Birthdays in History on January 7

  • 891 Abd al-Rahman III, Umayyad Emir (912-29) and 1st Caliph of Córdoba (929-961) [birthdate disputed], born in Córdoba (d. 961)
  • 1355 Thomas of Woodstock, 1st Duke of Gloucester, son of Edward III of England (d. 1397)

Gregory XIIIGregory XIII (1502-1585)

Italian pope (1572-85) who introduced the Gregorian (New Style) calendar in 1582, born in Bologna, Papal States

  • 1528 Jeanne d'Albret, Queen of Navarre (1555-72), mother of French King Henry IV (d. 1572)
  • 1539 Sebastian de Covarrubias Horozco, Spanish lexicographer (Treasury of Castilian or Spanish Language) (d. 1613)
  • 1611 James Harrington, English author and political theorist of classical republicanism (The Commonwealth of Oceana), born in Upton, England (d. 1677)
  • 1647 Wilhelm Ludwig, Duke of Württemberg (d. 1677)
  • 1652 Pavao Vitezovic, Croatia, writer and historian, born in Senj, Hapsburg Empire (d. 1713)
  • 1653 Bernhard Albinus, German-Dutch court-physician (Frederick of Prussia), born in Dessau (d. 1721)
  • 1685 Gerard George Clifford, Dutch director of East India Company and plant collector (grew 1st banana indoors) (d. 1760)
  • 1685 Jonas Alströmer, Swedish industrialist (d. 1761)
  • 1706 Johann Heinrich Zedler, German publisher (d. 1751)
  • 1718 Israel Putnam, American Revolutionary War general (d. 1790)
  • 1745 Johann Christian Fabricius, Danish Entomologist (named nearly 10,000 species), born in Tønder, Duchy of Schleswig (d. 1808)
  • 1755 Stephen Groombridge, English Astronomer (Catalogue of Circumpolar Stars), born in Goudhurst, Kent (d. 1832)
  • 1768 Joseph Bonaparte, French King of Naples and Spain, brother of Napoleon, born in Corte, Corsica (d. 1844)
  • 1786 John Catron, American Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court, born in Pennsylvania (d. 1865)
  • 1796 Charlotte Augusta of Wales, British princess and only legitimate grandchild of George III, born in London (d. 1817)
  • 1799 Daniel Tyler, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Brooklyn, Connecticut (d. 1882)

Millard FillmoreMillard Fillmore (1800-1874)

13th President of the United States (Whig: 1850-53), born in Moravia, New York

  • 1808 Jacob Ammen, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Fincastle, Virginia (d. 1894)
  • 1813 Ann Rutledge, said to be Abraham Lincoln's true love, born in Henderson, Kentucky (d. 1835)
  • 1816 Stephen Miller, American politician (Governor of Minnesota) Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Perry County, Pennsylvania (d. 1881)
  • 1821 Lucius Jeremiah Gartrell, American politician and Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Washington, Georgia (d. 1891)
  • 1824 James Morrison Hawes, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Lexington, Kentucky (d. 1889)
  • 1827 Sir Sandford Fleming, Scottish-Canadian engineer; introduced Universal Standard Time (d. 1915)
  • 1830 Albert Bierstadt, German-American painter (landscapes of the American West), born in Solingen, Prussia (d. 1902)
  • 1830 [Samuel] Emerson Opdycke, American businessman and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Hubbard, Ohio (d. 1884)
  • 1831 Heinrich von Stephan, German Director of the Post service who introduced the telephone to Germany, born in Stolp, Pomerania, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1897)
  • 1832 James Munro, Scottish-born Australian politician (Premier of Victoria 1890-92), born in Armadale, Scotland (d. 1908)
  • 1833 Henry Enfield Roscoe, English chemist (vanadium and photochemistry), born in London (d. 1915)
  • 1834 Johann Philipp Reis, German physicist and inventor (Reis telephone.), born in Gelnhausen, (d. 1874)
  • 1844 St Bernadette of Lourdes [Marie-Bernarde Soubirous], French saint and visionary (her visions led to establishment of Shrine of Lourdes), born in Lourdes, France (d. 1879)
  • 1845 Ludwig III, the last king of Bavaria (1913-18), born in Munich, Bavaria (d. 1921)
  • 1845 Paul Deussen, German philosopher (Schopenhauer-Gesellschaft), born in Oberdreis, Germany (d. 1919)
  • 1858 Eliezer Ben-Yehuda, key figure in the revival of Hebrew as a spoken language (d. 1922)
  • 1868 Mark Lidzbarski, Polish-German philologist, born in Płock, Russian Empire (d. 1928)
  • 1870 Gordon Hewart, British judge "Not only must Justice be done; it must also be seen to be done" (Lord Chief Justice 1922-40), born in Bury, England (d. 1943)
  • 1871 Émile Borel, French mathematician and politician (d. 1956)
  • 1877 Johan Buziau, Dutch cabaret performer, and clown (1 great dog), born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1958)
  • 1883 Andrew Browne Cunningham, Irish British admiral (First Sea Lord of the Admiralty 1943-46), born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1963)
  • 1890 Henny Porten, German silent screen star (Deception), born in Magdeburg, Germany (d. 1960)
  • 1891 Zora Neale Hurston, American writer (Their Eyes Were Watching God), born in Notasulga, Alabama (d. 1960)

Hudson FyshHudson Fysh (1895-1974)

Australian aviator, businessman and co-founder of QANTAS, born in Launceston, Tasmania

