Birthdays in History on January 4

  • 1077 Emperor Zhezong of Song Dynasty in China (d. 1100)
  • 1334 Amadeus VI [Green Count], Count of Savoy (d. 1383)
  • 1338 Muhammad V of Granada [al-Ghani bi'llah], Ruler of Granada (1354-59, 1362-91), completed the Alhambra, (d. 1391)
  • 1567 Franciscus Aguilon, Belgian Jesuit physicist, mathematician and architect (book on Optics "Opticorum Libri Sex), born in Brussels (d. 1617)
  • 1579 Willem Teellinck, Dutch pastor and theologist, born in Zierikzee (d. 1629)
  • 1581 James Ussher, Irish Archbishop of Armagh (claimed world began Sunday 23 Oct 4004 BC), born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1656)
  • 1604 Jakob Balde, German poet (Jephthe), born in Ensisheim, Alsace, Further Austria, Habsburg Empire (now France) (d. 1668)

Isaac NewtonIsaac Newton (1643-1727)

English physicist, mathematician and astronomer (Gravity, Laws of Motion), born in Woolsthorpe-by-Colsterworth, England

  • 1664 Lars Roberg, Swedish physician (d. 1742)
  • 1672 Hugh Boulter, Irish Archbishop of Armagh (d. 1742)
  • 1726 Cornelis Ploos van Amstel, Dutch engraver and art collector (d. 1798)
  • 1739 Henrik Constantijn Cras, Dutch lawyer (Laudatio Hugonis Grotii), born in Leiden, Netherlands (d. 1820)
  • 1756 Anne Nagell van Ampsen, Dutch politician and ambassador to England, born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1851)
  • 1772 Paul-Louis Courier, (de Mere), French classical scholar and pamphleteer, born in Paris (d. 1825)

Jacob GrimmJacob Grimm (1785-1863)

German philologist, folklorist and editor of "Grimm's Fairy Tales", born in Hanau, Hesse-Cassel, Holy Roman Empire

  • 1789 Benjamin Lundy, American Quaker abolitionist and philanthropist, born in Hardwick Township, New Jersey (d. 1839)
  • 1797 Wilhelm Beer, German amateur astronomer (constructed 1st Moon map), born in Berlin (d. 1850)

Louis BrailleLouis Braille (1809-1852)

French educator and inventor of a system of reading and writing for the blind, born in Coupvray, France

  • 1813 Alexander Freiherr von Bach, Austrian attorney and politician (Premier of Austria 1852-59), born in Loosdorf, Austria (d. 1893)

Isaac PitmanIsaac Pitman (1813-1897)

English teacher and inventor of Pitman shorthand (Stenographic Soundhand), born in Trowbridge, England

