Birthdays in History on February 27

Constantine the GreatConstantine the Great (272-337 AD)

Emperor of Rome (306-37) who adopted Christianity, born in Naissus

  • 1539 Franciscus Raphelengius, Dutch book publisher
  • 1622 Rembrandt Carel Fabritius, Dutch painter
  • 1691 Edward Cave, English editor and publisher (d. 1754)
  • 1711 Constantine Mavrocordatos, Prince of Wallachia and Prince of Moldavia (d. 1769)
  • 1779 Thomas Hazlehurst, English soap and alkali manufacturer (d. 1842)
  • 1784 Elias Annes Borger, Dutch theologist/poet (To the Rhine)
  • 1792 Don Joaquin B F Espartero, Spanish adventurer/fieldmarshal
  • 1802 Lord George Bentinck [William George Frederick Cavendish Bentinck], English Conservative politician, born in Welbeck Abbey, Nottinghamshire (d. 1848)
  • 1807 Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, American poet (Song of Hiawatha), born in Portland, Maine (d. 1882)
  • 1823 Ferdinand Van Derveer, American lawyer and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Middletown, Ohio (d. 1892)
  • 1823 William Buel Franklin, American Major General (Union Army), born in York, Pennsylvania (d. 1903)
  • 1827 Richard W Johnson, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Livingston County, Kentucky (d. 1897)
  • 1831 Hiram Bond Everest, American co-founder of The Vacuum Oil Company (d. 1913)
  • 1832 Alfred Pollard Edward, Civil War journalist, (d. 1872)
  • 1835 Charles Cartuyvels, Belgian pulprit orator
  • 1835 Richard Garnett, English author (Ananda the Miracle Worker)
  • 1841 [Eleanor] Agnes Lee, daughter of US general Robert E. Lee
  • 1850 Henry Edwards Huntington, American railroad exec
  • 1861 Rudolph Steiner, Kraljevic Aust, founder (doctrine of anthroposophy)
  • 1867 Irving Fisher, US economist (compensating dollar)
  • 1869 Alice Hamilton, physician/writer (workmen's compensation laws)
  • 1875 Manuel Ugarte, Argentine diplomat, politician, newspaper owner, and author, born Buenos Aires, Argentina (d. 1951)
  • 1878 Alvan T. Fuller, 50th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1958)

Charles StriteCharles Strite (1878-1956)

American inventor who invented the automatic pop-up toaster, born in Minneapolis, Minnesota

  • 1880 Angelina Weld Grimke, American journalist, teacher and playwright (Harlem Renaissance), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1958)
  • 1881 Luitzen [Bertus] Brouwers, Dutch mathematician
  • 1881 Sveinn Bjornsson, 1st president of Iceland (1944-52)/poet (Figur ild)
  • 1886 Hugo L Black, Ala, (Sen-D-Ala)/78th Supreme Court justice (1937-71)
  • 1887 James D Innes, English painter
  • 1888 Roberto Assagioli, Italian psychiatrist and writer (Psychosynthesis,), born in Venice, Italy (d. 1974)
  • 1891 Anne Samson, oldest-ever nun documented (d. 2004)
  • 1893 Ralph Linton, US cultural anthropologist (Tree of Culture)
  • 1897 Bernard F Lyot, French astronomer (Lyot filter)
  • 1897 G Paul H Schuitema, graphic designer/photographer (System-O-Color)
  • 1899 Charles Best, American-Canadian medical scientist and co-discoverer of insulin, born in West Pembroke, Maine (d. 1978)
  • 1901 Marino Marini, Italian sculptor/painter

John SteinbeckJohn Steinbeck (1902-1968)

American author (Grapes of Wrath, Nobel Prize 1940, 1962), born in Salinas, California

