrome, born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1980)
  • 1907 Harm van Riel, Dutch politician (Dutch Liberal Party)
  • 1909 Wallace Stegner, novelist/critic (Pulitzer-1971-Angle of Repose)
  • 1913 Artur Axmann, nazi youth leader
  • 1916 Betty Phyllis Gathergood, curator
  • 1916 Jean Drapeau, mayor of Montreal (1954- )
  • 1918 Jane Loevinger, American psychologist (d. 2008).
  • 1922 Eric Gairy, first Prime Minister of Grenada (1974-1979)
  • 1922 Helen Gurley Brown, American author/publisher and editor-in-chief of Cosmopolitan, born in Green Forest, Arkansas, (d. 2012)
  • 1922 Juhan Smuul, Estonian author, born in Muhu, Estonia (d. 1971)
  • 1924 Evald Ilyenkov, Soviet philosopher (Dialectical Logic), born in Smolensk, Soviet Union (d. 1979)
  • 1924 Humberto Fernández Morán, Venezuelan scientist (d. 1999)
  • 1924 Louis Laberge, Quebec labour union leader (d. 2002)
  • 1924 Nicolo Rizzuto, Italian-Canadian organized crime figure, born in Cattolica Eraclea, Sicily, Italy (d. 2010)
  • 1925 Marcel Barbeau, Canadian abstract artist, born in Montreal, Quebec (d. 2016)
  • 1927 John Warner, American politician (Sen-R-VA, 1979-2009) married Elizabeth Taylor, born in Washington, D.C.
  • 1929 Leonard Cyril Deighton, English author (Ipcress File, Fighter)
  • 1930 Gahan Wilson, American author and cartoonist known as the "Michelangelo of the Macabre", born in Evanston, Illinois (d. 2019) [1]
  • 1930 Theodore C Freeman, Haverford Penn, capt USAF/astronaut
  • 1931 Johnny Hart, American cartoonist (B.C., Wizard of Id), born in Endicott, New York (d. 2007)
  • 1931 Maxwell Thurman, American General
  • 1931 Swraj Paul, Indian/British industrial/multi-millionaire (Caparo)

Toni MorrisonToni Morrison (1931-2019)

American writer (Tar Baby, Beloved, Song of Solomon), first African American woman to win a Nobel Prize (2010), born in Lorain, Ohio

  • 1932 Duane Michals, American photographer (Sequences; The Journey of the Spirit After Death), born in McKeesport, Pennsylvania
  • 1934 Audre Lorde, American writer, feminist and activist (Black Unicorn), born in NYC, New York (d. 1992)
  • 1934 Paco Rabanne [Francisco Cuervo], Spanish fashion designer & perfumer, born in Pasajes, Spain
  • 1935 Michel Aoun, President of Lebanon (2016-present), born in Haret Hreik, Lebanon
  • 1936 Jean M. Auel, Finnish-American writer (Earth's Children series), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1938 Elke Erb, German writer, born in Scherbach
  • 1939 Claude Ake, political scientist
  • 1943 Graeme Garden, Scottish writer (The Goodies), born in Aberdeen, Scotland
  • 1946 Michael Buerk, British newsreader
  • 1947 Eliot Engel, American politician (Rep-D-NY), born in New York City
  • 1947 Princess Maria Christina [Marijke], of Netherlands
  • 1948 Carolyn B. Maloney, American politician (Rep-D-NY), born in Greensboro, North Carolina
  • 1949 Gary Ridgway, American serial killer, born in Salt Lake City, Utah
  • 1950 Michel Gauthier, Canadian politician, born in Quebec City, Canada
  • 1951 Isabel Preysler, Philippines-born Spanish socialite, born in Manila, Philippines
  • 1952 Veronica "Randy" Crawford, American vocalist (One Day I'll Fly Away), born in Macon, Georgia
  • 1955 Miles Tredinnick, English playwright, born in Warrington, United Kingdom
  • 1957 Bruce Rauner, American politician (Governor of Illinois, 2015–19), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1960 Carol McGiffin, British TV & radio presenter, born in London, United Kingdom
  • 1961 Armin Laschet, German politician (CDU), born in Aachen, West Germany
  • 1963 Henry Winter, English football journalist, born in London, United Kingdom
  • 1966 Guy Ferland, American television director, born in Beverly, Massachusetts
  • 1974 Ruby Dhalla, Canadian politician, born in Winnipeg, Canada
  • 1985 Lee Boyd Malvo, American serial killer, born in Kingston, Jamaica