On This Day

Birthdays in History on July 1

  • 1381 St. Laurence Justinian [Lorenzo Giustiniani], Italian catholic bishop and 1st Patriarch of Venice, born in Venice, Republic of Venice (d. 1456)
  • 1481 Christian II, King of Denmark, Sweden and Norway, born in Nyborg Castle, Denmark (d. 1559)
  • 1506 Louis II, King of Hungary and Bohemia (1516-26), born in Buda, Kingdom of Hungary (d. 1526)
  • 1511 Hadrianus Junius [Adriaen de Jonghe], Dutch physician, historian and humanist, born in Hoorn, Netherlands (d. 1575)
  • 1534 Frederick II, King of Denmark and Norway (1559-88), born in Haderslevhus Castle, Haderslev, Denmark (d. 1588)
  • 1560 Charles III de Croÿ, Prince of Chimay and Duke of Aarschot, born in Beaumont, Hainaut (d. 1612)
  • 1574 Joseph Hall, English bishop and writer (Virgidemiarum: Six Books), born in Ashby-de-la-Zouch, England (d. 1656)
  • 1633 Johann Heinrich Heidegger, Swiss theologian, born in Bäretswil, Zürich, Switzerland (d. 1698)

Person of interestGottfried Wilhelm Leibniz

1646 Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, German mathematician and philosopher (differential and integral calculus), born in Leipzig, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1716)

Philosopher and Mathematician Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz
Philosopher and Mathematician
Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz
  • 1723 Pedro Rodríguez de Campomanes y Pérez, 1st Count of Campomanes, Spanish economist and literary, born in Tineo, Asturias, Kingdom of Spain (d. 1803)

Person of interestComte de Rochambeau

1725 Jean-Baptiste Donatien de Vimeur, Comte de Rochambeau, French Military Leader (commander of the French Expeditionary Force that assisted the Thirteen Colonies), born in Vendôme, France (d. 1807)

Military Leader Comte de Rochambeau
Military Leader
Comte de Rochambeau
  • 1742 Georg Christoph Lichtenberg, German physicist and writer (types of Lichtenberg), born in Ober-Ramstadt, Landgraviate of Hesse-Darmstadt, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1799)
  • 1780 Carl von Clausewitz, Prussian general and strategist, born in Burg bei Magdeburg, Prussia (d. 1831)
  • 1788 Jean-Victor Poncelet, French mathematician and engineer who was one of the founders of modern projective geometry, born in Metz, France (d. 1867)
  • 1802 Gideon Welles, 24th U.S. secretary of the navy under presidents Abraham Lincoln and Andrew Johnson, born in Glastonbury, Connecticut (d. 1878)
  • 1804 George Sand [Amantine-Lucile-Aurore Dudevant], French novelist (Valentine, Le Figaro), born in Paris, France (d. 1876)

  • 1807 Thomas Green Clemson, American politician and founder of Clemson University, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1888)
  • 1810 Walter Francis White, American civil rights activist, Secretary of the NAACP (1929-55), born in Atlanta, Georgia (d. 1955)
  • 1812 Willem J d'Ablaing van Giessenburg, Dutch genealogist and heraldicus
  • 1818 Ignaz Semmelweis, Hungarian physician who discovered the cause of puerperal (childbed) fever and introduced antisepsis into medical practice, born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 1865)
  • 1833 Alfred Thomas Archimedes Torbert, Bvt Major General (Union Army), born in Georgetown, Delaware (d. 1880)
  • 1834 Jadwiga Łuszczewska, Polish poet, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1908)
  • 1840 Robert Stawell Ball, Irish mathematician and astronomer (Ball Screw), born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1913)
  • 1844 Verney Lovett Cameron, English explorer (Tanganyika), born in Radipole, Dorset, England (d. 1894)
  • 1863 William Grant Stairs, Canadian-British explorer and adventurer who had a leading role in two of the most controversial expeditions in the history of the colonisation of Africa, born in Halifax, Nova Scotia (d. 1892)
  • 1869 William Strunk Jr., American grammarian and author (The Elements of Style), born in Cincinnati, Ohio (d. 1946)
  • 1872 Louis Blériot, French aviator and 1st man to fly an airplane across English Channel, born in Cambrai, France (d. 1936)
  • 1879 Leon Jouhaux, French socialist and co-founder UN's ILO (Nobel 1951), born in Paris (d. 1954)
  • 1881 Piet[er] L. Kramer, Influential Dutch architect (Amsterdam School), born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1961)
  • 1883 Arthur Borton, English soldier and recipient of the Victoria Cross, born in Cheveney, Kent (d. 1933)
  • 1892 James M. Cain, American novelist (Postman Always Rings Twice), born in Minneapolis, Minnesota (d. 1977)
  • 1893 Walter Francis White, American civil rights activist who led the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), born in Atlanta, Georgia (d. 1955)
  • 1899 Henry "Indiana" Jones Jr, fictional character "Indiana Jones"
  • 1899 Konstantinos Tsatsos, Greek politician and 2nd President of Greece (1975-1980), born in Athens, Greece (d. 1987)
  • 1901 Sylvia Mary Paget Chancellor, English philanthropist (Prisoners' Wives Service), born in London (d. 1996)
  • 1902 José Luis Sert, Spanish-American architect and urban developer, born in Barcelona (d. 1983)

