On This Day

Birthdays in History on July 10

  • 1419 Emperor Go-Hanazono, 102nd Emperor of Japan (d. 1471)
  • 1452 James III, King of Scots (1460-88), born in Stirling or St Andrews Castles (d. 1488)

Person of interestJohn Calvin

1509 John Calvin [Jehan Cauvin], Protestant religious reformer and theologian (Calvinism), born in Picardy, France (d. 1564)

Protestant Reformer and Theologian John Calvin
Protestant Reformer and Theologian
John Calvin
  • 1517 Odet de Coligny, Cardinal of Châtillon and count of Beauvais, born in Châtillon-Coligny, France (d. 1571)
  • 1592 Pierre d'Hozier, French genealogist, born in Marseille, France (d. 1660)
  • 1614 Arthur Annesley, 1st Earl of Anglesey, English royalist statesman, born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1686)
  • 1625 Jean Herauld Gourville, French adventurer, born in La Rochefoucauld, France (d. 1703)
  • 1638 David Teniers III, Flemish painter, born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1685)
  • 1666 John Ernest Grabe, German-born Anglican theologian, born in Königsberg (d. 1711)
  • 1682 Bartholomäus Ziegenbalg, German Lutheran missionary to India, born in Pulsnitz, Saxony (d. 1719)
  • 1682 Roger Cotes, English mathematician (Newton–Cotes formulas), born in Burbage, Leicestershire, England (d. 1716)
  • 1711 Princess Amelia Sophia of Great Britain, second daughter of King George II of Great Britain and Caroline of Ansbach, born in Herrenhausen Palace, Hanover (d. 1783)

Person of interestWilliam Blackstone

1723 William Blackstone, English jurist (Blackstone's Commentaries), born in London, England (d. 1780)

  • 1736 Maria, Duchess of Gloucester and Edinburgh, born in St James's, Westminster, Middlesex (d. 1807)
  • 1792 George Mifflin Dallas, American politician (11th Vice President of the United States) and United States Minister to Russia, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1864)
  • 1797 Piet [Petrus Lafras] Uys, South African pioneer (Great Pull), born in Potberg, Swellendam, South Africa (d. 1838)

  • 1804 Emma Smith, Inaugural President of the Women's Relief Society of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, born in Harmony Township, Pennsylvania (d. 1879)
  • 1808 Solomon Northup, American abolitionist and author (12 Years a Slave), born Minerva, New York (or 10 Jul 1807) (d. 1863)
  • 1809 Friedrich August Quenstedt, German geologist and paleontologist, born in Eisleben, Saxony (d. 1889)
  • 1818 John Stuart Williams, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Mount Sterling, Kentucky (d. 1898)
  • 1820 Andrew Porter, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Lancaster, Pennsylvania (d. 1872)
  • 1821 Christopher Columbus Augur, American Major General (Union Army), born in Kendall, New York (d. 1898)
  • 1824 Rudolf von Bennigsen, German lawyer and politician, born in Lüneburg, Hanover (d. 1902)

Person of interestCamille Pissarro

1830 Camille Pissarro, Danish Antillean and French painter (Impressionism), born in Charlotte Amalie, Saint Thomas, Danish West Indies (now US Virgin Islands) (d. 1903)

  • 1832 Alvan Graham Clark, American telescope maker and astronomer (Sirius B), born in Fall River, Massachusetts (d. 1897)
  • 1833 Lucius E. Polk, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Salisbury, North Carolina (d. 1892)
  • 1834 James Abbott McNeill Whistler, American-British painter (Whistler's Mother), born in Lowell, Massachusetts (d. 1903)
  • 1839 Adolphus Busch, German-born American brewer (Anheuser-Busch), born in Mainz, Hesse, Germany (d. 1913)
  • 1852 Alfred von Kiderlen-Wächter, German foreign minister, born in Stuttgart, Württemberg, Germany (d. 1912)

Person of interestNikola Tesla

1856 Nikola Tesla, Serbian-American physicist, electrical engineer and inventor, developed alternating current and the Tesla Coil, born in Smiljan, Austrian Empire (now Croatia) (d. 1943)

