Birthdays in History on February 7

  • 574 Prince Shōtoku, Japanese regent and politician who promoted Buddhism (Hōryū-ji temple) (d. 622)
  • 1102 Empress Matilda, Princess of England and wife of Henry V of the Holy Roman Empire (d. 1169)

Thomas MoreThomas More (1478-1535)

English philosopher, Renaissance humanist, author (Utopia) and statesman (Lord Chancellor 1529-32), born in London

  • 1556 Maria van Nassau, Dutch countess of Buren (d. 1616)
  • 1589 Jacob de Witt, Dutch politician (Mayor of Dordrecht), and mathematician (d. 1674)

Maria Louise van Hessen-KasselMaria Louise van Hessen-Kassel (1688-1765)

Princess of Orange and ancestor of all currently reigning monarchs in Europe, born in Kassel

  • 1693 Anna Ivanovna, Empress of Russia (1730-40) [NS], born in Moscow (d. 1740)
  • 1700 Philippe Buache, French geographer and cartographer (pioneered use of contour lines), born in Paris, France (d. 1773)
  • 1740 Adam-Philippe Custine, French general (American Revolutionary War, French Army of the North, executed for treason during Reign of Terror), born in Metz, France (d. 1793)
  • 1753 Rhijnvis Feith, Dutch poet and writer (Thirsci), born in Zwolle (d. 1824)
  • 1801 John Rylands, English cloth merchant and philanthropist (Rylands & Sons, Manchester's 1st multi-millionaire), born in Parr, England (d. 1888)

John DeereJohn Deere (1804-1886)

American blacksmith and manufacturer (founded Deere & Company), born in Rutland, Vermont

  • 1809 Frederik Paludan-Muller, Danish Romantic poet (Danserinden), born in Kerteminde,, Denmark (d. 1876)

Charles DickensCharles Dickens (1812-1870)

English writer ("Oliver Twist"; "A Tale of Two Cities"; "A Christmas Carol"), born in Portsmouth, Hampshire

  • 1814 Gardner Quincy Colton, American lecturer who was the first to use nitrous oxide as an anesthetic in dentistry, born in Georgia, Vermont (d. 1898)
  • 1817 LeRoy Pope Walker, American lawyer and 1st Confederate States Secretary of War (1861), born in Huntsville, Alabama (d. 1884)
  • 1833 Ricardo Palma, Peruvian writer and poet (Tradiciones Peruanas), born in Lima, Peru (d. 1919)
  • 1837 James Murray, Scottish lexicographer and philologist (Oxford English Dictionary), born in Denholm, Scotland (d. 1915)
  • 1839 Nicolaas Pierson, Dutch economist and politician (Prime Minister of the Netherlands 1897-1901), born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1909)
  • 1842 Alexandre Ribot, French statesman (d. 1923)
  • 1862 Bernard Maybeck, American architect (Palace of Fine Arts, San Francisco), born in New York City (d. 1957)
  • 1866 (Rafaël) "Raf" Verhulst, Flemish poet, journaliat, playwright (Jesus of Nazarus; Semini's Children), and educator, born in Wommelgem, Belgium (d. 1941)

Laura Ingalls WilderLaura Ingalls Wilder (1867-1957)

