Birthdays in History on January 23

  • 1350 Vincent Ferrer, Spanish missionary & saint, born in Valencia, Aragon (d. 1419)
  • 1574 Lucas Franchoys the Elder, Belgian painter, born in Mechelen, Belgium (d. 1643)
  • 1688 Ulrika Eleonora, Queen of Sweden, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1741)
  • 1719 John Landen, English mathematician, born in England, United Kingdom (d. 1790)
  • 1730 Joseph Hewes, American merchant (Declaration of Independence signatory), born in Princeton, New Jersey (d. 1779)

John HancockJohn Hancock (1737-1793)

American merchant and statesman who was 1st to sign the Declaration of Independence, born in Braintree, Massachusetts

  • 1745 William Jessop, English canal engineer, born in Plymouth, United Kingdom (d. 1814)
  • 1761 Friedrich von Matthison, German poet (Adelaide), born in Hohendodeleben, Germany (d. 1831)
  • 1762 Christian A. Vulpius, German novelist & dramatist (Rinaldo Rinaldini), born in Weimar, Germany (d. 1827)
  • 1783 Stendhal [Marie Henri Beyle], French writer (Le Rouge et de Noir, a Chartreuse de Parme), born in Grenoble, France (d. 1842)
  • 1785 Carl Adolph Agardh, Swedish botanist & bishop of Karlstad, born in Båstad, Sweden (d. 1859)
  • 1786 Auguste de Montferrand, French architect, born in Trocadéro, Paris (d. 1858)
  • 1809 Veer Surendra Sai, Indian freedom fighter & tribal leader, born in Sambalpur district, India (d. 1884)
  • 1816 Compars Herrmann, German stage magician, born in Hanover, Germany (d. 1887)
  • 1827 Saigō Takamori, Japanese samurai & leader of Satsuma rebellion, born in Kajiyacho, Japan (d. 1877)
  • 1828 Calvin Edward Pratt, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Worcester County, Massachusetts (d. 1896)
  • 1830 Gaston, Marquis de Galliffet, French general & Minister of War (1899-1900), born in Paris, France (d. 1909)

Edouard ManetEdouard Manet (1832-1883)

French impressionist painter (Olympia, The Luncheon on the Grass), born in Paris, France

  • 1833 John Randolph Chambliss Jr, American Brigadier-General (Confederate Army), born in Greensville County, Virginia (d. 1864)
  • 1840 Ernst Abbe, German physicist & optical scientist (Carl Zeiss Optics Company), born in Eisenach, Germany (d. 1905)
  • 1855 John Moses Browning, American weapons manufacturer, born in Ogden, Utah Territory (d. 1926)
  • 1857 Andrija Mohorovicic, Croatian meteorologist & seismologist (Moho discontinuity), born in Opatija, Croatia (d. 1936)
  • 1862 David Hilbert, German mathematician (Hilbert spaces, invariant theory, axiomatization of geometry), born in Königsberg, East Prussia (d. 1943)
  • 1869 Herbert David Croly, American author (Promise of American Life), born in Manhattan, New York (d. 1930)
  • 1872 Joze Plečnik, Slovenian architect, born in Ljubljana, Slovenia (d. 1957)
  • 1872 Paul Langevin, French physicist, born in Paris, France (d. 1946)
  • 1878 Oton Zupancic, Slovenian poet (Zimzelen pod Snegom), born in Vinica, Črnomelj, Slovenia (d. 1949)
  • 1888 Gilbert Ledward, English sculptor, born in Chelsea, London (d. 1960)
  • 1888 Paul Peter Ewald, German Crystallographer and physicist who devised the theory of X-ray interference by crystals and pioneered X-ray diffraction methods, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1985)
  • 1889 Prosper Arents, Belgium librarian and bibliographer (reconstructed Peter Paul Rubens library) (d. 1984)

Antonio GramsciAntonio Gramsci (1891-1937)

Italian philosopher and Marxist theorist, born in Ales, Sardinia, Italy

  • 1893 Frank Carlson, American politician (Gov/Rep/Sen-R-Ks), born in Cloud County, Kansas (d. 1987)
  • 1896 Charlotte, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg (1919-64), born in Berg Castle, Luxembourg (d. 1985)
  • 1897 Margarete Schütte-Lihotzky, Austrian architect, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 2000)
  • 1897 Subhas Chandra Bose, Indian politician & nationalist, born in Cuttack, British India (d. 1945)
  • 1898 Freda Utley, British scholar & author, born in London, United Kingdom (d. 1978)
  • 1899 Joseph Nathan Kane, American non-fiction writer & journalist (Famous Firsts), born in NYC, New York (d. 2002)
  • 1901 Benno Stokvis, Dutch lawyer & politician, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1977)
  • 1903 Jorge Eliécer Gaitán, Colombian politician, born in Cucunubá, Colombia (d. 1948)
  • 1905 Konstanty Ildefons Gałczyński, Polish poet (Zielona Ges), born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1953)
  • 1907 Hideki Yukawa, Japanese physicist (Nobel 1949), born in Tokyo, Japan (d. 1981)
  • 1914 Napoleon L. Bonaparte, French pretender to the throne, born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1997)
  • 1915 Potter Stewart, United States Supreme Court justice (1958-81), born in Jackson, Michigan (d. 1985)
  • 1915 William Arthur Lewis, Saint Lucian economist (1979 Nobel Prize in Economics for economic development research), born in Castries, Saint Lucia (d. 1991) [1]
  • 1916 Airey Neave, British soldier & politician, born in Knightsbridge, London (d. 1979)
  • 1916 David Douglas Duncan, American photo-journalist best known for his war photography, born in Kansas City, Missouri (d. 2018)
  • 1917 Dusan Kostic, Serbian writer, born in Peja, Serbia (d. 1997)

