Birthdays in History on January 12

  • 1483 Count Henry III of Nassau-Breda, Stadholder of Holland and Zeeland 1515-1521 (d. 1538)
  • 1492 Andreas Alicatus, Italian jurist and humanist, born in Alzate Brianza, Duchy of Milan (d. 1550)
  • 1562 Charles Emanuel I, the Great, Italian Duke of Savoy (Peace of Lyon), born in Rivoli, Savoy (d. 1630)
  • 1576 Peter Scriverius, Dutch lawyer and historian, born in Haarlem (d. 1660)
  • 1579 Jan Baptist van Helmont, Flemish chemist (found boiling point temperature), born in Brussels (d. 1644)
  • 1580 Lord Alexander Ruthven, Scottish nobleman (d. 1600)

John WinthropJohn Winthrop (1588-1649)

English Puritan lawyer and 1st governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, born in Edwardstone, England

  • 1591 José Ribera/Jusepe de Ribera, Spanish painter and printmaker, nicknamed Lo Spagnoletto (d. 1652)
  • 1597 François Duquesnoy, French sculptor (d. 1643)
  • 1599 Adrian van Utrecht, Flemish still life painter, born in Antwerp (d. 1652)

Charles PerraultCharles Perrault (1628-1703)

French author and fairy tale writer (Tales of Mother Goose), born in Paris, France

  • 1638 Ernst Rüdiger von Starhemberg, Austrian field marshal (1683 successfully defended Vienna against Ottoman siege), born in Graz, Styria (d. 1701)
  • 1716 Antonio de Ulloa, Spanish general (d. 1795)
  • 1721 Duke Ferdinand of Brunswick, Prussian general (d. 1792)
  • 1723 Samuel Langdon, American college educator (d. 1797)
  • 1729 Lazzaro Spallanzani, Italian physiologist and biologist, born in Modena Italy (d. 1799)
  • 1746 Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi, Swiss educator (Leonard & Gertrude), born in Zurich, Switzerland (d. 1827)
  • 1749 Ferdinand Trauttmansdorff, Austrian diplomat and statesman (ruled Netherlands for Holy Roman Emperor), born in Vienna (d. 1827)
  • 1751 Ferdinand I, king of Sicily & Naples. (d. 1825)
  • 1751 Jacob Michael Reinhold Lenz, Baltic German poet and dramatist (The Soldiers), born in Sesswegen, Governorate of Livonia, Russian Empire (d. 1792)
  • 1772 Count Mikhail Speransky, Russian reformer (d. 1839)
  • 1780 Wilhelm Martin Leberecht de Wette, German exegetist and theologist, born in Ulla, Thuringia (d. 1849)
  • 1783 Erik Gustaf Geijer, Swedish historian and poet (Natthimmelen), born in Geijersgården, Sweden (d. 1847)
  • 1786 Sir Robert Inglis, Bt, English politician (d. 1855)
  • 1792 Johan August Arfwedson, Swedish chemist (d. 1841)
  • 1792 Robert Patterson, Irish-American Major General (Union Army), born in Cappagh, County Tyrone, Ireland (d. 1881)
  • 1797 Gideon Brecher, Austrian physician (d. 1873)
  • 1801 Louise Sophie Blussé, Dutch author, born in Leiden, Holland (d. 1896)
  • 1807 Jan Theodoor Beelen, Dutch-Belgian bible scholar, born in Amsterdam (d. 1884)
  • 1808 Paul "the Great" Taglioni, Italian-Austrian ballet choreographer, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1884)
  • 1810 Ferdinand II, King of the Two Sicilies (1830-59), born in Palermo (d. 1859)
  • 1814 Jones Mitchell Withers, Mjr General (Confederate Army), (d. 1890)
  • 1819 Zealous Bates Tower, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Cohasset, Massachusetts (d. 1900)
  • 1822 Étienne Lenoir, French engineer (d. 1900)
  • 1825 Joseph Robert Davis, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1896)
  • 1826 Charles Cruft, American teacher, lawyer, railroad executive, and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Terre Haute, Indiana (d. 1883)
  • 1832 Richard Waterhouse Jr, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1876)
  • 1842 Francois Coppee, French poet, born in Paris (d. 1908)
  • 1849 Jean Béraud, French Belle Époque painter, born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1935)
  • 1852 Joseph Joffre, French army Chief of Staff (Indo China, WWI Battle of Marne), born in Rivesaltes, France (d. 1931)
  • 1853 Gregorio Ricci-Curbastro, Italian mathematician (tensor analysis), born in Lugo di Romagna, Italy (d. 1925)
  • 1856 John Singer Sargent, American painter (Wyndham Sisters), born in Florence, Italy (d. 1925)
  • 1861 James Mark Baldwin, American philosopher & psychologist, born in Columbia, South Carolina (d. 1934)
  • 1863 Swami Vivekananda, Indian Hindu spiritual leader and a key figure in the introduction of Yoga to the Western world, born in Kolkata, India (d. 1902)
  • 1871 Paul Guthnick, German astronomer, born in Hitdorf am Rhein (d. 1947)
  • 1875 Marika Stiernstedt, Swedish author (Ulla Bella), born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1954)
  • 1876 Jack London, American writer/socialist (Call of the Wild), born in San Francisco (d. 1916)
  • 1877 Frank J. Corr, American politician (d. 1934)
  • 1878 Ferenc Molnar, Hungarian American playwright (A Pal Utrai Fiuk) and novelist (The Paul Street Boys), born in Budapest, Austria-Hungary (d. 1952)
  • 1882 Jakob Jud, Swiss linguist and etymologist, born in Wängi, Switzerland (d. 1952)
  • 1890 Mordecai Wyatt Johnson, pastor and educator, born in Paris, Tennessee (d. 1976)
  • 1892 Mikhail Gurevich, Russian aircraft designer (d. 1976)
  • 1893 Alfred Rosenberg, German Nazi official (d. 1946)

