Birthdays in History on January 8

  • 1037 Su Shi [Zizhan], Chinese poet, artist and important figure in Song Dynasty politics, born in Meishan, Sichuan, Northern Song Dynasty (d. 1101)
  • 1556 Uesugi Kagekatsu, Japanese samurai daimyō, born in Echigo Province (d. 1623)
  • 1583 Simon Episcopius, Dutch theologian, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1643)
  • 1587 Johannes Fabricius, Danish astronomer (discovered sunspots), born in East Frisia, Germany (d. 1616)
  • 1589 Ivan Gundulić, Dalmatisch writer (Dubravka), born in Dubrovnik, Republic of Ragusa (d. 1638)
  • 1601 Baltasar Gracián, Spanish writer, born in Belmonte de Calatayud (d. 1658)
  • 1628 François‑Henri de Montmorency, French military officer, and Duke of Luxembourg, born in Paris, France (d. 1695)
  • 1632 Samuel von Pufendorf, German jurist, born in Zwönitz, Germany (d. 1694)
  • 1635 Luis Manuel Fernández de Portocarrero, Spanish cardinal archbishop, born in Palma del Río, Spain (d. 1709)
  • 1735 John Carroll, American Roman Catholic archbishop, born in Upper Marlboro, Maryland (d. 1815)
  • 1742 Philip Astley, English 'Father of the Modern Circus', born in Newcastle-under-Lyme, England (d. 1814)
  • 1763 Edmond Charles Genêt, French diplomat, born in Versailles, France (d. 1834)
  • 1767 Abraham de Veer, Dutch governor-general of Suriname (1822-28), born in Curaçao (d. 1838)
  • 1786 Nicholas Biddle, American financier, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1844)
  • 1788 Archduke Rudolph of Austria, Austrian clergyman & noble, born in Florence, Tuscany (d. 1831)
  • 1788 Pavel Kiselyov, Russian general & politician, born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1874)
  • 1791 Jacob Collamer, American politician (Sen-Vt), born in Troy, New York (d. 1865)

George ChildressGeorge Childress (1804-1841)

American lawyer & statesman (author of Texas Declaration of Independence), born in Nashville, Tennessee

  • 1805 John Bigler, American politician, born in Carlisle, Pennsylvania (d. 1871)
  • 1805 Orson Hyde, American religious leader, born in Oxford, Connecticut (d. 1878)
  • 1815 George Webb Morell, American Major General (Union Army), born in Cooperstown, New York (d. 1883)
  • 1815 Lawrence Pike Graham, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Amelia County, Virginia (d. 1905)
  • 1817 John Selden Roane, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1867)
  • 1817 Sir Theophilus Shepstone, South African statesman, born in England, United Kingdom (d. 1893)

James LongstreetJames Longstreet (1821-1904)

American Confederate general (1st Corps, ANV), born in Edgefield, South Carolina

Alfred Russel WallaceAlfred Russel Wallace (1823-1913)

British naturalist, explorer and co-discoverer of the theory of evolution through natural selection, born in Usk, Monmouthshire, Wales

  • 1824 Francisco González Bocanegra, Mexican poet, born in San Luis Potosi, Mexico (d. 1861)
  • 1824 [William] Wilkie Collins, English writer (Woman in White), born in London (d. 1889)
  • 1830 Gouverneur Kemble Warren, American civil engineer and Major General (Union Army), born in Cold Spring, New York (d. 1882)
  • 1836 Fanny Jackson Coppin, African-American educator & missionary, born in Washington, D.C. (d. 1913)
  • 1836 Lawrence Alma Tadema, Dutch-British painter, husband of Laura Epps, born in Dronryp, the Netherlands (d. 1912)
  • 1843 Frederick Abberline, British police investigator (d. 1929)
  • 1843 John H. Moffitt, American politician (d. 1926)
  • 1852 James Milton Carroll, American pastor and author (d. 1931)
  • 1860 Nancy Jones, US African American missionary in Africa, born in Hopksinville, Kentucky (d. 1939)
  • 1862 Frank Nelson Doubleday, American publisher (founder of Doubleday & Co), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1934)
  • 1864 Prince Albert Victor, Duke of Clarence and Avondale (d. 1892)
  • 1866 William G. Conley, American politician (d. 1940)
  • 1867 Emily Green Balch, American sociologist, feminist and pacifist ( Women's International League for Peace and Freedom - Nobel Peace Prize 1946), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1961)
  • 1868 Frank Watson Dyson, English astronomer, proved Einstein right about light bent by gravity, born in Measham, England (d. 1939)
  • 1870 Miguel Primo de Rivera, Spanish dictator (1923-30), born in Jerez de la Frontera, Spain (d. 1930)
  • 1871 James Craig, 1st Viscount Craigavon, Irish unionist politician and the first Prime Minister of Northern Ireland (1921-1940), born in Belfast, Ireland (d. 1940)
  • 1873 Elena of Montenegro, queen of Italy (d. 1956)
  • 1873 Iuliu Maniu, Romanian politician (d. 1953)
  • 1881 Henrik Shipstead, American politician (d. 1960)
  • 1883 Patrick J. Hurley, United States Secretary of War (d. 1963)
  • 1883 Pavel Filonov, Russian painter (d. 1941)
  • 1885 A. J. Muste, Dutch pacifist and activist (d. 1967)

