On This Day

Birthdays in History on January 24

Person of interestHadrian

76 Hadrian, Roman Emperor (117-138, builder of Hadrian's Wall), born in Italica (d. 138)

Roman Emperor Hadrian
Roman Emperor
  • 1287 Richard Aungerville, English bishop (d. 1345)
  • 1444 Galeazzo Maria Sforza, Duke of Milan (d. 1476)
  • 1638 Charles Sackville, 6th Earl of Dorset, English poet (d. 1706)
  • 1664 John Vanbrugh, dramatist/architect (baptized), born in London, England
  • 1670 William Congreve, English playwright (d. 1729)
  • 1674 Thomas Tanner, English bishop (d. 1735)
  • 1679 Christian von Wolff, German philosopher
  • 1705 Farinelli [Carlo Broschi], Andria Italy, castrato

Person of interestFrederick the Great

1712 Frederick the Great, King of Prussia (1740-86), born in Berlin, Prussia (d. 1786)

King of Prussia Frederick the Great
King of Prussia
Frederick the Great
  • 1712 Georg F Schmidt, German engraver/etcher
  • 1724 Frances Brooke, English writer (d. 1789)
  • 1732 Pierre de Beaumarchais, French polymath and dramatist (The Marriage of Figaro, Barber of Seville), born in Paris, France (d. 1799)

Person of interestBenjamin Lincoln

1733 Benjamin Lincoln, American military officer (Battles of Saratoga, Charleston and Yorktown during the American Revolutionary War), born in Hingham, Massachusetts (d. 1810)

Military Leader Benjamin Lincoln
Military Leader
Benjamin Lincoln
  • 1742 Anne, Duchess of Cumberland and Strathearn (d. 1808)

Person of interestGustav III

1746 Gustav III, King of Sweden (1771-92), born in Stockholm (d. 1792)

King of Sweden Gustav III
King of Sweden
Gustav III
  • 1750 Wybo Fijnje, Dutch politician, patriot, and journalist
  • 1754 Andrew Ellicott, American surveyor (d. 1820)
  • 1763 Louis Alexandre Andrault de Langeron, Russian general (d. 1831)
  • 1767 Antony CW Staring, Dutch lawyer/poet (Jaromir)
  • 1778 Charles F, duke of Berry/son of French King Charles X
  • 1779 Elizabeth Alexeievna (Louise of Baden), Russian tsarina (d. 1826)
  • 1798 Karl von Staudt, German math professor (projective geometrician)
  • 1800 Edwin Chadwick, British social reformer (Poor law reform, sanitation movement), born in Manchester, England (d. 1890)
  • 1814 Abraham Czn van Stolk, Dutch art collector
  • 1820 John Milton Thayer, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Bellingham, Massachusetts (d. 1906)
  • 1828 Adam Jacoby Slemmer, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Montgomery County, Pennsylvania (d. 1868)
  • 1828 Ferdinand Cohn, German biologist, born in Wrocław, Poland (d. 1898)
  • 1832 John Pegram, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1865)
  • 1848 Vasily Surikov, Russian painter (d. 1916)

Person of interestEdith Wharton

1862 Edith Wharton [-Jones], Pulitzer prize-winning novelist (Ethan Frome, House of Mirth), born in NYC, New York (d. 1937)

