On This Day

Birthdays in History on January 8

  • 1037 Su Shi, Chinese poet & artist (d. 1101)
  • 1081 Henry V, Roman German king/emperor (1098/1111-25)
  • 1556 Uesugi Kagekatsu, Japanese samurai and warlord (d. 1623)
  • 1583 Simon Episcopius, Dutch bishop/theologist
  • 1587 Johannes Fabricius, Danish astronomer (discovered sunspots)
  • 1589 Ivan [Dzivo F] Gundulic, Dalmatisch writer (Dubravka)
  • 1601 Baltasar Gracián, Spanish writer, born in Belmonte de Calatayud (d. 1658)
  • 1628 Francois de Montmorency-Bouteville, duc de Luxemburg, French soldier
  • 1632 Samuel, Freiherr von Pufendorf, German jurist
  • 1635 Luis Manuel Fernández de Portocarrero, Spanish Archbishop (d. 1709)
  • 1735 John Carroll, American Roman Catholic archbishop (d. 1815)
  • 1742 Philip Astley, English 'Father of the Modern Circus', born in Newcastle-under-Lyme, England (d. 1814)
  • 1763 Edmond Charles Genêt, French diplomat (d. 1834)
  • 1767 Abraham de Veer, Dutch governor-general of Suriname (1822-28)
  • 1786 Nicholas Biddle, made 2nd bank of US 1st effective central bank
  • 1788 Archduke Rudolph of Austria (d. 1831)

  • 1788 Pavel Kiselyov, Russian general and politician (d. 1874)
  • 1791 Jacob Collamer, (Sen-Vt)

Person of interestGeorge Childress

1804 George Childress, Lawyer, statesman (author of Texas Declaration of Independence), born in Nashville, Tennessee (d. 1841)

Author of the Texas Declaration of Independence George Childress
Author of the Texas Declaration of Independence
George Childress
  • 1805 John Bigler, American politician (d. 1871)
  • 1805 Orson Hyde, American religious leader (d. 1878)
  • 1814 Thomas Green, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1864)
  • 1815 George Webb Morell, American Major General (Union Army), born in Cooperstown, New York (d. 1883)
  • 1815 Lawrence Pike Graham, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Amelia County, Virginia (d. 1905)
  • 1817 John Selden Roane, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1867)
  • 1817 Sir Theophilus Shepstone, South African statesman (d. 1893)

Person of interestJames Longstreet

1821 James Longstreet, American Confederate general (1st Corps, ANV), born in Edgefield, South Carolina (d. 1904)

Confederate General James Longstreet
Confederate General
James Longstreet

Person of interestAlfred Russel Wallace

1823 Alfred Russel Wallace, British naturalist, explorer and co-discoverer of evolution through natural selection, born in Usk, Monmouthshire, Wales (d. 1913)

Naturalist, biologist, and explorer Alfred Russel Wallace
Naturalist, biologist, and explorer
Alfred Russel Wallace
  • 1824 [William] Wilkie Collins, English writer (Woman in White), born in London (d. 1889)
  • 1824 Francisco González Bocanegra, Mexican poet (d. 1861)
  • 1830 Gouverneur Kemble Warren, American civil engineer and Major General (Union Army), born in Cold Spring, New York (d. 1882)
  • 1836 Fannie M Jackson, pioneer & educator, 1st US African American woman college grad
  • 1836 Lawrence Alma Tadema, Dutch/British painter/husband of Laura Epps
  • 1843 Frederick Abberline, British police investigator (d. 1929)
  • 1843 John H. Moffitt, American politician (d. 1926)
  • 1852 James Milton Carroll, American pastor and author (d. 1931)
  • 1860 Nancy Jones, US African American missionary in Africa
  • 1862 Frank Nelson Doubleday, publisher/founder (Doubleday & Co)
  • 1864 Prince Albert Victor, Duke of Clarence and Avondale (d. 1892)
  • 1866 William G. Conley, American politician (d. 1940)
  • 1867 Emily Green Balch, American sociologist/feminist/pacifist (Nobel 1946)

