Birthdays in History on July 14

  • 1454 Poliziano, Florentine humanist (d. 1494)
  • 1486 Andrea del Sarto, Italian painter (Recollets), born in Florence (d. 1530)
  • 1602 Jules Mazarin, French cardinal, French 1st Minister (1642-61)
  • 1608 George Goring, Lord Goring, English royalist soldier (d. 1657)
  • 1610 Ferdinando II de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany (d. 1670)
  • 1634 Pasquier Quesnel, French Jansenist theologian (d. 1719)
  • 1671 Jacques D'Allonville, French astronomer and mathematician (d. 1732)
  • 1675 Claude Alexandre de Bonneval, French soldier who served the Ottoman Empire and converted to Islam (d. 1747)
  • 1676 Caspar Abel, German theologian, historian, and poet (d. 1763)
  • 1696 William Oldys, English antiquarian and bibliographer (d. 1761)
  • 1721 John Douglas, Scottish Anglican bishop and man of letters (d. 1807)
  • 1743 Gavrila Romanovich Derzhavin, Russian poet and statesman, born in the Kazan Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1816)
  • 1756 Thomas Rowlandson, English painter, cartoonist and etcher, born in London, England (d. 1827)
  • 1762 Joseph Lakanal, French Politician and Educator, born in Serres Ariège, France (d. 1845)
  • 1785 Mordecai Manuel Noah, American playwright, writer and journalist, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1851)
  • 1794 John Gibson Lockhart [Scorpion], Scottish biographer (Life of Sir Walter Scott), born in Lanarkshire, Scotland (d. 1854)
  • 1801 Johannes Peter Müller, German physiologist (d. 1858)
  • 1804 Ludwig von Benedek, Hungarian born Austrian general (battle of Königgrätz), born in Sopron, Kingdom of Hungary Empire (d. 1881)
  • 1816 Arthur de Gobineau, French philosopher (d. 1882)
  • 1818 Nathaniel Lyon, American Brigadier General (Union Army), 1st Union General to die in battle, born in Ashford, Connecticut (d. 1861)
  • 1830 Richard Henry Jackson, Irish-American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Kinnegad County, Westmeath, Ireland (d. 1892)
  • 1831 William Dwight, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Springfield, Massachusetts (d. 1888)
  • 1857 Frederick Louis Maytag, American businessman, head of Maytag, born in Elgin, Illinois (d. 1937)
  • 1862 Florence Bascom, American geologist and 1st woman hired by the US Geological Survey, born in Williamstown, Massachusetts (d. 1945)
  • 1862 Gustav Klimt, Austrian Symbolist painter (The Kiss), born in Baumgarten, Austria-Hungary (d. 1918)
  • 1865 Annie Jones, American bearded lady (appeared in P. T. Barnum circus), born in Marion, Virginia (d. 1902)

Gertrude BellGertrude Bell (1868-1926)

British archaeologist (Desert & The Sown), born in Washington Hall, County Durham, England

  • 1869 Owen Wister, American novelist 'Father of the Western' (The Virginian), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1938)
  • 1874 Abbas Hilmi II, last khedive (Ottoman viceroy) of Egypt (1892-1914), born in Alexandria, Egypt (d. 1944)
  • 1874 Andre Debierne, French chemist and physicist (Actinium)
  • 1885 Sisavang Vong, King of Laos (1904-59), born in Luang Phrabang (d. 1959)

Ante PavelićAnte Pavelić (1889-1959)

Croatian leader of Nazi Germany puppet Independent State of Croatia, born in Bradina, Austria-Hungary

  • 1890 Ossip Zadkine [Zadkin], Russian French sculptor (Destroyed City), born in Vitsebsk, Russian Empire (d. 1967)
  • 1893 Clarence J. Brown, American newspaper publisher and politician (US Rep-R-Ohio 1939-65), born in Blanchester, Ohio (d. 1965)
  • 1893 John G. Strijdom, South African politician and nationalist, Prime Minister of South-Africa (1954-58), born in Willowmore, Cape Colony (d. 1958)
  • 1895 Frank Raymond Leavis, British literary critic (Culture & Environment)
  • 1896 Buenaventura Durruti, Spanish anarchist involved in the Spanish Revolution, born in León, Spain (d. 1936)
  • 1902 Truman J. Hedding, US vice-admiral (WWII) (d. 1995)
  • 1903 Irving Stone, American author (Love is Eternal, Lust for Life)
  • 1904 Richard Clarkson, British aeronautical engineer (Hawker Siddeley - Trident wing), born in London, England (d. 1996)
  • 1906 Tom Carvel, Greek born American ice cream mogul (Carvels), born in Athens, Greece (d. 1990)
  • 1908 Chaim Raphael, English Jewish scholar and novelist, born in Middlesbrough (d. 1994)
  • 1912 Northrop Frye, Canadian literary critic (d. 1991)
  • 1913 Fritz Erler, German socialist politician (SDP), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1967)

