Birthdays in History on January 5

  • 1209 Richard, 1st Earl of Cornwall, born in Winchester Castle (d. 1272)
  • 1548 Francisco Suarez, Spanish theologian, born in Granada, Spain (d. 1617)
  • 1587 Xu Xiake, Chinese geographer, born in Jiangsu, China (d. 1641)
  • 1592 Shah Jahan, 5th Mughal Emperor of India (1628-58) who built the Taj Mahal for his beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal, born in Lahore, Mughal Empire (d. 1666)
  • 1614 Archduke Leopold Wilhelm of Austria, born in Wiener Neustadt, Austria (d. 1662)
  • 1666 Guru Gobind Singh, Tenth Guru of Sikhism, founder and General of Khalsa Army, social reformist and poet, born in Patna Sahib (d. 1708)
  • 1696 Giuseppe Galli-Bibiena, Italian architect & painter, born in Parma, Italy (d. 1757)
  • 1717 William Wildman Shute Barrington, British statesman, born in Becket, Massachusetts (d. 1793)
  • 1729 Paulus Constantijn la Fargue, Dutch cartoonist & painter, born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1782)
  • 1759 Jacques Cathelineau, French royalist & army leader, born in Le Pin-en-Mauges, France (d. 1793)
  • 1762 Constanze Mozart, wife of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, born in Zell im Wiesental, Germany (d. 1842)
  • 1769 Jean Baptiste Say, French economist (Political Economics), born in Lyon, France (d. 1832)
  • 1773 Pieter Fontijn, Dutch painter & drawer, born in Dordrecht, Netherlands (d. 1839)
  • 1779 Stephen Decatur, American naval hero (War of 1812), born in Sinepuxent, Maryland (d. 1820)
  • 1779 Zebulon Pike, American brigadier general and explorer (Pike's Peak), born in Lamington, New Jersey (d. 1813)
  • 1806 André Henri Constant van Hasselt, Belgian poet (La Belgium), born in Maastricht, Meuse-Inférieure (d. 1874)
  • 1811 Cyrus Hamlin, American educator/missionary (est Robert College, Turkey), born in Waterford, Maine (d. 1900)
  • 1813 Thomas Neville Waul, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Sumter County, South Carolina (d. 1903)
  • 1822 Joseph Brevard Kershaw, Major General (Confederate Army), born in Camden, South Carolina (d. 1894)
  • 1828 August Valentine Kautz, German-American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Baden, Germany (d. 1895)
  • 1829 Sir Roger Tichborne, missing U.K. heir who was the subject of the longest criminal trial in British history (d. c.1854)
  • 1834 William John Wills, English explorer of Australia, member of the Burke and Wills expedition, born in Totnes, United Kingdom (d. 1861)
  • 1835 Hendrik van Rijgersma, Dutch naturalist & physician, born in Lemmer, Netherlands (d. 1877)
  • 1837 Algernon Charles Swinburne, English poet & writer [or Apr 5], born in London, United Kingdom (d. 1909)
  • 1838 Camille Jordan, French mathematician, born in Lyon, France (d. 1922)
  • 1840 John Doby Kennedy, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Camden, South Carolina (d. 1896)
  • 1846 Rudolf Christoph Eucken, German idealist philosopher (Nobel 1908), born in Aurich, Germany (d. 1926)
  • 1848 Khristo Botev, Bulgarian poet & nationalist revolutionary, born in Kalofer, Bulgaria (d. 1876)
  • 1848 Same Steele, Canadian soldier, born in Purbrook, Canada West (d. 1919)
  • 1850 Theodoor Verstraete, Flemish painter & etcher, born in Ghent, Belgium (d. 1907)

King C. GilletteKing C. Gillette (1855-1932)

American businessman and inventor of inexpensive and disposable safety razor blades, born in Fond du Lac, Wisconsin