  • 1813 Louis Lucien Bonaparte, English-French philogist and nephew of Napoleon, born in Grimley, England (d. 1891)
  • 1821 John James Peck, American Major General (Union Army), born in Manlius, New York (d. 1878)
  • 1822 Joseph Jones Reynolds, American engineer, educator, and Major General (Union Army), born in Flemingsburg, Kentucky (d. 1899)
  • 1823 Otto van Rees, Dutch Governor-general of Dutch East Indies (1884-88), born in Culemborg, Netherlands (d. 1892)
  • 1823 Peter Joseph Osterhaus, German-American diplomat and Major General (Union Army), born in Koblenz, Germany (d. 1917)
  • 1832 George Tryon, British admiral (d. 1893)
  • 1838 Charles Stratton [General Tom Thumb], famous short person (performed with P. T. Barnum), born in Bridgeport, Connecticut (d. 1883)
  • 1839 Carl Humann, German engineer (d. 1896)
  • 1839 Casimiro de Abreu, Brazil, poet (Meus oito anos), novelist and playwright (Camoes e o jau), born in Casimiro de Abreu, Rio de Janeiro, Empire of Brazil (d. 1860)
  • 1842 Frederic T. Greenhalge, 38th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1896)
  • 1847 Hendrik Goeman Borgesius, Dutch politician (d. 1917)
  • 1848 Katsura Taro, Japanese general and politician (Prime Minister of Japan 1901-1906, 1908-1911, 1912-1913), born in Hagi, Japan (d. 1913)
  • 1872 Edmund Rumpler, Austrian automotive and airplane builder (1st Tatra car), born in Vienna (d. 1940)
  • 1874 Svend Fleuron, Danish writer, born on Good Katrinedal (d. 1966)
  • 1878 Alfred Edgar Coppard, English short story writer (Black Dogs & Other Stories), born in Folkestone, England (d. 1957)
  • 1878 Augustus John, Welsh painter (d. 1961)
  • 1881 Wilhelm Lehmbruck, German painter, poet and sculptor (Seated Youth), born in Meiderich, Germany (d. 1919)
  • 1882 Aristarkh Lentulov, Russian artist, born in Nizhny Lomov, Russia (d. 1943)
  • 1883 Johanna Westerdijk, botanist and Netherlands 1st female professor (Utrecht, 1917-52), born in Nieuwer-Amste, Netherlands (d. 1917)
  • 1883 Max Eastman, American critic/essayist and editor of The Masses (d. 1969)
  • 1890 Mosa Pijade, Yugoslavian communist politician who worked with Tito, born in Belgrade, Serbia (d. 1957)
  • 1891 Edward Brooker, British politician (interim Premier of Tasmania, Dec 1947-Feb 1948), born in London England (d. 1948)
  • 1893 Yone Minagawa, Japanese, became worlds oldest living person January 29, 2007. (d. Aug. 13, 2007)
  • 1894 Manuel de Abreu, Brazilian physician (d. 1962)
  • 1895 Leroy Grumman, American industrialist (d. 1982)
  • 1895 Lourens Baas Becking, Dutch botanist (Baas Becking hypothesis), born in Deventer, Netherlands (d. 1963)
  • 1896 Everett Dirksen, American politician (Sen-R-Ill) (d. 1969)
  • 1900 James Bond, American ornithologist (d. 1989)
  • 1901 C. L. R. James [Cyril Lionel Robert James], Trinidadian historian (The Black Jacobins), journalist, intellectual and socialist, born in Tunapuna, Trinidad (d. 1989) [1]
  • 1902 John McCone, CIA Director (d. 1991)
  • 1910 Arthur Villeneuve, Quebec painter (d. 1990)
  • 1913 Malietoa Tanumafili II, Chief and Head-of-Head of Samoa (1962-2007, born in Samoa (d. 2007))
  • 1914 Mohammed Zahir Shah, last king of Afghanistan (1933-73), born in Kabul, Afghanistan (d. 2007)
  • 1916 Catherina Elisabeth "Tootje" Vreede, portrait painter, born in Terschelling, the Netherlands (d. 1995)
  • 1916 Robert Parrish, American film director (Casino Royale), born in Columbus, Georgia (d. 1995)
  • 1919 Al "Jazzbo" Collins, American DJ (The Tonight Show, America After Dark), born in Rochester, New York (d. 1997)
  • 1919 Havelock Hudson, British underwriter (Lloyd's of London) (d. 1996)
  • 1920 William Egan Colby, CIA director (Nixon)
  • 1924 Sebastian Kappen, Indian theologian (d. 1993)
  • 1927 Paul Desmarais, Canadian businessman
  • 1929 Amitai W Etzioni, US sociologist (Active Society)
  • 1929 Bobby Tulloch, ornithologist
  • 1931 Adi Lady Lala Mara, First Lady of Fiji (d. 2004)
  • 1931 Sir William Deane, Governor-General of Australia 1996-2001
  • 1932 Carlos Saura, Spanish director
  • 1933 Ed Jenkins, American politician (Rep-D-GA, 1977-93), born in Young Harris, Georgia (d. 2012)
  • 1933 Ilia II Catholicos-Patriarch of all Georgia.
  • 1934 Rudolf Schuster, President of Slovakia
  • 1935 Kenneth Money, Canadian scientist and CAF astronaut (STS 42-alt), born in Toronto, Ontario
  • 1940 Brian Josephson, Welsh physicist (Nobel Prize, 1973), born in Cardiff, Wales
  • 1940 Gao Xingjian, Chinese-born French novelist and dramatist, Nobel laureate, years), born in Ganzhou, China
  • 1940 Helmut Jahn, German-American architect who designed the O'Hare United Airlines Terminal and the Thompson Center in Chicago and One Liberty Place in Philadelphia, born in Nuremberg, Germany (d. 2021) [1] [2]
  • 1941 Maureen Reagan, 1st daughter of Ronald Reagan and Jane Wyman, born in Los Angeles, California
  • 1942 Jaber Al-Mubarak Al-Hamad Al-Sabah, Prime Minister of Kuwait (2011-present), born in Kuwait City, Kuwait

Doris Kearns GoodwinDoris Kearns Goodwin (80 years old)

1943 American historian and writer (Team of Rivals, No Ordinary Time), born in Brooklyn, New York

  • 1945 Richard R. Schrock, American chemist, Nobel laureate
  • 1945 Vesa-Matti Loiri, Finnish entertainer
  • 1948 Eugeniusz Wycisło, Polish politician
  • 1959 Yoshitomo Nara, Japanese pop artist
  • 1960 Cory Everson, American body builder (6X Ms Olympia), born in Racine Wisconsin
  • 1963 May-Britt Moser, Norwegian psychologist and neuroscientist (2014 Nobel Prize for Physiology for discovery of place cells), born in Fosnavåg, Norway
  • 1965 Jergus Baca, Liptovsky Mikulas CZE, IHL defenseman (Team Slovakia 98)
  • 1971 Junichi Kakizaki, Japanese artist & sculptor, born in Chikuma, Nagano Prefecture
  • 1977 Dan Shanahan, Irish hurler, born in Lismore, Republic of Ireland
  • 1981 Alicia Garza, American writer and civil rights activist (co-founded #BlackLivesMatter), born in Oakland, California
  • 1988 Nabila Jamshed, Indian writer
  • 1996 Emma Mackey, French-British actress (Maeve Wiley-Sex Education; Death on the Nile; Emily), born in Le Mans, France
  • 2002 Tunisha Sharma, Indian actress (Alibaba - Dastaan-e-Kabul), born in Chandigarh, India (d. 2022)
  • 2003 Jaeden Martell, American actor (Bill Denbrough-It; Knives Out), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania,
  • 2005 Dafne Keen, British-Spanish actress (Laura-Logan; Lyra Belacqua- His Dark Materials), born in Madrid, Spain