Birthdays in History on February 26

  • 1361 Wenceslas of Bohemia, Holy Roman Catholic German emperor (1378-1400)
  • 1671 Anthony Ashley-Cooper, 3rd Earl of Shaftesbury, English politician and philosopher (d. 1713)
  • 1672 Antoine Augustine Calmet, French theologian (d. 1757)
  • 1714 James Hervey, English clergyman and writer (d. 1758)
  • 1720 Gian Francesco Albani, Italian Catholic cardinal (d. 1803)
  • 1746 Archduchess Marie Amalie of Austria, duchess of Piacenza (d. 1806)
  • 1799 Émile Clapeyron, French engineer and physicist (d. 1864)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1802 Victor Hugo, French author (Hunchback of Notre Dame, Les Miserables), born in Besançon, France (d. 1885)

Author Victor Hugo
Author
Victor Hugo
  • 1808 Honoré Daumier, French painter, illustrator, and sculptor (d. 1879)
  • 1808 Nathan Kelley, American architect, active mainly in Ohio, (d. 1871)
  • 1814 Charles Joseph Sainte-Claire Deville, French geologist (d. 1876)
  • 1824 Carlos Calvo, Argentine diplomat/people rights scholar (Calvo Clause)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1829 Levi Strauss, German-born American clothing designer, born in Buttenheim, Bavaria (d. 1902)

Fashion Designer Levi Strauss
Fashion Designer
Levi Strauss
  • 1832 John George Nicolay, German-American author (Abe Lincoln's biographer), born in Essingen, Rhenish Bavaria (d. 1901)
  • 1835 Richard Andree, German geography, etnologist (Andree's Handatlas)
  • 1837 Charles Woeste, Belgian count/min of Justice
  • 1841 Evelyn Baring earl Cromer, English consul-general (Egypt)
  • 1842 Camille Flammarion, Mars researcher & popularizer of astronomy
  • 1845 Alexander III, St Petersburg, Russian tsar (1881-94) (3/10 NS)
  • 1846 William "Buffalo Bill" Cody, Wild West hunter and showman (Buffalo Bill's Wild West), born in Davenport Iowa (d. 1917)
  • 1852 John Harvey Kellogg, surgeon, inspired flaked cereal industry
  • 1857 Emile Coué, French pharmacist (recovery by auto suggestion)
  • 1858 Vladimir Serbsky, Russian psychiatrist (d. 1917)
  • 1861 Ferdinand I, 1st tsar of modern Bulgaria (1908-18), born in Vienna, Austria

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1866 Herbert Henry Dow, American chemical industrialist (Dow Chemical), born in Ontario, Canada (d. 1930)

Chemical Industrialist Herbert Henry Dow
Chemical Industrialist
Herbert Henry Dow
  • 1867 Siegfried Passarge, German geographer (Cameroon/So Afr/America)
  • 1869 Nadezjda K Krupskaja, Russian revolutionary/wife of Lenin
  • 1873 Ewoud van Everdingen, Dutch meteorologist
  • 1876 Agustín Pedro Justo, President of Argentina (1932-38) during the Infamous Decade, born in Concepción del Uruguay, Entre Ríos (d. 1943)
  • 1876 Pauline Musters, smallest man (1'11.2" (58.9 cm))
  • 1877 Carel S Adama van Scheltema, Dutch poet/writer (socialism)
  • 1880 Lionel Logue, Australian speech therapist, treated King George VI (The Kings Speech), born in Adelaide (d. 1953)
  • 1882 Walter Lucht, German artillery general (WW I/WW II)
  • 1882 Husband E. Kimmel, American admiral (d. 1968)
  • 1883 Erich R Jaensch, German psychologist (eidetism)
  • 1884 Hildo Krop, Dutch modernistic sculptor
  • 1885 Aleksandras Stulginskis, President of Lithuania (d. 1969)
  • 1887 Benegal Narsing Rau, India, President of UN Security Council (1950)
  • 1887 Stefan Grabinski, Polish writer (d. 1936)
  • 1893 Ivor A "I A" Richards, English poet/critic (Meaning of Meaning) [NS]
  • 1896 Andrei A Zjdanov, Russian politician (against kosmopolitism)
  • 1898 Julien de Valckenaere, Flemish writer
  • 1899 Max Petitpierre, member of the Swiss Federal Council (d. 1994)
  • 1902 Vercors, [Jean Bruller], French writer (Le Silence de la Mer)
  • 1903 Giulio Natta, Italian chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1979)
  • 1906 Nikos Ghika, Greek artist, born in Athens (d. 1994)
  • 1908 Tex Avery, American cartoonist (d. 1980)
  • 1908 Leela Majumdar, Bengali writer (d. 2007)
  • 1909 Phyllis Fanny Primrose-Pechey Cradock, TV Chef
  • 1909 King Talal of Jordan (d. 1972)
  • 1911 Josef Smrkovsky, Czechoslovakia MP chairman