  • 1904 James Thomas Farrell, American author (Studs Lonigan trilogy)
  • 1904 Yulii Borisovich Khariton, Russian physicist (d. 1996)
  • 1905 Charles de Keukeleire, Belgian director (Evil Eye)
  • 1906 H Algernon F "Algy" Rumbold, English diplomat (South Africa/Tibet)
  • 1910 Clarence "Kelly" Johnson, American aircraft engineer (Lockheed Skunk Works; d. 1990)
  • 1910 Peter De Vries, American author (Reuben, Reuben; The Prick of Noon) and editor (New Yorker), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1993)
  • 1912 Kusumagraj, Indian writer (d. 1999)
  • 1912 Lawrence Durrell, Indian-British writer (Private Country, Alexandria Quartet), born in Jalandhar, Punjab, British India (d. 1990)
  • 1913 Frank Allaun, British MP (L)
  • 1913 Irwin Shaw, American novelist (Rich Man Poor Man)
  • 1913 Kazimierz Sabbat, Polish president (d. 1989)
  • 1915 Arthur Gilson, Belgian attorney/minister of Defense (1958-..)
  • 1917 John Connally Jr, American politician, 39th Governor of Texas, and federal treasurer who was critically wounded during the assassination of Kennedy, born in Floresville, Texas (d. 1993)
  • 1922 Hans Rookmaaker, Dutch professor and art historian (d. 1977)
  • 1922 Mervyn Jones, English author (Nobody's Fault, 5 Hungarian Writers), born in London, England (d. 2010)
  • 1923 Peter Fowler, British physicist who studied cosmic rays and radiation, born in England (d. 1996)
  • 1924 Magnus MacDonald Shearer, former Lord Lieutenant of Shetland
  • 1925 Hugh Leggatt, British art dealer (d. 2014)
  • 1925 Michael Kaye, British arts director (LSO, South Bank), born in London, England (d. 2008)
  • 1925 Richard Auwerda, Dutch journalist and writer
  • 1925 Samuel Dash, American Congressional counsel (d. 2004)
  • 1926 David H. Hubel, Canadian neuroscientist, Nobel Prize laureate, (d. 2013)
  • 1926 Peter Emery, British MP
  • 1927 Lord Belhaven & Stenton
  • 1927 Michael Butler, Pro-Provost/chairman (Royal College of Art)
  • 1930 Paul von Ragué Schleyer, American chemist
  • 1930 Peter Stone, American writer (d. 2003)
  • 1931 Andrew Sloan, Chief Constable (Strathcourt)
  • 1932 Dolf Zwerver, Dutch painter
  • 1932 Lord Young of Graffham, CEO (Cables & Wireless)
  • 1933 Edward Lucie-Smith, British poet and poetry critic, born in Kingston, Jamaica
  • 1933 Geoffrey Maitland Smith, CEO (Sears)
  • 1933 Malcolm Wallop, American politician (Sen-R-WY, 1977–1995), born in New York City (d. 2011)
  • 1934 N. Scott Momaday, American author (House Made of Dawn, Pulitzer 1969), born in Lawton, Oklahoma

Ralph NaderRalph Nader (88 years old)

1934 American consumer advocate (Unsafe at Any Speed), born in Winsted, Connecticut

  • 1934 Vincent Fourcade, French interior designer, born in Paris, France (d. 1992)
  • 1936 Roger M. Mahoney, American cardinal (Archbishop of Los Angeles, 1985–2011), born in Hollywood, California
  • 1936 Ron Barassi, Australian rules footballer, born in Castlemaine, Australia
  • 1937 Barbara Babcock, American actress (Dr Quinn,; Dallas; Hill Street Blues), born in Fort Riley, Kansas
  • 1937 Donald MacKay, CEO (Scottish Enterprise), born in Griffith, Australia (d. 1977)
  • 1939 Kenzō Takada, Japanese fashion designer (Kenzo), born in Himejo, Japan (d. 2020)
  • 1940 Dame Barbara Kelly, Scottish civic activist & former CEO (Crichton Foundation, Scottish Consumer Council), born in Dumfries and Galloway, United Kingdom
  • 1941 Andrew "Sandy" Wilson, Royal Air Force officer (1962–1995)
  • 1941 Paddy Ashdown, British MP, leader of Liberal Democrats (1988-1999), born in New Delhi, British Raj (d. 2018)
  • 1942 Charlayne Hunter-Gault, American journalist & foreign correspondent (McNeil-Lehrer), born in Due West, South Carolina
  • 1942 Robert H. Grubbs, American chemist & Nobel Prize laureate, born in Marshall County, Kentucky
  • 1944 Roger Scruton, British philosopher, born in Buslingthorpe, United Kingdom
  • 1946 Mary-Claire King, American human geneticist (breast cancer genes), born in Evanston, Illinois
  • 1950 Franco Moschino, Italian fashion designer, born in Abbiategrasso, Italy
  • 1950 Julia Neuberger, British rabbi, born in Hampstead, United Kingdom
  • 1951 Lee Atwater, Republican National Committee Chairman (1989-91), born in Atlanta, Georgia (d. 1991)
  • 1958 Maggie Hassan, American politician (Senator-D-New Hampshire 2017-, Governor of New Hampshire 2013-17), born in Boston, Massachusetts
  • 1958 Nancy Spungen, American murder victim of Sid Vicious, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1978)
  • 1963 Pär Nuder, Swedish politician, born in Täby, Sweden
  • 1967 [Jonathan] Jony Ive, English Designer at Apple Inc. (designed the imac, ipod, iphone), born in Chingford, London
  • 1970 Matthias Lechner, German art director, born in Mannheim, Germany
  • 1970 Michael A. Burstein, American writer, born in New York City
  • 1971 Derren Brown, British psychological illusionist, born in Purley, London
  • 1975 Shelby Walker, American mixed martial artist, born in Kingsville, Texas (d. 2006)
  • 1978 Adam Kinzinger, American politician (Rep -R-Illinois 2011-), born in Kankakee, Illinois
  • 1980 Chelsea Clinton, daughter of President Clinton and Hillary Clinton
  • 1991 Azeem Rafiq, Yorkshire CCC & English U15 captain, born in Karachi, Pakistan