Birthdays in History on February 21

  • 1417 Louis IX, Duke of Bayern (University of Ingolstadt)
  • 1484 Joachim I Nestor, elector (Brandenburg, Constitution)
  • 1675 Franz Xaver Josef von Unertl, Bavarian politician (d. 1750)
  • 1684 Justus van Effen, writer/founder (Holland Spectator)
  • 1705 Edward Hawke, 1st Baron Hawke, British naval officer (won naval victory in Battle of Quiberon Bay) (d. 1781)
  • 1710 Willem van Haren, Frisian nobleman/poet (Human Life)
  • 1723 Louis-Pierre Anquetil, French historian (d. 1808)
  • 1728 Peter III, German-born Russian Tsar (1762) and husband of Catherine the Great, born in Kiel, Duchy of Holstein-Gottorp (d. 1762)
  • 1730 Charles L Fournier, Flemish writer and painter
  • 1744 Eise Eisinga, Frisian amateur astronomer (built the oldest functioning planetarium in the world in his house at Franeker), born in Dronryp, Dutch Republic (d. 1828)
  • 1779 Friedrich von Savigny, German lawyer
  • 1783 Fyodor Petrovich Tolstoy, Russian painter (VP: Imperial Academy of Arts 1828-68), born in St. Petersburg, Russian Empire (d. 1873)
  • 1783 Princess Catharina of Württemberg, Queen consort of Westphalia (d. 1835)
  • 1785 Karl Varnhagen von Ense, German officer and author (Die Sterner)

Santa AnnaSanta Anna (1794-1876)

President of Mexico who dominated Mexican history in the first half of the 19th century, born in Xalapa, Veracruz

  • 1800 John Henry Winder, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Somerset County, Maryland (d. 1865)
  • 1801 John Henry Newman, British thologian (Tract 90), educator, poet (Dream of Gerontius), Anglican priest, Catholic priest, cardinal and saint, born in London, England (d. 1890)
  • 1802 George Douglas Ramsay, American Brevet Major general (Union Army), born in Dumfries, Virginia (d. 1882)
  • 1805 David Tod, US diplomat and politician (Gov-R-Ohio, 1861-63), born in Youngstown, Ohio (d. 1868)
  • 1815 Ernest Meissonier, French painter and sculptor
  • 1817 Jose Zorrilla, Spanish poet and dramatist (El rey Loco), born in Valladolid, Spain (d. 1893)
  • 1821 Charles Scribner, American magazine and book publisher, born in New York City (d. 1871)
  • 1829 Johnson Hagood, American politician (Governor of South Carolina 1880-82) and Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Barnwell, South Carolina (d. 1898)
  • 1852 [James] Burner Matthews, US playwright/critic (NY Times)
  • 1855 Alice Freeman Palmer, American educator (President of Wesley College), born in Colesville, New York (d. 1902)
  • 1856 Hendrik Petrus Berlage, Dutch architect (Stock exchange Amsterdam), born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1934)
  • 1857 Jules de Trooz, Belgium politician and Prime Minister of Belgium (1907), born in Leuven, Belgium (d. 1907)
  • 1860 Goscombe John, Welsh sculptor (d. 1952)
  • 1860 Karel Matěj Čapek-Chod, Czech journalist (d. 1927)
  • 1865 John Haden Badley, English school founder (d. 1967)
  • 1875 Jeanne Louise Calment, French world's oldest woman (d. 1997 at 122)
  • 1876 Pyotr Konchalovsky, Russian painter (d. 1956)
  • 1877 Totius [Jacob D. du Toit], South African poet and theologist, born in Paarl, Cape Colony (d. 1953)
  • 1878 Mirra Richard [The Mother], French-born Indian spiritual leader (Sri Aurobindo), born in Paris, France (d. 1973)
  • 1880 Waldemar Bonsels, German writer (d. 1952)
  • 1888 Clemence Dane [Winifred Ashton], British novelist and playwright (A Bill of Divorcement), born in Blackheath, England (d. 1965)
  • 1888 Willem Banning, Dutch theologist/sociologist (Religious Build Up)
  • 1889 Felix Aylmer, British actor (Anastasia, Hamlet, Iron Duke, Macbeth, St Joan), born in Corsham, Wiltshire, England (d. 1979)
  • 1895 Henrik Dam, Danish biochemist, (1943 Nobel Prize for Chemistry for discovery of vitamin K), born in Copenhagen, Denmark (d. 1976)
  • 1896 Sylvain Poons, Dutch cabaret performer (Blue Jackets)
  • 1902 Arthur D. Nock, English-American historian (St Paul)
  • 1902 John Smallenbroek, Dutch minister of Internal Affairs [or 1909]
  • 1903 Anaïs Nin, French-Cuban writer (Delta of Venus), born in Neuilly-sur-Seine, France (d. 1977)
  • 1903 Fairfax M. Cone, American advertising executive (d. 1977)
  • 1903 Raymond Queneau [M Presle], French author (Un Enfant a Dit), born in La Havre, France (d. 1976)
  • 1907 Wystan Hugh Auden, American poet (Age of Anxiety-Pulitzer 1948)
  • 1909 Hans Erni, Swiss painter and sculptor, born in Lucerne, Switzerland (d. 2015)
  • 1909 Helen Octavia Dickens, American physician and gynaecologist (1st black women admitted to US College of Surgeons), born in Dayton, Ohio (d. 2001)
  • 1910 Carmine Galante, Italian-born gangster (d. 1979)
  • 1910 Douglas Bader, British pilot and WWII flying ace during WWII, born in London, England (d. 1982)
  • 1913 Glenn M. Anderson, American politician (Rep-D-CA, 1969-93), born in Hawthorne, California (d. 1994)
  • 1914 Hermanus P. "Piet" Mulder, Dutch journalist (Parool/VARA)
  • 1917 Victor G M Marijnen, Dutch premier (1963-65)