  • 1858 Gustaf af Geijerstam, Swedish author (Boken om Lillebror), born in Hed socken (d. 1909)
  • 1859 DeWitt Bristol Brace, inventor (spectrophotometer), born in Wilson, New York (d. 1905)
  • 1865 Julio Garavito Armero, Colombian astronomer, born in Bogotá, Colombia (d. 1920)

Joseph ErlangerJoseph Erlanger (1874-1965)

American physiologist (shock therapy-Nobel 1944), born in San Francisco, California

Konrad AdenauerKonrad Adenauer (1876-1967)

Chancellor of West Germany (CDU: 1949-63), born in Cologne, Germany

  • 1879 Hans Eppinger, Austrian physician, born in Prague, Czech Republic (d. 1946)
  • 1882 Herbert Bayard Swope, U.S. journalist who coined the term "Cold War", born in St. Louis, Missouri (d. 1958)
  • 1885 Humbert Wolfe, Italian-born British poet, born in Milan, Italy (d. 1940)
  • 1893 Paramahansa Yogananda, Indian guru (Autobiography of a Yogi), born in Gorakhpur, India (d. 1952)
  • 1893 Zoltán Böszörmény, Hungarian Nazi politician, born in Budapest, Hungary (d. unknown)
  • 1895 Jeannette Piccard, American high-altitude balloonist & Episcopal priest, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1981)
  • 1896 Hendrik Algra, Dutch teacher, journalist, historian, and politician (ARP), born in Hurdegaryp, Netherlands (d. 1982)
  • 1900 Paula Ludwig, Austrian-German poet, born in Vorarlberg, Austria (d. 1974)
  • 1900 Yves Tanguy, French surrealist painter, born in Paris, France (d. 1955)
  • 1901 Henri Honoré d'Estienne d'Orves, French officer/resistance fighter, born in Verrières-le-Buisson, France (d. 1941)
  • 1901 Mario Scelba, Italian politician (Prime Minister 1954-55), born in Caltagirone, Italy (d. 1991)
  • 1902 Dorothea "Stella" Gibbons, English author (Cold Comfort Farm), born in London, United Kingdom (d. 1989)
  • 1903 Harold Gatty, Australian aviator, navigator with Wiley Post, born in Campbell Town, Australia (d. 1957)
  • 1904 Jeane Dixon [Lydia Pinckert], American celebrity psychic and astrologer (A Gift of Prophecy), born in Medford, Wisconsin (d. 1997)
  • 1906 Kathleen Kenyon, 1st person to place date on remains of Jericho, born in London, United Kingdom (d. 1978)
  • 1907 Anton Ingolic, Slavic author (After Splavih, After Prelomu), born in Spodnja Polskava, Slovenia (d. 1992)
  • 1907 Willi Soukop, sculptor and member of Royal Academy of Arts, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1995)
  • 1909 Simon Harcourt Nowell-Smith, British bibliophile (d. 1996)
  • 1909 Stephen Cole Kleene, American mathematician (Regular Expressions), born in Hartford, Connecticut (d. 1994)
  • 1912 Frank Pace Jr., US Secretary of Army (1950-53), born in Little Rock, Arkansas (d. 1988)
  • 1914 Nicolas de Staël, French-Russian painter, born in Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1955)
  • 1915 Arthur H. Robinson, Canadian-born cartographer, born in Montreal, Quebec (d. 2004)
  • 1915 Mabel Leigh, British potter (Shorter and Son), born in Coatesville, Indiana (d. 1971)
  • 1917 Francis L. Kellogg, U.S. diplomat and prominent socialite, born in NYC, New York (d. 2006)
  • 1921 Friedrich Dürrenmatt, Swiss playwright and novelist (The Physicists, The Visit), born in Konolfingen, Switzerland (d. 1990)
  • 1921 Jean, Grand Duke of Luxembourg, born in Berg Castle, Luxembourg
  • 1922 Admiral Sir Anthony Synnot, Chief of the Australian Defence Force, born in Corowa, Australia (d. 2001)
  • 1923 Harvey Lembeck, American stage and screen actor (The Phil Silvers Show; Stalag 17; Beach Party films), born in Brooklyn, New York City (d. 1982)
  • 1923 Robert L. Bernstein, American publisher (Random House), born in NYC, New York
  • 1924 Dr Gilbert Bogle, Australian scientist who died in the Bogle-Chandler case (1963)
  • 1926 Hosea Williams, American activist, born in Attapulgus, Georgia (d. 2000)
  • 1926 Joshua Benjamin Jeyaretnam, Singaporean opposition leader and former Secretary-General of Singapore's Worker's Party, born in Jaffna, British Ceylon (d. 2008)
  • 1926 William De Witt Snodgrass, American poet under the pseudonym S. S. Gardons, born in Beaver Falls, Pennsylvania (d. 2009)
  • 1928 Qian Qichen, Chinese diplomat and vice premier, born in Tianjin (d. 2017)