Gerald FordGerald Ford (1913-2006)

38th US President (R: 1974-77) and 41st US Vice President (R: 1973-74), born in Omaha, Nebraska

  • 1916 Natalia Ginzburg, Italian author (Family dictionary)

Ben EnwonwuBen Enwonwu (1917-1994)

Nigerian painter (Portrait of Tutu), born in Onitsha, Nigeria

  • 1918 Jay Forrester, Engineer, invented random-access magnetic core memory, born near Anselmo, Nebraska (d. 2016)
  • 1921 Geoffrey Wilkinson, English chemist (1973 Nobel Prize - organometallic compounds), born in Todmorden, England (d. 1996)
  • 1921 Leon Garfield, English children's author (Devil-in-the-Fog), born in Brighton, England (d. 1996)
  • 1921 Sixto Durán Ballén, Ecuadorian politician, President of Ecuador (1992-96), born in Boston, America (d. 2016)
  • 1922 Elfriede Rinkel, Nazi concentration camp guard (d. 2018)
  • 1922 Robin Olds, American World War II and Vietnam War ace fighter pilot (d. 2007)
  • 1923 Frances Lear, American Woman's magazine publisher (Lears), born in Larchmont, New York (1995)
  • 1928 Elizabeth Jane Lloyd, English artist and teacher, born in London, England (d. 1995)
  • 1931 Donald Eugene Webb, American murderer (FBI Most Wanted List), born in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
  • 1933 Robert Bourassa, Canadian politician, Prime Minister of Quebec province (1970-76, 85-93), born in Montreal, Quebec (d. 1996)
  • 1934 Leo Koury, American murderer (FBI Most Wanted List), born in Pittburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1991)
  • 1934 Trevor Fancutt, South African tennis player (Australian C'ships mixed doubles [Jan Lehane]), born in Kokstad, South Africa (d. 2022)
  • 1936 Robert F. Overmyer, American USMC Colonel, and NASA astronaut (STS-5; STS-51-B), born in Lorain, Ohio (d. 1996)
  • 1937 Yoshirō Mori, Japanese politician, Prime Minister of Japan (2000-01), born in Nomi, Japan
  • 1938 Jerry Rubin, American activist (Chicago 7), stockbroker, born in Cincinnati, Ohio (d. 1994)
  • 1938 Moshe Safdie, Israel-Canadian-American architect (National Gallery of Canada), born in Haifa, British Palestine
  • 1939 George E. Slusser, American scholar, writer and Sci-Fic critic, born in San Francisco, California (d. 2014)
  • 1939 Ljubisa Beara, Bosnian general convicted of overseeing Srebrenica Massacre, born in Sarajevo (d. 2017)
  • 1940 Susan Howatch, English author, born in Leatherhead, England
  • 1941 Andreas Khol, Austrian politician, born in Bergen auf Rügen, Germany
  • 1941 Maulana Karenga, American author and activist, born in Parsonburg, Maryland
  • 1941 Tatyana Kuznetsova, Soviet cosmonaut (youngest person selected for space training at 20 but never flew), born in Moscow, Soviet Union (d. 2018)
  • 1942 Javier Solana, Spanish European Union foreign policy chief
  • 1946 Maureen O'Connor, American politician, first female Mayor of San Diego, born in San Diego, California
  • 1947 Claudia Kennedy, U.S. Army officer (first female three star general in US army), born in Frankfurt, Germany
  • 1949 Niel Barnard, South African head of South Africa secret service (NIS), born in Otjiwarongo, South-West Africa
  • 1950 Bruce Oldfield, British fashion designer
  • 1951 Esther Dyson, computer publisher (Release 1.0), born in Zurich, Switzerland
  • 1952 Franklin Graham, American evangelist, son of Billy Graham, born in Asheville, North Carolina
  • 1952 Joel Silver, American producer (Warriors, Xanadu, Die Hard), born in South Orange, New Jersey
  • 1955 L. Brent Bozell, American author and activist
  • 1958 Anne Hegerty, British TV quiz show host (The Chaser), born in London, England
  • 1959 Susana Martinez, American politician (Governor of New Mexico) 1st female Hispanic US governor, born in El Paso, Texas
  • 1960 Anna Bligh, Australian politician, 1st woman Premier of Queensland (2007-12), born in Warwick, Australia
  • 1963 Phil Rosenthal, American newspaper columnist (Chicago Tribune), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1966 Brian Selznick, American author and illustrator (The Invention of Hugo Cabret), born in East Brunswick Township, New Jersey
  • 1967 Patrick J. Kennedy, American politician (Rep-D-Rhode Island 1995-2011), born in Boston, Massachusetts
  • 1977 Victoria, Crown Princess of Sweden, born in Solna, Sweden
  • 1982 Dmitry Chaplin, Russian dancer and choreographer (So You Think You Can Dance finalist), born in Rostov-on-Don, Russia