Birthdays in History on February 8

  • 412 St Proclus, patriarch of Constantinople
  • 1191 Yaroslav II of Russia (d. 1246)
  • 1291 Afonso IV, King of Portugal (1325-57)
  • 1487 Ulrich, Duke of Württemberg (d. 1550)
  • 1552 Agrippa d'Aubigné, French poet and soldier (d. 1630)
  • 1577 Robert Burton, British writer and Anglican clergyman (The Anatomy of Melancholy), born in Lindley, Leicestershire, England (d. 1640)
  • 1612 Samuel Butler, English poet and satirist (Hudibras) (baptized)
  • 1649 Gabriel Daniel, French Jesuit historian (d. 1728)
  • 1685 Charles-Jean-François Hénault, French historian (d. 1770)
  • 1688 Emanuel Swedenborg, Swedish philosopher, mathematician and mythic (The New Church), born in Stockholm, Swedish Empire (d. 1772)
  • 1700 Daniel Bernoulli, Dutch-Swiss mathematician, and physicist (10 time French Award), born in Groningen, Netherlands (d. 1782)
  • 1720 Emperor Sakuramachi of Japan (d. 1750)
  • 1743 Louis d'Affry, French general, military governor of Switzerland and mayor of Freiburg, born in Freiburg im Üechtland, Switzerland (d. 1810)
  • 1792 Caroline Augusta of Bavaria, queen of Hungary and Bohemia (d. 1873)
  • 1795 Friedlieb Ferdinand Runge, German chemist (Chinoline), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1867)
  • 1795 Moritz Gottlieb Saphir, Austrian satirical writer and journalist, born in Lovasbereny, near Budapest (d. 1858)
  • 1804 Richard Lemon Lander, British explorer, born in Truro, Cornwall (d. 1834)
  • 1807 Benjamin Waterhouse Hawkins, English sculptor and naturalist, born in Bloomsbury, London (d. 1894)
  • 1807 Franciscus J. van Vree, Dutch Catholic foreman
  • 1811 Edwin Denison Morgan, American politician, Governor of New York, born in Washington, Massachusetts (d. 1883)
  • 1813 Jacob G. Agarah, Swedish algologist
  • 1817 Richard S. Ewell, US Army officer and Confederate General (Battle of Gettysburg, Battle of Spotsylvania Court House), born in Georgetown, Washington D.C. (d. 1872)
  • 1818 Austin Blair, American politician, Governor of Michigan, born in New York (d. 1894)
  • 1819 John Ruskin, English writer and art critic who championed Gothic Revivalist and the Pre-Raphaelites, born in London, England (d. 1900)

William Tecumseh ShermanWilliam Tecumseh Sherman (1820-1891)

American Major General in the Union Army, born in Lancaster, Ohio

  • 1822 Maxime Du Camp, French writer/traveler (Les Buveurs de Cendres)
  • 1824 Barnard Elliot Bee, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1861)

Jules VerneJules Verne (1828-1905)

French writer known as the "Father of Science Fiction" (Around the World in 80 days), born in Nantes, France

Dmitri MendeleevDmitri Mendeleev (1834-1907)

Russian chemist and inventor who devised the periodic table of the elements, born in Tobolsk, Russia

  • 1847 Hugh Price Hughes, Welsh social reformer, born in Carmarthen, Wales (d. 1902)
  • 1851 Kate O'Flaherty Chopin, American writer, born in St. Louis, Missouri (d. 1904)
  • 1852 Nikolai Garin [Michailovski], Russian author (Tjoma Kartashov) [NS=2/20]
  • 1872 Theodor Lessing, German writer, born in Hanover, Germany (d. 1933)
  • 1876 Paula Modersohn-Becker, German "entartet" painter
  • 1878 Martin Buber, Austrian-Israeli dialogue philosopher and theologist (Ich und Du), born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1965)
  • 1880 Franz Marc, German painter (Blaue Reiter)
  • 1882 Thomas Selfridge, American army officer, 1st person to die in an airplane crash, born in San Francisco, California (d. 1908)
  • 1883 Joseph Schumpeter, Austria-American economist and minister of finance, born in Triesch, Habsburg Moravia (d. 1950)
  • 1890 Claro Mayo Recto, Filipino nationalist/opponent of US colonialism
  • 1892 Fritz Todt, German construction engineer, Reich Minister for Armaments and Munitions Reichs minister and Head of the Organization Todt, born in Pforzheim, Grand Duchy of Baden, German Empire (d. 1942)
  • 1893 Ba Maw, Burmese politician (d. 1977)

Billy BishopBilly Bishop (1894-1956)

