On This Day

Birthdays in History on July 14

  • 1454 Poliziano, Florentine humanist (d. 1494)
  • 1486 Andrea del Sarto, Italian painter (Recollets), born in Florence (d. 1530)
  • 1602 Jules Mazarin, French cardinal, French 1st Minister (1642-61)
  • 1608 George Goring, Lord Goring, English royalist soldier (d. 1657)
  • 1610 Ferdinando II de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (d. 1670)
  • 1634 Pasquier Quesnel, French Jansenist theologian (d. 1719)
  • 1671 Jacques D'Allonville, French astronomer and mathematician (d. 1732)
  • 1675 Claude Alexandre de Bonneval, French soldier who served the Ottoman Empire and converted to Islam (d. 1747)
  • 1676 Caspar Abel, German theologian, historian, and poet (d. 1763)
  • 1696 William Oldys, English antiquarian and bibliographer (d. 1761)
  • 1721 John Douglas, Scottish Anglican bishop and man of letters (d. 1807)
  • 1743 Gavrila Romanovich Derzhavin, Russian poet and statesman, born in the Kazan Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1816)
  • 1756 Thomas Rowlandson, English painter, cartoonist and etcher, born in London, England (d. 1827)
  • 1762 Joseph Lakanal, French Politician and Educator, born in Serres Ariège, France (d. 1845)
  • 1785 Mordecai Manuel Noah, American playwright, writer and journalist, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1851)
  • 1794 John Gibson Lockhart [Scorpion], Scottish biographer (Life of Sir Walter Scott), born in Lanarkshire, Scotland (d. 1854)
  • 1801 Johannes Peter Müller, German physiologist (d. 1858)
  • 1804 Ludwig von Benedek, Hungarian born Austrian general (battle of Königgrätz), born in Sopron, Kingdom of Hungary Empire (d. 1881)
  • 1816 Arthur de Gobineau, French philosopher (d. 1882)
  • 1818 Nathaniel Lyon, American Brigadier General (Union Army), 1st Union General to die in battle, born in Ashford, Connecticut (d. 1861)
  • 1830 Richard Henry Jackson, Irish-American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Kinnegad County, Westmeath, Ireland (d. 1892)
  • 1831 William Dwight, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Springfield, Massachusetts (d. 1888)
  • 1857 Frederick Louis Maytag, American businessman, head of Maytag, born in Elgin, Illinois (d. 1937)
  • 1862 Florence Bascom, American geologist and 1st woman hired by the US Geological Survey, born in Williamstown, Massachusetts (d. 1945)
  • 1862 Gustav Klimt, Austrian Symbolist painter (The Kiss), born in Baumgarten, Austria-Hungary (d. 1918)
  • 1865 Annie Jones, American bearded lady (appeared in P. T. Barnum circus), born in Marion, Virginia (d. 1902)

Person of interestGertrude Bell

1868 Gertrude Bell, British archaeologist (Desert & The Sown), born in Washington Hall, County Durham, England (d. 1926)

Archaeologist and Writer Gertrude Bell
Archaeologist and Writer
Gertrude Bell
  • 1869 Owen Wister, American novelist 'Father of the Western' (The Virginian), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1938)
  • 1874 Abbas Hilmi II, last khedive (Ottoman viceroy) of Egypt (1892-1914), born in Alexandria, Egypt (d. 1944)
  • 1874 Andre Debierne, French chemist and physicist (Actinium)
  • 1885 Sisavang Vong, King of Laos (1904-59), born in Luang Phrabang (d. 1959)

Person of interestAnte Pavelić

1889 Ante Pavelić, Croatian leader of Nazi Germany puppet Independent State of Croatia, born in Bradina, Austria-Hungary (d. 1959)

Croatian Fascist Leader Ante Pavelić
Croatian Fascist Leader
Ante Pavelić
  • 1890 Ossip Zadkine [Zadkin], Russian French sculptor (Destroyed City), born in Vitsebsk, Russian Empire (d. 1967)
  • 1893 John G. Strijdom, South African politician and nationalist, Prime Minister of South-Africa (1954-58), born in Willowmore, Cape Colony (d. 1958)
  • 1893 Clarence J. Brown, American newspaper publisher and politician (US Rep-R-Ohio 1939-65), born in Blanchester, Ohio (d. 1965)
  • 1895 Frank Raymond Leavis, British literary critic (Culture & Environment)
  • 1896 Buenaventura Durruti, Spanish anarchist involved in the Spanish Revolution, born in León, Spain (d. 1936)
  • 1902 Truman J. Hedding, US vice-admiral (WWII) (d. 1995)
  • 1903 Irving Stone, American author (Love is Eternal, Lust for Life)
  • 1904 Richard Clarkson, British aeronautical engineer (Hawker Siddeley - Trident wing), born in London, England (d. 1996)
  • 1906 Tom Carvel, Greek born American ice cream mogul (Carvels), born in Athens, Greece (d. 1990)
  • 1908 Chaim Raphael, English Jewish scholar and novelist, born in Middlesbrough (d. 1994)
  • 1912 Northrop Frye, Canadian literary critic (d. 1991)
  • 1913 Fritz Erler, German socialist politician (SDP), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1967)

