Birthdays in History on January 26

  • 1497 Emperor Go-Nara of Japan (d. 1557)
  • 1541 Florent Chrestien, French writer (d. 1596)
  • 1667 Henricus Zwaardecroon, Dutch Governor-General of Dutch East Indies (1718-25), (introduced coffee crop), born in Rotterham, Netherlands (d. 1728)
  • 1715 Claude Adrien Helvétius, French controversial philosopher (On the Mind), born in Paris, France (d. 1771)
  • 1716 George Sackville Germain, 1st Viscount Sackville, British soldier and politician (Secretary of State for the Americas during War of Independence), born in London, England (d. 1785)
  • 1722 Alexander Carlyle, Scottish church leader (Moderator of the General Assembly 1770), born in Cummertrees, Dumfriesshire (d. 1805)
  • 1763 Charles XIV [Jean Bernadotte], King of Sweden & Norway (1818-44), Marshall of France, born in Pau, France (d. 1844)
  • 1771 Jacob Andries van Braam, Dutch merchant and colonial administrator (Suriname), born in Chin-Surah (d. 1820)
  • 1781 Achim von Arnim [Ludwig Joachim von Arnim], German Romantic poet and writer (Des Knaben Wunderhorn), born in Berlin, Margraviate of Brandenburg (d. 1831)
  • 1786 Benjamin Haydon, British painter (Waiting for The Times), born in Plymouth, England (d. 1846)
  • 1813 Juan Pablo Duarte, Dominican founding father (d. 1876
  • 1814 Rufus King, American newspaper editor, politician and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in NYC, New York (d. 1876)
  • 1816 Lloyd Tilghman, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1863)
  • 1826 Julia Dent Grant, American First Lady (1869-77), wife of US President Ulysses S. Grant, born at White Haven Plantation, Missouri (d. 1902)
  • 1831 Mary Mapes Dodge, American children's author (St. Nicholas Magazine), editor and writer (Hans Brinker, or The Silver Skates), born in NYC, New York (d. 1905)
  • 1832 George Shiras Jr., U.S. Supreme Court justice (d. 1924)
  • 1852 Pierre Savorgnan de Brazza, Italian-French explorer of the Congo (Brazzaville named after him), born in Rome, Papal States (d. 1905)
  • 1857 Trinley Gyatso, 12th Dalai Lama, born in Tibet (d. 1875)
  • 1860 Harry Micajah Daugherty, American politician, lawyer and political manager accused of corruption, born in Washington Court House, Ohio (d. 1941)
  • 1871 Samuel Hopkins Adams [Warner Fabian], American journalist and muckraker (Average Jones), born in Dunkirk, New York (d. 1958)
  • 1877 Kees van Dongen, Dutch-French painter (Fauves style), born in Rotterdam Netherlands (d. 1968)
  • 1879 Lode Baekelmans, Belgian writer (Tille), born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1965)

Douglas MacArthurDouglas MacArthur (1880-1964)

American general in World War II (Pacific theater, Philippines) and Korea, born in Little Rock, Arkansas

  • 1883 Bindo Maserati, Italian auto engineer and businessman (manager Maserati Racing; founder O.S.C.A. Racing), born in Voghera, Italy (d. 1980)
  • 1884 Edward Sapir, American linguist and anthropologist (North American Indian languages), born in Lauenburg, Germany (d. 1939)
  • 1884 Roy Chapman Andrews, American scientist and explorer (found 1st known dinosaur eggs, director of the American Museum of Natural History ), born in Beloit, Wisconsin (d. 1960)
  • 1887 Arnout Colnot, Dutch painter and graphic artist, born in Amsterdam (d. 1983)
  • 1887 Enrique Ecker, Curacao-American bacteriologist (Rees-Ecker method for platelet counting), born in Willemstad, Curaçao (d. 1966)
  • 1887 Marc Mitscher, American naval commander (WWII - Task Force 58 in the Pacific), born in Hillsboro, Wisconsin (d. 1947)
  • 1890 Charles Scribner III, American book publisher, born in New York City (d. 1952)

Frank CostelloFrank Costello (1891-1973)

Italian-American gangster (The Prime Minister of the Underworld), born in Lauropoli, Calabria, Italy

  • 1891 Ilya Ehrenburg, Soviet writer (Fall of Paris, The Thaw), born in Kyiv, Ukraine (d. 1967)
  • 1891 Wilder Penfield, American-born Canadian neurosurgeon (d. 1976)

Bessie ColemanBessie Coleman (1892-1926)

American aviator and 1st African-American woman and Native American to hold a pilot license, born in Atlanta, Texas [1]

  • 1893 Giuseppe Genco Russo, Sicilian mafioso (d. 1976)
  • 1899 Wyllis Cooper, American TV narrator (Volume One), born in Pekin, Illinois (d. 1955)
  • 1902 Laurence Craigie, American aviator (1st US jet pilot), born in Concord, New Hampshire (d. 1994)
  • 1902 Menno ter Braak, Dutch writer (Carnaval of the Citizens) (d. 1940)
  • 1904 Ancel Keys, American scientist (d. 2004)

Seán MacBrideSeán MacBride (1904-1988)

Chief of Staff of the Irish Republican Army and founder of Amnesty International (Nobel 1974), born in Dublin, Ireland