Hermann GoeringHermann Goering (1893-1946)

German Nazi Party leader, convicted war criminal, Vice-Chancellor of Germany (1941-45) and World War I fighter pilot ace, born in Rosenheim, Kingdom of Bavaria, German Empire

  • 1896 David Wechsler, American psychologist (d. 1981)
  • 1897 Hendrik Valk, Dutch painter, cartoonist and graphic artist (d. 1986)
  • 1899 Paul H Muller, Swiss chemist (DDT-Nobel 1948), born in Olten, Switzerland (d. 1965)
  • 1902 Simon Spoor, Dutch military officer, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1949)
  • 1903 Igor Kurchatov, Russian nuclear physicist, born in Sim, Chelyabinsk Oblast, Russia (d. 1960)
  • 1905 James Bennett Griffin, American archaeologist, born in Atchison, Kansas (d. 1997)
  • 1907 Sergei Korolev, Soviet Russian rocket engineer & spacecraft designer (Sputnik; Voskhod), born in Zhytomyr, Russian Empire (now Ukraine) (d. 1966)
  • 1908 Clement Hurd, American illustrator, born in NYC, New York (d. 1988)
  • 1912 Charles Moeller, Belgian theologist (Humanism et saintete), born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1986)
  • 1914 Edward John Gurney, American politician, US senator (1969-74), born in Portland, Maine (d. 1996)
  • 1915 Ernest Armstrong, British politician (L) & teacher, born in Stanley, County Durham (d. 1996)
  • 1915 Frank Annunzio, American politician (Rep-D-IL, 1965-93), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2001)
  • 1915 Joseph-Aurèle Plourde, Catholic archbishop of Ottawa, born in Saint-François-de-Madawaska, Canada (d. 2013)
  • 1915 Martin Agronsky, American journalist (1952 Peabody, 1961 DuPont-Columbia), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1999)
  • 1915 Paul Jarrico, American writer, born in Los Angeles, California (d. 1997)
  • 1915 Roy Ralston, British pilot (WWII bomber pilot), born in Moss Side, Manchester (d. 1996)

P. W. BothaP. W. Botha (1916-2006)

South African politician (President of South Africa, 1984-89; Prime Minister, 1977-84), born in Paul Roux, Orange Free State Province, South Africa

  • 1917 Jimmy Skinner, Canadian hockey coach, born in Selkirk, Canada (d. 2007)

Maharishi Mahesh YogiMaharishi Mahesh Yogi (1918-2008)

