Birthdays in History on January 22

  • 1263 Ibn Taymiya, Islamic scholar (d. 1328)

Person of interestIvan the Great

1440 Ivan III, the Great, Grand Prince of Moscow and Russia (1462-1505) who conquered Lithuania, born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1505)

Grand Prince of Moscow and Russia Ivan the Great
Grand Prince of Moscow and Russia
Ivan the Great
  • 1553 Mori Terumoto, Japanese warrior (d. 1625)

Person of interestFrancis Bacon

1561 Francis Bacon, Strand, statesman/essayist (Novum Organum), born in London, England (d. 1626)

Statesman/Philosopher Francis Bacon
Statesman/Philosopher
Francis Bacon
  • 1571 Robert Bruce Cotton, English antiquary, politician
  • 1592 Pierre Gassendi, Champtercier Provence, scientist/philosopher

Person of interestWilliam Kidd

1645 William Kidd, Scottish pirate legend, born in Greenock (or Dundee), Scotland (d. 1701) date and place disputed

Pirate Legend William Kidd
Pirate Legend
William Kidd
  • 1654 Richard Blackmore, English physician and writer (d. 1729)
  • 1655 Geleyn Evertsen, lt-admiral (Zealand)
  • 1690 Nicolas Lancret, French painter (d. 1743)
  • 1729 Gotthold Ephraim Lessing, German critic/dramatist
  • 1733 Philip Carteret, British Naval Officer

Person of interestLord Byron

1788 Lord Byron [George Gordon Byron], English romantic poet (Don Juan), born in London (d. 1824)

Romantic Poet Lord Byron
Romantic Poet
Lord Byron
  • 1796 Karl Claus, Russian chemist (d. 1864)
  • 1797 Maria Leopoldina of Austria, Empress of Brazil (d. 1826)
  • 1799 Ludger Duvernay, Canadian printer and publisher (d. 1852)

  • 1802 Richard Upjohn, American gothic architect (Trinity Chapel, NY)
  • 1820 Hermann von Lingg, German playwright/poet
  • 1820 Johan Hendrik Koelman, portrait painter (Jahresringe)
  • 1820 Joseph Wolf, German artist (d. 1899)
  • 1826 [Merriwether] Jeff Thompson, Partisan (Confederate Army), (d. 1876)
  • 1840 Ernest Roland Wilberforce, English bishop (d. 1907)
  • 1845 Jacob Verdam, Dutch philologist
  • 1845 Paul Vidal de la Blanche, French geographer
  • 1848 Samuel Muller Fzn, Dutch historian/archivist (Middle Ages)
  • 1849 August Strindberg, Swedish dramatist/novelist (Apologia)
  • 1855 Albert Neisser [Albert Ludwig Sigesmund Neisser], Schweidnitz Prussia, German physician who discovered the bacterias that cause gonorrhea and leprosy
  • 1858 Beatrice Potter Webb, English sociologist, economist ( founded London School of Economics) and writer (My Apprenticeship), born in Standish (d. 1943)
  • 1858 Frederick Lugard, British captain/baron (Congo)
  • 1865 Friedrich Paschen, German physicist
  • 1874 Wincenty Witoz, Galicia, PM of Poland (1920-21, 1923, 1926)
  • 1874 Edward Harkness, American philanthropist (d. 1940)
  • 1875 Bonifacius C de Jonge, governor (Dutch East Indies)
  • 1877 Hjalmar Schacht, president of German Reichsbank/minister of Economics
  • 1879 Francis Picabia, French avante-garde artist, writer and typographist (Amorous Parade), born in Paris, France (d. 1953)
  • 1887 Helen Hoyt, American poet (d. 1972)
  • 1890 Fred M. Vinson, American Democratic politician, US Treasury Secretary (1945-46) and the 13th Chief Justice of US Supreme Court (1946-53), born in Louisa, Kentucky (d. 1953)
  • 1891 Franz Alexander, Hungarian/US psycho analytical
  • 1891 Moise Kisling, Polish/French painter (La Souris Boiteuse)
  • 1892 Marcel Dassault, [Bloch], French airplane builder
  • 1894 Charles Morgan, England, writer (Fountain)

