On This Day

Birthdays in History on February 6

  • 1461 Džore Držić, Croatian poet and playwright who is considered one of the fathers of Croatian literature, born in Dubrovnik, Croatia (d. 1501)
  • 1577 Beatrice Cenci, Italian noblewoman executed for fratricide, born in Rome, Italy (d. 1599)
  • 1608 Antonio Vieira, Portuguese diplomat & preacher, born in Lisbon, Portugal (d. 1697)

Person of interestChongzhen

1611 Chongzhen, 16th and last Ming Emperor of China, born in Beijing (d. 1644)

Chinese Emperor Chongzhen
Chinese Emperor
Chongzhen
  • 1612 Antoine Arnauld, French Roman Catholic theologian & philosopher & mathematician, born in Paris, France (d. 1694)
  • 1639 Daniel Georg Morhof, German writer & scholar, born in Wismar, Germany (d. 1691)

Person of interestQueen Anne

1665 queen-anne">anne stuart, Queen of Great Britain (1702-14), born in St James's Palace, London (d. 1714)

Queen of England Queen Anne
Queen of England
Queen Anne
  • 1695 Nicolaus II Bernoulli, Swiss mathematician, born in Groningen, Netherlands (d. 1726)
  • 1732 Charles Lee, General in the American Revolution, born in Darnhall, United Kingdom (d. 1782)
  • 1744 Pierre-Joseph Desault, French anatomist & surgeon, born in Vouhenans, France (d. 1795)
  • 1748 Adam Weishaupt, German philosopher & founder of the Order of the Illuminati, born in Ingolstadt, Germany (d. 1811)
  • 1753 Évariste de Parny, French poet, born in Saint-Paul, France (d. 1814)

Person of interestAaron Burr

1756 Aaron Burr, 3rd US Vice President (D-R: 1801-05) who killed Alexander Hamilton in a pistol duel, born in Newark, New Jersey (d. 1836)

3rd Vice President of the United States Aaron Burr
3rd Vice President of the United States
Aaron Burr
  • 1757 Julian Ursyn Niemcewicz, Polish scholar & statesman, born in Skoki, Poland (d. 1841)
  • 1778 Ugo Foscolo, Italian poet (Last Letters of Jacopo Ortis), born in Zakynthos Island, Greece (d. 1827)
  • 1797 Joseph Maria von Radowitz, German diplomat, born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1912)

  • 1804 Regnerus Livius van Andringa de Kempenaer, Dutch politician, born in 's-Hertogenbosch, Netherlands (d. 1813)
  • 1811 Henry George Liddell, English lexicographer & father of the Alice in Alice in Wonderland, born in Bishop Auckland, United Kingdom (d. 1898)
  • 1818 William Maxwell Evarts, American lawyer & statesman (Union), born in Charlestown, Massachusetts (d. 1901)

Person of interestDoc Durant

1820 Doc Durant [Thomas C. Durant], American financier and railroad promoter (Transcontinental Railroad-Union Pacific), born in Lee, Massachusetts (d. 1885)

Financier and Railroad Promoter Doc Durant
Financier and Railroad Promoter
Doc Durant
  • 1830 Marcellus Monroe Crocker, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Franklin, Indiana (d. 1865)
  • 1832 John Brown Gordon, Major General (Confederate Army), born in Upson County, Georgia (d. 1904)

Person of interestJ.E.B. Stuart

1833 J. E. B. Stuart [James Ewell Brown "Jeb" Stuart], Confederate General in the American Civil War, born in Patrick County, Virginia (d. 1864)

Confederate General J.E.B. Stuart
Confederate General
J.E.B. Stuart
  • 1833 José María de Pereda, Spanish novelist, born in Polanco, Spain (d. 1906)
  • 1834 William Dorsey Pender, Major General (Confederate Army), born in Edgecombe County, North Carolina (d. 1863)
  • 1834 Edwin Klebs, German physician & bacteriologist (bacterial theory of infection, diphtheria bacillus), born in Königsberg, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1913)
  • 1838 Yisrael Meir Kagan [Chofetz Chayim], Belarusian rabbi, born in Dzyatlava, Belarus (d. 1933)
  • 1853 Ignacij Klemenčič, Slovenian physicist, born in Trebnje, Slovenia (d. 1901)
  • 1860 Eliza Johannes Meester, Dutch journalist & writer (Geertje), born in Harderwijk, Netherlands (d. 1931)
  • 1864 John Henry Mackay, Scottish-born German writer (Anarchists), born in Greenock, United Kingdom (d. 1933)
  • 1866 Karl Sapper, German traveller & natural historian (d. 1945)
  • 1874 Milton Bennett Medary, American architect (Washington Chapel), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1929)
  • 1875 Leonid Gobyato, Russian general & inventor (man-portable mortar), born in Taganrog, Russia (d. 1915)
  • 1876 Wilhelm August Schmidtbonn, German writer (Der Sprechende Eros), born in Bonn, Germany (d. 1952)
  • 1879 Carl Ramsauer, German physicist (Ramsauer-Townsend effect), born in Oldenburg, Germany (d. 1879)
  • 1887 Josef Frings, German Archbishop of Cologne, born in Neuss, Germany (d. 1978)
  • 1888 Ljudmil Stojanow, Bulgarian poet (Metsh i Slowo, Cholera), born in Kovachevitsa, Bulgaria (d. 1973)
  • 1889 Karel Wellens, Flemish painter, born in Lummen, Belgium (d. 1958)
  • 1889 Siegfried Kracauer, German writer, born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1966)
  • 1892 William Parry Murphy, American physician & Nobel laureate, born in Wisconsin (d. 1987)
  • 1893 Muhammad Zafrulla Khan, President of UN General Assembly (1962-63), born in Sialkot, Pakistan (d. 1985)

