Birthdays in History on January 6

  • 1367 Richard II, King of England (1377-99), born in Bordeaux, France (d. 1400)
  • 1488 Helius Eobanus Hessus, German poet (Silvae), born in Haina, Germany (d. 1540)
  • 1525 Caspar Peucer, German reformer, born in Bautzen, Germany (d. 1602)
  • 1561 Thomas Fincke, Danish mathematician, born in Flensburg, Germany (d. 1656)

Person of interestJohn Smith

1580 John Smith, English explorer (Chesapeake Bay, New England) and leader of the Virginia Colony (Jamestown), born in Lincolnshire, England (d. 1861)

Explorer John Smith
Explorer
John Smith
  • 1585 Claude Favre de Vaugelas, Savoyard grammarian, born in Meximieux, Duchy of Savoy (d. 1650)
  • 1587 Gaspar de Guzman, Count of Olivares, Premier of Spain (1621-43), born in Rome, Italy (d. 1645)
  • 1595 Claude Favre de Vaugelas, French man of letters, born in Bourg-en-Bresse, France (d. 1650)
  • 1602 Carl von Rabenhaupt, Bohemian Hussite nobleman, born in Bohemia (d. 1675)
  • 1617 Christoffer Gabel, Danish statesman, born in Glückstadt, Denmark (d. 1673)
  • 1655 Eleonore-Magdalena of Neuburg, Holy Roman Empire Empress, born in Düsseldorf, Germany (d. 1720)
  • 1655 Jakob Bernoulli, Swiss mathematician, born in Basel, Switzerland (d. 1705)
  • 1714 Percivall Pott, English physician, born in London, United Kingdom (d. 1788)
  • 1728 Domingos dos Reis Quita, Portuguese playwright & poet, born in Lisbon, Portugal (d. 1770)
  • 1732 Matija A Reljkovic, Habsburg military officer & Croatian writer (Satir iliti divji covic), born in Davor, Croatia (d. 1798)
  • 1745 Jacques-Étienne Montgolfier, Annonay, Ardèche, French inventors and 1st pioneer balloonist (Montgolfière-style hot air balloon)

  • 1776 Ferdinand von Schill, Prussian officer & rebel, born in Bannewitz, Germany (d. 1809)
  • 1793 James Madison Porter, American politician, born in Norristown, Pennsylvania (d. 1862)
  • 1795 Anselme Payen, French chemist, born in Paris, France (d. 1871)
  • 1799 Jedediah Smith, American fur trader & explorer, born in Tioga County, New York (d. 1831)
  • 1800 Willem A. Schimmelpenninck van der Oye, Dutch politician, born in Doesburg, Netherlands (d. 1872)
  • 1802 Ion Heliade-Radulescu, Romanian writer (Gramatica), born in Târgoviște, Romania (d. 1872)
  • 1807 Joseph Holt, American lawyer, politician and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Breckinridge County, Kentucky (d. 1894)
  • 1807 Jozef Maximilián Petzval, Slovak inventor, born in Spišská Belá, Slovakia (d. 1891)
  • 1808 Joseph Pitty Couthouy, American naval officer, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1864)
  • 1811 Charles Sumner, American leading Reconstruction senator, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1874)
  • 1812 Melchora Aquino, Filipino revolutionary hero, born in Caloocan, Philippines (d. 1919)
  • 1819 Baldassare Verazzi, Italian painter, born in Caprezzo, Italy (d. 1886)

Person of interestHeinrich Schliemann

1822 Heinrich Schliemann, German archaeologist who rediscovered Troy, born in Neubukow, Mecklenburg-Schwerin, German Confederation (d. 1890