American author (Little House on the Prairie), born in Pepin, Wisconsin

  • 1869 Jindřich Šimon Baar, Czech pastor and writer (Jan Cimbura), born in Klenčí pod Čerchovem, Austria-HUngary (d. 1925)
  • 1870 Alfred Adler, Austrian psychiatrist (Inferiority Complex), born in Penzing, Austria (d. 1937)
  • 1872 Nikolaos Politis, Greek foreign minister and diplomat (Greek representative League of Nations), born in Corfu, Greece (d. 1943)
  • 1877 G. H. Hardy, English mathematician (Hardy–Weinberg principle, A Mathematician's Apology), born in Cranleigh, England (d. 1947)
  • 1877 Julius Curtius, German Foreign Minister of the Weimar Republic (1929-31) and Minister for Economic Affairs (1926-29), born in Duisburg, Prussia (d. 1948)
  • 1885 [Harry] Sinclair Lewis, American writer and social critic (Nobel Prize in Literature 1930), born in Sauk Centre, Minnesota (d. 1951)
  • 1889 Harry Nyquist, Swedish-American physicist and electronic engineer who contributed to communication theory (Nyquist–Shannon sampling theorem; Nyquist rate), born in Nilsby, Värmland, Sweden (d. 1976)
  • 1896 Harold Hoffman, American politician (Governor of New Jersey 1935-38), born in South Amboy, New Jersey (d. 1954)
  • 1896 Jacob Paludan, Danish writer and critic (Jorgen Stein), born in Copenhagen, Denmark (d. 1975)
  • 1899 Arvid Pelshe, Latvian Communist leader (First Secretary of the Latvian SSR, CPSU Politburo member), born near Zālīte, Latvia (d. 1983)
  • 1901 Bob den Doolaard [Cornelis Spoelstra], Dutch writer and journalist (Grape Pickers), born in Zwolle, Netherlands (d. 1994)
  • 1905 Paul Nizan, French journalist and writer (L'Humanité, La Conspiration), born in Tours, France (d. 1940)
  • 1905 Ulf von Euler, Swedish physiologist famous for his work on neurotransmitters (Nobel 1970), born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1983)
  • 1906 Henry Puyi, Chinese Emperor (last emperor of China and the Qing dynasty 1908-12), born in Beijing, China (d. 1967)
  • 1906 Oleg Antonov, Soviet aircraft designer (d. 1984)
  • 1907 Yevgeniy Abalakov, Soviet mountaineer (d. 1948)
  • 1909 Hélder Câmara, Roman catholic archbishop (d. 1999)
  • 1912 Russell Drysdale, Australian artist (painted Australian outback), born in Bognor Regis, England (d. 1981}
  • 1914 David Ignatow, American poet (Tread the Dark, Rescue the Dead), born in New York City (d. 1997)
  • 1914 Jacques Mornard [Ramon Mercader], Spanish communist (murdered Trotsky in Mexico with an ice axe), born in Argentona, Spain (d. 1978)
  • 1918 Markey Robinson, Northern Irish painter (d. 1999)
  • 1920 An Wang, Chinese-American computer engineer (Wang Labs; Wang Computers), born in Shanghai, China (d. 1990)
  • 1921 Bryan Woods, soldier/clerk
  • 1923 Martha Holmes, American photographer (d. 2006)
  • 1924 Cathy Small Long, American politician (Rep-D-LA, 1985-87), born in Dayton, Ohio (d. 2019)
  • 1925 Arthur Berry, English artist and playwright, born in Smallthorne, Stoke-on-Trent (d. 1994)
  • 1925 Herbert Eisenreich, Austrian writer, born in Linz (d. 1986)
  • 1926 Konstantin Petrovich Feoktistov, Soviet cosmonaut (Voskhod 1 - 1st to carry three members), born in Voronezh, Russia, USSR (d. 2009)
  • 1932 Alfred M. Worden, American Colonel USAF, NASA astronaut (Apollo 15), born in Jackson, Michigan (d. 2020)
  • 1932 Gay Talese, author (Honor Thy Father)
  • 1934 Eddie Fenech Adami, President of Malta
  • 1934 Piet Bukman, Dutch minister for Development Aid (CDA)
  • 1935 Herb Kohl, (Sen-D Wisconsin)
  • 1938 S. Ramachandran Pillai, Indian communist leader
  • 1941 Peter Foxhall, Australian evangelist
  • 1942 Ton de Kok, Dutch politician (CDA)
  • 1944 Berend baron van Voorst tot Voorst, Dutch foreign state sect (CDA)
  • 1944 Michael A. Andrews, American politician (Rep-D-TX, 1983-95), born in Houston, Texas
  • 1945 Ian Jack, Scottish journalist
  • 1946 Lawrence Ascott, rocker (Isotope)
  • 1946 Sammy Johns, rocker (Politics, Religion & Her), (d. 2013)
  • 1947 Joe Shea, American journalist
  • 1952 John Hickenlooper, American politician (Senator-D-Colorado 2021-, Governor of Colorado 2011-19), born in Narberth, Pennsylvania
  • 1954 Brian Morton, Scottish writer
  • 1958 Matt Ridley, British science writer
  • 1963 Heidemarie M Stefanyshyn-Piper, Lt Cmdr USN/astronaut, born in Saint Paul, Minnesota
  • 1974 Emma McLaughlin, American novelist
  • 1977 Mariusz Pudzianowski, Polish strongman competitor
  • 1978 David Aebischer, National Hockey League goaltender
  • 1979 Nicola Campedelli, Italian football coach, born in Cesena, Italy
  • 1979 Tawakkol Karman, Yemeni journalist, Nobel Peace Prize winner (2011), and human rights activist, born in Taiz Governorate, North Yemen (now Yemen Arab Republic)
  • 1986 Michael Orozco, American footballer