On This Day

Birthdays in History on February 22

  • 1040 Rashi, French rabbi (d. 1105)
  • 1403 Charles VII, King of France (1422-61), drove the English out from Northern France, (d. 1461)
  • 1440 Ladislaus V Posthumus, King of Hungary/Bohemia
  • 1500 Cardinal Rodolfo Pio da Carpi, Italian humanist (d. 1564)
  • 1514 Tahmasp I, shah of Persia (1524-76)/author (Tazkire-i Shah)
  • 1612 George Digby, 2nd Earl of Bristol, English statesman (d. 1677)
  • 1634 Petrus "Pieter" van Schooten, fortress architect
  • 1684 William Pulteney, statesman (Earl of Bath), born in London, England
  • 1705 Peter Arctedius [Artedi], Swedish biologist
  • 1714 Louis-Georges de Bréquigny, French historian (d. 1795)

Person of interestGeorge Washington

1732 George Washington, 1st President of the United States (1789-97) and Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army, born in Westmoreland, Virginia (d. 1799)

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington
  • 1756 Georg Friedrich von Martens, German diplomat (d. 1821)
  • 1773 Matthijs I van Bree, Flemish (court)painter
  • 1778 Rembrandt Peale, American portrait and historical painter (Margaret Irvine Miller ,1805; Court of Death, 1820), and museum keeper (Baltimore), born in Bucks County, Pennsylvania (d. 1860)
  • 1785 Jean Charles Athanase Peltier, Ham, French Physicist (Peltier effect 1834)
  • 1788 Arthur Schopenhauer, German philosopher (Great Pessimist)
  • 1796 Adolphe Quetelet, Belgian astronomer, mathematician and sociologist (body mass index scale), born in Ghent, French Republic (d. 1874)
  • 1796 Alexis Bachelot, French missionary (d. 1837)
  • 1797 William I, Berlin, King of Prussia (1861-88)/German Emperor (1871-88)
  • 1798 Charles Mynn Thruston, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Lexington, Kentucky (d. 1873)
  • 1806 Józef Kremer, Polish messianistic philosopher (d. 1875)
  • 1817 Carl Wilhelm Borchardt, German mathematician (d. 1880)
  • 1819 James Russell Lowell, poet/critic/diplomat/abolitionist
  • 1822 Adolf Kuszmaul, German physician (stomach pump, Kuszmaul disease)
  • 1824 Pierre Janssen, French astronomer, discovered helium, born in Paris, France (d. 1907)
  • 1825 Jean Baptiste Salpointe, second Archbishop of Santa Fe, born in Saint-Maurice de Pionsat, France (d. 1898)
  • 1827 James Barnet Fry, American historian and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Carrollton, Illinois (d. 1894)
  • 1828 Robert Alexander Cameron, American soldier and newspaper publisher (Union Army), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1894)
  • 1839 Francis Pharcellus Church, American editor and publisher (The New York Sun - "Yes, Virginia, There Is A Santa Claus"), born in Rochester, New York (d. 1906)
  • 1840 F August Bebel, German social-democrat
  • 1842 Leon Vanderkindere, Belgian historian/mayor (Ukkel)
  • 1843 Affonso de Escragnolle Taunay, France/Brazil writer (Inocencia)
  • 1849 Nikolay Yakovlevich Sonin, Russian mathematician (d. 1915)
  • 1850 Isaac L Rice, German (namesake of Columbia Univ's Rice stadium)
  • 1852 Pieter K Pel, internist (Pel-Ebstein fever)
  • 1857 Heinrich Hertz, physicist, 1st to broadcast & receive radio waves

Person of interestRobert Baden-Powell

1857 Robert Baden-Powell, British officer and founder of the modern scouting movement, born in Paddington, London (d. 1941)