Canadian First World War Flying Ace with 72 kills, born in Owen Sound, Ontario

  • 1894 Ludwig Marcuse, German philosopher
  • 1897 Zakir Husain, 3rd President of India (1967-69) and scholar, born in Hyderabad, Hyderabad State (d. 1969)
  • 1898 Andrés Soriano, Spanish Filipino industrialist (San Miguel Brewery, Philippine Airlines), born in Manila, Spanish Philippines (d. 1964)
  • 1900 John Cameron, Scottish judge, born in London (d. 1996)
  • 1902 Demchugdongrub, Mongolian politician (d. 1966)

Tunku Abdul RahmanTunku Abdul Rahman (1903-1990)

Malaysia's founding father, 1st Prime Minister of Malaya (1957-63) and Malaysia (1963-70), born in Alor Star, Kedah

  • 1906 Chester F. Carlson, American inventor (photocopy), born in Seattle, Washington (d. 1968)
  • 1906 Henry Roth, American writer (Call it Sleep), born in Tysmenitz, Austria-Hungary (d. 1995)
  • 1908 Leslie Kenneth O'Brien, Lord O'Brien of Lothbury, English governor of the Bank of England (d. 1995)
  • 1911 Anne Hopkins Aitken, American Zen Buddhist and co-founder of Diamond Sangha, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1994)
  • 1911 Elizabeth Bishop, American poet (North & South)/Pulitzer Prize (1956)
  • 1911 Henri Knap, Dutch resistance fighter/journalist/writer
  • 1913 John Grandy, British RAF-marshal, born in London, England (d. 2004)
  • 1918 Max Rayne, English property developer /multi-millionaire (d. 2003)
  • 1921 Nexhmije Hoxha, Albanian wife of dictator Enver Hoxha 'Lady Macbeth of Albania', born in Manastir, Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (d. 2020)
  • 1923 Andrew MacElhone, famous bar owner (Harry's New York Bar in Paris)
  • 1926 Neal Cassady, American writer (d. 1968)
  • 1927 John T. Myers, American politician (Rep-R-IN, 1967-97), born in Covington, Indiana (d. 2015)
  • 1928 Ada Lois Sipuel Fisher, American lawyer and civil rights activist (challenged University of Oklahoma segregation laws in Supreme Court and won), born in Chickasha, Oklahoma (d. 1995)
  • 1930 Arlan Stangeland, American politician (Rep-R-MN, 1977-1991), (d. 2013)
  • 1930 James Deetz, American anthropologist (d. 2000)
  • 1932 Jan H. Christiaanse, Dutch politician, president of Dutch political party CDA
  • 1935 Vincent Weir, 3rd baron Inverforth, Scottish shipping magnate
  • 1937 David Montgomery, American born photographer known for his images of the 1960s, born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1939 Gerrit Lakmaaker, Dutch sculptor/painter (Leidsepleingroep) (d. 1995)
  • 1939 José Maria Sison, Filipino communist
  • 1940 Averil Cameron, British historian, born in Leek, England
  • 1943 Pirzada Qasim, Pakistani poet and VC of Karachi University, born in Delhi, British India
  • 1944 Jiří Zídek Sr., Czech basketball center (considered best Czech player ever; FIBA European All-Star 1966, 67; USK Praha) and coach (USK Praha, Sparta Praha), born in Prague, Czech Republic (d. 2022)
  • 1944 Sebastião Salgado, Brazilian documentary photographer
  • 1948 Lynda Lyon Block, American convicted murderer (d. 2002)
  • 1950 Jose Armando Lopez-Falcon, Cuban cosmonaut, born in Havana, Cuba
  • 1951 Z'EV, American text/sound artist (born Stefan Weisser)
  • 1952 Nancy Lord, American physician and Libertarian VP candidate (1992), born in New York City

John GrishamJohn Grisham (67 years old)

1955 American writer (Client, Firm, Pelican Brief), born in Jonesboro, Arkansas

  • 1959 Mauricio Macri, Argentine politician and President of Argentina (2015-present), born in Tandil, Buenos Aires
  • 1960 Benigno Aquino III, 15th President of the Philippines (Liberal Party: 2010-16), born in Manila, Philippines (d. 2021)
  • 1964 Trinny Woodall, British fashion guru (Trinny and Susannah - What Not to Wear), born in London, England
  • 1971 Maura Healey, American politician (1st woman governor of Massachusetts 2023-), born in Bethesda, Maryland
  • 1974 Kimbo Slice [Kevin Ferguson], American mixed martial artist, born in the Bahamas (d. 2016)
  • 1977 Barry Hall, Australian rules footballer
  • 1977 Yucef Merhi, Venezuelan artist