  • 1868 Frank Dyson, proved Einstein right about light bent by gravity
  • 1870 Miguel Primo de Rivera Orbaneja, dictator of Spain (1923-30)
  • 1871 James Craig, 1st Viscount Craigavon, Irish unionist politician and the first Prime Minister of Northern Ireland (1921-1940), born in Belfast, Ireland (d. 1940)
  • 1873 Iuliu Maniu, Romanian politician (d. 1953)
  • 1873 Elena of Montenegro, queen of Italy (d. 1956)
  • 1881 Henrik Shipstead, American politician (d. 1960)
  • 1883 Pavel Filonov, Russian painter (d. 1941)
  • 1883 Patrick J. Hurley, United States Secretary of War (d. 1963)
  • 1885 John Curtin, Victoria, 14th Prime Minister of Australia (Labor: 1941-45), born in Creswick, Colony of Victoria (d. 1945)
  • 1885 A. J. Muste, Dutch pacifist and activist (d. 1967)
  • 1886 Noble Drew Ali, [Timothy Drew], prophet (Moorish Science Temple), born in North Carolina
  • 1888 Richard Courant, German-American mathematician (d. 1972)
  • 1890 Sandor Rado, Hungarian/US psycho analyst
  • 1891 Bronislava Nijinska, ballet choreographer
  • 1891 Walter Bothe, German subatomic particle physicist (Nobel 1954)
  • 1891 Storm Jameson, English writer (d. 1986)
  • 1894 St Maximilian Kolbe, Polish martyr (d. 1941)
  • 1896 Manuel Rojas Sepulveda, Chile, writer (Men of the South)
  • 1896 Arthur Ford, American psychic (d. 1971)
  • 1897 Dennis Wheatley, British author (d. 1977)
  • 1899 S.W.R.D. Bandaranaike, 4th Prime Minister of Sri Lanka (1956-59), born in Colombo, British Ceylon (d. 1959)
  • 1901 Edmond Vandercammen, French/Belgian writer (L'amour responsable)
  • 1902 Carl R[ansom] Rogers, American psychologist (Client-Centered Therapy)

Person of interestGeorgy Malenkov

1902 Georgi Malenkov, Soviet leader who was briefly leader of the Soviet Union after Stalin's death (1953-55), born in Orenburg, Russian Empire (d. 1988)

Soviet Leader Georgy Malenkov
Soviet Leader
Georgy Malenkov
  • 1904 Peter Arno, American cartoonist (New Yorker), born in NYC, New York
  • 1904 Karl Brandt, Alsacian Nazi war criminal (d. 1948)
  • 1905 Carl Gustav Hempel, German Logical Positivist philosopher
  • 1906 Jan A H J S Bruins Slot, Dutch founder illegal Trouw/MP (ARP)
  • 1909 Evelyn Wood, American educator (d. 1995)
  • 1917 Peter Taylor, American novelist, born in Trenton, Tennessee (d. 1994)
  • 1921 Herta Bothe, Nazi concentration camp guard, born in Teterow, Germany
  • 1923 Joseph Weizenbaum, German-American computer scientist & professor, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 2008)
  • 1925 James Saunders, English playwright (Ark), born in Islington, London (d. 2004)
  • 1925 Helmuth Hubener, German activist, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1942)
  • 1927 Charles Tomlinson, British poet & translator, born in Stoke-on-Trent, Staffordshire (d. 2015)
  • 1928 Gaston Miron, Quebec poet & editor, born in Sainte-Agathe-des-Monts, Canada (d. 1996)
  • 1933 Jean-Marie Straub, French director (Chronicle of Anna Magdalena Bach), born in Metz, France
  • 1934 Piet Dankert, Dutch politician (PvdA), born in Stiens, Netherlands (d. 2003)
  • 1934 Alexandra Ripley, American writer, born in Charleston, South Carolina (d. 2004)
  • 1935 Jesse Garon Presley, American stillborn twin brother of Elvis Presley, born in Tupelo, Mississippi (d. 1935)
  • 1936 Ferdinand Hartzenberg, South African Minister of Education (1979-82), born in Lichtenburg, South Africa
  • 1936 Robert May, Baron May of Oxford, Australian-born British scientist, born in Sydney, Australia
  • 1941 Boris Vallejo, Peruvian illustrator, born in Lima, Peru

Person of interestStephen Hawking

1942 Stephen Hawking, English physicist (Black Holes & Baby Universes), born in Oxford, England (d. 2018)

Physicist Stephen Hawking
Physicist
Stephen Hawking
  • 1942 Vyacheslav Dmitriyevich Zudov, Soviet cosmonaut (Soyuz 23), born in Bor, Russia
  • 1942 Junichiro Koizumi, Japanese politician (Prime Minister, 2001–06), born in Yokosuka, Japan
  • 1944 Terry Brooks, American fantasy fiction author (Sword of Shannara), born in Sterling, Illinois
  • 1947 Don Bendell, American author & former Green Beret, born in Akron, Ohio
  • 1947 Samuel Schmid, Swiss politician, born in Rüti bei Büren, Switzerland
  • 1951 Kenny Anthony, Saint Lucian politician, born in Laborie, Saint Lucia
  • 1961 Kazuki Takahashi, Japanese creator of Yu-Gi-Oh, born in Tokyo, Japan
  • 1979 Sequoyah, chimpanzee (son of Washoe)

Person of interestKim Jong-un

1983 Kim Jong-un, Supreme Leader of North Korea (2011-), born in Pyongyang, North Korea

Supreme Leader and Dictator of North Korea Kim Jong-un
Supreme Leader and Dictator of North Korea
Kim Jong-un