Birthdays in History on January 27

  • 1443 Albert, Duke of Saxony (d. 1500)
  • 1546 Joachim III Frederick, elector (Brandenburg)
  • 1556 Abbas I, "the Great," shah of Persia (1587-1629)
  • 1585 Hendrick Avercamp, Dutch painter (d. 1634)
  • 1603 Harbottle Grimston, English politician (d. 1685)
  • 1621 Thomas Willis, English physician (d. 1675)
  • 1662 Richard Bentley, English classical scholar (Dissertation on the Epistles of Phalaris), started the 1st written examinations in the West, born in Oulton, England (d. 1742)
  • 1679 Jean-Francois de Troy, French painter
  • 1701 Johann N von Hontheim, German church historian/suffragan (bishop)
  • 1723 Johann A Cramer, prime minister/poet
  • 1741 Hester Thrale, Welsh diarist (d. 1821)

Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph SchellingFriedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling (1775-1854)

German philosopher (Views on Christianity), born in Leonberg, Württemberg, Holy Roman Empire

  • 1805 Maria Anna of Bavaria, queen consort of Saxony (d. 1877)
  • 1805 Samuel Palmer, painter/etcher (Valley of Vision), born in London, England
  • 1805 Sophie of Bavaria, archduchess of Austria (d. 1872)
  • 1808 David F Strauss, German theologist (Jesus' Life)
  • 1814 Eugène Viollet-le-Duc, French architect (restored medieval monuments including city of Carcassonne), born in Paris, France (d. 1879)
  • 1821 John Chivington, American officer, (d. 1892)
  • 1822 Thomas Leiper Kane, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1883)
  • 1824 Jozef Israels, Dutch painter
  • 1826 Richard Taylor, Lt Gen (Confederate Army), (d. 1879)
  • 1828 Samuel Allen Rice, American Attorney General of Iowa and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Cattaraugus, New York (d. 1864)
  • 1830 William Henry Fitzhugh Payne, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)

Lewis CarrollLewis Carroll (1832-1898)

English author (Alice in Wonderland), born in Daresbury, England

  • 1834 Robert Sanford Foster, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Vernon, Indiana (d. 1903)
  • 1836 Leopold von Sacher-Masoch, Austrian writer (masochism)
  • 1841 Arkhip Kuindzhi, Russian painter (d. 1910)
  • 1848 Tōgō Heihachirō, Imperial Japanese Navy admiral and one of Japan's greatest naval heroes, born in Kajiya-Chō, Kagoshima-Jōka, Satsuma, Japan (d. 1934)

Edward SmithEdward Smith (1850-1912)

English naval captain of the RMS Titanic, born in Hanley, Staffordshire

  • 1850 John Collier, English painter (Lady Godiva) and writer, born in Paddington, England (d. 1934)

Samuel GompersSamuel Gompers (1850-1924)

American labor union leader (American Federation of Labor), born in London, England

  • 1851 Rafael Obligado, Argentina, writer (Santos Vega)

Wilhelm IIWilhelm II (1859-1941)

