Birthdays in History on February 19

Nicolaus CopernicusNicolaus Copernicus (1473-1543)

Polish mathematician and astronomer who theorized that planets revolve around the sun (Heliocentric theory), born in Toruń, Royal Prussia, Kingdom of Poland

  • 1526 Charles de L'Ecluse, Flemish botanist (d. 1609)
  • 1552 Melchior Klesl, Austrian cardinal and statesman (d. 1630)
  • 1588 Pieter de Carpentier, Flemish governor-general of Dutch East-Indies
  • 1611 Andries de Graeff, mayor of Amsterdam (1657..71)
  • 1630 Shivaji Bhonsle [Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj], Indian warrior and founder of the Maratha Empire (disputed birth date; 1630-02-19 accepted by Indian government), born at Shivneri fort (d. 1680)
  • 1660 Friedrich Hoffmann, German physician and chemist (d. 1742)
  • 1722 Tiphaigne de la Roche, French writer (d. 1774)
  • 1751 Cornelis de Gijselaar, Dutch politician and patriot
  • 1754 Nicolas Baudin, French explorer, led cartographic survey of the coast of Australia, born in St-Pierre-de-Ré, France (d. 1803)
  • 1754 Vincenzo Monti, Italian poet and translator (Al Signor di Montgolfier)
  • 1755 Pieter Gerardus van Overstraten, Dutch Governor-General of Dutch East Indies
  • 1780 Friedrich Heinrich von der Hagen, German philologist (Nibelungenlied), born in Angermünde-Schmiedeberg i (d. 1856)
  • 1780 Richard McCarty, American politician, born in Coeymans, New York (d. 1844)
  • 1792 Roderick Murchison, Muir of Ord Ross-shire, Scottish Geologist (Silurian system)
  • 1802 Wilhelm Matthias Naeff, Swiss Federal Councillor (d. 1881)
  • 1804 Carl Freiherr von Rokitansky, German physician (d. 1878)
  • 1804 David Wark, Canadian politician (d. 1905)
  • 1817 William III, last male King of the Netherlands (1849-90) until 2013, born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1890)
  • 1819 Mark Prager Lindo, English Dutch writer, born in London, England (d. 1877)
  • 1821 Francis Preston Blair Jr., (Rep-Missouri), born in Lexington, Kentucky (d. 1875)
  • 1827 Charles Robert Woods, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Newark, Ohio (d. 1855)
  • 1828 Johannes von Miquel, German politician
  • 1859 Svante Arrhenius, Swedish physicist and chemist (Nobel Prize for Chemistry 1903), born in Wik Castle, Sweden (d. 1927)
  • 1865 Adrian van Oordt, Dutch writer (neo-romantic)
  • 1865 Sven Hedin, Swedish scientist and explorer (Tibet)
  • 1876 Constantin Brancusi, Romanian French sculptor (Princesse X), born in Hobita (d. 1957)
  • 1877 Else Berg, German born Dutch painter (Bergense School), born in Ratibor, German Empire (d. 1942)
  • 1877 Gabriele Münter, German painter (d. 1962)
  • 1880 Álvaro Obregón, Mexican general and President of Mexico (1920-24), born in Alamos, Mexico (d. 1928)
  • 1881 Evert Gorter, founder of Dutch medical child care
  • 1881 Paul Zech, German writer, born in Briesen, Western Prussia (d. 1946)
  • 1888 Aurora Quezon, First Lady of the Philippines (d. 1949)
  • 1889 Jose Eustasio Rivera, Colombian poet and novelist (Vortex)
  • 1893 Pietro Pancrazi, Italian critic (Scrittori d'Oggi)
  • 1898 Lauwrens Voorthuyzen [Lou de Palingboer], Dutch sect leader
  • 1899 Yury Olesha, Russian novelist (d. 1960)
  • 1900 Giorgos Seferis [Giōrgios Stylianou Seferiadēs], Greek writer (Nobel Prize for Literature 1963) and diplomat, born in Smyrna, Ottoman Empire (d. 1971)
  • 1901 Cor[nelis RJ] Kieboom, Dutch resistance fighter and chairman (Feyenoord)
  • 1903 Kay Boyle, American novelist (Plagued by Nightingales), born in St. Paul, Minnesota (d. 1992)
  • 1903 Sadiq Hidajat, Persian writer (Blind Person Owl), (d. 1951)
  • 1904 Havank [HF vqan der Kallen], Dutch thriller writer (St Eustache)
  • 1912 Adolf Rudnicki [Aron Hirschhorn], Polish writer (Niekochana), born in Żabno, Galicia (now Poland) (d. 1990)
  • 1912 Peter Francis du Sautoy, British publisher (Faber & Faber) (d. 1995)
  • 1917 Carson McCullers, American novelist (The Heart Is a Lonely Hunter), born in Columbus, Georgia (d. 1967)
  • 1920 C. Z. Guest, American socialite and fashion icon, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 2003)
  • 1920 Frances Bairstow, American educator and labor relations arbitrator, born in Racine, Wisconsin (d. 2013)
  • 1920 Jaan Kross, Estonian writer (d. 2007)
  • 1921 Andries Treurnicht [Dr No], South African politician (founder of the South African Conservative Party), born in Piketberg, South Africa (d. 1993)
  • 1922 Beant Singh, Indian politician (Chief Minister of Punjab), born in Patiala, Punjab (d. 1995)
  • 1927 Rene Firino-Martell, French cognac manufacturer (Martell), born in Cognac, France (d. 1995)
  • 1930 John Frankenheimer, American director (Birdman of Alcatraz), born in NYC, New York
  • 1932 Joseph P. Kerwin, American Capt Med Corps USN/astro (Skylab 2), born in Oak Park, Illinois
  • 1934 David Jones, English director (Betrayal), born in Poole, England (d. 2008)
  • 1934 Julian Rochfort Belfrage, English theatre agent, born in London, England (d. 1994)
  • 1936 Ione Mylonas Shear, American archeologist (Bronze Age Greece), born in Champaign, Illinois (d. 2005)
  • 1936 Marin Sorescu, Romanian poet, playwright and artist (Iona, House under surveillance), born in Bulzești, Dolj County (d. 1996)
  • 1940 Saparmurat Niyazov, President of Turkmenistan (d. 2006)
  • 1941 Imre Szöllősi, Hungarian sprint canoeist (World C'ship gold K-2 10,00m 1966; 2 x Olympic silver 1960, bronze 1968), born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 2022)
  • 1941 Stephen Dobyns, American author and poet (Cold Dog Soup), born in Orange, New Jersey
  • 1942 Ken Kramer [Kenneth Bentley Kramer], former American Republican member of the House of Representatives, born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1943 Homer Hickam, American author (Rocket Boys) and retired NASA engineer, born in Coalwood, West Virgina
  • 1943 Tim Hunt, British biochemist, (Nobel Prize for Medicine or Physiology for discovery of protein molecules), born in Neston, England
  • 1946 Karen Silkwood, American nuclear lab technician and labor union activist, born in Longview, Texas (d. 1974)
  • 1946 Peter Hudson, Australian rules footballer
  • 1947 Ferdousi Priyabhashini, Bangladeshi sculptor (Independence Day Award-2010), born in Khulna District, British India (d. 2018)
  • 1947 Peter Bird, British ocean rower (1st to row non-stop solo across the Pacific), (d. 1996)
  • 1947 Tim Shadbolt, New Zealand politician (Mayor of Invercargill), born in Auckland, New Zealand
  • 1948 Byron K. Lichtenburg, American astronaut (STS 9, STS 45), born in Stroudsburg, Pennsylvania
  • 1948 Pim Fortuyn, Dutch politician (d. 2002)
  • 1949 Danielle Bunton Berry [Dan Bunten], American software developer (M.U.L.E), born in St. Louis, Missouri (d. 1998)
  • 1949 William Messner-Loebs, American comics writer and artist (Flash, Wonder Woman), born in Ferndale, Michigan
  • 1951 Shaykh-ul-Islam Dr Muhammad Tahir-ul-Qadri (Db), Pakistani Islamic Sufi Scholar
  • 1952 Amy Tan, American novelist (The Joy Luck Club), born in Oakland, California
  • 1952 Rudolfo Neri-Vida, Mexican PHD/astronaut (STS 23)
  • 1953 Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, President of Argentina (2007-2015), born in La Plata, Buenos Aires
  • 1956 George David Low, American astronaut (STS 32, STS 43), born in Cleveland, Ohio