  • 1898 Ben van Eysselsteijn, Dutch writer (Arid Earth)
  • 1898 Hans van Werveke, Flemish historian (Diocese Terwaan)
  • 1898 Ross R Barnett, lawyer/(Gov-D-Miss)
  • 1898 Sergei Eisenstein, Russian director (Battleship Potemkin), born in Riga, Latvia [NS] (d. 1948)
  • 1899 Guido Kisch, Czech/German/US historian (Jews in medieval Germany)
  • 1903 Fritz Houtermans, Polish physicist (d. 1966)
  • 1904 Arkady Gaidar, Russian children's writer (d. 1941)
  • 1906 Robert E[rvin] Howard, American sci-fi author (Conan the Conqueror)
  • 1906 Willa B Brown (Coffey), US African American air pioneer (NAAA)
  • 1907 Douglas Corrigan, American pilot, born in Galveston, Texas (d. 1995)
  • 1909 Lev D Landau, Russian physicist (Nobel 1962)
  • 1909 U Thant, Burma, Burmese politician and 3rd Secretary-General of the United Nations (1961-72), born in Pantanaw, Myanmar
  • 1909 Porfirio Rubirosa, Dominican diplomat and international playboy (d. 1965)
  • 1913 William Cardinal Conway, Northern Irish clergyman (d. 1977)
  • 1913 Carl F. H. Henry, American theologian and publisher (d. 2003)
  • 1916 Harilal Upadhyay, Gujarati Author, Poet, Astrologist (Gujarat is a State of India) (d. 1994)
  • 1917 Herwig Hensen, [Flor Mielants], Flemish poet/playwright
  • 1920 Piet Van Lishout, Flemish writer (Eva & I)
  • 1922 Howard Moss, poet/editor (New Yorker)
  • 1925 Leslie Silver, English paint manufacturer/multi-millionaire
  • 1926 Lord Erskine of Rerrick, peer
  • 1926 Tom Blackburn, writer
  • 1928 Birch Bayh, American politician, Senator (D) Indiana (1963-81), wrote 2 amendments to US constitution born in Terre Haute, Indiana
  • 1928 Yoshihiko Amino, Japanese historian (d. 2004)
  • 1929 Rita Gillespie, TV director
  • 1932 Berthold Grünfeld, Norwegian psychiatrist and former sexologist
  • 1934 Graham Kerr, English-born chef (Galloping Gourmet)
  • 1935 Pierre S Du Pont IV, (gov-Del)
  • 1936 Alan J. Heeger, American chemist, Nobel laureate
  • 1936 Ong Teng Cheong, 5th President of Singapore (d. 2002)
  • 1937 Joseph Wambaugh, American police writer ("The Onion Fields"), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
  • 1937 Edén Pastora, Nicaraguan rebel leader
  • 1938 Joe Esposito, American author and friend of Elvis, born in Chicago (d. 2016)
  • 1939 Jeff Smith, American chef (d. 2004)
  • 1943 H James "Jim" Saxton, (Rep-R-NJ, 1984- )
  • 1953 Jim Jarmusch, American director
  • 1954 Peter Pilz, Austrian politician
  • 1955 Thomas David Jones, PhD/Astronaut (STS 59, 68, 80, sk: 98), born in Baltimore, Maryland
  • 1955 Timothy R. Ferguson, American politician
  • 1957 Francis Wheen, English writer and journalist
  • 1962 Sultan Mizan Zainal Abidin of Terengganu, Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia
  • 1970 Alex Ross, American comic book painter (Marvels, Kingdom Come)
  • 1980 Subhash Ram Prajapati, Nepalese Writer
  • 1983 Robert Steinhäuser, German perpetrator of the Erfurt massacre (d. 2002)
  • 1987 Astrid Jacobsen, Norwegian cross-country skier