Electrical and Mechanical Engineer Nikola Tesla
Electrical and Mechanical Engineer
Nikola Tesla
  • 1865 Johannes "Pa" van der Steur, Dutch missionary and philanthropist (Steurtjes), born in Haarlem, Netherlands (d. 1945)
  • 1867 Maximilian, Prince of Baden, German chancellor (Oct-Nov 1918), born in Baden-Baden, Germany (d. 1929)
  • 1870 Maurice Lugeon, Swiss geologist (nappism), born in Poissy, France (d. 1953)
  • 1871 Marcel Proust, French intellectual and novelist (Remembrance of Things Past), born in Paris, France (d. 1922)
  • 1874 Sergey Konenkov, Russian sculptor, born in Verkhniye Karakovichi, Russia (d. 1971)
  • 1875 Mary McLeod Bethune, American educator (Bethune-Cookman College) and civil rights leader, born in Maysville, South Carolina (d. 1955)

  • 1879 Harry Nicholls Holmes, American chemist (crystallized vitamin A), born in Fayetteville, Pennsylvania (d. 1958)
  • 1883 Johann Blaskowitz, German general (surrendered at Wageningen), born in Peterswalde, Germany (d. 1948)
  • 1886 John Vereker, 6th Viscount Gort, British soldier, Field Marshal during WW II, born in London, England (d. 1946)
  • 1888 Giorgio De Chirico, Italian painter (founded the scuola metafisica art movement), born in Volos, Greece (d. 1978)
  • 1888 Toyohiko Kagawa, Japanese Christian-social reformer (Grain of Wheat), born in Kōbe, Japan (d. 1960)
  • 1895 Maarten Pleun Vrij, Dutch lawyer and criminologist, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1955)
  • 1895 Nahum Goldmann, Israeli-Zionist leader (Zionist World Organization), born in Wisznewo, Lithuania (d. 1982)
  • 1896 Thérèse Casgrain, French Canadian politician and senator, born in Montreal, Quebec (d. 1981)
  • 1897 Lloyd Goodrich, American Arts Museum director, born in Nutley, New Jersey (d. 1987)
  • 1897 Karl Plagge, German officer and Nazi Party member who during World War II used his position as a staff officer in the German Army to employ and protect some 1,240 Jews, born in Darmstadt, Germany (d. 1957)
  • 1897 Jack "Legs" Diamond, American gangster and bootlegger, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1931)
  • 1900 Sampson Sievers, Russian Orthodox Christian monk, priest and wonder-worker, born in Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1979)
  • 1902 Jacobus Wouterus van Dieren, Dutch biologist (Terschelling), born in Amsterdam (d. 1935)
  • 1902 Günther Weisenborn, German writer and German Resistance fighter, born in Velbert (d. 1969)
  • 1902 Kurt Alder, German chemist (Nobel 1950), born in Königshütte, Upper Silesia (d.1958)
  • 1903 John Wyndham, American sci-fi author (Day of the Triffids), born in Dorridge, Warwickshire, England (d. 1969)
  • 1905 Wolfram Sievers, Nazi physician, born in Hildesheim, Germany (d. 1948)
  • 1909 Donald William Sinclair, co–proprietor of the Gleneagles Hotel and the inspiration for the character Basil Fawlty in Fawlty Towers (d. 1981)
  • 1911 Djuanda Kartawidjaja, 11th and final Prime Minister of Indonesia, born in Tasikmalaya, West Java, Dutch East Indies (d. 1963)
  • 1912 Francis Showering, English brewer, born in Shepton Mallet, Somerset, England (d. 1995)
  • 1913 Salvador Espriu, Spanish poet, born in Santa Coloma de Farners, Spain (d. 1985)
  • 1914 Joe Shuster, Canadian-American cartoonist (co-creator of Superman), born in Toronto, Ontario (d. 1992)
  • 1917 Reg Smythe, English cartoonist (Andy Capp), born in Hartlepool, County Durham, England (d. 1998)
  • 1920 Owen Chamberlain, American physicist (antiproton, Nobel-1959), born in San Francisco, California (d. 2006)
  • 1921 Harvey Ball, American inventor and designer of a popular smiley graphic picture, born in Worcester, Massachusetts (d. 2001)
  • 1923 Earl Hamner Jr., American creator and narrator of TV show "The Waltons", born in Schuyler, Virginia (d. 2016)
  • 1923 Jean Kerr, Irish-American novelist (Please Don't Eat the Daisies), born in Scranton, Pennsylvania (d. 2003)
  • 1923 G. A. Kulkarni, Indian (Marathi) writer (RamalKhuna), born in Examba, Karnataka (d. 1987)
  • 1923 John Bradley, United States Navy corpsman, one of six who raised flag on top of Mt. Suribachi (see Iwo Jima), born in Antigo, Wisconsin (d. 1994)