Person of interestGerald Ford

1913 Gerald Ford [Leslie King], 38th US President (R: 1974-77) and 41st US Vice President (R: 1973-74), born in Omaha, Nebraska (d. 2006)

38th US President Gerald Ford
38th US President
Gerald Ford
  • 1916 Natalia Ginzburg, Italian author (Family dictionary)

Person of interestBen Enwonwu

1917 Ben Enwonwu, Nigerian painter (Portrait of Tutu), born in Onitsha, Nigeria (d. 1994)

Artist Ben Enwonwu
Artist
Ben Enwonwu
  • 1918 Jay Forrester, Engineer, invented random-access magnetic core memory, born near Anselmo, Nebraska (d. 2016)
  • 1921 Geoffrey Wilkinson, English chemist (1973 Nobel Prize - organometallic compounds), born in Todmorden, England (d. 1996)
  • 1921 Leon Garfield, English children's author (Devil-in-the-Fog), born in Brighton, England (d. 1996)
  • 1921 Sixto Durán Ballén, Ecuadorian politician, President of Ecuador (1992-96), born in Boston, America (d. 2016)
  • 1922 Robin Olds, American World War II and Vietnam War ace fighter pilot (d. 2007)
  • 1922 Elfriede Rinkel, Nazi concentration camp guard (d. 2018)
  • 1923 Frances Lear, American Woman's magazine publisher (Lears), born in Larchmont, New York (1995)
  • 1928 Elizabeth Jane Lloyd, English artist and teacher, born in London, England (d. 1995)
  • 1931 Donald Eugene Webb, American murderer (FBI Most Wanted List), born in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
  • 1933 Robert Bourassa, Canadian politician, Prime Minister of Quebec province (1970-76, 85-93), born in Montreal, Quebec (d. 1996)
  • 1934 Leo Koury, American murderer (FBI Most Wanted List), born in Pittburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1991)
  • 1936 Robert F. Overmyer, American USMC Colonel, and NASA astronaut (STS-5; STS-51-B), born in Lorain, Ohio (d. 1996)
  • 1937 Yoshirō Mori, Japanese politician, Prime Minister of Japan (2000-01), born in Nomi, Japan
  • 1938 Jerry Rubin, American activist (Chicago 7), stockbroker, born in Cincinnati, Ohio (d. 1994)
  • 1939 George E. Slusser, American scholar, writer and Sci-Fic critic, born in San Francisco, California (d. 2014)
  • 1939 Ljubisa Beara, Bosnian general convicted of overseeing Srebrenica Massacre, born in Sarajevo (d. 2017)
  • 1940 Susan Howatch, English author, born in Leatherhead, England
  • 1941 Tatyana Kuznetsova, Soviet cosmonaut (youngest person selected for space training at 20 but never flew), born in Moscow, Soviet Union (d. 2018)
  • 1941 Maulana Karenga, American author and activist, born in Parsonburg, Maryland
  • 1941 Andreas Khol, Austrian politician, born in Bergen auf Rügen, Germany
  • 1942 Javier Solana, Spanish European Union foreign policy chief
  • 1946 Maureen O'Connor, American politician, first female Mayor of San Diego, born in San Diego, California
  • 1947 Claudia Kennedy, U.S. Army officer (first female three star general in US army), born in Frankfurt, Germany
  • 1949 Niel Barnard, South African head of South Africa secret service (NIS), born in Otjiwarongo, South-West Africa
  • 1950 Bruce Oldfield, British fashion designer
  • 1951 Esther Dyson, computer publisher (Release 1.0), born in Zurich, Switzerland
  • 1952 Joel Silver, American producer (Warriors, Xanadu, Die Hard), born in South Orange, New Jersey
  • 1952 Franklin Graham, American evangelist, son of Billy Graham, born in Asheville, North Carolina
  • 1955 L. Brent Bozell, American author and activist
  • 1958 Anne Hegerty, English TV quiz show host (The Chaser), born in London, England
  • 1959 Susana Martinez, American politician (Governor of New Mexico) 1st female Hispanic US governor, born in El Paso, Texas
  • 1960 Anna Bligh, Australian politician, 1st woman Premier of Queensland (2007-12), born in Warwick, Australia
  • 1963 Phil Rosenthal, American newspaper columnist (Chicago Tribune), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1966 Brian Selznick, American author and illustrator (The Invention of Hugo Cabret), born in East Brunswick Township, New Jersey
  • 1967 Patrick J. Kennedy, American politician (Rep-D-Rhode Island 1995-2011), born in Boston, Massachusetts
  • 1973 Adam Quinn, American bagpipe player (Lucid Druid)
  • 1977 Victoria, Crown Princess of Sweden, born in Solna, Sweden
  • 1982 Dmitry Chaplin, Russian dancer and choreographer (So You Think You Can Dance finalist), born in Rostov-on-Don, Russia