Birthdays in History on January 31

  • 36 BC Antonia Minor, daughter of Mark Antony and Octavia Minor (d. 38 AD)
  • 877 Taejo of Goryeo, ruler of Korea (d. 943)
  • 1512 King Henry of Portugal (d. 1580)

Tokugawa IeyasuTokugawa Ieyasu (1543-1616)

Japanese Shogun who founded the first Tokugawa Shogunate and united Japan, born in Okazaki, Japan

  • 1550 Henry I, Duke of Guise, French Catholic leader, (d. 1588)
  • 1597 John Francis Regis, French saint (d. 1640)
  • 1601 Pieter de Bloot, Dutch landscape painter, born in Rotterdam (d. 1658)
  • 1607 James Stanley 7th Earl of Derby, English aristocrat who fought on the Royalist side during English Civil War, born at Knowsley Hall, Merseyside (d. 1651)
  • 1612 Henry Casimir I, Dutch count of Nassau-Dietz and Stadholder of Freisland, born in Arnhem (d. 1640)
  • 1620 Georg Friedrich of Waldeck, Dutch-German prince and Field Marshall (commanded Dutch States Army and German forces), born in Arolsen, County of Waldeck (d. 1692)
  • 1633 Nathaniel Crew, English influential bishop (Bishop of Oxford and Durham), born in Steane, England (d. 1721)
  • 1673 Louis de Montfort, French catholic priest and saint (d. 1716)
  • 1686 Hans Egede, Norwegian Lutheran missionary (d. 1758)
  • 1734 Robert Morris, English-born merchant and American founding father (signed US Declaration of Independence), born in Liverpool, Enhland (d. 1784)
  • 1750 Gerrit J Pijman, Dutch minister of War (1798-1800, 1803-06) (d. 1939) (d. 1839)
  • 1752 Gouverneur Morris, American lawmaker and diplomat (d. 1816)
  • 1778 Franz Anton von Kolowrat-Liebsteinsky, Bohemian and Austrian statesman (Minister-President of Austria 1848), born in Prague (d. 1861)
  • 1802 Jan van Speyk, Dutch naval hero (blew up own gunboat to avoid capture during Belgian Revolution), born in Amsterdam (d. 1831)
  • 1804 Jozsef Bajza, Hungarian poet and critic, born in Szücsi (d. 1858)
  • 1810 Daniel Ruggles, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1897)
  • 1812 John Randolph Tucker, American naval officer (Confederate Navy), born in Alexandria, Virginia (d. 1883)
  • 1813 Samuel Sarphati, Amsterdam, physician, pharmacist and social activist in Amsterdam, born in Amsterdam (d. 1866)
  • 1817 Antony Winkler Prins, Dutch writer (Groiler Encyclopaedia), born in Voorst (d. 1908)
  • 1818 William Raine Peck, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1871)
  • 1820 William B. Washburn, 28th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1887)

James G. BlaineJames G. Blaine (1830-1893)

US Secretary of State (1881 and 1889-92) known as the "Plumed Knight", born in West Brownsville, Pennsylvania

