On This Day

Birthdays in History on January 3

Person of interestCicero

106 BC Cicero, Roman statesman and philosopher, born in Arpinum (d. 43 BC)

Roman Statesman & Philosopher Cicero
Roman Statesman & Philosopher
Cicero
  • 1196 Emperor Tsuchimikado of Japan (d. 1231)
  • 1624 William Tucker, 1st African American child born in America
  • 1680 Johann Baptist Zimmermann, German stucco worker
  • 1698 Pietro Metastasio, Italian poet (d. 1782)
  • 1710 Richard Gridley, American Revolutionary soldier (d. 1796)
  • 1719 Francisco José Freire, Portuguese historian (d. 1773)
  • 1722 Fredric Hasselquist, Swedish naturalist (d. 1752)
  • 1730 Charles Palissot de Montenoy, French writer/politician
  • 1760 John Storm, American Revolutionary soldier (d. 1835)
  • 1763 Joseph Fesch, French cardinal/war commission/earl/senator
  • 1777 M A Elisa Bonaparte, Corsican monarch of Lucca/Piombino
  • 1778 Antoni Melchior Fijałkowski, Polish bishop (d. 1861)
  • 1789 Carl Gustav Carus, German physiologist & painter, born in Leipzig, Germany (d. 1869)
  • 1793 Lucretia Coffin Mott, American teacher/minister/abolitionist/feminist
  • 1802 Charles Pelham Villiers, British House of Commons member (d. 1898)

  • 1803 Douglas William Jerrold, author/playwright/wit (Punch Mag), born in London, England
  • 1810 Antoine T. d'Abbadie, French explorer (Ethiopia), born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1897)
  • 1810 Eliza Von Bretton di Zerega, Danish West Indies, baroness
  • 1819 Charles Piazzi Smyth, Astronomer Royal for Scotland (d. 1900)
  • 1829 John G R Acquoy, theologist/church historian
  • 1829 Konrad Duden, German linguist (Der grosse Duden)
  • 1835 Larkin Goldsmith Mead, sculptor
  • 1836 Sakamoto Ryoma, Japanese revolutionary (d. 1867)
  • 1840 Father Joseph Damien de Veuster, Belgian helped lepers in Hawaii
  • 1855 Hubert Bland, English socialist (d. 1914)
  • 1862 Sir Matthew Nathan, British Governor of Queensland and other places (d. 1939)
  • 1868 Franz V M Cumont, Belgian religious historian
  • 1870 Henry Handel Richardson [Ethel Florence Lindesay Richardson], Australian novelist (Richard Mahoney), born in East Melbourne, Australia (d. 1946)
  • 1873 Ichizo Kobayashi, Japanese businessman (d. 1957)
  • 1876 Wilhelm Pieck, co-founder German Communist Party/pres (1949-60)
  • 1879 Grace Anna Goodhue Coolidge, US First Lady (1923-29)
  • 1880 Donat Raymond, Canadian Hockey Hall of Fame builder (head Canadian Arena Company, Montreal Forum rebuilt in 1968) and politician, born in St. Stanislas de Kostka, Quebec (d. 1963)

Person of interestClement Attlee

1883 Clement Attlee, British Prime Minister (L-1945-51), born in Putney, London (d. 1967)

British Prime Minister Clement Attlee
British Prime Minister
Clement Attlee
  • 1884 E. Stanley Jones, American evangelist (Christ of Indian road), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1973)
  • 1886 John G Fletcher, American poet (Epic of Arkansas)

  • 1887 Helen Parkhurst, US educator (Education on the Dalton plan)
  • 1887 August Macke, German painter (d. 1914)
  • 1891 Osip E Mandelstam, Polish/Russian poet/author (Kamenj) [NS=Jan 15]
  • 1893 Pierre Drieu La Rochelle, French novelist/essayist (Gilles)
  • 1896 Joe Falcaro, American bowler (National Match Game champion 1929-33), born in Lawrence, New York (d. 1951)
  • 1900 Dorothy Arnzer, director
  • 1901 Eric Voegelin, German American philosopher (Order & History), born in Cologne, Germany (d. 1985)

Person of interestNgô Đình Diệm

1901 Ngô Đình Diệm, President and authoritarian leader of South Vietnam (1954-63), born in Quảng Bình, French Indochina (d. 1963)

President of South Vietnam Ngô Đình Diệm
President of South Vietnam
Ngô Đình Diệm
  • 1902 Henry Lennox d'Aubigny Hopkinson, diplomat/politician
  • 1903 Charles Foulkes, Canadian general
  • 1905 Dante Giacosa, engineer/designer
  • 1906 Roman Brandstaetter, writer
  • 1910 Thomas Stuart Willan, historian
  • 1911 John Sturges, American director (Old Man & Sea, Magnificent 7)
  • 1912 Renaude Lapointe, Canadian journalist and senator (d. 2002)
  • 1912 Armand Lohikoski, Finnish director (d. 2005)
  • 1915 Jack Levine, American social realist painter, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 2015),
  • 1917 Vernon A. Walters, American diplomat and US permanent rep to the UN (1989-91), born in NYC, New York (d. 2002)
  • 1917 Roger W. Straus, Jr., American publisher (d. 2004)
  • 1922 Morten Nielsen, Danish poet/resistance fighter
  • 1924 Andre Franquin, cartoonist
  • 1924 Henry M Fazzie, South African Union/UDF-leader
  • 1924 Roy Harding, British teacher
  • 1924 Doug Ellis, British entrepreneur
  • 1929 Marilyn Lloyd, (Rep-D-TN, 1975- )
  • 1929 Sergio Leone, Italian director who invented spaghetti westerns (The Man with No Name trilogy), born in Rome, Kingdom of Italy (d. 1989)
  • 1930 Marcel Dubé, Quebec playwright
  • 1932 Anatoli Petrovich Kuklin, Russian cosmonaut
  • 1934 Carla Hills, American lawyer and politician (Secretary of Housing and Urban Development, 1975-77), born in Los Angeles, California
  • 1939 Janice Crosio, Australian politician
  • 1942 John Marsden, Australian lawyer, gay activist (d. 2006)
  • 1944 Blanche d'Alpuget, Australian novelist, biographer and second wife of Bob Hawke
  • 1946 Cissy King, American entertainer
  • 1947 Sergey Filipovich Protchenko, Russian cosmonaut
  • 1949 Sylvia Likens, American torture victim (d. 1965)
  • 1951 Frank Chikane, Secretary-General of South African Council of Churches
  • 1951 Gary Nairn, Australian politician
  • 1954 Ned Lamont, American businessman and politician, Governor of Connecticut (2019-), born in Washington, D.C.
  • 1962 Francesca Lia Block, American author
  • 1963 Alex Wheatle MBE, black British novelist
  • 1975 Thomas Bangalter, French DJ (Daft Punk)
  • 1979 Francesco Bellissimo, Italian mangaka
  • 1980 Liya Kebede, Ethiopian model
  • 1988 Rodrigo de la Cadena, Mexican artist and performer

Person of interestGreta Thunberg

2003 Greta Thunberg, Swedish climate change activist, born in Stockholm, Sweden

Climate Activist Greta Thunberg
Climate Activist
Greta Thunberg