Birthdays in History on January 22

  • 1263 Ibn Taymiya, Islamic scholar (d. 1328)

Ivan the GreatIvan the Great (1440-1505)

Grand Prince of Moscow and Russia (1462-1505) who conquered Lithuania, born in Moscow, Russia

  • 1553 Mori Terumoto, Japanese warrior (d. 1625)

Francis BaconFrancis Bacon (1561-1626)

English statesman, Lord Chancellor (1617-21) and philosopher (Novum Organum), born in London

  • 1571 Robert Bruce Cotton, English antiquary and politician (his library formed basis of British Museum manuscript collection), born in Denton, England (d. 1631)
  • 1592 Pierre Gassendi, French scientist and philosopher (observed 1st transit of Mercury), born in Champtercier, Provence (d. 1655)

William KiddWilliam Kidd (1645-1701)

Scottish pirate legend, born in Greenock (or Dundee), Scotland

  • 1654 Richard Blackmore, English physician and writer (d. 1729)
  • 1655 Geleyn Evertsen, Dutch admiral (Commander of Zealand) (d. 1721)
  • 1690 Nicolas Lancret, French painter (d. 1743)
  • 1729 Gotthold Ephraim Lessing, German critic and dramatist (1st ever dramaturge), born in Kamenz, Saxony (d. 1781)
  • 1733 Philip Carteret, British Naval Officer who twice circumnavigated the world for the navy (commanded 1st European ship to discover Pitcairn Island), born on Jersey (d. 1796)

Lord ByronLord Byron (1788-1824)

English romantic poet (Don Juan), born in London

  • 1796 Karl Claus, Russian chemist (d. 1864)
  • 1797 Maria Leopoldina of Austria, Empress of Brazil (d. 1826)
  • 1799 Ludger Duvernay, Canadian printer and publisher (d. 1852)
  • 1802 Richard Upjohn, English-born American gothic architect (Trinity Chapel, NY), born in Shaftesbury, England (d. 1878)
  • 1820 Hermann Lingg, German poet and playwright, born in Lindau (d. 1905)
  • 1820 Johan Hendrik Koelman, Dutch portrait painter (Jahresringe) (d. 1887)
  • 1820 Joseph Wolf, German artist (d. 1899)
  • 1826 [Merriwether] Jeff Thompson, Partisan (Confederate Army), (d. 1876)
  • 1840 Ernest Roland Wilberforce, English bishop (d. 1907)
  • 1845 Paul Vidal de la Blanche, French geographer, born in Pézenas, France (d. 1918)
  • 1848 Samuel Muller Fz, Dutch historian and archivist (Middle Ages) (d. 1922)
  • 1849 August Strindberg 'Father of modern Swedish Literature', Swedish dramatist and novelist (Apologia), born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1912)
  • 1854 Luke Short, American Old West gunslinger and saloon owner, born in Polk County, Arkansas (d. 1893)
  • 1855 Albert Neisser, German physician who discovered the bacteria that cause gonorrhea and leprosy, born in Schweidnitz, Prussian Empire (d. 1916)
  • 1858 Beatrice Potter Webb, English sociologist, economist (founded London School of Economics) and writer (My Apprenticeship), born in Standish (d. 1943)
  • 1858 Frederick Lugard, British Colonial administrator, mercenary and explorer (Congo, Governor of Nigeria and Hong Kong), born in Madras, British India (d. 1945)
  • 1865 Friedrich Paschen, German physicist (Paschen series), born in Schwerin, Mecklenburg-Schwerin (d. 1947)
  • 1874 Edward Harkness, American philanthropist (d. 1940)
  • 1874 Wincenty Witoz, Polish politician (Prime Minister of Poland 1920-21, 1923, 1926), born in Wierczhoslawice, Austria-Hungary (d. 1945)
  • 1875 Bonifacius Cornelius de Jonge, Dutch politician (Governor General of the Dutch East Indies 1931-6) (d. 1958)
  • 1877 Hjalmar Schacht, German economist and banker (President of German Reichsbank, co-founded German Democratic Party), born in Tingleff, Prussia, German Empire (d. 1970)
  • 1879 Francis Picabia, French avante-garde artist, writer and typographist (Amorous Parade), born in Paris, France (d. 1953)
  • 1887 Helen Hoyt, American poet (d. 1972)
  • 1890 Fred M. Vinson, American Democratic politician, US Treasury Secretary (1945-46) and the 13th Chief Justice of US Supreme Court (1946-53), born in Louisa, Kentucky (d. 1953)
  • 1891 Franz Alexander, Hungarian-American psychoanalyst (pioneered psychosomatic medicine), born in Budapest, Austria-Hungary (d. 1964)
  • 1891 Moïse Kisling, Polish-French painter (La Souris Boiteuse), born in Kraków, Grand Duchy of Cracow, Austria-Hungary (d. 1953)
  • 1892 Marcel Dassault [Bloch], French airplane engineer and manufacturer, born in Paris, France (d. 1986)
  • 1894 Charles Morgan, English writer (Fountain) (d. 1958)
  • 1898 Ben van Eysselsteijn, Dutch writer and playwright (Arid Earth) (d. 1973)
  • 1898 Hans van Werveke, Belgian historian (Diocese Terwaan) (d. 1974)
  • 1898 Ross Barnett, American lawyer and politician (Gov-D-Mississippi 1960-64), born in Standing Pine, Mississippi (d. 1987)
  • 1898 Sergei Eisenstein, Russian director (Battleship Potemkin), born in Riga, Latvia [NS] (d. 1948)
  • 1899 Guido Kisch, Czech-American Jewish historian (Jews in medieval Germany), born in Prague, Austria-Hungary (d. 1985)
  • 1903 Fritz Houtermans, Polish physicist (d. 1966)
  • 1904 Arkady Gaidar, Russian children's writer (d. 1941)
  • 1906 Robert E. Howard, American pulp fiction author (Conan the Barbarian), born in Peaster, Texas (d. 1936)
  • 1906 Willa Brown, American air pioneer (NAAA) and civil rights activist (1st African American woman to hold a pilot's license), born in Glasgow, Kentucky (d. 1992)
  • 1907 Douglas Corrigan, American pilot, born in Galveston, Texas (d. 1995)
  • 1908 Lev Landau, Russian physicist (1962 Nobel Prize for Physics for superfluidity theory), born in Baku, Russian Empire (d. 1968)
  • 1909 Porfirio Rubirosa, Dominican diplomat and international playboy (d. 1965)

