Birthdays in History on January 24

HadrianHadrian (76-138 AD)

Roman Emperor (117-138) and builder of Hadrian's Wall, born in Italica

  • 1287 Richard Aungerville, English bishop (d. 1345)
  • 1444 Galeazzo Maria Sforza, Duke of Milan (d. 1476)
  • 1638 Charles Sackville, 6th Earl of Dorset, English poet (d. 1706)
  • 1664 John Vanbrugh, Dutch-English playwright (The Provoked Wife), born in London (d. 1726)
  • 1670 William Congreve, English playwright (d. 1729)
  • 1674 Thomas Tanner, English bishop (d. 1735)
  • 1679 Christian von Wolff, German philosopher, born in Breslau, Silesia (d. 1754)
  • 1705 Farinelli [Carlo Broschi], Italian castrato (considered one of the great opera singers), born in Andria, Kingdom of Naples (d. 1782)

Frederick the GreatFrederick the Great (1712-1786)

King of Prussia (1740-86), born in Berlin, Prussia

  • 1712 Georg Friedrich Schmidt, German engraver and etcher (court artist for King Frederick of Prussia and Empress Elizabeth of Russia), born in Wandlitz (d. 1775)
  • 1724 Frances Brooke, English writer (d. 1789)
  • 1732 Pierre de Beaumarchais, French polymath and dramatist (The Marriage of Figaro, Barber of Seville), born in Paris, France (d. 1799)

Benjamin LincolnBenjamin Lincoln (1733-1810)

American military officer (Battles of Saratoga, Charleston and Yorktown during the American Revolutionary War), born in Hingham, Massachusetts

  • 1742 Anne, Duchess of Cumberland and Strathearn (d. 1808)

Gustav IIIGustav III (1746-1792)

King of Sweden (1771-92), born in Stockholm

  • 1750 Wybo Fijnje, Dutch politician, and journalist, born in Zwolle (d. 1809)
  • 1754 Andrew Ellicott, American surveyor (d. 1820)
  • 1763 Louis Alexandre Andrault de Langeron, Russian general (d. 1831)
  • 1767 Antony Christiaan Winand Staring, Dutch lawyer and poet (Jaromir) (d. 1840)
  • 1778 Charles Ferdinand, Duke of Berry, son of French King Charles X, born in Versailles, France (d. 1820)
  • 1779 Elizabeth Alexeievna (Louise of Baden), Russian Tsarina (d. 1826)
  • 1798 Karl von Staudt, German mathematician (projective geometry), born in Free Imperial City of Rothenburg, (d. 1867)
  • 1800 Edwin Chadwick, British social reformer (Poor law reform, sanitation movement), born in Manchester, England (d. 1890)
  • 1814 Abraham van Stolk, Dutch art collector (d. 1896)
  • 1820 John Milton Thayer, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Bellingham, Massachusetts (d. 1906)
  • 1828 Adam Jacoby Slemmer, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Montgomery County, Pennsylvania (d. 1868)
  • 1828 Ferdinand Cohn, German biologist, born in Wrocław, Poland (d. 1898)
  • 1832 John Pegram, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1865)
  • 1848 Vasily Surikov, Russian painter (d. 1916)

Edith WhartonEdith Wharton (1862-1937)

American Pulitzer prize-winning novelist (Ethan Frome, House of Mirth), born in NYC, New York

