Birthdays in History on January 17

  • 1342 Philip the Bold, Duke of Burgundy (1363-1404), born in Pontoise, France (d. 1404)
  • 1463 Frederick III [Frederick the Wise], Elector of Saxony (1486-25) who protected his subject Martin Luther, born in Torgau, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1525)
  • 1484 George Spalatin, German humanist, reformer and important figure in the Reformation, born in Spalt, Bavaria (d. 1545)
  • 1501 Leonhard Fuchs, German physician and botanist (Notable Commentaries on the History of Plants) for which the flowering plants and color Fuchsia is named after, born in Wemding, Bavaria (d. 1566)

Pius VPius V (1504-1572)

Italian Pope (1566-72) who excommunicated Elizabeth I of England and arranged the formation of the Holy League (Battle of Lepanto), born in Bosco, Duchy of Milan

  • 1560 Gaspard Bauhin, Swiss botanist (d. 1624)
  • 1574 Robert Fludd, British physician, author, and mystical philosopher, baptized in Bearsted, Kent, England (d. 1637)
  • 1600 Pedro Calderón de la Barca, Spanish dramatist, poet and writer of the Spanish Golden Age, born in Madrid (d. 1681)
  • 1612 Thomas Fairfax, Lord Fairfax, English Parliamentary general (Commander-in-Chief of New Model Army during English Civil War), born in Denton Hall, Yorkshire, England (d. 1671)
  • 1657 Pieter van Bloemen [Standaart], Flemish landscape painter, baptized in Antwerp (d. 1720)
  • 1683 Gerard van Loon, Dutch numismatist (d. 1758)
  • 1686 Archibald Bower, Scottish historian (d. 1766)

Benjamin FranklinBenjamin Franklin (1706-1790)

US Founding Father, inventor, ambassador and writer (Poor Richards Almanac), born in Boston, Massachusetts

  • 1719 William Vernon, American merchant (d. 1806)
  • 1726 Hugh Mercer, Scottish military officer (fought in the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War), born in Rosehearty, Scotland (d. 1777)
  • 1732 Stanislaw II August Poniatowski, last King of Poland (1764-95), born in Wołczyn, Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth (d. 1795)
  • 1759 Paul Cuffe, African American civil rights activist, merchant and shipbuilder (helped settle Sierra Leone), born on Cuttyhunk Island, Massachusetts (d. 1817)
  • 1761 James Hall, Scottish geologist, born in Dunglass, Scotland (d. 1832)
  • 1771 Charles Brockden Brown 'Father of American novel', American pioneering writer and editor (Wieland), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1810)
  • 1789 August Neander, German theologian (d. 1850)
  • 1806 James Madison Randolph, American President Jefferson's grandson and the 1st to be born in the White House, born in Washington, D.C. (d. 1834)
  • 1814 Ellen Wood, English author (East Lynne, Pomeroy Abbey), born in Worcester, England (d. 1887)
  • 1818 Antoine-Aimé Dorion, Canadian politician and jurist (joint premier of Canada 1858, 1863-64), born in Ste-Anne-de-la-Pérade, Lower Canada (d. 1891)
  • 1820 Anne Brontë, English novelist/poet (Tenant of Wildfell Hall), born in Thornton, West Yorkshire (d. 1849)
  • 1828 Lewis Addison Grant, American teacher, lawyer, and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Winhall, Vermont (d. 1918)

Catherine BoothCatherine Booth (1829-1890)

Co-founder of the Salvation Army known as the 'Army Mother', born in Ashbourne, Derbyshire, England [1]

  • 1830 Eyre Massey Shaw, British first chief of London Fire Brigade, born in Ballymore, Ireland (d. 1908)
  • 1831 Archduchess Elisabeth Franziska of Austria (d. 1903)
  • 1834 August Weismann, German biologist (d. 1914)
  • 1835 Antanas Baranauskas, Lithuanian bishop, poet (Anykščių šilelis) and dialectologist, born in Anykščiai, Vilnius Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1902)
  • 1845 Lucas Lindeboom, Dutch evangelist (Vredebond) (d. 1933)
  • 1851 A. B. Frost, American illustrator (d. 1928)
  • 1853 Alva Belmont, American socialite & suffragette (d. 1933)
  • 1857 Eugene Augustin Lauste, French inventor (1st sound-on-film recording), born in Montmartre, France (d. 1935)
  • 1858 Tomas Carrasquilla, Colombian author (Frutos de mi Tierra), born in Santo Domingo, Colombia (d. 1940)
  • 1860 Douglas Hyde, President of Ireland (d. 1949)
  • 1862 John Evert Akkeringa, Dutch painter and etcher (d. 1942)

