Birthdays in History on January 3

CiceroCicero (106-43 BC)

Roman statesman and philosopher, born in Arpinum

  • 1196 Emperor Tsuchimikado of Japan (d. 1231)
  • 1624 William Tucker, 1st known African American child born in America, born in Jamestown, Virginia [1]
  • 1680 Johann Baptist Zimmermann, German painter and stucco worker, born in Gaispoint, Wessobrunn (d. 1758)
  • 1698 Pietro Metastasio, Italian poet (d. 1782)
  • 1710 Richard Gridley, American Revolutionary soldier (d. 1796)
  • 1719 Francisco José Freire, Portuguese historian (d. 1773)
  • 1722 Fredric Hasselquist, Swedish naturalist (d. 1752)
  • 1730 Charles Palissot de Montenoy, French playwright (Les Tuteurs) satirist and politician, born in Nancy, France (d. 1814)
  • 1760 John Storm, American Revolutionary soldier (d. 1835)
  • 1763 Joseph Fesch, French cardinal, diplomat and art collector (Uncle of Napoleon), born in Ajaccio in Corsica (d. 1839)
  • 1777 Elisa Bonaparte, Corsican sister of Napoleon who appointed her Princess of Lucca and Piombino and Grand Duchess of Tuscany, born in Ajaccio, Corsica (d. 1820)
  • 1778 Antoni Melchior Fijałkowski, Polish bishop (d. 1861)
  • 1789 Carl Gustav Carus, German physiologist & painter, born in Leipzig, Germany (d. 1869)

Lucretia MottLucretia Mott (1793-1880)

American Quaker, abolitionist and women's right activist (1st Woman's Rights Convention), born in Nantucket, Massachusetts

  • 1802 Charles Pelham Villiers, British House of Commons member (d. 1898)
  • 1803 Douglas William Jerrold, English writer, playwright and wit (Punch Mag), born in London, England (d. 1857)
  • 1810 Antoine T. d'Abbadie, French explorer (Ethiopia), born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1897)
  • 1819 Charles Piazzi Smyth, Astronomer Royal for Scotland (d. 1900)
  • 1829 Konrad Duden, German linguist (the Duden dictionary), born in Lackhausen, Rhineland (d. 1911)
  • 1835 Larkin Goldsmith Mead, American sculptor who worked in Florence, born in Chesterfield, New Hampshire (d. 1910)
  • 1836 Sakamoto Ryōma, Japanese samurai and anti shogunate revolutionary, born in Kōchi, Shikoku, Japan (d. 1867)
  • 1840 Saint Damien, [Joseph de Veuster], Belgian priest and missionary who helped lepers in Hawaii, born in Tremelo, Belgium (d. 1889)
  • 1855 Hubert Bland, English socialist (d. 1914)
  • 1862 Sir Matthew Nathan, British Governor of Queensland and other places (d. 1939)
  • 1868 Franz Cumont, Belgian religious historian and archaeologist (cult of Mithra), born in Aalst, Belgium (d. 1947)
  • 1870 Henry Handel Richardson [Ethel Florence Lindesay Richardson], Australian novelist (Richard Mahoney), born in East Melbourne, Australia (d. 1946)
  • 1873 Ichizo Kobayashi, Japanese businessman (d. 1957)
  • 1876 Wilhelm Pieck, German politician (co-founder German Communist Party, President of German DR 1949-60), born in Guben, German Empire (d. 1960)
  • 1879 Grace Anna Goodhue Coolidge, American First Lady (1923-29) wife of Calvin Coolidge, born in Burlington, Vermont (d. 1957)
  • 1880 Donat Raymond, Canadian Hockey Hall of Fame builder (head Canadian Arena Company, Montreal Forum rebuilt in 1968) and politician, born in St. Stanislas de Kostka, Quebec (d. 1963)

Clement AttleeClement Attlee (1883-1967)

British Prime Minister (L-1945-51), born in Putney, London

  • 1884 E. Stanley Jones, American evangelist (Christ of Indian road), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1973)
  • 1886 John Gould Fletcher, American poet (Epic of Arkansas), born in Little Rock, Arkansas (d. 1950)
  • 1887 August Macke, German painter (d. 1914)
  • 1887 Helen Parkhurst, American educator (The Dalton Plan), born in Durand, Wisconsin (d. 1973)
  • 1891 Osip Mandelstam, Polish-Russian poet and author (Kamen), born in Warsaw, Russian Empire (d. 1938) [NS=Jan 15]
  • 1893 Pierre Drieu La Rochelle, French novelist and essayist (Gilles), born in Paris, France (d. 1945)
  • 1896 Joe Falcaro, American bowler (National Match Game champion 1929-33), born in Lawrence, New York (d. 1951)
  • 1901 Eric Voegelin, German American philosopher (Order & History), born in Cologne, Germany (d. 1985)

