Birthdays in History on January 15

Joan of ArcJoan of Arc (1412-1431)

Roman Catholic Saint and national heroine of France (legendary date), born in Domrémy, duchy of Bar, France

  • 1432 Afonso V, King of Portugal (1438-1481), born in Sintra National Palace, Portugal (d. 1481)
  • 1481 Ashikaga Yoshizumi, Japanese shogun (d. 1511)
  • 1507 Johann Oporinus, Swiss book publisher (Koran), born in Basel (d. 1568)
  • 1538 Maeda Toshiie, Japanese general, born in Nagoya, Aichi Prefecture, Japan (d. 1599)
  • 1622 Molière [Jean-Baptiste Poquelin], French playwright (The Misanthrope), born in Paris, Kingdom of France (d. 1673)
  • 1671 Abraham de la Pryme, English antiquarian, born in Hatfield (d. 1704)
  • 1716 Philip Livingston, American businessman & politician (signed US Declaration of Independence), born in Albany, New York (d. 1778)
  • 1747 John Aikin, English doctor and writer, born in Kibworth Harcourt, United Kingdom (d. 1822)
  • 1754 Richard Martin, Irish politician & animal rights activist, born in Ballynahinch Castle, Ireland (d. 1834)
  • 1779 Jean Coralli, French ballet producer & choreographer, born in Paris, France
  • 1791 Franz Gillparzer, Austrian tragic dramatist (Golden Fleece), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1872)
  • 1795 Alexandr Griboyedov, Russian playwright, born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1829)
  • 1795 Willem de Clerq, Dutch merchant & man of letters, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1844)
  • 1798 Thomas Crofton Croker, Irish story teller (Fairy legends), born in Cork, Ireland (d. 1854)
  • 1803 Marjory Fleming, Scottish writer & poet, born in Kirkcaldy, United Kingdom (d. 1811)
  • 1809 Cornelia Connelly, American foundress (Society of the Holy Child Jesus), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1879)
  • 1809 Pierre Joseph Proudhon, French politician & philosopher ("father of anarchism"), born in Besançon, France (d. 1865)
  • 1812 Peter C Asbjornsen, Norwegian fairy tale writer, born in Oslo, Norway (d. 1885)
  • 1813 James Marion Sims, American physician & surgical pioneer (vesicovaginal operation), born in Lancaster County, South Carolina (d. 1883)
  • 1815 Henry Morris Naglee, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1886)
  • 1816 Marie LaFarge, French murderer, born in Paris, France (d. 1852)
  • 1817 Lewis Golding Arnold, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Perth Amboy, New Jersey (d. 1871)
  • 1821 Lafayette McLaws, United States Army officer and Confederate general, born in Augusta, Georgia (d. 1897)
  • 1824 Marie Duplessis [Alphonsine Rose Plessis], French courtesan, born in Nonant-le-Pin, Normandy, France (d. 1847)
  • 1826 Mikhail Saltykov, Russian satirist (Family of Noblemen), born in Spas-Ugol, Russia (d. 1889)
  • 1842 Blessed Mary McKillop, Australian nun & candidate for sainthood, born in Fitzroy, Australia (d. 1909)
  • 1842 Josef Breuer, Austrian psychologist, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1925)
  • 1845 Ella Flagg Young, American educator & 1st woman pres. (National Educational Association), born in Buffalo, New York (d. 1918)
  • 1850 Mihail Eminesco [Eminovici], Romanian poet (Samanul Dionis), born in Botoșani, Romania (d. 1889)
  • 1850 Sofia Kovalevskaya, Russian mathematician, born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1891)
  • 1858 Giovanni Segantini, Italian painter, born in Arco, Italy (d. 1899)
  • 1859 Archibald Peake, Premier of South Australia, born in Chelsea, London (d. 1920)
  • 1863 Adolph Goldschmidt, German historian, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1944)
  • 1863 Wilhelm Marx, German lawyer & politician, born in Cologne, Germany (d. 1946)
  • 1864 Frances Benjamin Johnston, American photographer, born in Grafton West Virginia (d. 1952)
  • 1866 Nathan Söderblom, Swedish archbishop & recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize, born in Uppsala, Sweden (d. 1931)
  • 1868 Noach Zjordanija, Georgian veterinarian/premier (1918-21)
  • 1869 Stanisław Wyspiański, Polish dramatist, born in Kraków, Poland (d. 1907)
  • 1870 Johan Peter Koch, Danish captain & explorer (Greenland), born in Vestenskov, Denmark (d. 1928)
  • 1870 Pierre S. du Pont, American businessman, born in Wilmington, Delaware (d. 1954)
  • 1872 Arsen Kotsoyev, Russian writer, born in Terek Oblast (d. 1944)
  • 1873 Max Adler, Austria jurist & social philosopher (Austromarxism), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1937)

Ibn SaudIbn Saud (1875-1953)

Founder and first King of Saudi Arabia (1932-53), born in Riyadh, Emirate of Nejd

