Birthdays in History on January 18

  • 885 Daigo, 60th Emperor of Japan (897-930), born in Kyōto, Japan (d. 930)
  • 1519 Isabella Jagiełło, Queen consort and regent of Hungary, born in Kraków, Poland (d. 1559)
  • 1641 Francois Michel le Tellier, French statesman (Marquis de Louvois), born in Paris (d. 1691)
  • 1657 Hendrik Casimir II, Dutch Prince of Nassau-Dietz and Stadtholder of Friesland and Groningen (1664-96), born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1696)
  • 1672 Antoine Houdar de la Motte, French writer (d. 1731)
  • 1685 Tiberius Hemsterhuis, Dutch Classical professor, baptized
  • 1688 Lionel Sackville, 1st Duke of Dorset, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, born in Dorset, United Kingdom (d. 1765)
  • 1689 Charles de Montesquieu, French philosopher and writer (Letters Persanes)
  • 1726 Hendrik, prince of Prussia and diplomat
  • 1764 Samuel Whitbread, English politician, born in Cardington, Bedfordshire (d. 1815)

Daniel WebsterDaniel Webster (1782-1852)

US Secretary of State (1841-43, 1850-52), politician and lawyer, born in Salisbury, New Hampshire

  • 1795 Anna Pavlovna, Russian consort of William II of the Netherlands, daughter of Tsar Paul I, born in Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1865)
  • 1809 Richard C. Gatlin, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Kinston, North Carolina (d. 1896)
  • 1813 Joseph Glidden, American inventor of 1st commercial usable barbed wire, born in Charlestown, New Hampshire (d. 1906)
  • 1815 Constantin von Tischendorf, German biblical scholar (d. 1874)
  • 1815 James Chesnut Jr, American politician and Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Camden, South Carolina (d. 1885)
  • 1815 Richard Yates, American politician (Governor of Illinois 1861-65 and Senator, supported the Union), (born in Warsaw, Kentucky (d. 1873)
  • 1818 Johannes van Vloten, Dutch literary figure and theologist
  • 1820 Abraham Buford, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1884)
  • 1825 Edward Frankland, British structural chemist who co-discovered helium and developed the theory of valence, born in Lancaster, England (d. 1899)
  • 1829 Louis van Haecke, Flemish chaplain and author (Blood to Bridge)
  • 1831 Edward Ferrero, American ballroom operator and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Granada, Spain (d. 1899)
  • 1835 Jan van Droogenbroeck, Flemish poet
  • 1840 Austin Dobson, English poet, critic and biographer, born in Plymouth, England (d. 1921)
  • 1842 Albert Alonzo Ames, American politician, famously corrupt Mayor of Minneapolis, born in Garden Prairie, Illinois (d. 1911)
  • 1848 Ioan Slavici, Transylvanian writer (d. 1925)
  • 1849 Edmund Barton, 1st Prime Minister of Australia (1901-03), born in Glebe, colony of New South Wales (d. 1920)
  • 1850 Seth Low, American politician (d. 1916)
  • 1854 Thomas A. Watson, American inventor, assistant to Alexander Graham Bell in inventing the telephone, born in Salem, Massachusetts (d. 1934)
  • 1857 Otto von Below, German commandant (WWI - Battle of Caporetto), born in Danzig, Prussia (d. 1944)

Daniel WilliamsDaniel Williams (1858-1931)

American heart surgeon who performed the 1st open heart Immunologist, born in Hollidaysburg, Pennsylvania

  • 1861 Hans Goldschmidt, German chemist (alumino-thermic process), born in Berlin, Prussia (d. 1923)
  • 1867 Rubén Darío, Nicaraguan journalist, diplomat and poet, born in Metapa, Nicaragua (d. 1916)
  • 1870 Berend Modderman, Dutch printer (Drukkers yearbook)
  • 1872 Paul Leautaud [Maurice Boissard], French writer (Petit ami)
  • 1877 Samuel Zemurray 'Sam the Banana Man', American businessman (United Fruit Company, born in Kishinev, Bessarabia (d. 1961)
  • 1878 Hendrik Baels, Belgian politician
  • 1879 Henri Giraud, French general (French Committee of National Liberation in WWII), born in Paris, France (d. 1949)
  • 1880 Paul Ehrenfest, Austrian-Dutch theoretical physicist (phase transition, Ehrenfest theorem), born in Vienna, Austro-Hungarian Empire (d. 1933)
  • 1881 Gaston Gallimard, French publisher (Librairie Gallimard) [or 1908]

