On This Day

Birthdays in History on July 16

  • 1194 Saint Clare of Assisi, Italian follower of Francis of Assisi and founder of the Order of Poor Ladies (the Poor Clares), born in Assisi, Italy (d. 1253)
  • 1571 Theodoor Galle, Flemish engraver, born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1633)
  • 1611 Archduchess Cecilia Renata of Austria, Queen of Poland, born in Graz, Austria (d. 1644)
  • 1704 John Kay, English inventor (developed the flying shuttle), born in Lancashire, England (d. around 1779)
  • 1714 Marc René, Marquis de Montalembert, French military engineer and writer, born in Angoulême, France (d. 1800)
  • 1715 Charles de Rohan, Prince de Soubise, Marshal of France, born in Paris (d. 1787)
  • 1722 Joseph Wilton, English sculptor (Westminster Abbey), born in London (d. 1803)
  • 1723 Joshua Reynolds, English portrait painter (Simplicity), born in Plympton, Devon, England (d. 1792)
  • 1746 Giuseppe Piazzi, Italian astronomer (found 1st asteroid-Ceres), born in Ponte in Valtellina, Italy (d. 1826)
  • 1796 Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot, French painter, born in Paris (d. 1875)

Person of interestMary Baker Eddy

1821 Mary Baker Eddy, American founder of the religious movement, Christian Science (Science & Health), born in Bow, New Hampshire (d. 1910)

Christian Science Founder Mary Baker Eddy
Christian Science Founder
Mary Baker Eddy
  • 1823 James Isham Gilbert, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Louisville, Kentucky (d. 1884)
  • 1829 Robert Brown Potter, American lawyer and Major General (Union Army), born in Schenectady, New York (d. 1887)
  • 1834 Peter Leyten, Bishop of Breda (1885-1914) (d. 1914)
  • 1839 Philippus Jacobus Hoedemaker, Dutch theologist, born in Utrecht, Netherlands (d. 1910)
  • 1860 Otto Jespersen, Danish linguist, born in Randers, Denmark (d. 1943)

  • 1862 Ida Bell Wells-Barnett, American journalist and civil rights activist, born in Holly Springs, Mississippi (d. 1931)
  • 1865 George A. Birmingham, Irish clergyman and novelist, born in Belfast (d. 1950)
  • 1870 Lambert McKenna, Irish editor and lexicographer, born in Clontarf, County Dublin, Ireland (d. 1956)

Person of interestRoald Amundsen

1872 Roald Amundsen, Norwegian polar explorer who led the 1st expedition to the South Pole, born in Borge, Østfold, Norway (d. 1928)

Polar Explorer Roald Amundsen
Polar Explorer
Roald Amundsen
  • 1877 Béla Schick, Hungarian-American paediatrician (Schick test), born in Balatonboglár, Hungary (d. 1967)
  • 1884 Anna Vyrubova, Russian lady-in-waiting, the best friend and confidante of Tsaritsa Alexandra Fyodorovna, born in Oranienbaum, Russian Empire (d. 1964)
  • 1888 Frits Zernike, Dutch physicist, invented phase-contrast microscope (Nobel 1953), born in Amsterdam (d. 1966)
  • 1896 Maurits Dekker, Dutch writer (Merkteken), born in Amsterdam (d. 1962)
  • 1896 Trygve Lie, Norwegian politician and 1st Secretary-General of the United Nations (1946-52), born in Oslo (d. 1968)
  • 1896 Otmar Freiherr von Verschuer, German human biologist and Nazi physician, born in Wildeck, German Empire (d. 1969)
  • 1899 Eunice Hunton Carter, 1st African American female district attorney (NY), born in Atlanta, Georgia (d. 1970)
  • 1902 Alexander Luria, Russian neuropsychologist (Higher Cortical Functions in Man), born in Kazan, Russian Empire (d. 1977)
  • 1904 Leo Joseph Suenens, Belgian prelate of the Roman Catholic Church, born in Ixelles, Belgium (d. 1996)

Person of interestOrville Redenbacher

1907 Orville Redenbacher, American popcorn magnate (Orville Redenbacher's Gourmet Popcorn), born in Brazil, Indiana (d. 1995)

Businessman Orville Redenbacher
Businessman
Orville Redenbacher
  • 1908 Aruna Asaf Ali, Indian independence activist and politician (first Mayor of Delhi), born in Kalka, Punjab, British India (d. 1996)
  • 1908 Maurice Adams, British surgeon and rear admiral
  • 1909 Geoffrey Bryan Bentley, British Canon of Windsor and moral theologian (d. 1996)
  • 1913 Hugh Ford, British mechanic engineer, born in Northampton, England (d. 2010)
  • 1915 Annie Llewelyn-Davies, Baroness Llewelyn-Davies of Hastoe, British Labour Party politician, born in Birkenhead, England (d. 1997)
  • 1915 Edward Miller, British historian and Master (Fitzwilliam College Cambridge), born in Acklington Park, Warkworth, Northumberland (d. 2000)