  • 1864 Marguerite Durand, French feminist leader (d. 1936)
  • 1872 Ethel Turner, Australian author (d. 1958)
  • 1872 Konstantin Bogaevsky, Russian painter (d. 1943)
  • 1874 Arthur Schomburg (Arturo Alfonso), Puerto Rican archivist of African American history and culture, born in Santurce, Puerto Rico (d. 1938)
  • 1888 Ernst Heinrich Heinkel, German aeronautical engineer (1st rocket-powered aircraft), born in Grunbach, Germany (d. 1958)
  • 1888 Hedwig "Vicki" Baum, Austrian American author (Men Never Know, Grand Hotel), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1960)
  • 1891 Walter Model, German WWII field marshal, born in Genthin, Germany (d. 1945)
  • 1895 Albin Zollinger, Swiss poet and writer (Der Halbe Mensch), born in Zürich, Switzerland (d. 1941)
  • 1895 Eugen Roth, German poet, born in Munich (d. 1976)
  • 1902 E. A. Speiser, American Bible scholar (d. 1965)
  • 1902 Oskar Morgenstern, German-American economist, born in Görlitz, Germany (d. 1977)
  • 1902 Walter Keirnan, American TV panelist (I've Got a Secret), born in New Haven, Connecticut (d. 1978)
  • 1903 Robert Gwathmey, American social realist artist (Arts & Letters), born in Manchester, Virginia (d. 1988)
  • 1905 J. Howard Marshall [James Howard Marshall II), American businessman and husband of Anna Nicole Smith, born in Germantown, Pennsylvania (d. 1995)
  • 1906 Norman Cook, British museum curator (d. 1994)
  • 1907 Maurice Couve de Murville, French politician (Foreign Minister and Prime Minister of France 1968-69), born in Reims, France (d. 1999)
  • 1911 C. L. Moore, American science fiction & fantasy writer (Judgment Night), born in Indianapolis, Indiana (d. 1987)
  • 1915 Robert Motherwell, American painter (Elegies to the Spanish Republic), born in Aberdeen, Washington (d. 1991)
  • 1916 John Corner, British mathematician, born in Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom (d. 1996)
  • 1916 Marvin Creamer, American mariner, 1st recorded person to sail around the world without navigational instruments, born near Vineland, New Jersey (d. 2020)
  • 1918 Oral Roberts, American Televangelist, founder Oral Roberts College, born in Pontotoc County Oklahoma (d. 2009)
  • 1919 Nora Beloff, English journalist & author, born in London, United Kingdom (d. 1997)
  • 1921 Bernard J. Dwyer, American politician (Rep-D-NJ, 1981- 93), born in Perth Amboy, New Jersey (d. 1998)
  • 1922 Charles Socarides, American psychiatrist, born in Brockton, Massachusetts (d. 2005)
  • 1924 John Spencer, Earl of Spencer, English peer and father of Diana, Princess of Wales, born in London, England (d. 1992)
  • 1924 Robert Kastenmeier, American politician (Rep-D-WI, 1959-91), born in Beaver Dam, Wisconsin (d. 2015)
  • 1926 Robert Delpire, French publisher, editor and photographer, born in Paris, France (d. 2017)
  • 1927 Paula Hawkins, American politician (Sen-R-FL, 1981-86), born in Salt Lake City, Utah (d. 2009)
  • 1927 Sir Patrick Macnaghten, 11th Baronet, British aristocrat (d. 2007)
  • 1928 Desmond Morris, English zoologist (Human Ape, Body Language), born in Purton, United Kingdom
  • 1930 Bernard Matthews, English turkey farmer (Bernard Matthews Farms), born in Brooke, England (d. 2010)
  • 1934 Stanisław Grochowiak, Polish poet, born in Leszno, Poland (d. 1976)
  • 1936 Doug Kershaw, American Cajun, folk and bluegrass fiddle player, born in Cameron Parrish, Louisiana
  • 1945 D. Todd Christofferson, American LDS apostle, born in American Fork, Utah
  • 1945 John Garamendi, American politician, born in Camp Blanding Joint Training Center, Florida
  • 1947 David Randall, British priest, founder of Cara (d. 1996)
  • 1948 Elliott Abrams, American ass. secretary of state/supplied arms to the Contras, born in New York
  • 1949 Bart Gordon, American politician (Rep-D-TN, 1985-2011), born in Murfreesboro, Tennessee,
  • 1950 Benjamin Urrutia, Ecuadorian-born American writer, born in Guayaquil, Ecuador
  • 1950 Laura Kelly, American politician, Governor of Kansas (2019-), born in New York City
  • 1952 William F. Readdy, American astronaut (STS 42, 51, 79), born in Quonset Point, Rhode Island

Moon Jae-inMoon Jae-in (70 years old)

1953 South Korean politician, President of South Korea (2017-), born in Geoje, South Korea

  • 1961 Krasimir Mikhailov Stoyanov, Soviet cosmonaut, born in Varna, Bulgaria
  • 1961 Vince Russo, American writer, born in Long Island, New York
  • 1974 Kristy Sargeant, Canadian ice pairs (1994 Skate Canada), born in Edmonton, Alberta
  • 1974 Shii Ann Huang, American game show contestant, born in Taipei, Taiwan
  • 1993 Ashley Jade Stern, American daughter of radio personality Howard Stern, born in Long Island, New York