On This Day

Birthdays in History on January 15

Person of interestJoan of Arc

1412 Joan of Arc, Roman Catholic Saint and national heroine of France (legendary date), born in Domrémy, duchy of Bar, France (d. 1431)

French Soldier and National Heroine Joan of Arc
French Soldier and National Heroine
Joan of Arc
  • 1432 Afonso V, King of Portugal (1438-1481), born in Sintra National Palace, Portugal (d. 1481)
  • 1481 Ashikaga Yoshizumi, Japanese shogun (d. 1511)
  • 1507 Johann Oporinus, Swiss book publisher (Koran), born in Basel (d. 1568)
  • 1538 Maeda Toshiie, Japanese general, born in Nagoya, Aichi Prefecture, Japan (d. 1599)
  • 1622 Molière [Jean-Baptiste Poquelin], French playwright (The Misanthrope), born in Paris, Kingdom of France (d. 1673)
  • 1671 Abraham de la Pryme, English antiquarian, born in Hatfield (d. 1704)
  • 1716 Philip Livingston, American businessman & politician (signed US Declaration of Independence), born in Albany, New York (d. 1778)
  • 1747 John Aikin, English doctor and writer, born in Kibworth Harcourt, United Kingdom (d. 1822)
  • 1754 Richard Martin, Irish politician & animal rights activist, born in Ballynahinch Castle, Ireland (d. 1834)
  • 1779 Jean Coralli, French ballet producer & choreographer, born in Paris, France
  • 1791 Franz Gillparzer, Austrian tragic dramatist (Golden Fleece), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1872)
  • 1795 Willem de Clerq, Dutch merchant & man of letters, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1844)
  • 1795 Alexandr Griboyedov, Russian playwright, born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1829)
  • 1798 Thomas Crofton Croker, Irish story teller (Fairy legends), born in Cork, Ireland (d. 1854)
  • 1803 Marjory Fleming, Scottish writer & poet, born in Kirkcaldy, United Kingdom (d. 1811)

  • 1809 Cornelia Connelly, American foundress (Society of the Holy Child Jesus), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1879)
  • 1809 Pierre Joseph Proudhon, French politician & philosopher ("father of anarchism"), born in Besançon, France (d. 1865)
  • 1812 Peter C Asbjornsen, Norwegian fairy tale writer, born in Oslo, Norway (d. 1885)
  • 1813 James Marion Sims, American physician & surgical pioneer (vesicovaginal operation), born in Lancaster County, South Carolina (d. 1883)
  • 1815 Henry Morris Naglee, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1886)
  • 1816 Marie LaFarge, French murderer, born in Paris, France (d. 1852)
  • 1817 Lewis Golding Arnold, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Perth Amboy, New Jersey (d. 1871)
  • 1821 Lafayette McLaws, United States Army officer and Confederate general, born in Augusta, Georgia (d. 1897)
  • 1824 Marie Duplessis [Alphonsine Rose Plessis], French courtesan, born in Nonant-le-Pin, Normandy, France (d. 1847)
  • 1826 Mikhail Saltykov, Russian satirist (Family of Noblemen), born in Spas-Ugol, Russia (d. 1889)
  • 1842 Blessed Mary McKillop, Australian nun & candidate for sainthood, born in Fitzroy, Australia (d. 1909)
  • 1842 Josef Breuer, Austrian psychologist, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1925)
  • 1845 Ella Flagg Young, American educator & 1st woman pres. (National Educational Association), born in Buffalo, New York (d. 1918)
  • 1850 Mihail Eminesco [Eminovici], Romanian poet (Samanul Dionis), born in Botoșani, Romania (d. 1889)
  • 1850 Sofia Kovalevskaya, Russian mathematician, born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1891)
  • 1858 Giovanni Segantini, Italian painter, born in Arco, Italy (d. 1899)
  • 1859 Archibald Peake, Premier of South Australia, born in Chelsea, London (d. 1920)
  • 1863 Adolph Goldschmidt, German historian, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1944)
  • 1863 Wilhelm Marx, German lawyer & politician, born in Cologne, Germany (d. 1946)
  • 1864 Frances Benjamin Johnston, American photographer, born in Grafton West Virginia (d. 1952)

  • 1866 Nathan Söderblom, Swedish archbishop & recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize, born in Uppsala, Sweden (d. 1931)
  • 1868 Noach Zjordanija, Georgian veterinarian/premier (1918-21)
  • 1869 Stanisław Wyspiański, Polish dramatist, born in Kraków, Poland (d. 1907)
  • 1870 Johan Peter Koch, Danish captain & explorer (Greenland), born in Vestenskov, Denmark (d. 1928)
  • 1870 Pierre S. du Pont, American businessman, born in Wilmington, Delaware (d. 1954)
  • 1872 Arsen Kotsoyev, Russian writer, born in Terek Oblast (d. 1944)
  • 1873 Max Adler, Austria jurist & social philosopher (Austromarxism), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1937)