  • 1911 Tarō Okamoto, Japanese avant-garde artist (d. 1996)
  • 1913 George G Barker, English poet (Calamiterror, Anno Domini)
  • 1913 Hermann Lenz, German writer (Swabian Chronicle), born in Stuttgart (d. 1998)
  • 1915 Elisabeth Eybers, South Afr/Dutch poetess (That Woman & Other Verses)
  • 1915 Pran Nath Chhuttani, Indian physician and teacher, born in Leiah, Pakistan (d. 1996)
  • 1917 Robert Taft Jr, (Sen-R-Oh)
  • 1918 Otis R Bowen, US Sec of Health & Human Services (1985-89)
  • 1918 Theodore Sturgeon, American sci-fi author (Hugo, It, Caviar), born in Staten Island, New York (d. 1985)
  • 1920 Lucjan Wolanowski, Polish journalist, writer and traveller (d. 2006)
  • 1920 Azzedine Alaïa, Tunisian-born fashion designer, born in Tunis, Tunisia
  • 1924 Noboru Takeshita, Japanese PM (1987-89)
  • 1925 Frank Henry Copplestone, TV executive
  • 1926 Konstantin P Feoktistov, Voronezh, cosmonaut (Voskhod 1)
  • 1927 Tom Kennedy, quiz host (You Don't Say, Name That Tune), born in Louisville, Kentucky
  • 1928 Anatoli Vassilyevich Filipchenko, Russian cosmonaut (Soyuz 7, 16)
  • 1928 Ariel Sharon, Israeli general and politician, Prime Minister of Israel (2001-2006), born at Kfar Malal (d. 2014)
  • 1933 James Goldsmith, corporate raider (Referendum Party), born in Paris, France
  • 1934 Robert Novak, American political columnist
  • 1936 Eduard Ivanovich Buinovski, cosmonaut
  • 1938 Evagoras Pallikarides, Cypriot freedom fighter (d. 1957)
  • 1942 Adriaan van Dis, author/TV-host (Nathan Sid, In Africa)
  • 1942 Joop van den Ende, director (Alsmeer Studio)
  • 1943 Bob van Reeth, Flemish architect
  • 1943 Dante Ferretti, Italian art director and costume designer
  • 1946 Phyllis Eisenstein, American sci-fi author (Sorcerer's Son, Born to Exile)
  • 1946 Ahmed Zewail, Egyptian-American chemist, Nobel laureate (1999), born in Damanhur, Egypt (d. 2016)
  • 1947 Sandie Shaw [Sandra Goodrich], Dagenham, Essex, English rocker (Girl Don't Come)
  • 1949 Elizabeth George, American novelist
  • 1950 Helen Clark, New Zealand Prime Minister (Labour: 1999-2008) and Administrator of the United Nations Development Programme (2009-17), born in Hamilton, New Zealand
  • 1954 Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, Prime Minister of Turkey, born in Kasımpaşa, Istanbul
  • 1957 David Muldrow Beasley, American politician
  • 1958 Susan J Helms, Mjr USAF/Astronaut (STS 54, 64, 78), born in Charlotte, North Carolina
  • 1958 Karen Berger, American comic book editor
  • 1958 Michel Houellebecq, French novelist
  • 1958 Tim Kaine, US Senator (D-Vir) and 2016 Democratic nominee for Vice President, born in Saint Paul, Minnesota
  • 1968 Tim Commerford, American bass player (Rage Against the Machine)
  • 1978 John Tartaglia, Broadway performer and "Muppeteer"
  • 1981 Johnathan Wendel, American professional video gamer