Walter MondaleWalter Mondale (1928-2021)

American politician (US Senator from Minnesota (D), 1964-76 ; 42nd Vice President, 1977-81), born in Ceylon, Minnesota

  • 1928 Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, 4th President and 9th Prime Minister of Pakistan, born in Ratodero Taluka, Pakistan (d. 1979)
  • 1930 Edward Galven Givens Jr., Major USAF/astronaut, born in Quanah, Texas (d. 1967)
  • 1931 Joan Coxsedge, Australian politician, born in Ballarat, Australia
  • 1932 Umberto Eco, Italian philosopher & author (Name of the Rose), born in Alessandria, Piedmont (d. 2016)
  • 1935 Nancy Johnson, American politician (Rep-R-CT, 1983-2007), born in Chicago, Illinois

Juan Carlos IJuan Carlos I (85 years old)

1938 King of Spain (1975-2014), born in Rome, Italy

  • 1938 Leo Avery, Abbot of Quarr Abbey, born in Wakefield, United Kingdom (d. 1996)
  • 1938 Ngũgĩ wa Thiong'o, Kenyan writer, born in Kamirithu
  • 1939 Peter Struycken, Dutch artist, born in The Hague, Netherlands
  • 1940 Michael Rose, British army officer, born in British India
  • 1940 Yuri Ershov, Russian mathematician, born in Novosibirsk, Russia
  • 1942 Terenci Moix, Spanish writer, born in Barcelona, Spain (d. 2003)
  • 1947 Mike DeWine, American politician, senator-R-Ohio (1995-2007), Governor of Ohio (2019-), born in Springfield, Ohio
  • 1948 Thom Mooney, American rocker (Nazz), born in Altoona, Pennsylvania
  • 1950 Charlie Richmond, Canadian entrepreneur, born in Pomona, California
  • 1950 Ioan Petru Culianu, Romanian historian, born in Iași, Romania (d. 1991)
  • 1950 John Manley, Canadian politician, born in Ottawa, Canada
  • 1953 George Tenet, American CIA director, born in NYC, New York
  • 1953 Mike Rann, Australian politician, born in Sidcup, United Kingdom
  • 1955 Mamata Banerjee, Indian politician (Chief Minister of West Bengal 2011-), born in Calcutta, India
  • 1956 Chen Kenichi [Ken'ichi Azuma], Japanese celebrity chef, "The Szechuan Sage" (Iron Chef Chinese), born in Tokyo, Japan
  • 1960 Steve Jones, British aviator (Red Bull Air Race World Series)
  • 1978 Sabrina Harman, American military figure and accused torturer, born in Lorton, Virginia
  • 1980 Bennie Joppru, National Football League tight end, born in Dickinson, North Dakota
  • 1982 Janica Kostelić, Croatian skier, born in Zagreb, Croatia
  • 1984 Amanda Hearst, American heiress, born in NYC, New York