  • 1894 Eric Partridge, New Zealand lexicographer, born in Waimata Valley, New Zealand (d. 1979)
  • 1897 Alberto [de Almeida] Cavalcanti, Brazilian director (Nicholas Nickleby), born in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (d. 1982)

Person of interestLouis Buchalter

1897 Louis Buchalter, Jewish-American mobster (Murder, Inc.), born in NYC, New York (d. 1944)

  • 1902 Louis Nizer, Jewish-American lawyer (defended blacklisted stars in '50s, Catspaw), born in London, United Kingdom (d. 1994)
  • 1903 Pieter G Buckinx, Flemish writer (Temptation of Poverty), born in Kortessem, Belgium (d. 1987)
  • 1905 Władysław Gomułka, Polish communist politician, born in Krosno, Poland (d. 1982)
  • 1908 Amintore Fanfani, Italian politician (Prime Minister), born in Pieve Santo Stefano, Italy (d. 1999)
  • 1908 Edward Lansdale, United States Air Force Officer, born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 1987)
  • 1910 Irmgard Keun, German author, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1982)
  • 1910 Carlos Marcello, Tunisian-born gangster, born in Tunis, Tunisia (d. 1993)
  • 1912 Eva Braun, German mistress and wife of Adolf Hitler, born in Munich, Germany (d. 1945)

Person of interestMary Leakey

1913 Mary Leakey, British paleoanthropologist, discovered earliest human footprints ((3.6 million years old), born in London (d. 1996)

Paleoanthropologist Mary Leakey
Paleoanthropologist
Mary Leakey
  • 1915 Derk Roemers, Dutch politician (Soc-Dem), born in Haarlem, Netherlands (d. 1983)
  • 1916 John Crank, British mathematician, born in Hindley, United Kingdom (d. 2006)
  • 1918 Lothar-Günther Buchheim, German author, born in Weimar, Germany (d. 2007)
  • 1919 Louis Heren, English foreign correspondent & writer (China's Three Thousand Years), born in London, United Kingdom (d. 1995)
  • 1920 James H. Scheuer, American politician (Rep-D-NY, 1965-73, 75- 93), born in Manhattan, New York (d. 2005)
  • 1924 Paolo Volponi, Italian communist & author (Road to Rome), born in Urbino, Italy (d. 1994)
  • 1924 Jin Yong [Louis Cha Leung-yung], Chinese Wuxia novelist, born in Haining, China (d. 2018)
  • 1929 Oscar Sambrano Urdaneta, Venezuelan writer, born in Boconó, Venezuela (d. 2011)
  • 1932 Francois Truffaut, French director (Jules & Jim, Fahrenheit 451), born in Paris, France (d. 1984)
  • 1932 Camilo Cienfuegos, Cuban revolutionary, born in Havana, Cuba (d. 1959)
  • 1933 Walter E Fauntroy, American pastor & politician (Rep-D-DC, 1971- ), born in Washington, D.C.
  • 1934 Vernon "Vern" Ehlers, American politician (Michigan House of Representatives), born in Pipestone, Minnesota (d. 2017)
  • 1936 J. Howard Marshall III, American businessman, born in San Francisco, California
  • 1942 Sarah Brady, American gun-control activist, born in Kirksville, Missouri
  • 1942 James Loewen, American sociologist & historian, born in Decatur, Illinois
  • 1944 Christine Boutin, French politician, born in Levroux, France
  • 1946 Jim Turner, American politician, born in Fort Lewis, Washington
  • 1951 Maria Christina, Belgian princess & daughter of Leopold III, born in Brussels, Belgium
  • 1952 Ricardo Lavolpe, Argentine football coach, born in Buenos Aires, Argentina
  • 1960 Akinwumi Adesina, Nigerian politician (African Development Bank President 2015-), born in Ogun State, Nigeria
  • 1961 Yuri Ivanovich Onufriyenko, Russian cosmonaut (Mir, Soyuz TM-23), born in Ryasne, Ukraine
  • 1963 Kevin Trudeau, American entrepreneur, born in Lynn, Massachusetts
  • 1975 Svend-Allan Sørensen, Danish artist, born in Kjellerup, Denmark
  • 1980 Luke Ravenstahl, American politician, born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
  • 1983 Myron Wolf Child, Canadian politician, born in Cardston, Alberta (d. 2007)
  • 2004 Princess Louise of Belgium, born in Woluwe-Saint-Lambert, Belgium