Indian guru who developed Transcendental Meditation, born in Jabalpur, India

  • 1920 James Farmer, American civil rights leader, born in Marshall, Texas (d. 1999)
  • 1920 Prof Jerzy Zubrzycki, Polish-born Australian sociologist, born in Kraków, Poland (d. 2009)
  • 1922 Tadeusz Żychiewicz, Polish journalist and art historian, born in Bratkowice, Poland (d. 1994)
  • 1923 Ira Hayes, Pima Native American soldier, born in Sacaton, Arizona (d. 1955)
  • 1924 Jan Willem Radecker, Dutch sculptor & son of John Raedecker, born in Schoorl, Netherlands (d. 2009)
  • 1929 Alasdair MacIntyre, Scottish-born American philosopher, born in Glasgow, Scotland
  • 1930 Jennifer Johnston, Irish author (Fool's sanctuary), born in Dublin, Ireland
  • 1932 Alain Teister, Dutch writer, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1979)
  • 1935 Kreskin, American mentalist, born in Montclair, New Jersey
  • 1937 Liliana Cavani, Italian director (Berlin Affair), born in Carpi, Italy
  • 1939 Helmut Eisendle, Austrian writer, born in Graz, Austria (d. 2003)
  • 1939 Jacques Hamelink, Dutch writer & poet (Cold Unrest), born in Terneuzen, Netherlands
  • 1941 Jaime Fuster, American politician (Rep-D-PR, 1985-92), born in Guayama, Puerto Rico (d. 2007)
  • 1942 Bernardine Dohrn, former leader of the Weather Underground, born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin
  • 1942 Michael Mayor, Swiss astrophysicist (discovered 1st exoplanet), 2019 Nobel Prize in Physics, born in Lausanne, Switzerland
  • 1942 Vladimir Sergeyevich Kozelsky, Russian cosmonaut (Soyuz 24 backup), born in Aleksandrovskoye Stavropol kray, Soviet Union
  • 1944 Hans Henning Atrott, Prussian euthanasia advocate, born in Klaipėda, Lithuania
  • 1946 Lady Cosgrove, Scottish lawyer & judge, born in Glasgow, Scotland
  • 1948 Khalid Abdul Muhammed, American Nation of Islam spokesman, born in Houston, Texas (d. 2001)
  • 1948 William Nicholson, English writer, born in Lewes, United Kingdom

Haruki MurakamiHaruki Murakami (74 years old)

1949 Japanese writer (Norwegian Wood), born in Kyoto, Japan

  • 1949 James Dietz, American rower, born in The Bronx, New York
  • 1949 Michael W. Vannier, American radiologist, born in Hamilton City, California
  • 1950 Bob McEwen, American politician (Rep-R-OH, 1981-93), born in Hillsboro, Ohio
  • 1950 Dorrit Moussaieff, Israeli jewellery designer & businesswoman, born in Jerusalem, Israel
  • 1950 Göran Lindblad, Swedish politician, born in Gothenburg, Sweden
  • 1950 Marilyn Smith, American microbiologist, born in Americus, Georgia
  • 1950 Ricky Ray Rector, American murderer (d. 1992)
  • 1950 Sheila Jackson Lee, American politician, born in NYC, New York
  • 1951 Ann Althouse, American law professor, born in Wilmington, Delaware
  • 1952 Charles Faulkner, American motivational speaker and author, born in St. Clair Shores, Michigan
  • 1952 Walter Mosley, American novelist, born in Los Angeles, California
  • 1959 Lasana M. Sekou, Caribbean poet & author (The Salt Reaper), born in Aruba
  • 1962 Joe Quesada, American comic book writer, born in NYC, New York

Jeff BezosJeff Bezos (59 years old)

1964 American entrepreneur and founder of Amazon, born in Albuquerque, New Mexico

  • 1965 Biram Dah Abeid, Mauritanian politician & slavery abolitionist advocate, born in Rosso, Trarza
  • 1968 Raf Simons, Belgian fashion designer (Dior 2012-2015), born in Neerpelt, Limburg
  • 1969 David Mitchell, English novelist (Cloud Atlas), born in Southport, England
  • 1972 Priyanka Gandhi, daughter of Rajiv Gandhi, born in Delhi, India
  • 1992 Mao Kobayashi, Japanese gravure idol, born in Niigata Prefecture, Japan (d. 2017)
  • 1996 Sarah Morales, Mexican, Siamese twin (survived), born in Tijuana, Mexico
  • 1996 Sarahi Morales, Mexican Siamese twin (died on Jan 27, 1996), born in Tijuana, Mexico