Birthdays in History on January 25

MessalinaMessalina (c. 17/20-48 AD)

Roman Empress (wife of Claudius, infamous for her promiscuity) (born either 17 or 20 AD), born in Rome

  • 749 Leo IV the Khazar, Byzantine emperor (775-80), born in Constantinople (d. 780)
  • 1477 Anna Duchess of Brittany, heir to the Duchy of Brittany, only woman to be French Consort Queen twice to Charles VIII (1891-98), Louis XII (1499-1514), born in Nantes, France (d. 1514)
  • 1509 Giovanni Morone, Italian cardinal, born in Milan, Italy (d. 1580)
  • 1540 Edmund Campion, English Catholic Jesuit priest & martyr, born in London, England (d. 1581)
  • 1615 Govert Flinck, Dutch painter (Isaac blesses Jacob), born in Kleve, Germany (d. 1660)
  • 1626 John van de Cappelle, Dutch painter, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1679)
  • 1627 Robert Boyle, Anglo-Irish natural philosopher & chemist, born in Lismore, Republic of Ireland (d. 1691)
  • 1634 Gaspar Fagel, Dutch statesman & writer, born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1688)
  • 1640 William Cavendish, 1st Duke of Devonshire, English polymath & aristocrat, born in Handsworth, England (d. 1707)
  • 1688 Juraj Jánošík, Slovak outlaw-highwayman, born in Terchová, Slovakia (d. 1713)
  • 1708 Pompeo Batoni, Italian painter, born in Lucca, Italy (d. 1787)
  • 1736 Joseph-Louis Lagrange, Italian mathematician & astronomer (number theory, celestial mechanics), born in Turin, Italy (d. 1813)
  • 1739 Charles François Dumouriez, French general, born in Cambrai, France (d. 1823)
  • 1766 Hans Christoph Ernst von Gagern, German statesman & political writer, born in Kleinniedesheim, Germany (d. 1852)
  • 1770 Francis Burdett, British politician, born in Derbyshire, United Kingdom (d. 1844)
  • 1777 Elias Canneman, Dutch politician, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1861)
  • 1794 François-Vincent Raspail, French chemist, born in Carpentras, France (d. 1878)
  • 1796 William McGillivray, Scottish naturalist & ornithologist, born in Old Aberdeen, Scotland (d. 1852)
  • 1806 Daniel Maclise, Irish painter, born in Cork, Republic of Ireland (d. 1870)
  • 1814 Francis Harrison Pierpont, American lawyer & politician (Union), born in Morgantown, West Virginia (d. 1899)
  • 1826 Rembt Tobias Hugo Pieter Liebrecht Alexander van Boneval Faure, Dutch lawyer & politician, born in Groningen, Netherlands (d. 1909)
  • 1839 Seldon Connor, American banker, 35th Governor of Maine, and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Fairfield, Maine, (d. 1917)
  • 1841 John Fisher, 1st Baron Fisher, British admiral, born in Ramboda, Sri Lanka (d. 1920)
  • 1851 Arne Garborg, Norwegian writer & playwright (Bondestudentar), born in Jæren, Norway (d. 1924)
  • 1858 Kōkichi Mikimoto, Japanese inventor and entrepreneur (cultured pearls), born in Toba, Japan (d. 1954)

Charles CurtisCharles Curtis (1860-1936)

American Republican Senator (Kansas: 1907-13, 1915-29) and 31st US Vice President (1929-33) who was the first Native American to become a Senator and Vice President, born in North Topeka, Kansas

  • 1864 Julije Kempf, Croatian historian & writer, born in Požega, Croatia (d. 1934)
  • 1866 Emile Vandervelde, President (1900–1918) of the International Socialist Bureau and Minister of 3 Belgian governments (d. 1938)
  • 1874 Hewlett Johnson [Red Dean of Canterbury], English bishop, born in Salford, Greater Manchester (d. 1966)
  • 1874 W. Somerset Maugham, British novelist & poet (Of Human Bondage), born in Paris, France (d. 1965)
  • 1878 Ernst Alexanderson, Swedish-American television pioneer (Alexanderson alternator), born in Uppsala, Sweden (d. 1975)
  • 1881 Emil Ludwig, German biographer (Diana, Son of Man), born in Wrocław, Poland (d. 1948)

Virginia WoolfVirginia Woolf (1882-1941)

