Birthdays in History on January 1

  • 766 Ali al-Rida, Shia Imam (d. 818)
  • 1431 Alexander VI [Rodrigo Borgia], Spanish born Pope controversial for acknowledging his children (1492-1503), born in Xàtiva, Spain (d. 1503)

Lorenzo de' MediciLorenzo de' Medici (1449-1492)

Italian Lord of Florence (1469-92), statesman and patron of the arts during the Florentine Renaissance, born in Florence, Republic of Florence

  • 1467 Sigismund I, 'the Old', king of Poland (1506-48) (d. 1548)
  • 1484 Huldrych Zwingli, Swiss Protestant leader (d. 1531)
  • 1504 Caspar Cruciger, German church reformer, born in Leipzig (d. 1548)
  • 1511 Henry, Duke of Cornwall (d. 1511)
  • 1516 Margaret Leijonhufvud, Queen of Gustav I of Sweden (d. 1551)
  • 1520 Francois Baudouin [Franciscus Balduinus], French lawyer and humanist (controversial Calvinist who converted to Catholicism), born in Arras, France (d. 1573)
  • 1557 István Bocskay, Prince of Transylvania (d. 1606)
  • 1573 Philippus Rovenius, Dutch apostile vicar (led Catholic church in Netherlands, born in Deventer (d. 1651)
  • 1600 Friedrich Spanheim, Dutch theologian (d. 1649)
  • 1614 John Wilkins, English Bishop of Chester (d. 1672)
  • 1618 Bartolomé Esteban Murillo, Spanish Baroque artist (The Vision of St. Anthony), born in Seville, Spain (d. 1682) [baptizism date]
  • 1622 Isaac Sweers, Dutch fleet admiral, born in Nijmegen, Dutch Republic (d. 1673)
  • 1638 Antoinette du Ligier de la Guard Deshoulieres, French poet and literary figure, born in Paris (d. 1694)
  • 1638 Emperor Go-Sai of Japan (d. 1685)
  • 1648 Elkanah Settle, English writer (d. 1724)
  • 1655 Christian Thomasius, German jurist (d. 1728)
  • 1684 Arnold Drakenborch, Dutch classical scholar (d. 1748)
  • 1704 Soame Jenyns, English writer (d. 1787)
  • 1711 Franz Freiherr von der Trenck, Austrian soldier (d. 1749)
  • 1714 Kristijonas Donelaitis, Lithuanian poet (The Seas) and Lutheran pastor, born in Lasdinehlen, East Prussia (d. 1780)
  • 1729 Edmund Burke, British statesman, philosopher and author (A Philosophical Enquiry into the Origin of Our Ideas of the Sublime and Beautiful, Reflections on the Revolution in France) [NS=Jan 12], born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1797)

Paul ReverePaul Revere (1735-1818)

American silversmith and patriot who alerted the colonial militia to the approach of British forces before the battles of Lexington and Concord, born in Boston, Massachusetts

Anthony WayneAnthony Wayne (1745-1796)

American Military Leader (Legion of the United States), born in Easttown Township, Province of Pennsylvania

  • 1750 Frederick Muhlenberg, American statesman (d. 1801)

Betsy RossBetsy Ross (1752-1836)

American seamstress widely credited with making the first American flag, born in Gloucester City, Colony of New Jersey