David Lloyd GeorgeDavid Lloyd George (1863-1945)

British Prime Minister (Liberal: 1916-22), born in Chorlton-on-Medlock, Lancashire, England

  • 1863 Konstantin Stanislavski, Russian director and actor (Stanislavski Method for acting), born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1938)
  • 1864 Lucien Herr, French intellectual and librarian (École Normale Supérieure), born in Altkirch, Haut-Rhin, France (d. 1926)
  • 1865 Gen Sir Charles Fergusson, Governor-General of New Zealand (d. 1951)

David BeattyDavid Beatty (1871-1936)

1st Earl Beatty and British Admiral of the Fleet during World War I (Battle of Jutland), born in Nantwich, England

  • 1875 Florencio Sánchez, Uruguayan dramatist (d. 1910)
  • 1876 Frank Hague, American politician (d. 1956)
  • 1876 Olga Fastrová, Czech writer and editor (National Policy), born in Prague (d. 1965)
  • 1877 May Gibbs, Australian children's author (d. 1969)
  • 1880 Mack Sennett, Canadian-American film director and producer (Keystone Kops), born in Richmond, Quebec (d. 1960)
  • 1881 Alfred Radcliffe-Browne, British anthropologist (Andaman Islanders), born in Birmingham, England (d. 1955)
  • 1881 Antoni Łomnicki, Polish mathematician (d. 1941)

Arnold RothsteinArnold Rothstein (1882-1928)

American gambler and mobster who fixed the 1919 World Series, born in NYC, New York

  • 1885 Emmy Hennings-Ball [Emma Cordsen], German poet and performer, born in Flensburg, German Empire (d. 1948)
  • 1885 Joseph Arendt, Belgian worker's union leader (d. 1952)
  • 1886 Glenn Luther Martin, American pioneering aviator (founded what became Lockheed Martin)), born in Macksburg, Iowa (d. 1955)
  • 1886 Ronald Firbank, British novelist (The Flower Beneath the Foot), born in London, England (d. 1926)
  • 1887 Ola Raknes, Norwegian psychoanalyst and philologist (d. 1975)
  • 1891 Walter Eucken, German economist (social market economy), born in Jena in Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach (d. 1950)
  • 1897 Marcel Petiot, French mass murderer (d. 1946)

Al CaponeAl Capone (1899-1947)

American gangster (Chicago bootlegging), born in Brooklyn, New York

  • 1899 Nevil Shute [Norway], English-Australian novelist (On the Beach, Town Like Alice), born in London, England (d. 1960)
  • 1899 Robert Maynard Hutchins, American educational philosopher (University of Chicago), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1977)
  • 1899 Roel Houwink, Dutch writer and poet (1 Man Without Character), born in Breda (d. 1987)
  • 1900 George Sperti, American inventor (Preparation H), born in Covington, Kentucky (d. 1991)
  • 1900 Olga Maria Nicolis di Robilant, Portuguese patron of the arts, born in Turin, Italy (d. 1996)
  • 1901 Aron Gurwitsch, Lithuanian-born philosopher, born in Vilnius, Lithuania (d. 1973)
  • 1902 Geoffrey Lloyd, British politician and Governor of the BBC (d. 1984)
  • 1905 Franz Schmid, German climber (1st to ascend northside of Matterhorn 1931), born in Garmisch, Germany (d. 1992)
  • 1908 L. V. Prasad, Indian pioneering filmmaker, born in Somavarappadu, Madras Presidency, British India (d. 1994)
  • 1910 Edith Green, American politician (Rep-D-Oregon 1955-74), born in Trent, South Dakota (d. 1987)
  • 1913 Werenfried van Straaten, Dutch anti-communist priest (founder of Oostpriesterhulp), born in Mijdrecht, Netherlands (d. 2003)
  • 1914 Anacleto Angelini, Chilean businessman (d. 2007)
  • 1917 Ramón Cardemil, Chilean huaso, born in Colchagua, Chile (d. 2007)
  • 1918 Joseph W. Barr, American banker and politician (Secretary of the Treasury), born in Vincennes, Indiana (d. 1996)
  • 1921 Antonio Prohias, Cuban cartoonist (d. 1998)
  • 1922 Luis Echeverria Alvarez, president Mexico
  • 1922 Nicholas Katzenbach, lawyer (US Attorney General), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2012)
  • 1924 Jewel Plummer Cobb, educator/pres (California State U at Fullerton)
  • 1925 Duane Hanson, US sculptor
  • 1925 Edgar Ray Killen, American convict, former preacher, K.K.K. member and murderer, born in Philadelphia, Mississippi (d. 2018)
  • 1925 Robert Cormier, American author (d. 2000)
  • 1926 Newton N. Minow, American lawyer and statesman
  • 1927 Dr Tom Dooley, American humanitarian (d. 1961)