Person of interestMahathir bin Mohamad

1925 Mahathir bin Mohamad, Prime Minister of Malaysia (1981-2003 and 2018-), born in Alor Setar, Malaysia

Malaysian Prime Minister Mahathir bin Mohamad
Malaysian Prime Minister
Mahathir bin Mohamad
  • 1927 David Dinkins, American politician (1st African American Mayor-D- 1990-93), born in NYC, New York
  • 1927 Grigory Barenblatt, Russian mathematician, born in Moscow, Russia (d. 2018)
  • 1928 Moshe Greenberg, American-Israeli Bible scholar, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2010)
  • 1928 Bernard Buffet, French painter (Expressionism), born in Paris (d. 1999)
  • 1929 Winnie Ewing, Scottish lawyer and politician (President of the Scottish National Party), born in Glasgow, Scotland
  • 1931 Alice Munro, Canadian author (Dance of the Happy Shades) and Nobel laureate 2013, born in Wingham, Ontario, Canada
  • 1931 Del Insko, harness racer (toothpick in mouth, 1969 money leader), born in Amboy, Minnesota
  • 1931 Julian May, American sci-fi author (Golden Torc, Magnificat), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2017)
  • 1932 Jürgen Becker, German writer, born in Cologne, Germany
  • 1934 Jerry Nelson, American puppeteer, born in Tulsa, Oklahoma (d. 2012)
  • 1936 Barbara B. Kennelly, American politician (U.S. House of Representatives from Connecticut), born in Hartford, Connecticut
  • 1938 Paul Andreu, French architect, born in Gironde, France
  • 1939 Ahmet Taner Kışlalı, Turkish politician, journalist, and educator, born in Zile, Tokat, Turkey (d. 1999)
  • 1940 Dawie [David Jacobus] de Villiers, South African minister of energy, born in Burgersdorp, Cape Province
  • 1940 Tom Farmer, Scottish entrepreneur, born in Leith, Edinburgh, Scotland
  • 1941 Pyotr Ilyich Klimuk, Polish cosmonaut (Soyuz 13, 18B, 30), born in Komarovka, Belarus
  • 1941 David G. Hartwell, American editor and anthologist, born in Salem, Massachusetts (d. 2016)
  • 1944 Beaky, rocker (Dave Dee, Dozy, Beaky, Mick & Tich)
  • 1947 John Trevor Key, British photographer (d. 1995)
  • 1950 Prokopis Pavlopoulos, 7th President of Greece, born in Kalamata, Greece
  • 1952 Peter van Heemst, Dutch politician (Labour Party), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands
  • 1953 Françoise Bettencourt Meyers, French author and L'Oréal heiress (richest woman in the world 2019-), born in Neuilly-sur-Seine, France
  • 1956 Tom McClintock, American politician (U.S. House of Representatives from California), born in White Plains, New York
  • 1957 Cindy Sheehan, American anti-war and political activist, born in Inglewood, California
  • 1963 Brad Henry, American politician and Oklahoma governor (Democratic: 2003-11), born in Shawnee, Oklahoma
  • 1965 Princess Alexia of Greece and Denmark

Person of interestSundar Pichai

1972 Sundar Pichai [Pichai Sundararajan], Indian American tech executive, head of Google (2015-) and Alphabet (2019-), born in Madurai, India

CEO of Alphabet and Google Sundar Pichai
CEO of Alphabet and Google
Sundar Pichai
  • 1976 Brendon Lade, Australian rules footballer
  • 1977 Schapelle Corby, Australian convicted drug smuggler
  • 1977 Vivek Murthy, Vice-Admiral and 19th US Surgeon General (2014-17), born in Hudderfield, UK