Birthdays in History on February 23

  • 1417 Pope Paul II [Pietro Barbo], Italian Pope (1464-71), born in Venice, Republic of Venice (d. 1471)
  • 1443 Matthias Corvinus, King of Hungary and Croatia (1458-1490) created the Bibliotheca Corviniana, born in Kolozsvár, Kingdom of Hungary (d. 1490)
  • 1583 Jean-Baptiste Morin, French scientist (d. 1656)
  • 1614 Jacob Colijns, Dutch coat of arms painter, born in Amsterdam (d. 1686)
  • 1615 Cornelis Galle II, Flemish engraver and illustrator, born in Antwerp baptized date (d. 1678)

Nicolas FouquetNicolas Fouquet (1615-1680)

French politician and Superintendent of Finances (1653-61) who became fabulously wealthy and later imprisoned for maladministration of state funds, born in Paris

Samuel PepysSamuel Pepys (1633-1703)

English navy administrator and Member of Parliament famous for his Diary of the English Restoration period, born in London

  • 1646 Tokugawa Tsunayoshi, Japanese shogun (d. 1709)
  • 1648 Arabella Churchill, English mistress of James II of England (d. 1730)
  • 1700 Wilhelmus Schortinghuis, Dutch theologist (Profound Christianity), born in Winschoten (d. 1750)
  • 1723 Richard Price, Welsh philosopher (d. 1791)
  • 1729 Josiah Hornblower, American statesman (d. 1809)

Mayer Amschel RothschildMayer Amschel Rothschild (1744-1812)

German Jewish banker and founder of the Rothschild banking dynasty, born in Frankfurt

  • 1756 Joannes van der Linden, Dutch lawyer and judge (Ware Pleiter), born in Zuid-Scharwoude, North Holland (d. 1835)
  • 1776 John Walter II, English newspaper owner (who made The Times into an important newspaper, 1812-47), born in London, England (d. 1847)
  • 1787 Emma Willard, American women's rights activist and educator who founded the 1st school for women's higher education in the US, born in Berlin, Connecticut (d. 1870)
  • 1792 István Ferenczy, Hungarian sculptor (d. 1856)
  • 1803 John Sutter, German-Swiss-American colonist who established Sutter's Fort in what is now Sacramento and where gold was first discovered in California, born in Kandern, Margraviate of Baden, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1880)
  • 1817 George Frederic Watts, British painter and sculptor of the Symbolist movement ("Hope"; "Love and Life"), born in London (d. 1904)
  • 1818 Jeremy Francis Gilmer, American general and engineer (Chief Engineer for Confederate War Dept, planned defense of Atlanta), born in Guilford County, North Carolina (d. 1883)
  • 1824 Herman Neubronner van der Tuuk, Dutch philologist (Tobasch' Grammar), born in Malacca, Dutch Malaya (d. 1894)
  • 1824 Lewis Cass Hunt, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Brown County Wisconsin (d. 1886)
  • 1831 Hendrik Willem Mesdag, Dutch painter (Panorama Mesdag), born in Groningen, Netherlands (d. 1915)
  • 1834 Gustav Nachtigal, German physician and explorer (consul in Tunis, secured protectorates for Germany in central Africa), born in Eichstedt, Brandenburg (d. 1885)
  • 1838 Gilbert Moxley Sorrel, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1901)
  • 1840 Carl Menger, Austrian economist (marginal utility theory, subjective theory of value), born in Neu-Sandez in Galicia, Austrian Empire (d. 1921)
  • 1842 Karl Robert Eduard von Hartmann, German philosopher (d. 1906)
  • 1850 César Ritz, Swiss hotelier (d. 1918)
  • 1863 Franz Stuck, German painter (The Sin), born in Tettenweis, Bavaria (d. 1928)

W.E.B. Du BoisW.E.B. Du Bois (1868-1963)

American civil rights activist, writer (Souls of Black Folk) and co-founder of the NAACP, born in Great Barrington, Massachusetts