Vidal SassoonVidal Sassoon (1928-2012)

British-American hair stylist and CEO of Vidal Sasson, born in London

  • 1931 Douglas Wilder, American lawyer and politician, Governor of Virginia (1990-94), 1st African American Governor since Reconstruction, born in Richmond, Virginia
  • 1933 Aga Khan, religious leader (Muslims)
  • 1933 Bruno Schroder, British baron/banker/multi-millionaire
  • 1935 Paul O[sborne] Williams, American sci-fi author (Ends of the Circle)
  • 1935 Ruth Ann Minner (née Coverdale), American businesswoman and politician (Governor of Delaware (D), 2001-09), born in Milford, Delaware (d. 2021)
  • 1938 John Bellairs, American sci-fi author (Chessmen of Doom), born in Marshall, Michigan (d. 1991)
  • 1940 Oswald Mbuyiseni Mtshali, South African poet (Fireflames)
  • 1940 Tabaré Vázquez, Uruguayan politician and physician, President of Uruguay (2005-10, 2015-20), born in Montevideo, Uruguay (d. 2020) [1]
  • 1942 Ita Buttrose, Australian journalist & businesswoman, born in Potts Point, Australia
  • 1943 Daniel Charles Brandenstein, American astronaut (STS 8, 51-G, 32, 49), born in Watertown, Wisconsin

René PrévalRené Préval (1943-2017)

President of Haiti (1996-2001, 2006-2011), born in Port-au-Prince

  • 1948 Alexander "Alec" Erwin, South African worker's union leader, born in Cape Town, South Africa
  • 1949 Sandra Mason, Barbadian politician (1st president of Barbados 2021-), born in Saint Philip, Barbados
  • 1950 Luis López Nieves, Latin American writer, born in San Juan, Puerto Rico
  • 1954 Robert F Kennedy Jr., American attorney (Natural Resources Defense Council), born in Washington, D.C.
  • 1954 Susan Kiefel, Australian lawyer & judge, born in Cairns, Australia
  • 1957 Ann Nocenti, American comic book writer
  • 1960 John Crawford, American bass (Berlin-You Take My Breath Away), born in Palo Alto, California
  • 1962 Sebastian Junger, American journalist & author, born in Belmont, Massachusetts

Michelle ObamaMichelle Obama (59 years old)

1964 1st African-American US First Lady (2009-16), born in DeYoung, Illinois

  • 1967 Filippo Raciti, Italian police officer, born in Sicily, Italy (d. 2007)
  • 1968 Ilja Leonard Pfeijffer, Dutch writer, born in Rijswijk, Netherlands
  • 1969 Lukas Moodysson, Swedish film writer & director, born in Lund, Sweden
  • 1971 Ann Wolfe, American boxer, born in Oberlin, Louisiana
  • 1980 Maksim Chmerkovskiy, Ukrainian ballroom dancer, born in Odessa, Ukraine
  • 1997 Maxwell Frost, American politician (1st generation Z elected to US Congress, Rep-R-Florida)
  • 2001 Enzo Fernández, Argentine footballer (2022 FIFA World Cup Young Player Award), born in San Martin, Argentina