  • 1835 William Charles Lunalilo, Monarch of Hawaii (d. 1874)
  • 1857 George Jackson Churchward, British mechanical engineer (Chief of Great Western Railway Chief, 1902-22), born Stoke Gabriel, Devon, England (d. 1933)
  • 1863 Henri Berr, French philosopher (Revue de synthèse), born in Lunéville, France (d. 1954)
  • 1865 Shastriji Maharaj, Indian spiritual leader (d. 1951)
  • 1865 Tikhon of Moscow [Vasily Ivanovich Bellavin], 11th Patriarch of Moscow and all of Russia, born in Toropets District, Pskov, Russian Empire (d. 1925)
  • 1866 Emil Strauss, German writer (Naked Man) (d. 1960)
  • 1868 Theodore W. Richards, American chemist (1st American to win the Nobel Prize for Chemistry for atomic weights 1914, awarded 1915), born in Germantown, Pennsylvania (d. 1915)
  • 1869 Henri Carton de Wiart, Belgian count and politician (Prime Minister of Belgian 1920-21), born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1951)
  • 1872 Zane Grey, American western novelist (Riders of the Purple Sage), born in Zanesville, Ohio (d. 1939)
  • 1877 Max Ettlinger, German philosopher, born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1929)
  • 1878 Willem van Eysinga, Dutch jurist and diplomat (Paris Peace Conference), born in Noordwijkerhout, Netherlands (d. 1961)
  • 1881 Irving Langmuir, American chemist and engineer (Nobel Prize for Chemistry 1932, invented gas-filled incandescent lamp), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1957)
  • 1881 Joseph Augustine Cushman, American palaentologist, born in Bridgewater, Massachusetts (d. 1949)
  • 1882 Josef van Schaik, Dutch politician and lawyer (Vice-Premier of the Netherlands), (d. 1962)
  • 1884 Theodor Heuss, 1st President of Germany (Bundespräsident) (d. 1963)
  • 1886 Alfonso López Pumarejo, 16th President of Colombia (Liberal: 1934-38 and 1942-46) and statesman (President of UN security council 1948), born in Honda, Colombia (d. 1959)
  • 1890 Adolf Bach, German language professor and sociologist (Deutsche Namenkunde) (d. 1972)
  • 1893 Freya Stark, English explorer and travel writer (The Southern Gates of Arabia), born in Paris, France (d. 1993)
  • 1896 Sofya Yanovskaya, Russian mathematician (d. 1966)
  • 1900 Betty Parsons, American artist and art dealer, born in NYC, New York (d. 1982)
  • 1901 Jan Dieters, Dutch politician and resistance fighter who was the head of the Communist Party of the Netherlands, born in Slochteren (d. 1943)
  • 1901 Marie Luise Kaschnitz, German writer, born in Karlsruhe, Germany (d. 1974)
  • 1902 Alva Myrdal, Swedish sociologist, diplomat and leader of the disarmament movement (Nobel Peace Prize 1982), born in Uppsala, Sweden (d. 1986)
  • 1902 Jean Picart le Doux, French artist and tapestry designer (d. 1982)
  • 1902 Julian Steward, American anthropologist (cultural ecology), born in Washington D. C. (d. 1972)
  • 1902 Salvador Araneta, Filipino lawyer, educator, businessman, and philanthropist, born in Manila, Philippines (d. 1982)
  • 1903 Gardner Cowles Jr., American publisher (Look Magazine)t, born in Algona, Iowa (d. 1985)
  • 1904 Leon Junschlaeger, Dutch sailor, soldier, and head of military intelligence in Dutch Indonesia, born in Maastricht, Netherlands (d. 1956)
  • 1905 Anna Blaman [Johanna P Vrugt], Dutch writer (Wife & Friend), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1960)
  • 1905 John O'Hara, American short story writer and novelist (Appointment in Samarra; Pal Joey; BUtterfield-8), born in Pottsville, Pennsylvania (d. 1970)
  • 1909 Miron Grindea, Romanian-born literary editor (ADAM International Review), born in Târgu Ocna, Moldavia (d. 1995)
  • 1910 Herbert Ashworth, English building society industry leader (Nationwide Building Society) (d. 2000)
  • 1911 Christina Foyle, English book seller (Foyles), born in London, England (d. 1999) [1]
  • 1914 Sri Daya Mata [Rachel Faye Wright,], Hindu religious figure (Self-Realization Fellowship ), born in Salt Lake City, Utah (d. 2010) [1]
  • 1915 Garry Moore [Thomas Garrison Morfit], American radio and TV variety and game show host (I've Got a Secret), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1993)

Thomas MertonThomas Merton (1915-1968)

French-American Catholic writer and Trappist monk (7 Story Mountain), born in Prades, Pyrénées-Orientales, France

  • 1915 William Crosbie, Scottish artist, born in Hankow, China (d. 1999)
  • 1916 Ciro Kroon, Curaçao politician (Premier of Dutch Antilles 1968-69), born in Curaçao (d. 2001)
  • 1916 Violet Cane, British statistician (d. 2008)
  • 1917 Erich Geiringer, New Zealand general practitioner campaigner (founder of the New Zealand Medical Association), born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1995)
  • 1920 Robert Hersant, press baron
  • 1920 Stewart L. Udall, US Secretary of Interior (1961-69), born in St Johns, Arizona
  • 1921 E. Fay Jones, American architect (d. 2004)
  • 1922 Michael Wilford, diplomat

Norman MailerNorman Mailer (1923-2007)