Founder of Scouts Robert Baden-Powell
Founder of Scouts
Robert Baden-Powell
  • 1862 Karen Hulda Garborg[-Bergersen], Norwegian playwright (Mot Solen/Eli)
  • 1864 Jules Renard, French writer (Poil de Carotte)
  • 1865 Otto Modersohn, German painter
  • 1868 Henri Polak, union leader/politician (soc-dem)
  • 1873 Muhammad Iqbal, Dutch East Indies lawyer/poet/philosopher
  • 1877 Yme C Schuitmaker, Dutch potato salesman/dramatist
  • 1878 Walter Ritz, Swiss physicist (d. 1909)
  • 1879 Norman Lindsay, Australian artist and novelist (The Magic Pudding), born in Creswick Victoria (d. 1969) [1]
  • 1880 Frigyes Riesz, Hungarian mathematician (d. 1956)
  • 1881 Joseph B. Ely, American politician (d. 1956)
  • 1882 Eric Gill, England, sculptor/engraver/typographer (Perpetua)
  • 1883 Alfred Wikenhauser, German RC exegetist (John-Apokalyps)
  • 1886 Hugo Ball, German playwright/co-founder Flametti
  • 1887 Mary Ellen Chase, educator/author (Windswept, 1959 Sarah Hale Award)
  • 1888 Owen Brewster, American politician (d. 1961)
  • 1889 Robin G Collingwood, English philosopher (Roman Britain)
  • 1889 Olave Baden-Powell, English founder of the Girl Guide (d. 1977)
  • 1891 Jan Wils, Holland, architect/designer (Amsterdam's Olympic Stadium)
  • 1891 Vlas Chubar, Soviet politician (d. 1939)
  • 1892 David Dubinsky, labor leader (Freedom Award, 1969 Medal of Freedom)
  • 1892 Edna St Vincent Millay, poet/dramatist/feminist (Harp Weaver-Pulitzer Prize), born in Rockland, Maine (d. 1950)
  • 1895 Victor RaulHaya de la Torre, founder (Peruvian Aprista Party)
  • 1896 Paul Van Ostaijen, Flemish poet/writer/critic (Occupied City)
  • 1897 Karol Świerczewski, Polish general (d. 1947)
  • 1898 Anton de Kom, Surinam/Dutch worker's union leader/resistance fighter
  • 1899 Dechko Uzunov, Bulgarian painter (d. 1986)
  • 1900 Giorgos Seferis [Georgios Seferiades], Greek poet (Nobel 1963), born in Urla, Ottoman Empire (d. 1971)
  • 1900 Seán Ó Faoláin [John Whelan], Irish short story writer (Murder at Cobbler's Hulk), born in Cork City, County Cork, Ireland (d. 1991)
  • 1901 Charles E Whittaker, Kansas, US Supreme Court justice (1957-62)
  • 1903 Morley Callaghan, Canadian author (Toronto Star, Native Argosy)
  • 1903 Ain-Ervin Mere, Estonian Nazi (d. 1969)
  • 1904 Peter Hurd, Roswell NM, painter (Portrait of Jose Herrera)
  • 1908 Romulo Betancourt, President of Venezuela (1945-48, 1958-64)
  • 1909 Roderick Barclay, diplomat
  • 1910 Muriel Monkhouse, Red Cross worker
  • 1914 Renato Dulbecco, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine laureate
  • 1917 Harmen van Rossum, civil servant/resistance fighter (WWII)
  • 1917 Jane Bowles, American writer, born in NYC, New York (d. 1973)
  • 1918 Robert Wadlow, American who was tallest known human (2.72 m, 8' 11.1"), born in Alton, Illinois (d. 1940)

Person of interestAlfred J. Gross

1918 Alfred J. Gross, American inventor (invented the walkie-talkie), born in Toronto, Ontario (d. 2000)

Inventor Alfred J. Gross
Inventor
Alfred J. Gross

Person of interestJean-Bédel Bokassa

1921 Jean-Bédel Bokassa, President (1966-1976) & later Emperor (1976-1979) of the Central African Republic, born in Bobangui, then French Equatorial Guinea (d. 1996)

