Birthdays in History on January 5

  • 1209 Richard, 1st Earl of Cornwall, born in Winchester Castle (d. 1272)
  • 1548 Francisco Suarez, Spanish theologian, born in Granada, Spain (d. 1617)
  • 1587 Xu Xiake, Chinese geographer, born in Jiangsu, China (d. 1641)
  • 1592 Shah Jahan, 5th Mughal Emperor of India (1628-58) who built the Taj Mahal for his beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal, born in Lahore, Mughal Empire (d. 1666)
  • 1614 Archduke Leopold Wilhelm of Austria, born in Wiener Neustadt, Austria (d. 1662)
  • 1666 Guru Gobind Singh, Tenth Guru of Sikhism, founder and General of Khalsa Army, social reformist and poet, born in Patna Sahib (d. 1708)
  • 1696 Giuseppe Galli-Bibiena, Italian architect & painter, born in Parma, Italy (d. 1757)
  • 1717 William Wildman Shute Barrington, British statesman, born in Becket, Massachusetts (d. 1793)
  • 1729 Paulus Constantijn la Fargue, Dutch cartoonist & painter, born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1782)
  • 1759 Jacques Cathelineau, French royalist & army leader, born in Le Pin-en-Mauges, France (d. 1793)
  • 1762 Constanze Mozart, wife of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, born in Zell im Wiesental, Germany (d. 1842)
  • 1769 Jean Baptiste Say, French economist (Political Economics), born in Lyon, France (d. 1832)
  • 1773 Pieter Fontijn, Dutch painter & drawer, born in Dordrecht, Netherlands (d. 1839)
  • 1779 Stephen Decatur, American naval hero (War of 1812), born in Sinepuxent, Maryland (d. 1820)
  • 1779 Zebulon Pike, American brigadier general and explorer (Pike's Peak), born in Lamington, New Jersey (d. 1813)
  • 1806 André Henri Constant van Hasselt, Belgian poet (La Belgium), born in Maastricht, Meuse-Inférieure (d. 1874)

  • 1811 Cyrus Hamlin, American educator/missionary (est Robert College, Turkey), born in Waterford, Maine (d. 1900)
  • 1813 Thomas Neville Waul, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Sumter County, South Carolina (d. 1903)
  • 1822 Joseph Brevard Kershaw, Major General (Confederate Army), born in Camden, South Carolina (d. 1894)
  • 1828 August Valentine Kautz, German-American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Baden, Germany (d. 1895)
  • 1829 Sir Roger Tichborne, missing U.K. heir who was the subject of the longest criminal trial in British history (d. c.1854)
  • 1834 William John Wills, English explorer of Australia, member of the Burke and Wills expedition, born in Totnes, United Kingdom (d. 1861)
  • 1835 Hendrik van Rijgersma, Dutch naturalist & physician, born in Lemmer, Netherlands (d. 1877)
  • 1837 Algernon Charles Swinburne, English poet & writer [or Apr 5], born in London, United Kingdom (d. 1909)
  • 1838 Camille Jordan, French mathematician, born in Lyon, France (d. 1922)
  • 1840 John Doby Kennedy, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Camden, South Carolina (d. 1896)
  • 1846 Rudolf Christoph Eucken, German Idealist philosopher (Nobel 1908), born in Aurich, Germany (d. 1926)
  • 1848 Khristo Botev, Bulgarian poet & nationalist revolutionary, born in Kalofer, Bulgaria (d. 1876)
  • 1848 Same Steele, Canadian soldier, born in Purbrook, Canada West (d. 1919)
  • 1850 Theodoor Verstraete, Flemish painter & etcher, born in Ghent, Belgium

Person of interestKing C. Gillette

1855 King C. Gillette, American businessman and inventor of inexpensive and disposable safety razor blades, born in Fond du Lac, Wisconsin (d. 1932)

Businessman and Inventor King C. Gillette
Businessman and Inventor
King C. Gillette
  • 1858 Gustaf af Geijerstam, Swedish author (Boken om Lillebror), born in Hed socken (d. 1909)
  • 1859 DeWitt Bristol Brace, inventor (spectrophotometer), born in Wilson, New York (d. 1905)
  • 1865 Julio Garavito Armero, Colombian astronomer, born in Bogotá, Colombia (d. 1920)

Person of interestJoseph Erlanger

1874 Joseph Erlanger, American physiologist (shock therapy-Nobel 1944), born in San Francisco, California (d. 1965)

Physiologist Joseph Erlanger
Physiologist
Joseph Erlanger

Person of interestKonrad Adenauer

1876 Konrad Adenauer, chancellor of Germany (BRD, 1949), born in Cologne, Germany (d. 1967)

Chancellor of West Germany Konrad Adenauer
Chancellor of West Germany
Konrad Adenauer
  • 1879 Hans Eppinger, Austrian physician, born in Prague, Czech Republic (d. 1946)
  • 1882 Herbert Bayard Swope, U.S. journalist who coined the term "Cold War", born in St. Louis, Missouri (d. 1958)
  • 1885 Humbert Wolfe, Italian-born British poet, born in Milan, Italy (d. 1940)
  • 1893 Zoltán Böszörmény, Hungarian Nazi politician, born in Budapest, Hungary (d. unknown)
  • 1893 Paramahansa Yogananda, Indian guru (Autobiography of a Yogi), born in Gorakhpur, India (d. 1952)