U ThantU Thant (1909-1974)

Burmese politician and 3rd Secretary-General of the United Nations (1961-72), born in Pantanaw, Burma, British India

  • 1911 Bruno Kreisky, Austrian politician (Chancellor, 1970-83; Foreign Minister, 1959-66), born in Margareten, Vienna, Austria (d. 1990)
  • 1913 Carl F. H. Henry, American theologian and publisher (d. 2003)
  • 1913 William Cardinal Conway, Northern Irish clergyman (d. 1977)
  • 1916 Harilal Upadhyay, Gujarati Author, Poet, Astrologist (Gujarat is a State of India) (d. 1994)
  • 1917 Herwig Hensen [Flor Mielants], Flemish poet and playwright, born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1989)
  • 1920 Piet Van Lishout, Flemish writer (Eva & I)
  • 1922 Howard Moss, poet/editor (New Yorker)
  • 1925 Leslie Silver, English paint manufacturer/multi-millionaire
  • 1926 Lord Erskine of Rerrick, peer
  • 1926 Tom Blackburn, writer
  • 1928 Birch Bayh, American politician, Senator (D) Indiana (1963-81), wrote 2 amendments to US constitution, born in Terre Haute, Indiana
  • 1928 Yoshihiko Amino, Japanese historian (d. 2004)
  • 1929 Rita Gillespie, British pioneering TV director, born in London, England (d. 1994)
  • 1932 Berthold Grünfeld, Norwegian psychiatrist and former sexologist
  • 1934 Graham Kerr, English-born chef (Galloping Gourmet), born in London, England
  • 1935 Pierre S "Pete" Du Pont IV, American attorney and politician (Governor of Delaware, 1977-85), born in Wilmington, Delaware (d. 2021)
  • 1936 Alan J. Heeger, American chemist, Nobel laureate
  • 1936 Ong Teng Cheong, 5th President of Singapore (d. 2002)
  • 1937 Edén Pastora, Nicaraguan rebel leader
  • 1937 Joseph Wambaugh, American police writer ("The Onion Fields"), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
  • 1938 Joe Esposito, American author and friend of Elvis, born in Chicago (d. 2016)
  • 1939 Jeff Smith, American chef (d. 2004)
  • 1943 Jim Saxton, American politician (Rep-R-NJ, 1984-2009), born in Nicholson, Pennsylvania
  • 1953 Jim Jarmusch, American director (Only Lovers Left Alive), born in Akron, Ohio
  • 1954 Peter Pilz, Austrian politician, born in Kapfenberg, Austria
  • 1955 Thomas David Jones, United States astronaut (STS 59, 68, 80, sk: 98), born in Baltimore, Maryland
  • 1955 Timothy R. Ferguson, American politician, born in Baltimore, Maryland
  • 1957 Francis Wheen, English writer & journalist, born in England
  • 1962 Sultan Mizan Zainal Abidin of Terengganu, Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia, born in Kuala Terengganu, Malaysia
  • 1970 Alex Ross, American comic book painter (Marvels, Kingdom Come), born in Portland, Oregon
  • 1980 Subhash Ram Prajapati, Nepalese writer, born in Bhaktapur, Nepal
  • 1983 Robert Steinhäuser, German perpetrator of the Erfurt massacre (d. 2002)