Gertrude B. ElionGertrude B. Elion (1918-1999)

American biochemist and drug researcher who developed groundbreaking leukemia and herpes drug treatments (Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1988), born in NYC, New York

  • 1919 Hans Hass, Austrian zoologist and underwater scientist, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 2013)
  • 1920 Gottfried Böhm, German architect (1986 Pritzker Prize), born in Offenbach am Main, Germany (d. 2021) [1]
  • 1923 Walter M. Miller Jr., American sci-fi author (Hugo, View from Stars), born in New Smyrna Beach, Florida
  • 1924 Frank Lautenberg, American politician (Sen-D-NJ, 1982-2001, 2003-2013), born in Paterson, New Jersey (d. 2013)
  • 1927 Lars-Eric Lindblad, Swedish-American entrepreneur & explorer, born in Solna Municipality, Sweden (d. 1994)
  • 1929 John Polanyi, Canadian chemist (Nobel 1986), born in Berlin, Germany
  • 1929 Patriarch Filaret (Mykhailo Denysenko) of Ukrainian Orthodox Church - Kyiv Patriarchate
  • 1930 Derek Walcott, Caribbean poet (Omeros), Nobel Prize for Literature 1992, born in Castries, St Lucia (d. 2017)
  • 1930 William Reid Pogue, American fighter pilot & astronaut (Skylab 4), born in Okemah, Oklahoma (d. 2014)
  • 1932 Bart LaRue, American character and voice actor, born in Foard County, Texas (d. 1990)
  • 1932 Bud Shuster, American politician (Rep-R-PA, 1973-2001), born in Glassport, Pennsylvania
  • 1934 Pierre Bourgault, Quebec politician & essayist, born in East Angus, Canada (d. 2003)
  • 1935 Robert Parris "Bob" Moses, American civil rights activist (Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC)), and educator (The Algebra Project), born in Harlem, New York City (d. 2021)
  • 1938 Anatoly Marchenko, Soviet dissident, born in Barabinsk, Russia (d. 1986)
  • 1942 Ivan Ivanovich Bachurin, Soviet cosmonaut, born in Kharkov Oblast, Ukrainian SSR
  • 1943 Bill Gibb, Scottish fashion designer, born in New Pitsligo, Scotland (d. 1988)
  • 1944 Marty Russo, American politician and lobbyist (Rep-D-IL, 1975-93), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1945 Mike Harris, Canadian lawyer and politician (Premier of Ontario, 1995-2002), born in Toronto, Ontario

Arnoldo AlemanArnoldo Aleman (77 years old)

1946 81st President of Nicaragua (1997-2002), born in Managua, Nicaragua

  • 1947 Gatewood Galbraith, American author & attorney, born in Carlisle, Kentucky (d. 2012)
  • 1947 Megawati Sukarnoputri, 5th President of Indonesia, born in Yogyakarta, Indonesia
  • 1947 Tom Carper, American politician (D-Delaware, Senator 2001-, Governor of Delaware 1993-2001, Rep 1983-93), born in Beckley, West Virginia
  • 1949 Robert Cabana, American astronaut (STS 41, 53, 68, sk:88), born in Minneapolis, Minnesota

Chesley SullenbergerChesley Sullenberger (72 years old)

1951 American pilot (successfully executed emergency landing US Airways Flight 1549 in the Hudson River), born in Denison, Texas

  • 1953 Antonio Villaraigosa [Villar], Hispanic-American politician (Mayor of Los Angeles, 2005-13; California Assemblyman, 1994-2000), born in East Los Angeles, California

Pavlo LazarenkoPavlo Lazarenko (70 years old)

1953 Prime Minister of Ukraine (1996-97), born in Karpivka, Ukraine

  • 1957 Caroline Louise Marguerite Grimaldi, daughter of Princess Grace and Prince Rainer, born in Monte Carlo, Monaco
  • 1957 Lou Schuler, American fitness journalist, born in St. Louis, Missouri
  • 1961 Mas Selamat bin Kastari, Singapore's most-wanted terror fugitive, born in Kendal Regency, Indonesia
  • 1962 Elvira Lindo, Spanish writer and journalist, born in Cádiz, Spain
  • 1967 Belkis Ayón, Cuban printmaker (collography), born in Havana, Cuba (d. 1999)
  • 1967 Magdalena Andersson, Swedish politician (Prime Minister of Sweden 2021-), born in Uppsala, Sweden
  • 1974 Richard T. Slone, British artist, born in Newton-in-Furness, United Kingdom
  • 1983 Adam Mosseri, American head of Instagram, born in New York