Archaeologist Heinrich Schliemann
Archaeologist
Heinrich Schliemann
  • 1826 Herman Grimm, German writer & novelist (Ralph Waldo Emerson), born in Kassel, Hesse (d. 1901)
  • 1827 John Calvin Brown, Major General (Confederate Army), born in Giles County, Tennessee (d. 1889)
  • 1827 John Wesley Frazer, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Hardin County, Tennessee (d. 1906)
  • 1832 Gustave Doré, French painter and sculptor, born in Strasbourg, France (d. 1883)
  • 1842 Clarence King, American geologist & mountaineer, born in Newport, Rhode Island (d. 1901)
  • 1850 Eduard "Ede" Bernstein, German Marxist (New Era)
  • 1854 Sherlock Holmes, Mycroft, fictional detective (via Arthur Conan Doyle)
  • 1857 Hugh Mahon, Irish-born Australian politician, born in Killurin, Republic of Ireland (d. 1931)
  • 1857 William E. Russell, 37th Governor of Massachusetts, born in Cambridge, Massachusetts (d. 1896)
  • 1859 Samuel Alexander, English philosopher (Moral order & progress), born in Sydney, Australia (d. 1938)
  • 1861 George Exton Lloyd, Anglican bishop and theologian, born in London, United Kingdom (d. 1940)
  • 1870 Gustav Bauer, Chancellor of Germany, born in Ozyorsk, Russia (d. 1944)