Jeffrey Robert ImmeltJeffrey Robert Immelt (66 years old)

1956 American chairman of General Electric, born in Cincinnati, Ohio

  • 1956 Roderick MacKinnon, American biologist (2003 Nobel Prize for Chemistry for work on ion channels), born in Burlington, Massachusetts
  • 1958 Helen Fielding, English writer (Bridget Jones), born in Morley, England
  • 1960 Andrew, Duke of York, British prince and 2nd son of Queen Elizabeth II, born at Buckingham Palace, London
  • 1960 Keith Musa[kawukhathi] Zondi, South African head of Inkatha Youth Brigade
  • 1962 John Laroche, American orchid poacher
  • 1963 Laurell K. Hamilton, American writer (Anita Blake books), born in Heber Springs, Arkansas
  • 1964 Dmitri Lipskerov, Russian writer
  • 1964 Jennifer Doudna, American biochemist (2020 Nobel Prize for Chemistry for CRISPR Gene Editing), born in Washington D.C.
  • 1971 Jeff Kinney, American author (Diary of a Wimpy Kid), born in Fort Washington, Maryland
  • 1989 L A Baby orangutan, at Woodland Park Zoo (Seattle, Washington)
  • 1991 Lina Hidalgo, American politician (County Judge Harris County), born in Bogota, Colombia