German Emperor and King of Prussia (1888-1918), born in Berlin

  • 1872 Learned Hand, Chief judge (US Court of Appeals), born in Albany, New York
  • 1882 Giuseppe Prezzolini, Italian writer (La Voce, La Cultura Italiano)
  • 1885 Maeda Seison, Japanese painter (d. 1977)
  • 1887 Carl Blegen, archaeologist (excavator at Troy, Pylos), born in Minneapolis, Minnesota
  • 1889 Balthasar van der Pol, physicist (Comparison of Van der Pol)
  • 1891 Ilja Ehrenburg, writer
  • 1893 Soong Ching-ling, Chinese wife of Sun Yat-sen (d. 1981)
  • 1894 Albert Patterson, American politician and attorney, born in New Site, Alabama (d. 1954)
  • 1900 Hyman G Rickover, US Admiral (father of modern nuclear navy)
  • 1903 John Eccles, British physiologist/neurologist
  • 1903 Otto P. Weyland, American military figure (d. 1979)
  • 1905 Luther Diamond, radio personality
  • 1908 William Randolph Hearst, Jr., American newspaper magnate (Hearst Newspapers) and 1955 Pulitzer Prize winner, (d. 1993)
  • 1912 Arne Næss, Norwegian philosopher, born in Oslo, Norway (d. 2009)
  • 1912 E. R. Braithwaite, diplomat and writer (To Sir with Love), born in Georgetown, British Guiana (d. 2016)
  • 1914 Anna Larina, revolutionary
  • 1918 William Seawell, United States Army Brigadier General (d. 2005)
  • 1919 H D Halsey, Bishop of Carlisle
  • 1924 Kenneth Corfield, CEO (STC)
  • 1924 Rauf Denktasj, Turkish-Cypriot politician
  • 1924 William van Straubenzee, British MP
  • 1925 Geoffrey Tucker, British political consultant
  • 1925 John Bury, British stage designer who worked with Peter Hall (d. 2000)
  • 1928 Hans Modrow, a German politician, premier of East Germany
  • 1929 Gastón Suárez, Bolivian novelist (d. 1984)
  • 1929 Mohamed Al Fayed, Egyptian business magnate (Harrods), born in Alexandria, Egypt
  • 1929 Richard Du Cann, English lawyer and QC, born in London (d. 1993)
  • 1930 Esteban Edward Torres, American politician (Rep-D-CA, 1983-99), born in Miami, Arizona (d. 2022)
  • 1930 Roger Sims, British MP
  • 1931 Mordecai Richler, Montreal author, (Apprenticeship of Duddy Kravitz)
  • 1931 Nigel Vinson, British Lord and inventor, born in Kent, England
  • 1931 Ronald "Buster" Edwards, British Great Train Robber turned flower-seller, born in London (d. 1994)
  • 1932 Neville Trotter, British MP
  • 1933 Rita Hennessy, matron-in-chief (QARANC)
  • 1934 Donald Spiers, controller (Aircraft MoD)
  • 1934 Edithe Cresson, premier of France (1991-92)
  • 1934 Federico Mayor Zaragoza, UNESCO director (1987- ), born in Barcelona, Spain
  • 1934 Julian Ogilvie Thompson, CEO (De Beers)
  • 1934 Raymond Boudon, French sociologist, born in Paris, France (d. 2013)
  • 1935 Gillian Beer, professor/president (Clare Hall-Cambridge)
  • 1936 Barry C. Barish, American Physicist (Nobel Prize 2017, gravitational waves), born in Omaha, Nebraska
  • 1936 Ismail Kadare, Albanian author/poet (Dimri i Madh)

Samuel C. C. TingSamuel C. C. Ting (86 years old)

1936 American physicist and Nobel Laureate (1976 J/ψ particle), born in Ann Arbor, Michigan

  • 1938 Timothy Elworthy, Captain of The Queen's Flight
  • 1939 N R Bomford, head master (Harrow School)
  • 1940 Brian T O'Leary, astronaut, born in Boston, Massachusetts
  • 1942 Tasuku Honjo, Japanese immunologist (Nobel Prize for medicine 2018), born in Kyoto, Japan
  • 1943 A H Harper, CEO (Baltic Exchange)
  • 1944 Peter Akinola, Nigerian religious leader
  • 1945 Harold Cardinal, Cree political leader (d. 2005)
  • 1945 Mairead Corrigan-Maguire, North Irish peace activist (Nobel 1976)
  • 1947 Vyron Polydoras, Greek politician
  • 1949 Ethan Mordden, American author
  • 1950 Amos Grunebaum, Israeli-born physician
  • 1954 Joko Ninomiya, Japanese martial artist, born in Yawatahama, Ehime, Japan
  • 1954 Peter Laird, American comic-book artist (Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles), born in North Adams, Massachusetts
  • 1955 Alexander Stuart, British author
  • 1955 John G Roberts, 17th Chief Justice of the United States, born in Buffalo, New York
  • 1958 Alan Milburn, British MP
  • 1958 James Grippando, American novelist
  • 1958 Kadri Mälk, Estonian artist and jewelry designer
  • 1959 Göran Hägglund, Swedish politician
  • 1959 Keith Olbermann, American news presenter
  • 1960 Samia Suluhu Hassan, Tanzanian politician (1st female President of Tanzania 2021-), born in Makunduchi, Sultanate of Zanzibar
  • 1961 Narciso Rodriguez, American fashion designer, born in Newark, New Jersey
  • 1970 Carlos Javier Bernardo, Dutch prince