Birthdays in History on January 15

  • January

Person of interestJoan of Arc

1412 Joan of Arc, Roman Catholic Saint and national heroine of France (legendary date), born in Domrémy, duchy of Bar, France (d. 1431)

French Soldier and National Heroine Joan of Arc
French Soldier and National Heroine
Joan of Arc
  • 1432 Afonso V "the African", king of Portugal (1438-1481)
  • 1481 Ashikaga Yoshizumi, Japanese shogun (b. 1511)
  • 1507 Johann Oporinus [Herbster], Swiss book publisher (Koran)
  • 1538 Maeda Toshiie, Japanese general (d. 1599)
  • 1622 Molière [Jean-Baptiste Poquelin], French playwright (The Misanthrope), born in Paris, Kingdom of France (d. 1673)
  • 1671 Abraham de la Pryme, English antiquarian (d. 1704)
  • 1674 Prosper Jolyot de Crébillon, French writer (d. 1762)
  • 1716 Philip Livingston, American businessman and politician (signed Declaration of Independence), born in Albany, New York (d.1778)
  • 1747 John Aikin, English doctor and writer (d. 1822)
  • 1754 Richard Martin, Irish animal rights activist (d. 1834)
  • 1779 Jean Coralli, ballet producer/choreographer, born in Paris, France
  • 1791 Franz Gillparzer, Austrian tragic dramatist (Golden Fleece)
  • 1795 Willem de Clerq, Dutch merchant/man of letters
  • 1795 Alexandr Griboyedov, Russian playwright (d. 1829)
  • 1798 Thomas Crofton Croker, Irish story teller (Fairy legends)

  • 1803 Marjory Fleming, Scottish writer and poet (d. 1811)
  • 1809 Cornelia Connelly, founder (Society of the Holy Child Jesus), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • 1809 Pierre Joseph Proudhon, French politician (libertarian socialist)
  • 1812 Peter C Asbjornsen, Norwegian fairy tale writer
  • 1813 James Marion Sims, SC, surgeon/gynecologist (vesicovaginal operation)
  • 1815 Henry Morris Naglee, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1886)
  • 1816 Marie LaFarge, French murderer (d. 1852)
  • 1817 Lewis Golding Arnold, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Perth Amboy, New Jersey (d. 1871)
  • 1821 Lafayette McLaws, Major General (Confederate Army), (d. 1897)
  • 1824 Marie Duplessis [Alphonsine Rose Plessis], French courtesan, born in Nonant-le-Pin, Normandy, France (d. 1847)
  • 1826 Mikhail Saltykov, Spas-Ugol Russia, satirist (Family of Noblemen)
  • 1842 Blessed Mary McKillop, Australian candidate for sainthood (d. 1909)
  • 1842 Josef Breuer, Austrian psychologist (d. 1925)
  • 1845 Ella Flagg Young, 1st woman pres (National Educational Association)
  • 1850 Mihail Eminesco, [Eminovici], Romanian poet (Samanul Dionis)
  • 1850 Sofia Kovalevskaya, Russian mathematician. (d. 1891)
  • 1858 Giovanni Segantini, Italian painter
  • 1859 Archibald Peake, Premier of South Australia (d. 1920)
  • 1863 Adolph Goldschmidt, German historian
  • 1863 Wilhelm Marx, premier (Prussia)
  • 1864 Frances Benjamin Johnston, Grafton West Virginia, early female photographer
  • 1866 Nathan Söderblom, Swedish archbishop, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1931)
  • 1868 Noach Zjordanija, Georgian veterinarian/premier (1918-21)
  • 1869 Stanisław Wyspiański, Polish dramatist (d. 1907)
  • 1870 Johan Peter Koch, Danish officer/explorer (Greenland)

  • 1870 Pierre S. du Pont, American businessman (d. 1954)
  • 1872 Arsen Kotsoyev, Russian writer (d. 1944)
  • 1873 Max Adler, Austria sociologist/socialist theorist