  • 1895 Marie-Dominique Chenu, French Roman Catholic theologist, born in Soisy-sur-Seine, Essonne (d. 1990)
  • 1903 Albrecht Haushofer, German geographer and writer, born in Munich, Germany (d. 1903)
  • 1909 Thalassa Cruso, English-American gardening expert (The Mike Douglas Show; The Tonight Show), born in London (d. 1997)
  • 1910 Alain de Rothschild, French banker (Banque Rothschild), born in Paris, France (d. 1982)
  • 1910 Faiz Ahmed Faiz, Pakistani poet (d. 1984)
  • 1910 Orval Faubus, American politician, Governor of Arkansas (d. 1994)
  • 1912 Charles Addams, American artist and cartoonist (New Yorker, The Addams Family) known for darkly humorous and macabre characters, born in Westfield, New Jersey (d. 1988)
  • 1915 Herman Musaph, Dutch Holocaust survivor, psychiatrist and sexologist (NVSH), born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1992)
  • 1916 Elena Ceausescu, wife of Romania's Communist dictator Nicolae Ceaușescu (d. 1989)
  • 1918 Alessadro Natta, Italian political leader (Communist Party), born in Imperia, Italy (d. 2001)
  • 1918 Irene Vorrink, Dutch politician (Minister of Health), born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1996)
  • 1920 Albert Meltzer, British anarchist (Anarchist Black Flag), born in London, England (d. 1996)
  • 1920 Lionel Alexander Bethune [Alastair] Pilkington, British engineer/Industrialist (float glass), born in Calcutta, India (d. 1995)
  • 1923 Hugh Kenner, Canadian literary critic (d. 2003)
  • 1924 Roloff Beny, Canadian painter and photographer (A Time of Gods), born in Medicine Hat, Alberta (d. 1984)
  • 1925 Gerald Durrell, British naturalist, zoologist and writer (My Family and other Animals), born in Jamshedpur, British India (d. 1995)
  • 1926 Kim Jong-pil, South Korean Prime Minister (1971-75, 1998-2000) and founder of the Korean Central Intelligence Agency (now the National Intelligence Service), born in Buyeo County, Japanese Korea (d. 2018)
  • 1931 Mack Mattingly, American diplomat and politician (Sen-R-Georgia, 1981-86), born in Anderson, Indiana
  • 1934 Jean Corbeil, Canadian politician (d. 2002)
  • 1935 Valery Kubasov, Soviet-Russian cosmonaut (Soyuz 6, 19, 36/35) who performed the 1st welding experiments in space, born in Vyazniki, Russia, Soviet Union (d. 2014)
  • 1936 Ben Cropp, Australian shark hunter and photographer, born in Buka Island, Papua New Guinea
  • 1938 Jasperina de Jong, Dutch cabaret performer (Jan Rao en z'n Maat)
  • 1938 Roland Topor, French illustrator (d. 1997)
  • 1939 Prince Michael of Greece and Denmark, born in Rome, Kingdom of Italy
  • 1941 Ann Hills, British journalist (d. 1997)
  • 1941 Frederick Drew Gregory, American Colonel USAF/astronaut (STS 51-B, 33, 44), born in Washington, D.C.
  • 1941 John Walker, English chemist (1997 Nobel Prize for Chemistry for adenosine triphosphate), born in Halifax, England
  • 1943 Sadako Sasaki, Japanese child hibakusha (victim of the Hiroshima atomic bomb), born in Hiroshima, Japan (d. 1955)
  • 1944 Ad Nijhuis, Dutch politician (VVD), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands
  • 1944 Tony Whitlam, Australian lawyer & judge, born in Sydney, Australia
  • 1945 Dick Marty, Swiss politician & prosecutor, born in Sorengo, Switzerland
  • 1945 Raila Odinga, Kenyan politician, Prime Minister of Kenya (2008-2013), born in Maseno, Kenya
  • 1947 Shobha De, Indian columnist & novelist, born in Satara, India
  • 1951 Mike Ward, American politician, born in White Plains, New York
  • 1951 Talgat Musabayev, Kazakh test pilot & cosmonaut (TM-19, TM-27), born in Kargaly, Kazakhstan
  • 1952 Giuliano Ferrara, Italian politician, journalist and founding editor (Il Foglio), born in Rome, Italy
  • 1957 Nicholson Baker, American novelist, born in NYC, New York
  • 1958 Donna Rice Hughes, American author & speaker, born in New Orleans, Louisiana
  • 1958 Peter Mokaba, South African politician (South African Youth Congress), born in Pietersburg, South Africa
  • 1960 Loretta Sanchez, American politician, born in Lynwood, California
  • 1960 Mohammed Javad Zarif, Iranian politician (Minister of Foreign Affairs), born in Broujerd
  • 1961 Andrew Thomson, Australian politician, born in Melbourne, Australia
  • 1961 John Thune, American politician (Senator-R-Kentucky 2004-), born in Pierre, South Dakota
  • 1962 Aleksandr Dugin, Russian politician, born in Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic

Rand PaulRand Paul (60 years old)

1963 American politician (Senate-R-Kentucky 2011-), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

  • 1966 Carolyn Bessette Kennedy, American publicist & wife of John Kennedy Jr., born in White Plains, New York (d. 1999)
  • 1967 Nick Clegg, English politician (Deputy UK PM 2010-2015) and media executive, born in Chalfont St Giles, England
  • 1971 Tina Anderson, American comic book writer
  • 1978 Israel Keyes, American serial killer, born in Richmond, Utah (d. 2012)
  • 1988 Scott Pendlebury, Australian rules footballer, born in Sale, Australia
  • 1996 Abbey Speakman, English twin born 19 days after her twin sister
  • 2012 Blue Ivy Carter, American daughter of Beyoncé and Jay-Z, born in New York City