John CurtinJohn Curtin (1885-1945)

Victoria, 14th Prime Minister of Australia (Labor: 1941-45), born in Creswick, Colony of Victoria

  • 1886 Noble Drew Ali [Timothy Drew], American prophet (Moorish Science Temple), born in North Carolina (d. 1929)
  • 1888 Richard Courant, German-American mathematician (d. 1972)
  • 1890 Sandor Rado, Hungarian-American psychoanalyst, born in Kisvárda, Hungary (d. 1972)
  • 1891 Storm Jameson, English writer (d. 1986)
  • 1891 Walter Bothe, German subatomic particle physicist (Nobel Prize for Physics 1954), born in Oranienburg, Germany (d. 1957)
  • 1894 St Maximilian Kolbe, Polish martyr (d. 1941)
  • 1896 Arthur Ford, American psychic (d. 1971)
  • 1896 Manuel Rojas, Chilean writer (Men of the South), born in Buenos Aires, Argentina (d. 1973)
  • 1897 Dennis Wheatley, British author (d. 1977)
  • 1899 S.W.R.D. Bandaranaike, 4th Prime Minister of Sri Lanka (1956-59), born in Colombo, British Ceylon (d. 1959)
  • 1901 Edmond Vandercammen, French-Belgian painter and poet (Grand Combat), born in Ohain, Belgium (d. 1980)
  • 1902 Carl Rogers, American psychologist (Client-Centered Therapy), born in Oak Park, Illinois (d. 1987)

Georgy MalenkovGeorgy Malenkov (1902-1988)

Soviet leader who was briefly leader of the Soviet Union after Stalin's death (1953-55), born in Orenburg, Russian Empire

  • 1904 Karl Brandt, Alsacian Nazi war criminal (d. 1948)
  • 1904 Peter Arno, American cartoonist (New Yorker), born in NYC, New York (d. 1968)
  • 1905 Carl Gustav Hempel, German writer & philosopher, born in Oranienburg, Germany (d. 1997)
  • 1906 Jan A.H.J.S. Bruins Slot, Dutch co-founder and editor (illegal) (d. 1972)
  • 1909 Evelyn Wood, American educator (d. 1995)
  • 1917 Peter Taylor, American novelist, born in Trenton, Tennessee (d. 1994)
  • 1921 Herta Bothe, Nazi concentration camp guard, born in Teterow, Germany
  • 1923 Joseph Weizenbaum, German-American computer scientist & professor, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 2008)

Kim Dae-jungKim Dae-jung (1924-2009)

8th President of South Korea (1998-2003) and 2000 Nobel Peace Prize laureate, born in Hauido, South Korea

  • 1925 Helmuth Hubener, German activist, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1942)
  • 1925 James Saunders, English playwright (Ark), born in Islington, London (d. 2004)
  • 1927 Charles Tomlinson, British poet & translator, born in Stoke-on-Trent, Staffordshire (d. 2015)
  • 1928 Gaston Miron, Quebec poet & editor, born in Sainte-Agathe-des-Monts, Canada (d. 1996)
  • 1933 Jean-Marie Straub, French director (Chronicle of Anna Magdalena Bach), born in Metz, France
  • 1934 Alexandra Ripley, American writer, born in Charleston, South Carolina (d. 2004)
  • 1934 Piet Dankert, Dutch politician (PvdA), born in Stiens, Netherlands (d. 2003)
  • 1935 Jesse Garon Presley, American stillborn twin brother of Elvis Presley, born in Tupelo, Mississippi (d. 1935)
  • 1936 Ferdinand Hartzenberg, South African Minister of Education (1979-82), born in Lichtenburg, South Africa
  • 1936 Robert May, Baron May of Oxford, Australian-born British scientist, born in Sydney, Australia
  • 1941 Boris Vallejo, Peruvian illustrator, born in Lima, Peru
  • 1942 Junichiro Koizumi, Japanese politician (Prime Minister, 2001–06), born in Yokosuka, Japan

Stephen HawkingStephen Hawking (1942-2018)

English physicist (Black Holes & Baby Universes), born in Oxford, England

  • 1942 Vyacheslav Dmitriyevich Zudov, Soviet cosmonaut (Soyuz 23), born in Bor, Russia
  • 1944 Terry Brooks, American fantasy fiction author (Sword of Shannara), born in Sterling, Illinois
  • 1946 Miguel Ángel Félix Gallardo, Mexican drug lord (Guadalajara Cartel), born in Culiacán, Mexico
  • 1947 Don Bendell, American author & former Green Beret, born in Akron, Ohio
  • 1947 Samuel Schmid, Swiss politician, born in Rüti bei Büren, Switzerland
  • 1951 Kenny Anthony, Saint Lucian politician, born in Laborie, Saint Lucia
  • 1961 Kazuki Takahashi, Japanese creator of Yu-Gi-Oh, born in Tokyo, Japan
  • 1964 Marc Quinn, English artist (Alison Lapper Pregnant), born in London, England
  • 1979 Sequoyah, chimpanzee (son of Washoe)

Kim Jong-unKim Jong-un (40 years old)

1983 North Korean politician and Supreme Leader of North Korea (2011-), born in Pyongyang, North Korea [note some sources give year as 1982, and some as 1984]