Person of interestIbn Saud

1875 Abdulaziz Ibn Saud, Founder and first King of Saudi Arabia (1932-53), born in Riyadh, Emirate of Nejd (d. 1953)

Founder of Saudi Arabia Ibn Saud
Founder of Saudi Arabia
Ibn Saud
  • 1877 Lewis M Terman, Ind, psychologist (developed Stanford-Binet IQ test)
  • 1879 Mazo de la Roche, Canadian author (d. 1961)
  • 1882 Florian Znaniecki, Polish/US sociologist (Polish Peasant in Europe)
  • 1882 Princess Margaret of Sweden (d. 1920)
  • 1885 Lorenz Böhler, Austrian physician (d. 1973)
  • 1885 Huang Yuanyong, Chinese writer (d. 1915)
  • 1888 Joseph Henabery, director (Cobra), born in Omaha, Nebraska
  • 1891 Osip E Mandelstam, Russian poet (Noise of Time), born in Warsaw, Poland
  • 1892 Rex Ingram [Reginald Hitchcock], Irish director (4 Horsemen of Apocalypse), born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1950)
  • 1893 Dragisa Cvetkovic, Serbian premiere of Yugoslavia (1939-4.)
  • 1894 Edmond Rubbens, Belgian attorney/minister of colonization
  • 1895 Artturi Ilmari Virtanen, Finnish chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1973)
  • 1897 Xu Zhimo, Chinese poet (d. 1931)
  • 1900 Caesar Domela, Dutch painter (Ferdinand Domela Nieuwenhuis son), born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1992)
  • 1902 Saud bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, King of Saudi Arabia (1953-64), born in Kuwait City (d. 1969)
  • 1902 Nazim Hikmet, Turkish poet (Tosun Pasa, The Passenger), born in Salonica, Ottoman Empire (d. 1963)
  • 1903 Paul A. Dever, 58th Governor of Massachusetts, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1958)
  • 1906 Aristotle Onassis, Greek shipping magnate, born in Konak, Turkey (d. 1975)

Person of interestEdward Teller

1908 Edward Teller, Hungarian-American physicist, father of the Hydrogen bomb (Manhattan Project), born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 2003)

Physicist Edward Teller
Physicist
Edward Teller
  • 1909 Jean Bugatti, German-born automobile designer, born in Cologne, Germany (d. 1939)
  • 1911 Cy Feuer, Broadway producer (Feuer & Martin-Chorus Line), born in NYC, New York (d. 2006)
  • 1911 Wim Kan, Dutch cabaret artist, born in South Holland, Netherlands (d. 1983)
  • 1912 Michel Debré, French politician, born in Paris, France (d. 1996)
  • 1913 Alexander Marinesko, captain of the S-13 submarine, which sank the German ship Wilhelm Gustloff (d. 1963)
  • 1914 Hugh Trevor-Roper, English historian (The Last Days of Hitler), born in Glanton, England (d. 2003)
  • 1916 Mikki Doyle, American journalist & editor, born in New York (d. 1995)
  • 1918 André Donner, Dutch jurist (constitutional law), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1992)
  • 1918 Gamal Abdel Nasser, President of Egypt (1954-1971), born in Bakos, Egypt (d. 1970)
  • 1918 João Figueiredo, President of Brazil, born in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (d. 1999)
  • 1920 John O'Connor, Roman Catholic Archbishop of NY, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2000)
  • 1920 John Junor, Scottish journalist (Sunday Express), born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 1997)
  • 1922 Sir Eric Willis, Australian politician, born in Murwillumbah, Australia (d. 1999)
  • 1923 Lee Teng-hui, Taiwanese statesman (President, 1988–2000), born in Sanzhi, Taiwan
  • 1923 Ivor Cutler, Scottish poet, born in Glasgow, United Kingdom (d. 2006)
  • 1926 Florence Buchsbaum, French theater director, born in Strasbourg, France (d. 1996)

Person of interestMartin Luther King Jr.

1929 Martin Luther King Jr., American clergyman and leader of the Civil Rights Movement (Nobel 1964), born in Atlanta, Georgia (d. 1968)

Civil Rights Activist Martin Luther King Jr.
Civil Rights Activist
Martin Luther King Jr.
  • 1931 Derek Meddings, British special effects technician, born in St. Pancras, London (d. 1995)
  • 1933 Ernest J. Gaines, African-American author, born in Oscar, Louisiana
  • 1935 Robert Silverberg, American sci-fi author (Hugo, Regan's Planet)
  • 1936 Concepcion Picciotto, American peace activist (longest political protest in US history, outside The White House), born in Vigo, Spain (d. 2016)
  • 1945 Vince Foster, American lawyer, born in Hope, Arkansas (d. 1993)
  • 1945 William R. Higgins, USMC colonel, born in Danville, Kentucky (d. 1990)
  • 1945 Princess Michael of Kent, British royal, born in Karlovy Vary, Czech Republic
  • 1947 Andrea Martin, American comedienne (SCTV, Club Paradise), born in Portland, Maine
  • 1948 Dini Petty, Canadian talk show host (CITY-TV), born in Kingston upon Thames, United Kingdom
  • 1953 Kent Hovind, American evangelist
  • 1954 Jose Dalisay Jr., Filipino writer, born in Romblon, Phillipines
  • 1956 Mayawati, Indian politician, born in New Delhi, India
  • 1957 Patrick Dixon, English entrepreneur, born in London, United Kingdom
  • 1958 Boris Tadić, President of Serbia, born in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • 1959 Pavle Kozjek, Slovenian climber, born in Setnica, Slovenia (d. 2008)
  • 1962 Creflo Dollar, American televangelist, born in College Park, Georgia
  • 1963 Erling Kagge, Norwegian explorer (South Pole), born in Oslo, Norway
  • 1975 Edith Bowman, Scottish television & radio presenter, born in Anstruther, United Kingdom
  • 1982 Prince Philip and Prince Alexander of Yugoslavia