  • 1895 Jeannette Piccard, American high-altitude balloonist & Episcopal priest, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1981)
  • 1896 Hendrik Algra, Dutch teacher, journalist, historian, and politician (ARP), born in Hurdegaryp, Netherlands (d. 1982)
  • 1900 Paula Ludwig, Austrian-German poet, born in Vorarlberg, Austria (d. 1974)
  • 1900 Yves Tanguy, French surrealist painter, born in Paris, France (d. 1955)
  • 1901 Henri Honoré d'Estienne d'Orves, French officer/resistance fighter, born in Verrières-le-Buisson, France (d. 1941)
  • 1901 Mario Scelba, Italian politician (Prime Minister 1954-55), born in Caltagirone, Italy (d. 1991)
  • 1902 Dorothea "Stella" Gibbons, English author (Cold Comfort Farm), born in London, United Kingdom (d. 1989)
  • 1903 Harold Gatty, Australian aviator, navigator with Wiley Post, born in Campbell Town, Australia (d. 1957)
  • 1904 Jeane Dixon, American astrologer "A Gift of Prophecy", born in Medford, Wisconsin (d. 1997)
  • 1906 Kathleen Kenyon, 1st person to place date on remains of Jericho, born in London, United Kingdom (d. 1978)
  • 1907 Anton Ingolic, Slavic author (After Splavih, After Prelomu), born in Spodnja Polskava, Slovenia (d. 1992)
  • 1907 Willi Soukop, sculptor and member of Royal Academy of Arts, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1995)
  • 1909 Simon Harcourt Nowell-Smith, bibliophile
  • 1909 Stephen Cole Kleene, American mathematician (Regular Expressions), born in Hartford, Connecticut (d. 1994)
  • 1912 Frank Pace Jr., US Secretary of Army (1950-53), born in Little Rock, Arkansas (d. 1988)
  • 1914 Nicolas de Staël, French-Russian painter, born in Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1955)
  • 1915 Mabel Leigh, British potter (Shorter and Son), born in Coatesville, Indiana (d. 1971)
  • 1915 Arthur H. Robinson, Canadian-born cartographer, born in Montreal, Canada (d. 2004)
  • 1917 Francis L. Kellogg, U.S. diplomat and prominent socialite, born in New York City, New York (d. 2006)
  • 1919 Severino Gazzelloni, Italian flautist, born in Roccasecca, Italy (d. 1992)
  • 1921 Jean, Grand Duke of Luxembourg, born in Berg Castle, Luxembourg
  • 1921 Friedrich Dürrenmatt, Swiss playwright and novelist (The Physicists, The Visit), born in Konolfingen, Switzerland (d. 1990)
  • 1922 Admiral Sir Anthony Synnot, Chief of the Australian Defence Force, born in Corowa, Australia (d. 2001)
  • 1923 Robert L. Bernstein, American publisher (Random House), born in NYC, New York
  • 1924 Dr Gilbert Bogle, Australian scientist who died in the Bogle-Chandler case (1963)
  • 1926 Hosea Williams, American activist, born in Attapulgus, Georgia (d. 2000)
  • 1926 William De Witt Snodgrass, American poet, born in Beaver Falls, Pennsylvania (d. 2009)
  • 1928 Walter Fritz Mondale, American politician (Sen-D-Minn)/42nd VP (1977-81), born in Ceylon, Minnesota
  • 1928 Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, 4th President and 9th Prime Minister of Pakistan, born in Ratodero Taluka, Pakistan (d. 1979)
  • 1928 Qian Qichen, Chinese diplomat and vice premier, born in Tianjin (d. 2017)
  • 1930 Edward Galven Givens Jr., Major USAF/astronaut, born in Quanah, Texas (d. 1967)
  • 1931 Joan Coxsedge, Australian politician, born in Ballarat, Australia
  • 1932 Umberto Eco, Italian philosopher and author (Name of the Rose), born in Alessandria, Piedmont (d. 2016)
  • 1935 Nancy L. Johnson, American politician (Rep-R-CT, 1983- ), born in Chicago, Illinois

Person of interestJuan Carlos I

1938 Juan Carlos I [Juan Carlos Alfonso Víctor María de Borbón y Borbón-Dos Sicilias], King of Spain (1975-2014), born in Rome, Italy

King of Spain Juan Carlos I
King of Spain
Juan Carlos I
  • 1938 Leo Avery, Abbot of Quarr Abbey, born in Wakefield, United Kingdom (d. 1996)
  • 1938 Ngũgĩ wa Thiong'o, Kenyan writer, born in Kamirithu
  • 1939 Peter Struycken, Dutch artist, born in The Hague, Netherlands
  • 1940 Yuri Ershov, Russian mathematician, born in Novosibirsk, Russia
  • 1940 Michael Rose, British army officer, born in British India
  • 1942 Terenci Moix, Spanish writer, born in Barcelona, Spain (d. 2003)
  • 1947 Mike DeWine, American politician (Ohio senator (R) 1995-2007, Governor 2019-present), born in Springfield, Ohio
  • 1948 Thom Mooney, American rocker (Nazz), born in Altoona, Pennsylvania
  • 1950 Ioan Petru Culianu, Romanian historian, born in Iași, Romania (d. 1991)
  • 1950 John Manley, Canadian politician, born in Ottawa, Canada
  • 1950 Charlie Richmond, Canadian entrepreneur, born in Pomona, California
  • 1953 Mike Rann, Australian politician, born in Sidcup, United Kingdom
  • 1953 George Tenet, American CIA director, born in New York City, New York
  • 1956 Chen Kenichi, Japanese-born chef, born in Tokyo, Japan
  • 1978 Sabrina Harman, American military figure and accused torturer, born in Lorton, Virginia
  • 1980 Bennie Joppru, National Football League tight end, born in Dickinson, North Dakota
  • 1982 Janica Kostelić, Croatian skier, born in Zagreb, Croatia
  • 1984 Amanda Hearst, American heiress, born in New York City, New York