Robert MugabeRobert Mugabe (1924-2019)

Zimbabwean revolutionary, Prime Minister of Zimbabwe (1980-87) and 1st black President of Zimbabwe (1988-2017), born in Harare, Zimbabwe

  • 1926 Hans Andreus [Johan W van der Zant], Dutch poet (Animal Language)

Hubert de GivenchyHubert de Givenchy (1927-2018)

French fashion designer (Audrey Hepburn's LBD) & founder of Givenchy (1952), born in Beauvais, France

  • 1930 Elizabeth Adams, American Beverly Hills madame and mentor to Heidi Fleiss, born in Manila, Philippines (d. 1995) [1]
  • 1935 Jean Pelletier, French Canadian political operative
  • 1936 Barbara Jordan, American politician (Rep-D-Tx, 1972-78), born in Houston, Texas
  • 1937 Harald V, King of Norway (1991-present), born in Akershus, Norway
  • 1938 Beryl Anthony Jr., American politician (Rep-D-CA, 1979-93), born in El Dorado, Arkansas

John LewisJohn Lewis (1940-2020)

American politician (Rep-D-Georgia) and prominent civil rights leader (Big Six), born in Troy, Alabama

  • 1942 Peter Leonard, Australian journalist and newsreader, born in Yass, New South Wales (d. 2008)
  • 1943 Roberto Faenza, Italian director (Copkiller, Corrupt), born in Turin, Italy
  • 1944 Herman de Coninck, Flemish writer and poet (Impossible Work)
  • 1946 Tricia Nixon Cox, daughter of American politician Richard Nixon, born in Whittier, California
  • 1946 Vito Rizzuto, Italian-Canadian alleged mafia boss, also known as "Montreal's Teflon Don", born in Cattolica Eraclea, Sicily, Italy (d. 2013)
  • 1947 Olympia Snowe, American politician (Rep-R-Maine, 1979-95, Senator-R-Maine 1995-2013), born in Augusta, Maine
  • 1947 Victor Sokolov, Russian journalist (d. 2006)
  • 1950 Sahle-Work Zewde, Ethiopian diplomat, President of Ethiopia (2018-), born in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
  • 1958 Jake Steinfeld, American exercise expert (Body by Jake), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1961 Abhijit Banerjee, American economist, 2019 Nobel Prize for Economics, born in Mumbai, India
  • 1962 Chuck Palahniuk, American writer (Fight Club), born in Pasco, Washington
  • 1962 David Foster Wallace, American writer (Infinite Jest, The Broom of the System), born in Ithaca, New York (d. 2008)
  • 1964 Jane Tomlinson, British cancer campaigner, born in Wakefield, United Kingdom (d. 2007)
  • 1964 Mark Kelly, American astronaut, Navy captain and politician (Senator-R-Arizona 2020-), born in Orange, New Jersey

Scott KellyScott Kelly (58 years old)

1964 American astronaut, born in Orange, New Jersey

  • 1969 Tony Meola, American footballer, born in Belleville, New Jersey
  • 1980 Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck, Druk Gyalpo [Dragon king] of the Kingdom of Bhutan (2006-), born in Katmandu, Bhutan
  • 1983 Daniel Ek, Swedish CEO & co-founder of Spotify, born in Stockholm, Sweden
  • 1985 Bob Burton, American speedcuber, born in Newark, New Jersey
  • 1986 Prince Amedeo of Belgium, Archduke of Austria-Este, born in Brussels, Belgium