  • 1869 Nadezhda Krupskaya, Russian revolutionary (Central Committee member, Soviet Minister for Education, wife of Vladimir Lenin), born in Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1939)
  • 1873 Liang Qichao, Chinese scholar (d. 1929)
  • 1874 Konstantin Päts, Estonian Prime Minister (1921-23, 1932-33) and dictator (1933-40), born in Tahkuranna Parish, Governorate of Livonia, Russian Empire (d. 1956)
  • 1876 Maude Royden, English suffragist and preacher, born in Liverpool, England (d. 1956)
  • 1878 Kazimir Malevich, Ukrainian painter and art theorist (d. 1935)
  • 1879 Agnes Arber, English biologist and philosopher (Mind & the Eye, 1st woman botanist elected to the Royal Society), born in London, England (d. 1960)
  • 1881 Titus Brandsma, Dutch priest and philosopher (spoke out against Nazi ideology, killed at Dachau), born in Oegeklooster, Netherlands (d. 1942)
  • 1883 Karl Jaspers, German existentialist philosopher born in Oldenburg Germany (d. 1969)
  • 1884 Herman Courtens, Belgian painter, born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1956)
  • 1886 Ventura García Calderón, Peruvian diplomat and author, born in Paris, France (d. 1959)
  • 1889 Frederik M. baron of Asbeck, Dutch lawyer and legal scholar (League of Nations), born in Den Helder, Netherlands (d. 1968)
  • 1898 Reinhard Herbig, German archaeologist (Etruscan, Ancient Greece and Rome), (d. 1961)
  • 1899 Erich Kästner, German writer (d. 1974)
  • 1901 Edgar Ende, German painter (d. 1965)
  • 1901 Mien van 't Sant, Dutch author (Mieke serial), born in Gorinchem, Netherlands (d. 1994)
  • 1903 Grigori Aleksandrov, Russian film director (Veselye Rebjata), born in Yekaterinburg, Russia (d. 1983)
  • 1904 Leopold Trepper, Polish-Israeli spy (founded CP Palestina), born in Nowy Targ, Poland, Austria-Hungary (d. 1982)
  • 1904 William L. Shirer, American journalist and historian (Rise & Fall of 3rd Reich), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1993)
  • 1908 William McMahon, 20th Prime Minister of Australia (Liberal: 1971-72), born in Redfern, New South Wales (d. 1988)
  • 1911 G. Mennen Williams, American lawyer, politician (Governor of Michigan, 1949-61), diplomat, and jurist (Chief Justice of Michigan Supreme Court, 1983-86), born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 1988)
  • 1911 Walter Allen, English writer and literary critic, born in Birmingham, England (d. 1995)
  • 1913 Edward Fiennes-Clinton, Australian-born 18th Earl of Lincoln, born in Melbourne, Victoria (d. 2001)
  • 1914 Margaret Farrer, English midwife (Central Midwives Board), born in Rhodesia (d. 1997)
  • 1915 Heinrich Schirmbeck, German author and activist (Das Spiegellabyrinth), brn in Recklinghausen, Germany (d. 2005)
  • 1915 Paul Tibbets, US Air Force retired Brigadier General and Pilot of B-29 "Enola Gay" over Hiroshima (d. 2007)
  • 1918 Richard G. Butler, American fascist (d. 2004)
  • 1919 Derek Ezra [Baron Ezra], British politician, Liberal Democrat Life Peer and coal executive (Chairman of National Coal Board) (d. 2015)
  • 1920 David Wright, South African-British poet (Deafness: A Personal Account), born in Johannesburg, South Africa (d. 1994)
  • 1920 John St Aubyn, 4th Baron St Levan, English peer (St Michael's Mount), born in London (d. 2013)
  • 1920 Paul Gérin-Lajoie, French Canadian politician
  • 1922 Bill Chappell Jr., American politician (Rep-D-FL, 1969-89), born in Kendrick, Florida (d. 1989)
  • 1923 Gery Florizoone, Flemish poet
  • 1923 Michael Bilandic, American lawyer, politician (Mayor of Chicago, 1976-79), and jurist (Illinois Supreme Court, 1990-2000), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1978)
  • 1923 Rafael Addiego Bruno, Uruguayan politician
  • 1925 Louis Stokes, American politician (Rep-D-OH, 1969-99), born in Cleveland Ohio (d. 2015)
  • 1928 David Somerset, 11th Duke of Beaufort, British peer
  • 1928 Vasily Grigoryevich Lazarev, Siberia USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 12, 18A)
  • 1930 Jef Geeraerts, Flemish writer (Black Venus)
  • 1931 Tom Wesselmann, American collage artist and sculptor (Great American Nudes) (d. 2004)
  • 1933 Donna J. Stone, American poet (Wielder of Words), born in Ohio (d. 1994)
  • 1937 David Ward, president (Law Society)
  • 1937 Lord Tugendhat, British politician (Conservative party)
  • 1939 Edmund Boyd Fisher, publisher
  • 1940 Jermyn P Brooks, CEO (Price Waterhouse Europe)
  • 1941 Frank Gerstenberg, Edinburgh, principal (George Watson's College)
  • 1942 Beau Boulter, American politician and lobbyist (Rep-R-TX, 1985-89), born in El Paso, Texas
  • 1942 John Lewis, Head Master (Eton College)
  • 1942 Joop van den Ende, Dutch theatrical producer, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands
  • 1944 Bernard Cornwell, English historical novelist
  • 1944 James Cousins, British MP
  • 1944 John Sandford, American novelist
  • 1945 Frank Murray, Northern Ireland police officer and superintendent (RUC Special Branch), known as the "Bionic Man" (d. 1996) [1]
  • 1947 Anton Mosimann, Swiss chef (Dorchester Hotel), born in Solothurn, Swiss Jura
  • 1947 Colin Sanders, British computer engineer (Solid State Logic), born in England (d. 1998)
  • 1947 John McWethy, American journalist (d. 2008)
  • 1947 Pia Kjærsgaard, Danish politician
  • 1948 Bill Alexander, theatre director
  • 1948 Doug Moench, American comic book writer

