Birthdays in History on July 13

Julius CaesarJulius Caesar (100-44 BC)

Roman military and political leader [or July 12], born in Rome

  • 1527 John Dee, English alchemist, astrologer and mathematician, born in London, England (d. 1609)
  • 1579 Arthur Dee, English physician, born in Mortlake, London (d. 1651)
  • 1590 Clement X [Emilio Altieri], Italian Pope (1670-76), born in Rome (d. 1676)
  • 1607 Václav [Wenceslaus] Hollar, Bohemian-born etcher, born in Prague, Bohemia (d. 1677)
  • 1608 Ferdinand III, King of Hungary & Bohemia and Holy Roman Emperor (1637-57), born in Graz, Duchy of Styria (d. 1657)
  • 1745 Robert Calder, British naval officer, born in Kent, England (d. 1818)
  • 1770 Alexander Balashov, Russian general and statesman, born in Moscow (d. 1837)
  • 1773 Wilhelm Heinrich Wackenroder, German writer (Fantasies about Art), born in Berlin (d. 1798)
  • 1776 Caroline of Baden, Queen of Bavaria, born in Karlsruhe, Margraviate of Baden (d. 1841)
  • 1787 Pellegrino Rossi, Italian economist and politician, born in Carrara, Duchy of Massa and Carrara (now Italy) (d. 1848)
  • 1793 John Clare, English poet (Poems Descriptive of Rural Life and Scenery), born in Peterborough, Northamptonshire, England (d. 1864)
  • 1798 Alexandra Feodorovna (Charlotte of Prussia), Tsarina of Russia (d. 1860)
  • 1815 James Alexander Seddon, politician and lawyer (Confederate Secretary of War, 1862-65), born in Falmouth, Virginia (d. 1880)
  • 1816 Gustav Freytag, writer

Nathan Bedford ForrestNathan Bedford Forrest (1821-1877)

American slave trader, Confederate lieutenant general and KKK Grand Wizard, born in Chapel Hill, Tennessee

  • 1826 Stanislao Cannizzaro, Italian chemist (Reaction of Cannizzaro)
  • 1841 Otto Wagner, Austrian architect (d. 1918)
  • 1858 Stewart Culin, American ethnographer (d. 1929)
  • 1859 Sydney Webb, England, writer/husband of Beatrice Potter
  • 1863 Emma Mary Wooley, educator (Mary Anna Wells)
  • 1864 John Jacob Astor IV, American businessman and soldier (richest passenger aboard the Titanic), born in Rhinebeck, New York (d. 1912)
  • 1872 Alfons van de Perre, Flemish physician/MP
  • 1884 Francis B Young, British physician/writer (White Ladies)
  • 1889 Louise of Mountbatten, Queen of Sweden (d. 1965)
  • 1894 Isaak Babel, Russian writer (Konarmija, Marija) [OS Jun 30]
  • 1896 Mordecai Ardon, Israeli painter (d. 1992)
  • 1898 Julius Schreck, member of the Nazi party (d. 1936)
  • 1898 Martin David, German/Neth law historian
  • 1901 Tillie Ehrlich Lewin, leading industrialist (tomato queen)
  • 1903 Kenneth Clark, English art historian (Civilisation), born in London, England (d. 1983)
  • 1905 Alfredo M. Santos, First Four-star General of the Armed Forces of the Philippines, World War II hero (d. 1990)
  • 1907 Charles H. Zimmerman, American aeronautical engineer (NACA, NASA), born in Olathe, Kansas (d. 1996)
  • 1909 Souphanouvong, President of Laos (1975-87), born in Louangphrabang, Laos (d. 1995)
  • 1913 Mærsk Mc-Kinney Møller, Danish shipping magnate, born in Hellerup Denmark, (d. 2012)
  • 1913 Walter Landor [Landauer], German-British industrial and brand designer, and consumer researcher, born in Munich, Germany (d. 1995)
  • 1920 Hans Blumenberg, philosopher
  • 1921 Charles Scribner Jr [IV}, American literary publisher, born in Quogue, New York (d. 1995)
  • 1921 Friedrich Peter, Austrian poltitician (d. 2005)
  • 1922 Anker Jørgensen, Danish politician, Prime Minister of Denmark (1972-3, 75-82), born in Copenhagen (d. 2016)
  • 1925 Hilary Grover Barratt Brown, conservationist
  • 1927 Karl I Pelgrom, Dutch sculptor
  • 1927 Simone Veil, President European parliament (France)
  • 1928 Tommaso Buscetta, Sicilian mafioso and pentito (d. 2000)
  • 1932 Hubert Reeves, Canadian astrophysicist
  • 1933 David Storey, British novelist and playwright (This Sporting Life), born in Wakefield (d. 2017)
  • 1934 Aleksei Stanislavovich Yeliseyev, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 5, 8, 10)

Wole SoyinkaWole Soyinka (88 years old)

1934 Nigerian playwright and poet (Road, Kongi's Harvest-Nobel 1986), born in Abeokuta, near Ibadan, Nigeria

  • 1940 Paul Prudhomme, cajun chef (K-Paul), born in Opelousas. Louisiana (d. 2015)
  • 1942 Rod Chandler, American politician (Rep-R-WA, 1983-93), born in La Grande, Oregon

Ernő RubikErnő Rubik (78 years old)

1944 Hungarian inventor (Rubik's cube), born in Budapest, Hungary

  • 1945 Jean-Pierre E Plooij, Dutch writer (Duvelsmoer)
  • 1948 Linda Ann Simon, airline capt
  • 1948 Robert A. Underwood, American politician (Rep-D-Guam), born in Tamuning, Guam
  • 1948 Ronald Machtley, American politician (Rep-R-Rhode Island), born in Johnstown, Pennsylvania
  • 1950 George D "Pinky" Nelson, Iowa, PhD/astro (STS 41C, STS 61-C, STS-26)
  • 1950 Ma Ying-jeou, President of the Republic of China, former mayor of Taipei, former chairman of the Kuomintang (KMT)
  • 1951 Rob Bishop, American politician
  • 1953 Milica "Mila" Mulroney (née Pivnički), wife of former Canadian prime minister Brian Mulroney, born in Sarajevo, PR Bosnia-Herzegovina, FPR Yugoslavia.
  • 1957 Phil Margera, father of Bam Margera
  • 1960 Ian Hislop, British writer, satirist and editor of Private Eye, born in Swansea, Wales
  • 1961 Tim Watson, Australian rules footballer
  • 1967 Benny Benassi, Italian disc jockey
  • 1967 Dean Barnett, American Conservative blogger, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 2008)
  • 1967 Jane Fraser, British-American banker (CEO of Citigroup - first woman to run a major Wall Street bank), born in St Andrews, Scotland
  • 1969 Oleg Serebrian, Moldovan politician and political scientist
  • 1974 Jean Zhang, Miss Suriname 1993
  • 1993 Nathan Law, Hong Kong activist (Umbrella Movement), born in Shenzhen, China