American novelist (Naked & the Dead, The Executioner's Song), born in NYC, New York

  • 1924 Robert Gatehouse, former High Court judge
  • 1925 Benjamin Hooks, American lawyer, Baptist minister, and civil rights leader (NAACP executive director, 1977-92), born in Memphis, Tennessee (d. 2010)
  • 1925 Charles Aidman, American TV narrator (New Twilight Zone), born in Frankfort, Indiana
  • 1925 Fred Catherwood, British politician, Vice President of the European Parliament 1989-1992, born in Castledawson, County Londonderry (d. 2014)
  • 1926 Prunella Briance, founder (National Childbirth Trust)

Lorraine WarrenLorraine Warren (1927-2019)

American paranormal investigator (Amityville haunting), born in Monroe, Connecticut

  • 1928 Eric Ash, rector (Imperial College of Science, Technology & Medicine)
  • 1928 Richard Buckley, royal equerry
  • 1928 Robert Clatworthy, English sculptor, born in Bridgwater, Somerset
  • 1928 S. Newman Darby, American inventor of the sailboard, born in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania (d. 2016)
  • 1929 Rudolf Mössbauer, German physicist, Nobel laureate
  • 1931 Nicholas Gordon Lennox, diplomat
  • 1932 Pieter Brattinga, Dutch graphic artist
  • 1933 Bernardo Provenzano, Mafia Boss (Cosa Nostra), born in Corleone, Sicily (d. 2016)
  • 1933 Joseph D. Early, American politician (Rep-D-MA, 1975-93), born in Worcester, Massachusetts (d. 2012)
  • 1935 Kenzaburo Oe, Japanese novelist (Catch, Personal Matter) who won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1994, born in Ōse, Japan
  • 1937 Andrée Boucher, Canadian politician (mayor of Quebec City), born in Sainte-Foy, Quebec (d. 2007)
  • 1937 Steve Karmen, American jingle writer (I Love NY, This Bud's for You), born in The Bronx, New York
  • 1938 Ajip Rosidi, Indonesian poet/writer (Madjalah Sunda, Pesta)
  • 1938 Beatrix Wilhelmina Armgard, former Queen of the Netherlands (1980-2013), born in Soestdijk Palace, Baarn, Utrecht, Netherlands
  • 1938 James G Watt, Colo, US Secretary of Interior (1981-83)
  • 1941 Eugène Terre'Blanche, South African white supremacist and leader of the far-right Afrikaner Weerstandsbeweging, born in Ventersdorp, Transvaal Province, South Africa (d. 2010)
  • 1941 George S Mickelson, (Gov-SD)
  • 1941 Richard Gephardt, American politician (Rep-D-MO, 1977-2005), born in St. Louis, Missouri
  • 1944 Anton Korteweg, Dutch poet (For the Good Order)
  • 1945 Brenda Hale, Baroness Hale of Richmond, British judge, 1st woman to head UK Supreme Court, born in Leeds, England
  • 1948 Muneo Suzuki, Japanese politician, born in Hokkaido, Japan
  • 1949 Ken Wilber, American philosopher & writer, born in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
  • 1951 Presiley Baxendale, British QC, born in London, England
  • 1952 Nadya Rusheva, Russian painter, born in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia (d. 1969)
  • 1952 Rosanne Musgrave, English headmistress (Blackheath HS)
  • 1956 Trevor Manuel, South African politician, born in Cape Town, South Africa
  • 1960 Grant Morrison, British comic book author, born in Glasgow, United Kingdom
  • 1961 Fatou Bensouda, Gambian lawyer & Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court, born in Banjul, Gambia
  • 1975 Jackie O, Australian radio host, born in Tasmania, Australia
  • 1977 Jim Kleinsasser, American football tight end, born in Carrington, North Dakota
  • 1978 Brad Rutter, American "Jeopardy!" champion, born in Lancaster, Pennsylvania
  • 1978 Ray Shah, Irish Big Brother contestant, born in Dublin, Ireland
  • 1979 Daniel Tammet, British writer & autistic savant, born in Barking, London
  • 1994 Vitalik Buterin, Russian-Canadian computer programmer (co-founder of Ethereum), born in Kolomna, Russia
  • 2001 Ahed Tamimi, Pakistani activist who slapped Israeli officer, born in Nabi Salih, West Bank