  • 1877 Lewis Terman, American psychologist (developed Stanford-Binet IQ test), born in Johnson County, Indiana (d. 1956)
  • 1879 Mazo de la Roche, Canadian author, born in Newmarket, Canada (d. 1961)
  • 1882 Florian Znaniecki, Polish philosopher & sociologist, born in Świątniki, Poland (d. 1958)
  • 1882 Princess Margaret of Sweden, born in Surrey, England (d. 1920)
  • 1885 Huang Yuanyong, Chinese writer, born in Jiujiang, China (d. 1915)
  • 1885 Lorenz Böhler, Austrian physician, born in Wolfurt, Austria (d. 1973)
  • 1888 Joseph Henabery, American director (Cobra), born in Omaha, Nebraska (d. 1976)
  • 1891 Osip Mandelstam, Russian poet (Noise of Time), born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1938)
  • 1892 Rex Ingram [Reginald Hitchcock], Irish director (4 Horsemen of Apocalypse), born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1950)
  • 1893 Dragisa Cvetkovic, Serbian premiere of Yugoslavia (1939-4.)
  • 1894 Edmond Rubbens, Belgian attorney and politician, born in Zele, Belgium (d. 1938)
  • 1895 Artturi Ilmari Virtanen, Finnish chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1973)
  • 1897 Xu Zhimo, Chinese poet (d. 1931)
  • 1900 Caesar Domela, Dutch painter (Ferdinand Domela Nieuwenhuis son), born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1992)
  • 1902 Nazim Hikmet, Turkish poet (Tosun Pasa, The Passenger), born in Salonica, Ottoman Empire (d. 1963)
  • 1902 Saud bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, King of Saudi Arabia (1953-64), born in Kuwait City (d. 1969)
  • 1903 Paul A. Dever, 58th Governor of Massachusetts, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1958)
  • 1906 Aristotle Onassis, Greek shipping magnate, born in Konak, Turkey (d. 1975)

Edward TellerEdward Teller (1908-2003)

Hungarian-American physicist, father of the Hydrogen bomb (Manhattan Project), born in Budapest, Hungary

  • 1909 Jean Bugatti, German-born automobile designer, born in Cologne, Germany (d. 1939)
  • 1911 Cy Feuer, Broadway producer (Feuer & Martin-Chorus Line), born in NYC, New York (d. 2006)
  • 1911 Wim Kan, Dutch cabaret artist, born in South Holland, Netherlands (d. 1983)
  • 1912 Michel Debré, French politician, born in Paris, France (d. 1996)
  • 1913 Alexander Marinesko, captain of the S-13 submarine, which sank the German ship Wilhelm Gustloff (d. 1963)
  • 1914 Hugh Trevor-Roper, English historian (The Last Days of Hitler), born in Glanton, England (d. 2003)
  • 1916 Mikki Doyle, American journalist & editor, born in New York (d. 1995)
  • 1918 André Donner, Dutch jurist (constitutional law), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1992)

Gamal Abdel NasserGamal Abdel Nasser (1918-1970)

Egyptian revolutionary and politician (Acting President, 1954-56; President, 1956-70), born in Bakos, Egypt

  • 1918 João Figueiredo, President of Brazil, born in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (d. 1999)
  • 1920 John Junor, Scottish journalist (Sunday Express), born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 1997)
  • 1920 John O'Connor, Roman Catholic Archbishop of NY, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2000)
  • 1922 Sir Eric Willis, Australian politician, born in Murwillumbah, Australia (d. 1999)
  • 1923 Ivor Cutler, Scottish poet, born in Glasgow, United Kingdom (d. 2006)
  • 1923 Lee Teng-hui, Taiwanese statesman (Taiwan's 1st popularly elected President 1988–2000), born in Sanzhi, Taiwan (d. 2020) [1]
  • 1926 Florence Buchsbaum, French theater director, born in Strasbourg, France (d. 1996)

Martin Luther King Jr.Martin Luther King Jr. (1929-1968)

American clergyman and leader of the Civil Rights Movement (Nobel 1964), born in Atlanta, Georgia

  • 1931 Derek Meddings, British special effects technician, born in St. Pancras, London (d. 1995)
  • 1933 Ernest J. Gaines, African-American author, born in Oscar, Louisiana
  • 1935 Robert Silverberg, American sci-fi author (Hugo, Regan's Planet), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1936 Concepcion Picciotto, American peace activist (longest political protest in US history, outside The White House), born in Vigo, Spain (d. 2016)
  • 1945 Princess Michael of Kent, British royal, born in Karlovy Vary, Czech Republic
  • 1945 Vince Foster, American lawyer, born in Hope, Arkansas (d. 1993)
  • 1945 William R. Higgins, USMC colonel, born in Danville, Kentucky (d. 1990)
  • 1947 Andrea Martin, American comedienne (SCTV, Club Paradise), born in Portland, Maine
  • 1948 Dini Petty, Canadian talk show host (CITY-TV), born in Kingston upon Thames, United Kingdom
  • 1953 Kent Hovind, American evangelist
  • 1954 Jose Dalisay Jr., Filipino writer, born in Romblon, Philippines
  • 1956 Mayawati, Indian politician, born in New Delhi, India
  • 1957 David Inge, American politician, Governor of Hawaii (2014-), born in Pearl City, Hawaii
  • 1957 Patrick Dixon, English entrepreneur, born in London, United Kingdom
  • 1958 Boris Tadić, President of Serbia, born in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • 1959 Pavle Kozjek, Slovenian climber, born in Setnica, Slovenia (d. 2008)
  • 1962 Creflo Dollar, American televangelist, born in College Park, Georgia
  • 1963 Erling Kagge, Norwegian explorer (South Pole), born in Oslo, Norway
  • 1975 Edith Bowman, Scottish television and radio presenter, born in Anstruther, United Kingdom
  • 1977 Giorgia Meloni, Italian journalist and right-wing politician (Prime Minister, 2022- present; leader of the Brothers of Italy (Fratelli d'Italia - FdI), 2014-present), born in Rome, Italy
  • 1982 Prince Philip and Prince Alexander of Yugoslavia, born in Fairfax, Virginia