British author (Jacob's Room, To the Lighthouse), born in London

  • 1885 Kitahara Hakushū, Japanese poet & children's writers, born in Nankan, Japan (d. 1942)
  • 1887 Diego Valeri, Italian author & poet (Le Gaie Tristezze), born in Piove di Sacco, Italy (d. 1976)
  • 1891 William Christian Bullitt Jr., 1st US ambassador to USSR, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1967)
  • 1896 John Moores, British businessman, born in Lancashire, England (d. 1993)
  • 1898 Joachim Wach, German religious scholar (Understanding), born in Chemnitz, Germany (d. 1955)
  • 1900 Theodosius Dobzhansky, Russian-American genetist, evolutionary biologist and author (Mankind Evolving), born in Nemyriv, Russian Empire (d. 1975)
  • 1900 Yojiro Ishizaka, Japanese writer, born in Hirosaki, Japan (d. 1986)
  • 1902 Gerard Knuvelder, Dutch literature historian (Vocation, Kitty), born in Arnhem, Netherlands (d. 1982)
  • 1902 Pablo Antonio, Filipino modernist architect, born in Manila, Philippines (d. 1975)
  • 1904 Frans Goedhart, Dutch journalist (Het Parool), born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1990)
  • 1908 Lord Iliffe, English publisher (Coventry Evening Telegraph/Autocar), born in Coventry, United Kingdom (d. 1960)
  • 1910 Harold Watkinson, British politician & businessman, born in Walton-on-Thames, United Kingdom (d. 1995)
  • 1912 Lucius E. Burch Jr., American attorney, born in Nashville, Tennessee (d. 1996)
  • 1913 Luis Marden, American photojournalist, born in Chelsea, Massachusetts (d. 2003)
  • 1915 Michael Duane, British progressive educationalist & author, born in Galway, Ireland (d. 1997)
  • 1917 Ilya Prigogine, Russian scientist & Nobel laureate, born in Moscow, Russia (d. 2003)
  • 1917 Jânio Quadros, Brazilian politician, born in Campo Grande, Brazil (d. 1992)
  • 1921 Russell Reading Braddon, Australian author, born in Sydney, Australia (d. 1995)
  • 1922 Jules de Palm, Antilles writer, born in Curaçao (d. 2013)
  • 1923 Arvid Carlsson, Swedish neuropharmacologist whose work with dopamine to treat Parkinson's disease earned him a Nobel Prize (2000), born in Uppsala, Sweden (d. 2018)
  • 1923 Eva Zeller, German poet & novelist, born in Eberswalde, Brandenburg
  • 1923 Shirley Mason, American psychiatric patient (Commonly known as "Sybil"), born in Dodge Center, Minnesota (d. 1998)
  • 1927 Seung Sahn, Korean zen teacher (Korean line), born in North Korea (d. 2004)

Eduard ShevardnadzeEduard Shevardnadze (1928-2014)

President of Georgia (1995-2003) and Soviet Foreign Minister (1985-90), born in Mamati, Georgia

  • 1928 Jérôme Choquette, Quebec lawyer and politician, born in Montreal, Quebec
  • 1929 Robert Faurisson, British-born French academic, born in Shepperton, United Kingdom (d. 2018)
  • 1930 Tanya Savicheva, Russian diarist, born in Dvorišče (d. 1944)
  • 1931 Paavo Haavikko, Finnish poet & writer, born in Helsiniki, Finland (d. 2008)

Corazon AquinoCorazon Aquino (1933-2009)

11th President of the Philippines (1986-92), born in Paniqui, Tarlac, Philippines

  • 1935 António Ramalho Eanes, 17th President of Portugal, born in Castelo Branco Municipality, Portugal
  • 1935 Conrad Burns, American politician (Senate-R-Montana 1989-2007), born in Gallatin, Missouri (d. 2016)
  • 1936 Dan Schaefer, American politician (Rep-R-CO, 1983-99), born in Guttenberg, Iowa (d. 2006)
  • 1937 Ange-Félix Patassé, President of the Central African Republic, born in Paoua, Central African Republic (d. 2011)
  • 1937 Kathleen Tynan Halton, Canadian-British journalist & author, born in Canada (d. 1995)
  • 1938 Betico Croes, Arubian politician (Status Aparte), born in Aruba (d. 1986)
  • 1938 Leiji Matsumoto, Japanese creator of anime, born in Kurume, Japan
  • 1938 Shotaro Ishinomori, Japanese manga author, born in Tome, Japan (d. 1998)
  • 1939 Gabriel Romanus, Swedish politician, born in Helsingborg, Sweden
  • 1942 Jens Nygaard Knudsen, Danish toy designer (Lego mini-figure), born in Denmark (d. 2020)
  • 1944 Bernard Tschumi, Swiss architect (Deconstructionism - Parc de la Villette), born in Lausanne, Switzerland
  • 1946 Ronnie Brandon, American rocker (McCoys), born in Union City, Indiana
  • 1946 Silvio Blatter, Swiss writer, born in Bremgarten, Switzerland
  • 1948 Gueorgui Chichkine, Russian painter, born in Yekaterinburg, Russia
  • 1948 Ros Kelly, Australian politician, born in Sydney, Australia
  • 1949 John Cooper Clarke, English performance poet, born in Lancashire, England
  • 1950 Gloria Naylor, American author (Women of Brewster Place), born in NYC, New York (d. 2016)
  • 1950 Michael Cotten, American rock synthesizer (Tubes) and art designer, born in Kansas City, Missouri
  • 1952 Peter Tatchell, Australian-born British politician, journalist and human rights campaigner (Peter Tatchell Foundation), born in Melbourne, Australia
  • 1952 Timothy White, American journalist (d. 2002)
  • 1953 Mark Weil, Uzbekistani theatre director, born in Tashkent, Uzbekistan (d. 2007)
  • 1954 Kim Gandy, American feminist, born in Bossier City, Louisiana
  • 1955 Toru Iwatani, Japanese video game designer (Pac-Man), born in Meguro, Tokyo
  • 1957 Andrew P. Harris, American politician & physician, born in NYC, New York
  • 1957 Eskil Erlandsson, Swedish politician, born in Kronoberg County, Sweden
  • 1957 Luis Garavito [The Beast, Tribilín], Colombian serial killer described as "the world's worst serial killer" (138-300+ victims), born in Génova, Quindío, Colombia
  • 1958 Harti Weirather, Austrian alpine skier, born in Reutte, Austria
  • 1961 Vivian Balakrishnan, Singaporean politician, born in Singapore
  • 1966 Chet Culver, American politician (Governor of Iowa), born in Washington, D.C.
  • 1973 Elvis Presley Jr., alleged son of Elvis Presley
  • 1973 Geoff Johns, American comic book writer, born in Detroit, Michigan
  • 1983 Brian Armstrong, American businessman (CEO and co-founder of Coinbase), born in San Jose, California