Person of interestIbn Saud

1875 Abdulaziz Ibn Saud, Founder and first King of Saudi Arabia (1932-53), born in Riyadh, Emirate of Nejd (d. 1953)

Founder of Saudi Arabia Ibn Saud
Founder of Saudi Arabia
Ibn Saud
  • 1877 Lewis Terman, American psychologist (developed Stanford-Binet IQ test), born in Johnson County, Indiana (d. 1956)
  • 1879 Mazo de la Roche, Canadian author, born in Newmarket, Canada (d. 1961)
  • 1882 Florian Znaniecki, Polish philosopher & sociologist, born in Świątniki, Poland (d. 1958)
  • 1882 Princess Margaret of Sweden, born in Surrey, England (d. 1920)
  • 1885 Lorenz Böhler, Austrian physician, born in Wolfurt, Austria (d. 1973)
  • 1885 Huang Yuanyong, Chinese writer, born in Jiujiang, China (d. 1915)
  • 1888 Joseph Henabery, American director (Cobra), born in Omaha, Nebraska (d. 1976)
  • 1891 Osip Mandelstam, Russian poet (Noise of Time), born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1938)
  • 1892 Rex Ingram [Reginald Hitchcock], Irish director (4 Horsemen of Apocalypse), born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1950)
  • 1893 Dragisa Cvetkovic, Serbian premiere of Yugoslavia (1939-4.)
  • 1894 Edmond Rubbens, Belgian attorney and politician, born in Zele, Belgium (d. 1938)
  • 1895 Artturi Ilmari Virtanen, Finnish chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1973)
  • 1897 Xu Zhimo, Chinese poet (d. 1931)
  • 1900 Caesar Domela, Dutch painter (Ferdinand Domela Nieuwenhuis son), born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1992)
  • 1902 Saud bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, King of Saudi Arabia (1953-64), born in Kuwait City (d. 1969)
  • 1902 Nazim Hikmet, Turkish poet (Tosun Pasa, The Passenger), born in Salonica, Ottoman Empire (d. 1963)
  • 1903 Paul A. Dever, 58th Governor of Massachusetts, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1958)
  • 1906 Aristotle Onassis, Greek shipping magnate, born in Konak, Turkey (d. 1975)

Person of interestEdward Teller

1908 Edward Teller, Hungarian-American physicist, father of the Hydrogen bomb (Manhattan Project), born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 2003)

Physicist Edward Teller
Physicist
Edward Teller
  • 1909 Jean Bugatti, German-born automobile designer, born in Cologne, Germany (d. 1939)
  • 1911 Cy Feuer, Broadway producer (Feuer & Martin-Chorus Line), born in NYC, New York (d. 2006)
  • 1911 Wim Kan, Dutch cabaret artist, born in South Holland, Netherlands (d. 1983)
  • 1912 Michel Debré, French politician, born in Paris, France (d. 1996)
  • 1913 Alexander Marinesko, captain of the S-13 submarine, which sank the German ship Wilhelm Gustloff (d. 1963)
  • 1914 Hugh Trevor-Roper, English historian (The Last Days of Hitler), born in Glanton, England (d. 2003)
  • 1916 Mikki Doyle, American journalist & editor, born in New York (d. 1995)
  • 1918 André Donner, Dutch jurist (constitutional law), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1992)
  • 1918 Gamal Abdel Nasser, President of Egypt (1954-1971), born in Bakos, Egypt (d. 1970)
  • 1918 João Figueiredo, President of Brazil, born in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (d. 1999)
  • 1920 John O'Connor, Roman Catholic Archbishop of NY, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2000)
  • 1920 John Junor, Scottish journalist (Sunday Express), born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 1997)
  • 1922 Sir Eric Willis, Australian politician, born in Murwillumbah, Australia (d. 1999)
  • 1923 Lee Teng-hui, Taiwanese statesman (Taiwan's 1st popularly elected President 1988–2000), born in Sanzhi, Taiwan (d. 2020)
  • 1923 Ivor Cutler, Scottish poet, born in Glasgow, United Kingdom (d. 2006)
  • 1926 Florence Buchsbaum, French theater director, born in Strasbourg, France (d. 1996)

Person of interestMartin Luther King Jr.

1929 Martin Luther King Jr., American clergyman and leader of the Civil Rights Movement (Nobel 1964), born in Atlanta, Georgia (d. 1968)

Civil Rights Activist Martin Luther King Jr.
Civil Rights Activist
Martin Luther King Jr.
  • 1931 Derek Meddings, British special effects technician, born in St. Pancras, London (d. 1995)
  • 1933 Ernest J. Gaines, African-American author, born in Oscar, Louisiana
  • 1935 Robert Silverberg, American sci-fi author (Hugo, Regan's Planet), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1936 Concepcion Picciotto, American peace activist (longest political protest in US history, outside The White House), born in Vigo, Spain (d. 2016)
  • 1945 Vince Foster, American lawyer, born in Hope, Arkansas (d. 1993)
  • 1945 William R. Higgins, USMC colonel, born in Danville, Kentucky (d. 1990)
  • 1945 Princess Michael of Kent, British royal, born in Karlovy Vary, Czech Republic
  • 1947 Andrea Martin, American comedienne (SCTV, Club Paradise), born in Portland, Maine
  • 1948 Dini Petty, Canadian talk show host (CITY-TV), born in Kingston upon Thames, United Kingdom
  • 1953 Kent Hovind, American evangelist
  • 1954 Jose Dalisay Jr., Filipino writer, born in Romblon, Philippines
  • 1956 Mayawati, Indian politician, born in New Delhi, India
  • 1957 Patrick Dixon, English entrepreneur, born in London, United Kingdom
  • 1957 David Inge, American politician, Governor of Hawaii (2014-), born in Pearl City, Hawaii
  • 1958 Boris Tadić, President of Serbia, born in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • 1959 Pavle Kozjek, Slovenian climber, born in Setnica, Slovenia (d. 2008)
  • 1962 Creflo Dollar, American televangelist, born in College Park, Georgia
  • 1963 Erling Kagge, Norwegian explorer (South Pole), born in Oslo, Norway
  • 1975 Edith Bowman, Scottish television & radio presenter, born in Anstruther, United Kingdom
  • 1982 Prince Philip and Prince Alexander of Yugoslavia, born in Fairfax, Virginia