  • 1878 Carl Sandburg, American poet & biographer of Lincoln (The People, Yes), born in Galesburg, Illinois (d. 1967)
  • 1882 Samuel Rayburn, American politician (Rep-D-Tx), born in Kingston, Tennessee (d. 1961)
  • 1882 Aleksandra Ekster, Russian painter, born in Białystok, Poland (d. 1949)
  • 1882 Fan S. Noli, Albanian bishop, born in İbriktepe, Turkey (d. 1965)
  • 1883 Khalil Gibran, Lebanese mystic & poet (The Prophet, Broken Wings), born in Bsharri, Lebanon (d. 1931)
  • 1889 Alan M Bateman, Canadian geologist (Yale professor), born in Kingston, Canada
  • 1896 Abram Nicholas Pritzker, American businessman (Hyatt Hotels, McCall's magazine), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1986)
  • 1896 Freerk Siemon Wolters, Dutch resistance fighter, born in Zuidwolde, Netherlands (d. 1945)
  • 1898 Jan Filip Boon, Flemish journalist & editor (De Standaard 1929-39), born in Halle, Belgium (d. 1960)
  • 1898 Charles E. Pont, French-born Swiss-American artist, born in Saint-Julien-en-Genevois, France (d. 1971)
  • 1900 Queen Maria of Yugoslavia [Maria of Romania], Queen consort of Yugoslavia (1922-34), born in Gotha, German Empire (d. 1961)
  • 1902 Helmut Poppendick, Nazi physician, born in Hude, Germany (d. 1994)
  • 1905 Eric Frank Russell, British sci-fi author (Hugo, Deep Space, Dark Tides), born in Sandhurst, Berkshire (d. 1978)
  • 1906 Benedict Vilakazi, South African Zulu poet & educator (Zulu-English Dictionary), born in KwaDukuza, Natal (d. 1947)
  • 1906 Jaap Wagemaker, Dutch sculptor, born in Haarlem, Netherlands (d. 1972)
  • 1907 David Fleay, Australian naturalist, born in Ballarat, Victoria (d. 1993)
  • 1909 Joop Moesman, Dutch surrealist painter (Rumor), born in Utrecht, Netherlands (d. 1988)
  • 1910 Wright Morris, American novelist & photographer, born in Central City, Nebraska (d. 1998)
  • 1911 Eduardo Frei Montalva, Chilean political leader (President 1964-70), born in Santiago, Chile (d. 1982)
  • 1912 Jacques Cesar Ellul, French philosopher & sociologist, born in Bordeaux, France (d. 1994)
  • 1913 Edward Gierek, Polish communist politician, born in Porąbka, Poland (d. 2001)
  • 1915 Alan Watts, British-American philosopher (Book on the Taboo), born in Chislehurst, United Kingdom (d. 1973)
  • 1915 Don Edwards, American politician and civil rights champion (Rep-D-CA, 1963-94), born in San Jose, California (d. 2015)
  • 1915 John C. Lilly, U.S. psychoanalyst & writer, born in Saint Paul, Minnesota (d. 2001)
  • 1916 Vincent Serventy, Australian writer and conservationist, born in Armadale, Australia (d. 2007)
  • 1917 Koo Chen-fu, Taiwanese businessman & diplomat, born in Taichung, Taiwan (d. 2005)
  • 1920 Doris Stokes, British psychic medium, born in Grantham, United Kingdom (d. 1987)
  • 1920 John Maynard Smith, English biologist, born in London, United Kingdom (d. 2004)
  • 1921 Lou Harris, American pollster (Lou Harris Poll), born in New Haven, Connecticut (d. 2016)
  • 1923 Leah Chase, New Orleans chef & author, born in New Orleans, Louisiana
  • 1923 Jacobo Timerman, Soviet-born Argentine writer, born in the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (d. 1999)
  • 1925 John Z. DeLorean, American automaker (DeLorean), born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 2005)
  • 1926 Kim Dae-jung, President of South Korea and Nobel laureate, born in Hauido, South Korea (d. 2009)
  • 1927 Jesse Leonard Steinfeld, 11th US Surgeon General (1969-73), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 2014)
  • 1928 George H. Ross, American businessman, born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1929 Babrak Karmal, Afghani politician installed as President after Soviet invasion, born in Afghanistan (d. 1996)
  • 1930 Denis Pitts, English journalist
  • 1931 E. L. Doctorow, American author (Ragtime, Billy Bathgate), born in The Bronx, New York (d. 2015)
  • 1932 Stuart A. Rice, American chemist, born in New York City, New York
  • 1933 Fred L. Turner, American businessman (CEO of McDonalds, 1977-2004), born in Des Moines, Iowa (d. 2013)
  • 1934 Harry M. Miller, Australian entrepreneur, born in Auckland, New Zealand (d. 2018)
  • 1934 Tassos Papadopoulos, Cypriot politician & barrister (President, 2003–2008), born in Nicosia, Cyprus (d. 2008)
  • 1935 Margarita Gomez-Acebo y Cejuela, Tsaritsa of Bulgaria, born in Madrid, Spain
  • 1936 Julio Maria Sanguinetti Cairolo, Uruguayan politician (President, 1985-90, 95- ), born in Montevideo, Uruguay
  • 1938 Prof Adrienne Clarke, Australian botanist, born in Melbourne, Australia
  • 1938 Mario Rodríguez Cobos (aka Silo), Argentine writer and spiritual leader, born in Mendoza, Argentina (d. 2010)
  • 1940 Ed Zschau, American politician (Rep-R-CA, 1983- ), born in Omaha, Nebraska
  • 1940 Laudir de Oliveira, Brazilian percussionist (Chicago), born in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (d. 2017)
  • 1940 Penny Lernoux, American journalist, born in California (d. 1989)
  • 1943 Osvaldo Soriano, Argentine journalist & writer, born in Mar del Plata, Argentina (d. 1997)
  • 1944 Henry Kravis, American businessman & author (The Money Machine), born in Tulsa, Oklahoma
  • 1944 Rolf M. Zinkernagel, Swiss immunologist & Nobel laureate, born in Riehen, Switzerland
  • 1945 Barry Lopez, American author (Of Wolves & Men), born in Port Chester, New York
  • 1945 Allen Appel, American novelist, born in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania
  • 1948 Guy Gardner, US Air Force officer & astronaut (STS 27, STS 35), born in Altavista, Virginia
  • 1948 Bob Wise, American politician (Rep-D-WV, 1983- ), born in Washington, D.C.
  • 1950 Louis Freeh, American attorney & FBI director, born in Jersey City, New Jersey
  • 1954 Hans Robert Hiegel, German architect, born in Kaiserslautern, Germany
  • 1954 Yuji Horii, Japanese video game designer, born in Sumoto, Hyōgo, Japan
  • 1957 Michael Foale, Louth England, astronaut (STS 45, 56, 63, 84/86), born in Louth, United Kingdom
  • 1963 Philippe Perrin, French test pilot, born in Meknes, Morocco
  • 1964 Anthony Scaramucci, American financier and White House Communications Director (2017-), born in Long Island, New York
  • 1965 Bjorn Lomborg, Danish mathematician, born in Frederiksberg, Denmark
  • 1965 Muhammed al-Ahari, American Muslim writer
  • 1975 Yukana, Japanese voicer actress & singer, born in Futtsu, Japan
  • 1975 Jason King, English radio DJ (Radio 1), born in Tenbury Wells, United Kingdom
  • 1989 Baby lion-tailed macaques, at Woodland Park Zoo (Seattle)