Pulitzer prize winning novelist Edith Wharton
Pulitzer prize winning novelist
Edith Wharton
  • 1864 Marguerite Durand, French feminist leader (d. 1936)
  • 1872 Konstantin Bogaevsky, Russian painter (d. 1943)
  • 1872 Ethel Turner, Australian author (d. 1958)
  • 1874 Arthur Schomburg (Arturo Alfonso), Puerto Rican archivist of African American history and culture, born in Santurce, Puerto Rico (d. 1938)
  • 1880 Elisabeth Achelis, creator (World Calendar)
  • 1888 Ernst Heinrich Heinkel, German inventor (1st rocket-powered aircraft)
  • 1888 Hedwig "Vicki" Baum, Austrian American author (Men Never Know, Grand Hotel), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1960)
  • 1891 Walter Model, German field marshal
  • 1895 Albin Zollinger, Swiss poet/author (Der Halbe Mensch)
  • 1895 Eugen Roth, German poet, born in Munich (d. 1976)
  • 1902 Oskar Morgenstern, German/US economist
  • 1902 Walter Keirnan, New Havens Ct, TV panelist (I've Got a Secret)
  • 1902 E. A. Speiser, American Bible scholar (d. 1965)
  • 1903 Robert Gwathmey, artist (Arts & Letters)
  • 1905 J. Howard Marshall [James Howard Marshall II), American businessman and husband of Anna Nicole Smith, born in Germantown, Pennsylvania (d. 1995)
  • 1906 Norman Cook, British museum curator (d. 1994)
  • 1907 Alfonse Vranckx, Belgian lawyer/politician
  • 1907 Maurice Couve de Murville, France premier (1968-69)
  • 1911 C. L. Moore, American science fiction & fantasy writer (Judgment Night), born in Indianapolis, Indiana (d. 1987)
  • 1915 Robert Motherwell, American painter (Elegies to the Spanish Republic), born in Aberdeen, Washington (d. 1991)
  • 1916 John Corner, British mathematician, born in Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom (d. 1996)
  • 1916 Marvin Creamer, American mariner, 1st recorded person to sail around the world without navigational instruments, born near Vineland, New Jersey (d. 2020)
  • 1918 Oral Roberts, American Televangelist, founder Oral Roberts College, born in Pontotoc County Oklahoma (d. 2009)
  • 1919 Nora Beloff, English journalist & author, born in London, United Kingdom (d. 1997)
  • 1921 Bernard J. Dwyer, American politician (Rep-D-NJ, 1981- 93), born in Perth Amboy, New Jersey (d. 1998)
  • 1922 Charles Socarides, American psychiatrist, born in Brockton, Massachusetts (d. 2005)
  • 1924 John Spencer, Earl of Spencer, English peer and father of Diana, Princess of Wales, born in London, England (d. 1992)
  • 1924 Robert Kastenmeier, American politician (Rep-D-WI, 1959-91), born in Beaver Dam, Wisconsin
  • 1926 Robert Delpire, French publisher, editor and photographer, born in Paris, France (d. 2017)
  • 1927 Paula Hawkins, American politician (Sen-R-FL, 1981-86), born in Salt Lake City, Utah (d. 2009)
  • 1927 Sir Patrick Macnaghten, 11th Baronet, British aristocrat (d. 2007)
  • 1928 Desmond Morris, English zoologist (Human Ape, Body Language), born in Purton, United Kingdom
  • 1930 Bernard Matthews, English turkey farmer (Bernard Matthews Farms), born in Brooke, England (d. 2010)
  • 1934 Stanisław Grochowiak, Polish poet, born in Leszno, Poland (d. 1976)
  • 1936 Doug Kershaw, American fiddle player, born in Cameron Parrish, Louisiana
  • 1945 D. Todd Christofferson, American LDS apostle, born in American Fork, Utah
  • 1945 John Garamendi, American politician, born in Camp Blanding Joint Training Center, Florida
  • 1947 David Randall, British priest, founder of Cara (d. 1996)
  • 1948 Elliott Abrams, American ass. secretary of state/supplied arms to the Contras, born in New York
  • 1949 Bart Gordon, American politician (Rep-D-TN, 1985- ), born in Murfreesboro, Tennessee,
  • 1950 Benjamin Urrutia, Ecuadorian-born American writer, born in Guayaquil, Ecuador
  • 1950 Laura Kelly, American politician, Governor of Kansas (2019-), born in New York City
  • 1952 William F. Readdy, American astronaut (STS 42, 51, 79), born in Quonset Point, Rhode Island

Person of interestMoon Jae-in

1953 Moon Jae-in, South Korean politician, President of South Korea (2017-), born in Geoje, South Korea

President of South Korea Moon Jae-in
President of South Korea
Moon Jae-in
  • 1961 Krasimir Mikhailov Stoyanov, Soviet cosmonaut, born in Varna, Bulgaria
  • 1961 Vince Russo, American writer, born in Long Island, New York
  • 1974 Kristy Sargeant, Canadian ice pairs (1994 Skate Canada), born in Edmonton, Alberta
  • 1974 Shii Ann Huang, American game show contestant, born in Taipei, Taiwan
  • 1993 Ashley Jade Stern, daughter of radio personality Howard Stern, born in Long Island, New York