  • 1764 Johannes Kinker, Dutch linguist, philosopher and poet (Minderjarige Zangster), born in Nieuwer-Amstel (d. 1845)
  • 1767 Maria Edgeworth, Anglo-Irish novelist (d. 1849)
  • 1771 Georges Cadoudal, Breton politician and royalist who plotted to overthrow Napoleon, born in Brech, Brittany, Kingdom of France (d. 1804)
  • 1774 André Marie Constant Duméril, French zoologist (d. 1860)
  • 1779 William Clowes, English printer (d. 1847)
  • 1792 Henrik Anker Bjerregaard, Norwegian writer and poet (Fjeldeventyret), born in Ringsaker, Norway (d. 1842)
  • 1809 John Pieter Heije, Dutch physician, writer and poet (Silver Fleet) (d. 1876)
  • 1814 Hong Xiuquan, Chinese rebel (d. 1864)
  • 1815 Charles Renouvier, French philosopher, born in Montpellier, France (d. 1903)
  • 1819 Arthur Hugh Clough, English poet, friend of Matthew Arnold, born in Liverpool, England (d. 1861)
  • 1819 George Foster Shepley, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Saco, Maine (d. 1878)
  • 1823 Sándor Petőfi, Hungarian poet (A virágnak megtiltani nem lehet - You Cannot Forbid the Flower), and revolutionary, born Kiskőrös, Kingdom of Hungary, Austrian Empire (d. 1849)
  • 1827 William Lewis Cabell ", Old Tige" American Brigadier General (Confederate Army) and Mayor of Dallas, born in Danville, Virginia (d. 1911)
  • 1833 Robert Lawson, New Zealand architect (d. 1902)
  • 1834 Ludovic Halévy, French playwright (d. 1908)
  • 1838 William Hugh Young, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1901)
  • 1846 Nikola Pasic, Serbian nationalist and premier (over many periods from 1891 to 1926), born in Zaječar, Serbia (d. 1926)
  • 1848 John Goff, Irish lawyer (d. 1924)
  • 1852 Eugène-Anatole Demarçay, French chemist (d. 1904)
  • 1854 James George Frazer, Scottish anthropologist and folklorist (The Golden Bough), born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 1941)
  • 1863 Aleko Konstantinov, Bulgarian writer (To Chicago & Back), born in Svishtov, Ottoman Empire (d. 1897)

Alfred StieglitzAlfred Stieglitz (1864-1946)

American photographer and art dealer (Camera Work), born in Hoboken, New Jersey

Qi BaishiQi Baishi (1864-1957)

Chinese painter famous for whimsical and playful watercolor paintings, born in Xiangtan, China

  • 1867 Charles Edward Montague, English journalist and author (Fiery Particles), born in Twickenham, England (d. 1928)
  • 1867 Jeanne Lanvin, French fashion designer and perfumer (Lavin), born in Paris, France (d. 1946)
  • 1873 Mariano Azuela, Mexican novelist (The Flies, The Bosses), born in Lagos de Moreno, Jalisco (d. 1952)
  • 1874 Frank Knox, American politician (Republican VP candidate 1936), newspaper editor and Secretary of the Navy during World War II, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1944)
  • 1874 Gustave Whitehead, German inventor (d. 1927)
  • 1875 Charles Rist, French economist (opposed Keynesian Revolution), born in Lausanne, Switzerland, France (d. 1955)
  • 1876 Harriet Brooks, Canadian physicist (d. 1933)
  • 1876 Johan Coenraad Altorf, Dutch sculptor (October 3rd monument) (d. 1955)
  • 1878 Agner Krarup Erlang, Danish scientist and engineer (d. 1929)

E. M. ForsterE. M. Forster (1879-1970)

English writer and novelist (Howards End, Passage to India), born in Marylebone, Middlesex

  • 1879 Emile Argand, Swiss geologist (Dekbladen Theory), born in Eaux-Vives, Switzerland (d. 1940)
  • 1879 Ernest Jones, Welsh psychoanalyst (biographer of Freud - Life & Work of Sigmund Freud),born in Gowerton, Wales (d. 1958)
  • 1881 Carry van Bruggen [de Haan], Dutch author (Heleen, Eva), born in Smilde, Netherlands (d. 1932)
  • 1881 Vajiravudh, King of Thailand (d. 1925)
  • 1883 Federigo Tozzi, Italian writer and journalist (La Torre, Tre Croci), born in Siena, Italy (d. 1920)
  • 1883 Ichirō Hatoyama, Japanese politician, Prime Minister (1954-56), born in Tokyo, Japan (d. 1959)
  • 1887 Wilhelm Canaris, German admiral and head of German military intelligence (executed for opposing Hitler), born in Aplerbeck, Germany (d. 1945)
  • 1888 John Garand, American inventor (d. 1974)
  • 1890 Anton Melik, Slovenian geographer (d. 1966)

Manuel RoxasManuel Roxas (1892-1948)

5th President of the Philippines (1946-48), born in Capiz, Philippines

  • 1894 Satyendra Nath Bose, Indian physicist (Bose–Einstein statistics), born in Calcutta, British India (d. 1974)
  • 1894 Shitsu Nakano, Japanese supercentenarian (d. 2007)

J. Edgar HooverJ. Edgar Hoover (1895-1972)

American 1st Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (1924-72), born in Washington, D.C.