Ngô Đình DiệmNgô Đình Diệm (1901-1963)

President and authoritarian leader of South Vietnam (1954-63), born in Quảng Bình, French Indochina

  • 1902 Henry Lennox d'Aubigny Hopkinson, British diplomat and Conservative politician (d. 1996)
  • 1903 Charles Foulkes, Canadian general who accepted German WWIII surrender in Netherlands, born in Stockton-on-Tees, England, (d. 1969)
  • 1905 Dante Giacosa, Italian engineer and automobile designer (Fiat), born in Rome, Italy (d. 1996)
  • 1906 Aleksey Stachanov, Russian model miner, born in Lugovaya, Russian Empire (d. 1977)
  • 1906 Roman Brandstaetter, Polish poet, playwright and journalist, born in Tarnów, Poland (d. 1987)
  • 1910 Thomas Stuart Willan, English economic historian (d. 1994)
  • 1911 John Sturges, American film director (Old Man & Sea, Magnificent 7), born in Oak Park, Illinois (d. 1992)
  • 1912 Armand Lohikoski, Finnish director (d. 2005)
  • 1912 Renaude Lapointe, Canadian journalist and senator (d. 2002)
  • 1915 Jack Levine, American social realist painter, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 2010),
  • 1917 Roger W. Straus, Jr., American publisher (d. 2004)
  • 1917 Vernon A. Walters, American diplomat and US permanent rep to the UN (1989-91), born in NYC, New York (d. 2002)
  • 1920 Siegfried Buback, German Federal Prosecutor, born in Wilsdruff, Saxony, Germany (d. 1977)
  • 1922 Morten Nielsen, Danish poet/resistance fighter
  • 1924 Andre Franquin, cartoonist
  • 1924 Doug Ellis, British entrepreneur
  • 1924 Henry M Fazzie, South African Union/UDF-leader
  • 1924 Roy Harding, British teacher
  • 1929 Marilyn Lloyd, American politician (Rep-D-TN, 1975-95), born in Fort Smith, Arkansas (d. 2018)
  • 1929 Sergio Leone, Italian director who invented spaghetti westerns (The Man with No Name trilogy), born in Rome, Kingdom of Italy (d. 1989)
  • 1930 Marcel Dubé, Quebec playwright
  • 1932 Anatoli Petrovich Kuklin, Russian cosmonaut
  • 1934 Carla Hills, American lawyer and politician (Secretary of Housing and Urban Development, 1975-77), born in Los Angeles, California
  • 1939 Janice Crosio, Australian politician
  • 1942 John Marsden, Australian lawyer, and gay rights activist, born in Lismore, Australia (d. 2006)
  • 1942 László Sólyom, Hungarian lawyer (Chief Justice of the Constitutional Court of Hungary, 1990-980) and politician (President of Hungary, 2005-10), born in Pécs, Hungary
  • 1944 Blanche d'Alpuget, Australian novelist, biographer and second wife of Bob Hawke
  • 1946 Cissy King, American entertainer
  • 1947 Sergey Filipovich Protchenko, Russian cosmonaut, born in Senitsky, Bryansk, USSR
  • 1949 Sylvia Likens, American torture victim (d. 1965)
  • 1951 Frank Chikane, Secretary-General of South African Council of Churches
  • 1951 Gary Nairn, Australian politician
  • 1954 Ned Lamont, American businessman and politician, Governor of Connecticut (2019-), born in Washington, D.C.
  • 1961 Lynn Hill, American rock climber (IFSC Climbing World Cup gold 1990), born in Detroit, Michigan
  • 1962 Francesca Lia Block, American author
  • 1963 Alex Wheatle MBE, black British novelist
  • 1971 Shireen Abu Akleh, Palestinian-American journalist (Al Jazeera), born in Jerusalem (d. 2022)
  • 1975 Thomas Bangalter, French DJ (Daft Punk - "Get Lucky"), born in Paris, France
  • 1979 Francesco Bellissimo, Italian mangaka
  • 1980 Liya Kebede, Ethiopian model
  • 1988 Rodrigo de la Cadena, Mexican artist and performer

Greta ThunbergGreta Thunberg (20 years old)

2003 Swedish climate change activist, born in Stockholm, Sweden