  • 1905 John Carmel Heenan, British clergyman, Catholic Cardinal (Archbishop of Westminster, 1963-75), born in Ilford, England (d. 1975)
  • 1907 Hans Selye, Austrian-Canadian endocrinologist, born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1982)
  • 1910 Elmar Klos, Czech film director (The Shop on Main Street)), born in Brünn, Moravia, Austria-Hungary (d. 1993)
  • 1911 Polykarp Kusch, American nuclear physicist (1955 Nobel Prize for Physics - for determining the magnetic moment of the electron), born in Blankenburg, Germany (d. 1993)
  • 1912 Cora Baird, American puppeteer (Kukla, Fran & Ollie), born in NYC, New York (d. 1967)
  • 1914 Kaye Webb, English writer and publisher (Puffin Club), born in London, England (d. 1996)
  • 1914 Princess Hadice Hayriye Ayshe Dürrühsehvar (d. 2006)

Nicolae CeausescuNicolae Ceausescu (1918-1989)

Communist dictator of Romania (1967-89), born in Scornicești, Romania

  • 1918 Philip José Farmer, American sci-fi writer (Riverworld), born in Terre Haute Indiana (d. 2009)
  • 1920 John Logan Gorlay, British journalist and editor (d. 1994)
  • 1921 Akio Morita, Kasugaya Japan, CEO (Sony)
  • 1921 Eddie Barclay, French producer (Barclay Records) (d. 2005)
  • 1924 Annette Strauss, American philanthropist and politician, born in Houston, Texas (d. 1998)
  • 1924 James W. McCord Jr., American CIA officer who led the Watergate break-in, born in Waurika, Oklahoma (d. 2017)
  • 1925 Claude Ryan, Quebec newspaper editor (d. 2004)
  • 1925 David Jenkins, Bishop (Durham)
  • 1925 Desmond Cassidi, British admiral
  • 1926 Charles Henderson Tidbury, British brewing executive (Whitbread & Co), born in Camberley, Surrey, England (d. 2003)
  • 1926 Farman Fatehpuri [Syed Dildar Ali], Urdu scholar, linguist, critic and author, born in Fatehpur, Uttar Pradesh, British India (d. 2013)
  • 1926 José María Valverde, Spanish philosopher, poet and translator (La espera, Historia de la literatura universal), born in Valencia de Alcántara, Spain (d. 1996)
  • 1927 José Azcona del Hoyo, President of Honduras (1986-90), born in La Ceiba, Honduras (d. 2005)
  • 1928 Gene Snyder, American politician (Rep-R-KY, 1963-65, 67-87), born in Louisville, Kentucky (d. 2007)
  • 1928 Roger Vadim, French director (And God Created Women, Barbarella)
  • 1929 Jules Feiffer, American cartoonist (Passionella)/author (Little Murders), born in NYC, New York
  • 1930 A N Solomons, British banking chairman (Singer & Friedlander)
  • 1930 Anne Macfarlane, Master (Court of Protection)
  • 1932 Christopher Price, Director (Leeds Metropolitan U)
  • 1932 George H Clements, first Roman Catholic Priest to adopt a child.
  • 1934 Roger Landry, Quebec businessman and newspaper publisher
  • 1935 Paula Rego, Portuguese-British artist (Cast of Characters From Snow White), born in Lisbon, Portugal (d. 2022)
  • 1936 Sal Buscema, American comic book artist
  • 1937 Gerrit Gerritse, Dutch politician (CDA)
  • 1937 Joseph Saidu Momoh, gen/president (Sierra Leone)
  • 1938 Margaret Daly, British MEP
  • 1942 Nigel Walmsley, chairman (Carlton UK Television)
  • 1942 William McLennan, CEO (Central Statistical Office)
  • 1943 Sherian Grace Cadoria, US army brigadier general (first African-American to attain the rank) born in Marksville, Louisiana
  • 1944 Angela Davis, African American activist, author and professor, born in Birmingham, Alabama
  • 1945 Barbara Kruger, American conceptual artist, born in Newark, New Jersey
  • 1946 Christopher Hampton, Portuguese playwright (Oviri, Hotel du Lac), born in Horta, Portugal
  • 1946 Timothy Clifford, British art historian (National Galleries of Scotland)
  • 1949 Jonathan Carroll, American author, born in New York
  • 1949 Paul Nurse, English geneticist (Imperial Cancer Research Fund), born in Norwich, United Kingdom
  • 1950 Jorg Haider, Austrian political leader (Austrian Freedom Party), born in Bad Goisern, Austria (d. 2008)
  • 1952 Mario Runco Jr., American astronaut (STS 44, 54, 77), born in the Bronx, New York
  • 1953 Anders Fogh Rasmussen, Prime Minister of Denmark, born in Ginnerup, Denmark
  • 1953 Andrée van Es [Andrée Christine of Es], Dutch politician (PSP), born in the Hague, Netherlands
  • 1954 Martin Dunn, British editor (Today)
  • 1965 Kevin McCarthy, American politician (Rep-R-California 2007-), born in Bakersfield, California
  • 1965 Thomas Östros, Swedish politician, born in Malmberget, Sweden
  • 1973 Mayu Shinjo, Japanese mangaka, born in Nagasaki Prefecture, Japan
  • 1974 Shannon Hale, American author, born in Salt Lake City, Utah
  • 1986 Kizzmekia Corbett, American viral immunologist (US Vaccine Research Center, developed the Moderna COVID vaccine), born in Hurdle Mills, North Carolina
  • 1990 Peter Sagan, Slovakian professional cyclist (World Road Champion 2016), born in Žilina, Slovakia
  • 1997 Pasaye, twin born 92 days after his brother (Oct 26), born in Palatine, Illinois
  • 2009 Suleman octuplets born to Nadya Suleman in Bellflower, California - longest ever octuplet survival