  • 1900 Chiune Sugihara, Japanese diplomat (d. 1986)
  • 1900 Hubert van Doorne, Dutch auto manufacturer (DAF Trucks), born in America, Dutch Limburg, Netherlands (d. 1979)
  • 1904 Fazal Ilahi Chaudhry, Pakistani politician (d. 1982)
  • 1905 Charles Melvin Price, American politician (Rep-D-Illinois 1945-88), born in East St. Louis, Illinois (d. 1988)
  • 1905 Stanisław Mazur, Lemberg, Western Ukraine, Polish mathematician (d. 1981)
  • 1909 Barry Goldwater, American politician (Senator-R-Arizona, 1953-65, 69-87) and 1964 presidential candidate (R), born in Phoenix, Arizona (d. 1998)

Stepan BanderaStepan Bandera (1909-1959)

Ukrainian nationalist, leader of the terrorist Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists (OUN-B), Nazi collaborator and anti-communist, born in Staryi Uhryniv, Galicia, Austria-Hungary

  • 1912 Boris Vladimirovich Gnedenko, Russian mathematician (d. 1995)

Kim PhilbyKim Philby (1912-1988)

British spy and Soviet mole who was a member of the "Cambridge Five", born in Ambala, Punjab, India

  • 1912 Victor Reuther, American labor leader (United Automobile Workers union), born in Wheeling, West Virginia (d. 2004) [1]
  • 1913 Eliot Janeway, American financial writer (Economics of Chaos), born in New York City (d. 1993)
  • 1914 Noor Inayat Khan, Indian princess and British Special Operations Executive agent in WWII posthumously awarded the George Cross, born in Moscow, Russian Empire (d. 1944)
  • 1915 Francois Bondy, Swiss writer and journalist (Preuves), born in Berlin (d. 2003)
  • 1915 Lewis Bingham Keeble, British-born town planner, born in London, England (d. 1994)
  • 1917 Jule Gregory Charney, American meteorologist (d. 1981)
  • 1918 Patrick Anthony Porteous, Scottish Victoria Cross recipient (d. 2000)

J. D. SalingerJ. D. Salinger (1919-2010)

American novelist (The Catcher in the Rye), born in NYC, New York

  • 1920 Roger Peacock, English writer (Thursday is Missing), born in Liverpool (d. 1996)
  • 1921 César Baldaccini, French sculptor, born in Marseille, France (d. 1998)
  • 1921 Ismail al-Faruqi, Palestinian philosopher, born in Jaffa, British-mandate Palestine (d. 1986)
  • 1922 Ernest "Fritz" Hollings, American Democratic Senator from South Carolina (1966-2005), born in Charleston, South Carolina
  • 1923 Chalmers Goodlin, US test pilot (XS-1)
  • 1923 Daniel Gorenstein, American mathematician (d. 1992)
  • 1927 Maurice Béjart, French choreographer (d. 2007)

Vernon L. SmithVernon L. Smith (96 years old)

1927 American economist and Nobel laureate, born in Wichita, Kansas

  • 1927 Yuri Grigorovich, Leningrad, choreographer
  • 1928 Abdul Sattar Edhi, Pakistani philanthropist (Edhi Foundation), born in Bantva, Gujarat (d. 2016)
  • 1929 Holling Gustav Vincoeur, fictional character on "Northern Exposure"
  • 1930 Gaafar Muhammad Nimeiry, premier/president (Sudan)
  • 1931 Siddig El Nigoumi, ceramicist
  • 1932 Arnfried G D P, Dutch manufacturer (breadcrumbs)/drugs dealer
  • 1933 Frederick Lowy, Canadian educator
  • 1933 James A. Abrahamson, American Air Force general and astronaut
  • 1935 B. Kliban, American cartoonist known for his drawings of cats, usually with horrible puns (Love to Eat Them Mousies), born in Norwalk, Connecticut (d. 1990)
  • 1935 Valentin Nikolaevich N Benderov, Russian cosmonaut
  • 1936 James Sinegal, American businessman, co-founder and CEO of Costco, born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
  • 1937 Adam Wiśniewski-Snerg, Polish author (d. 1995)
  • 1938 Bill Emerson, American politician (Rep-R-MO, 1981-96), born in Saint Louis Missouri (d. 1996)
  • 1938 Fuad Masum, 7th President of Iraq (2014-2018), born in Koya, Kingdom of Iraq
  • 1938 Robert Jankel, British coachbuilder (d. 2005)
  • 1942 Alassane Ouattara, Former Prime Minister of Ivory Coast
  • 1942 Gennadi Vassilyevich Sarafanov, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 15)
  • 1942 Martin Frost, American politician (Rep-D-TX, 1971-2005), born in Glendale, California
  • 1943 Raghunath Anant Mashelkar, Indian scientist
  • 1943 Tony Knowles, 9th Governor of Alaska