A. A. MilneA. A. Milne (1882-1956)

English author of the Winnie-the-Pooh books, born in Hampstead, Middlesex

  • 1882 Jacob Clay, Dutch philosopher and phyicist (Mesones)
  • 1884 Arthur Ransome, English author (Swallows & Amazons), born in Leeds, England (d. 1967)
  • 1886 Antoine Pevsner, French sculptor
  • 1886 Peter Alma, Dutch painter and graphic artist
  • 1892 Paul Rostock, German surgeon, born in Kręcko, Poland (d. 1956)
  • 1894 Wilhelm H. C. Tenhaeff, Dutch parapsychologist, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1981)
  • 1896 C. M. Eddy, Jr., American writer, born in Providence, Rhode Island (d. 1967)
  • 1896 Hans H. Holm, Norwegian poet (Jonsoknatt), born in Oslo, Norway (d. 1980)
  • 1901 Arie Querido, Dutch social psychiatrist, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1983)
  • 1901 Ivan Petrovsky, Russian mathematician, born in Sevsk, Russia (d. 1973)
  • 1904 Henri-Georges Adam, French engraver & sculptor (Grand Nude), born in Paris, France (d. 1967)
  • 1905 Joseph Bonanno, Italian-American mafioso and crime boss of the Bonanno crime family, born in Castellammare del Golfo, Sicily, Italy (d. 2002)
  • 1906 Hans Aeschbacher, Swiss sculptor (Venus de Six-Tours), born in Switzerland (d. 1980)
  • 1908 Albert P. Morano, American politician (Rep-R-Conn, 1951-59), born in Paterson, New Jersey (d. 1987)
  • 1908 Sibylla of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, German born Swedish Princess, mother of the King of Sweden, Carl XVI Gustaf, born in Schloss Friedenstein Gotha, Gotha, Germany (d. 1972)
  • 1912 William Sansom, English writer (Loving Eye), born in London, United Kingdom (d. 1976)
  • 1914 Arno Schmidt, German writer, born in Hamburg (d. 1979)
  • 1916 James Crow, American geneticist & educator (Genetic Theories and Influences: Comments on the Value of Diversity), born in Phoenixville, Pennsylvania (d. 2012)
  • 1917 Oscar Lewenstein, British impresario, born in Hackney, London (d. 1997)
  • 1917 Wang Yung-ching, Taiwanese businessman, born in Xindian District, Taipei, Taiwan (d. 2008)
  • 1918 Adriano Mandarino Hypolito, Brazilian priest, born in Aracaju, State of Sergipe, Brazil (d. 1996)
  • 1918 Gustave Gingras, French Canadian physician, born in Montreal, Canada (d. 1996)
  • 1921 Robert Glaser, American educational psychologist (National Assessment of Educational Progress), born in Providence, Rhode Island (d. 2012)
  • 1921 Yoichiro Nambu, Japanese-born American Physicist (Nobel Prize 2008), born in Tokyo (d. 2015)
  • 1922 Bob Bell, American clown, born in Flint, Michigan (d. 1997)
  • 1925 Gilles Deleuze, French philosopher (Difference and Repetition), born in Paris, France (d. 1995)
  • 1927 Sundaram Balachander, Indian veena player, born in Mylapore, Chennai, India (d. 1990)
  • 1932 Robert Anton Wilson, American sci-fi author (Trick Top Hat), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2007)

Ray DolbyRay Dolby (1933-2013)

American engineer, sound expert, and inventor (Dolby noise reduction system), born in Portland, Oregon

  • 1933 Vladimir Yevgrafovich Bugrov, Russian cosmonaut, born in Moscow
  • 1935 Gad Yaacobi, Israeli minister, born in Kfar Vitkin, Israel (d. 2007)
  • 1935 Jon Stallworthy, English poet, born in London, United Kingdom (d. 2014)
  • 1935 Raymond Briggs, British children's book author and illustrator (The Snowman; Fungus the Bogeyman), born in Wimbledon, London, England (d. 2022)
  • 1937 John Hume, Northern Irish politician (jointly awarded Nobel Peace Prize for Good Friday Agreement), born in Derry, Northern Ireland (d. 2020) [1]
  • 1938 Anthony Giddens, English sociologist, born in Edmonton, London
  • 1939 Bernard Glassman, American Zen Buddhist roshi (Zen Center of NY), born in Brighton Beach, New York
  • 1943 Kay Granger, American politician, born in Greenville, Texas
  • 1944 Alexander Van der Bellen, Austrian politician, President of Austria (2017-), born in Vienna, Austria

Paul KeatingPaul Keating (78 years old)

1944 24th Prime Minister of Australia (Labor: 1991-96), born in Darlinghurst, New South Wales, Australia

  • 1944 Relus ter Beek, Dutch Labour Party politician (House of Representatives, 1971-89; Minister of Defense, 1989-94; Queen's Commissioner of Drenthe, 1995-2008), born in Coevorden, Netherlands (d. 2008)
  • 1946 Joseph Deiss, Swiss economist & politician, born in Fribourg, Switzerland
  • 1949 Bill Keller, American newspaper editor (The Marshall Project)
  • 1949 Philippe Starck, French designer, born in Paris, France
  • 1951 Bram Behr, Surinamese journalist, born in Curaçao, Netherlands Antilles (d. 1982)
  • 1951 Elijah Cummings, American politician (Rep-Maryland (D) 1996-2019), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 2019)
  • 1952 Michael Behe, American biochemist & advocate of intelligent design, born in Altoona, Pennsylvania
  • 1958 Jeffrey N Williams, United States Army officer & NASA astronaut, born in Village of Superior, Wisconsin
  • 1963 Martin O'Malley, Governor of Maryland, born in Washington, D.C.
  • 1963 Maxime Bernier, French Canadian politician, born in Saint-Georges, Canada
  • 1968 Frank Quitely, Scottish comic book artist, born in Glasgow, United Kingdom
  • 1971 Binyavanga Wainaina, Kenyan author & journalist, born in Nakuru, Rift Valley
  • 1974 Princess Claire of Belgium, British-Belgian land surveyor, born in Bath, United Kingdom
  • 1979 Leo Varadkar, Irish politician (Prime Minister, 2017-), born in Dublin, Ireland
  • 1984 Michael Kearney, American child prodigy, born in Honolulu, Hawaii
  • 1984 Seung-Hui Cho, South Korean-born spree killer (Virginia Tech), born in Onyang-dong, South Korea (d. 2007)
  • 1985 Dale Begg-Smith, Australian-Canadian freestyle skier, born in Vancouver, British Columbia