  • 1921 Wayne Booth, American literary critic, born in American Fork, Utah (d. 2005)
  • 1921 David Greene, British television director, born in Manchester, England (d. 2003)
  • 1922 William J. Baumol, American economist (Baumol’s cost disease), born in South Bronx, New York (d. 2017)
  • 1925 Edward Gorey, American author & artist (Curious Sofa), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2000)
  • 1925 Raymond Joseph Cecil, British architect (d. 1995)
  • 1930 Jules van Neerven, Dutch economist & editor (Limbourg Daily), born in Eindhoven, Netherlands
  • 1930 James McGarrell, American painter, born in Indianapolis, Indiana
  • 1932 Ted Kennedy, American politician (US Senator (D)-Massachusetts, 1962- 2009), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 2009)
  • 1933 Katharine Lucy Mary Worsley, Duchess of Kent, born in Hovingham, United Kingdom
  • 1933 Joseph Lechleider, American electrical engineer (invented DSL /high speed internet technology), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2015)
  • 1935 Ineke Haas-Berger, Dutch politician (PvdA), born in Abcoude-Baambrugge, Netherlands
  • 1936 J. Michael Bishop, American immunologist & microbiologist (Nobel Prize 1989), born in York, Pennsylvania
  • 1937 Joanna Russ, American sci-fi author (Hugo, Female Man, Alyx), born in NYC, New York
  • 1937 Samuel Whitbread, English brewer & multi-millionaire
  • 1938 Ishmael Reed, American author (Last Days of Louisiana Red), born in Chattanooga, Tennessee
  • 1938 Pierre Vallières, French-Canadian politician, born in Montreal, Quebec (d. 1995)
  • 1940 Johnson Mlambo, South African leader (Pan-African Congress), born in Johannesburg, South Africa
  • 1940 Billy Name [William Linich Jr.], American photographer (Andy Warhol's factory), born in Poughkeepsie, New York (d. 2016)
  • 1941 Hipólito Mejía, Dominican politician, born in Santiago de los Caballeros, Dominican Republic
  • 1943 David Skaggs, American politician (Rep-D-Colorado), born in Cincinnati, Ohio
  • 1943 Horst Köhler, German politician, born in Skierbieszów, Poland
  • 1944 Robert Kardashian, American lawyer, born in Los Angeles, California (d. 2003)
  • 1947 John Bryant, American politician (Rep-D-TX, 1983- ), born in Lake Jackson, Texas
  • 1951 Harley O. Staggers Jr., American politician (Rep-D-WV, 1983- ), born in Washington, D.C
  • 1952 James Philip Bagian, American physician & NASA astronaut (STS 29, STS 40), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • 1952 Bill Frist, American politician, born in Nashville, Tennessee
  • 1954 Jean-Philippe Vassal, French architect (Lacaton & Vassal, Pritzker Prize 2021), born in Casablanca, Morocco
  • 1959 Jiří Čunek, Czech politician, born in Zlín, Czechia
  • 1962 Lenda Murray, American body builder (4X Ms Olympia), born in Detroit, Michigan
  • 1963 Pebbles Flintstone, fictional character on "The Flintstones"
  • 1965 Dean Karr, American director & photographer, born in Seattle, Washington
  • 1966 Resha Riggins, Miss Alabama (1990), born in Trussville Alabama
  • 1966 Brian Greig, Australian politician, born in Fremantle, Australia
  • 1968 Shawn Graham, Canadian politician, born in Rexton, Canada
  • 1969 Hans Klok, Dutch illusionist, born in Purmerend, Netherlands
  • 1974 Chris Moyles, English DJ, born in Leeds, United Kingdom
  • 1982 Robert Weiner, Jr., American water polo player, born in Newport Beach, California
  • 1985 Sean Garballey, American politician, born in Arlington, Massachusetts
  • 1989 Alia Sabur, American college educator, born in NYC, New York