Omar al-BashirOmar al-Bashir (79 years old)

1944 Sudanese politician and 7th President of Sudan (1989-2019), born in Hosh Bannaga, Sudan

  • 1944 Zafarullah Khan Jamali, Pakistani politician
  • 1945 Gail Zappa (née Sloatman), American business secretary and wife of musician and composer Frank Zappa, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2015)
  • 1945 Glen Loates, Canadian artist and painter of wildlife and landscapes, born in Toronto, Ontario
  • 1945 Peter Duncan, Australian politician (Member of Parliament, 1984-96; Minister for Employment and Education, 1988-90), born in Melbourne, Australia)
  • 1946 Carl B. Hamilton, Swedish economist and politician
  • 1947 Alexei Ivanovich Bobrov, Russian cosmonaut
  • 1947 Jon Corzine, American financial executive and politician (United States Senator from New Jersey, 2001-06; Governor of New Jersey, 2006-10), born in Taylorville, Illinois
  • 1947 Peter Lankhorst, Dutch politician (PPR), born in Zwolle, Netherlands
  • 1947 Vladimir Georgiyevich Titov, Russian cosmonaut (Soyuz T-8, TM-4, STS 63)
  • 1948 Pavel Grachev, Russian general
  • 1949 Nikolai Tikhonovich Moskalenko, Russian cosmonaut
  • 1949 Peter Dormer, arts writer
  • 1950 Svetlana Georgievna Beregovkina, Russian cosmonaut
  • 1950 Yevgeni Vladimirovich Saley, cosmonaut
  • 1951 Ashfaq Hussain, Urdu poet
  • 1951 Frans Kellendonk, author (Ruin, The Good for Nothing)
  • 1953 Gary Johnson, American businessman, politician and Libertarian Party nominee for President in 2016, born in Minot, North Dakota
  • 1954 Bob Menendez, American politician (Senator-D-New Jersey 2006-), born in New York City
  • 1955 Mary Beard, English classical scholar (University of Cambridge), born in Much Wenlock, England
  • 1956 Abdalla Hamdok, Sudanese politician (Prime Minister of Sudan 2021-22), born in Al Dibaibat, Sudan
  • 1956 Anatoli Borisovich Polonsky, Russian lt-colonel/cosmonaut

Christine LagardeChristine Lagarde (67 years old)

1956 French lawyer and politician, 1st female head of the IMF, born in Paris

  • 1956 Mark R. Hughes, American entrepreneur (founder and CEO of Herbalife International), born in La Mirada, California Ltd, d. 2000)
  • 1956 Sergei Vasiliyevich Avdeyev, Russian cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-15, SK:TM-28)
  • 1957 Evangelos Venizelos, Greek lawyer, professor and politician
  • 1959 Abdul Ahad Mohmand, Afghanistan, cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-6)
  • 1959 Azali Assoumani, Comorian president (2016 - present), born in Mitsoudjé, Comoros
  • 1962 Ravshanbek Aliyev, Kirgiz, cosmonaut
  • 1967 John Digweed, English DJ
  • 1967 Spencer Tunick, American photographer (large-scale nude installations), born in Middletown, New York
  • 1969 Christi Paul, American news anchor
  • 1973 Anwar Mansoor Mangrio, Sindhi poet & research scholar.
  • 1975 Eiichiro Oda, Japanese Manga artist (One Piece - best selling Manga series and comic series ever), born in Kumamoto, Japan
  • 1978 Paramahamsa Sri Nithyananda, Indian spiritualist
  • 1980 Elin Nordegren, Swedish model
  • 1986 Colin Morgan, Northern Irish actor (Merlin; Humans; Mammals), born in Armagh, Northern Ireland