Person of interestAmy Johnson

1903 Amy Johnson, British pilot, first female pilot to fly alone Britain to Australia, born in Kingston upon Hull, England (d. 1941)

Aviator Amy Johnson
Aviator
Amy Johnson
  • 1904 Mary Calderone, American physician and founder (planned parenthood), born in NYC, New York (d. 1998)

Person of interestEstée Lauder

1906 Estée Lauder, CEO (Estée Lauder cosmetics) (d. 2004), born in NYC, New York

Cosmetics Company Founder Estée Lauder
Cosmetics Company Founder
Estée Lauder
  • 1908 Paul Hardy, Belgian writer (Best of Painted Furniture)
  • 1909 Juan Carlos Onetti, Uruguayan novelist (La vida breve), born in Montevideo, Uruguay (d. 1994)
  • 1909 Madge Evans, American TV panelist (Masquerade Party), born in NYC, New York (d. 1981)
  • 1911 Sergey Sokolov, Soviet marshal and Minister of Defence of the Soviet Union (1984-87), born in Yevpatoria, Russian Empire (d. 2012)
  • 1912 Ahmad Hassan al-Bakr, Iraqi fieldmarshal and President of Iraq (1968-79), born in Tikrit, Ottoman Empire (d. 1982)
  • 1912 David Brower, American environmentalist and president (Sierra Club), born in Berkeley, California (d. 2000)
  • 1912 Sally Kirkland, American fashion editor (Vogue magazine) and manager (Lord & Taylor), born in El Reno, Canadian County, Oklahoma (d. 1989)
  • 1913 Jo Sinclair [Ruth Seid], American writer (Wasteland), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1995)
  • 1915 Jean Stafford, American writer (Pulitzer Prize 1970-The Collected Stories of Jean Stafford), born in Covina, California (d. 1979)
  • 1915 Joseph Ransohoff, American neurosurgeon and pioneer in the modern neurosurgery, born in Cincinnati, Ohio (d. 2001)
  • 1921 Seretse Khama, 1st President of Botswana (1966-80), born in Serowe, Botswana (d. 1980)
  • 1926 Robert Fogel, American economic historian (Nobel Prize 1993), born in NYC, New York (d. 2013)
  • 1926 Carl Hahn, German automotive executive (Volkswagen Group), born in Chemnitz, Saxony, Germany
  • 1927 Chandra Shekhar, Indian politician, 8th Prime Minister of India (1990-91), born in Ibrahimpatti, British India (d. 2007)
  • 1929 Gerald Edelman, American biochemist (Nobel 1972), born in Ozone Park, New York (d. 2014)
  • 1930 Andreas JAI Bruggeman, Dutch mayor (Schipluiden/Leiderdorp)
  • 1930 Margaret A. Brewer, American soldier and first female General officer in US Marine Corps, born in Durand, Michigan (d. 2013)
  • 1931 Leslie Caron, French-American actress (Gigi, Father Goose), born in Boulogne-Biliancourt, Seine
  • 1932 Ze'ev Schiff, Israeli journalist and military correspondent for Haaretz, born in Lille, France (d. 2007)
  • 1937 Ebrahim Ismail Ebrahim, South African ANCer and Umkhonto we Sizwe-leader, born in Durban, South Africa
  • 1939 Charles Floyd Hatcher, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Georgia), born in Doerun, Georgia
  • 1941 Alfred G. Gilman, American scientist (1994 Nobel laureate for G-protein discoveries), born in New Haven, Connecticut (d. 2015)
  • 1941 Myron Scholes, Canadian-American financial economist (Nobel 1997), born in Timmins, Ontario
  • 1942 William Carney, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New York), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1948 Wang Qishan, Chinese Secretary of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection, born in Qingdao, Shandong
  • 1950 David Duke, American white nationalist politician and K.K.K. member, born in Tulsa, Oklahoma
  • 1953 Henry Percy, 11th duke of Northumberland and godchild of Elizabeth II (d. 1995)
  • 1954 Chip Hanauer, American hydroplane racer (world champion 1982), born in Seattle, Washington

Person of interestLi Keqiang

1955 Li Keqiang, Chinese Premier of the State Council and China's head of government, born in Dingyuan County, Anhui Province

Premier of China Li Keqiang
Premier of China
Li Keqiang
  • 1957 Grant Dalton, New Zealand sailor (Whitbread Round the World, American's Cup), born in Auckland, New Zealand

Person of interestDiana Spencer

1961 Diana Spencer, English Princess of Wales, born in Sandringham, England (d. 1997)

Princess of Wales Diana Spencer
Princess of Wales
Diana Spencer
  • 1961 Kalpana Chawla, American astronaut (STS 87) and the first woman of Indian descent to go to space, born in Karnal, East Punjab, India (d. 2003)
  • 1963 Edward Tsang Lu, American physicist and NASA astronaut (STS 84), born in Springfield, Massachusetts
  • 1977 Jessica Meir, American NASA astronaut and marine biologist, born in Caribou, Maine
  • 1979 Forrest Griffin, American mixed martial artist, born in Columbus, Ohio
  • 1981 Tadhg Kennelly, Irish-born Australian Rules footballer, (County Kerry 2009, Sydney Swans 2005 championships), born in Listowel, Ireland