Marc GarneauMarc Garneau (74 years old)

1949 Canadian astronaut (STS 13, 77), born in Quebec City, Québec

  • 1949 Maureen Hicks (née Cutler), British politician (Member of Parliament, Conservative, 1987-92), born in England
  • 1951 Nicholas Kenyon, controller (BBC Radio 3)
  • 1953 Sallie L Baliunas, astrophysicist
  • 1954 Viktor Yushchenko, Ukrainian politician (President of Ukraine, 2005-10; Prime Minister of Ukraine, 1999-2001), born in Khoruzhivka, Sumy Oblast, Ukrainian SSR, Soviet Union (now Ukraine)
  • 1960 Alan Griffin, Australian politician, born in Melbourne, Australia
  • 1960 Gloria, Princess of Thurn and Taxis, born in Stuttgart, Germany

NaruhitoNaruhito (63 years old)

1960 Emperor of Japan (2019-), born in Tokyo, Japan

  • 1963 Debbie Kruck, Ms. Fitness USA (1994), born in Danbury, Connecticut
  • 1963 Radosław Sikorski, Polish politician, born in Bydgoszcz, Poland
  • 1963 Reza Abdoh, Iranian-born American director and playwright, born in Tehran, Iran (d. 1995)

Michael DellMichael Dell (58 years old)

1965 American computer manufacturer (Dell Technologies), born in Houston, Texas

  • 1965 Robert "Bob" Ferguson, American politician (Democratic Party) and Attorney General of Washington, born in Seattle, Washington
  • 1966 Didier Queloz, Swiss astronomer (discovered 1st exoplanet), 2019 Nobel Prize in Physics, born in Switzerland
  • 1967 Pam Blundell, British fashion designer
  • 1973 Jack Case, American artist