  • 1916 Harold Locke, archdeacon of Loughborough
  • 1918 George Mueller, NASA Systems Engineer (managed 1969 Moon landing), born in St Louis, Missouri (d. 2015)
  • 1919 Choi Kyu-hah, President of South Korea, born in Wŏnju, South Korea (d. 2006)
  • 1919 Hermine Braunsteiner, Nazi war criminal and female camp guard at Ravensbrück and Majdanek concentration camps, born in Vienna, Republic of German-Austria (d. 1999)
  • 1921 Trevor Illtyd Williams, scientific writer, born in Bristol, England (d. 1996)
  • 1921 Bernard W. Rogers, United States Army general who served as the Chief of Staff of the U.S. Army and NATO's Supreme Allied Commander, Europe, born in Fairview, Kansas (d. 2008)
  • 1923 Reg Prentice, British government minister, born in Croydon, Surrey (d. 2001)
  • 1923 Chris Argyris, American business theorist and educator, born in Newark, New Jersey (d. 2013)
  • 1926 Brian Howard, deputy chairman (Marks & Spencer), born in Blackpool, England (d. 2005)
  • 1926 Philip Randle, British biochemist (Randle cycle), born in Nuneaton, Warwickshire (d. 2006)
  • 1926 Irwin Rose, American biologist (Nobel Prize Chemistry 2004), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2015)
  • 1927 John Freeland, Legal advisor UK foreign office and judge at the European Court of Human Rights, born in London (d. 2014)
  • 1927 Shirley Hughes, English author and illustrator (Dogger), born in West Kirby, England
  • 1928 James Kilfedder, Northern Ireland unionist politician, born in Kinlough, Ireland (d. 1995)
  • 1928 Ray Thornton, American politician (Democratic U.S. Representative for Arkansas), born in Conway, Arkansas (d. 2016)
  • 1928 Robert Sheckley, American sci-fi author (10th Victim, Mindswap), born in NYC, New York (d. 2005)
  • 1928 Anita Brookner, English novelist (Hotel du Lac) and art historian, born in London (d. 2016)
  • 1929 Michael Morland, High court judge
  • 1930 Michael Bilirakis, American politician, Republican U.S. House of Representatives from Florida, born in Tarpon Springs, Florida
  • 1931 Lady Caroline Blackwood, British journalist and writer (The Last of the Duchess), born in London (d. 1996)
  • 1932 Richard Thornburgh, 76th United States Attorney General (1988-91) and 41st Governor of Pennsylvania, born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 2020) [1]
  • 1934 Donald Payne, New Jersey Congressman (1989-2012), born in Newark, New Jersey (d. 2012)
  • 1937 Richard Bryan, American attorney and politician (25th Governor of Nevada), born in Washington, D.C.
  • 1939 Marion Pitt, social worker/writer
  • 1939 Mariele Ventre, Italian choir director, born in Bologna, Emilia-Romagna, Italy (d. 1995)
  • 1941 George Young, Baron Young of Cookham, British minister of housing & planning, born in Oxford, England
  • 1941 Hans Wiegel, Dutch commissioner of the queen (Frisia), born in Amsterdam, Netherlands
  • 1941 Jan Krajenbrink, Dutch 2nd Chamber member (CDA), born in Oostwold, Netherlands
  • 1942 Frank Field, British Labour politician, born in Edmonton, Middlesex
  • 1943 Stanley Gebler Davies, journalist/drinker
  • 1943 Reinaldo Arenas, Cuban poet and novelist (Pentagonia), born in Aguas Claras, Holguín Province, Cuba (d. 1990)
  • 1945 Diana Warwick, Baroness Warwick of Undercliffe, Labour member of the House of Lords
  • 1946 Barbara Lee, American politician (U.S. House of Representatives from California), born in El Paso, Texas
  • 1947 Roelof Petrus Meyer, South African under minister of Law & Order etc, born in Port Elizabeth, South Africa
  • 1947 Alexis Herman, American politician (23rd U.S. Secretary of Labor), born in Mobile, Alabama
  • 1947 Assata Shakur, American activist Black Liberation Army) and wanted by FBI, born in Queens, New York
  • 1949 Cyndy Garvey, wife of Steve Garvey, talk show host (AM LA), born in Detroit, Michigan
  • 1950 Valery Yevgenyevich Maksimenko, Russian colonel and cosmonaut, born in Tyumen, Russia
  • 1950 Pierre Paradis, Quebec politician (Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food), born in Bedford, Quebec
  • 1951 Esther Friesner, American sci-fi author (Witchwood Cradle), born in NYC, New York
  • 1951 Jean-Luc Mongrain, French-Canadian journalist, born in Sherbrooke, Quebec, Canada
  • 1952 Robert David Steele, American activist and former CIA officer, born in NYC, New York
  • 1953 Douglas J. Feith, American Under Secretary of Defense for Policy, born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
  • 1954 Jeanette Mott Oxford, American activist and politician, born in Eldorado, Illinois
  • 1957 Alan Donnelly, British Labour Party politician, born in Jarrow, England
  • 1957 Alexandra Marinina, Russian writer (Igra Na Chuzhom Pole), born in Lviv, Ukraine
  • 1958 Pierre Roland Renoir, Canadian artist, born in Monaco
  • 1958 Mike Rogers, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Alabama), born in Hammond, Indiana
  • 1966 Mike Horn, South African explorer, 1st to reach North Pole without dog or motorized transport, born in Johannesburg, South Africa
  • 1968 Larry Sanger, American co-founder of Wikipedia, born in Bellevue, Washington
  • 1973 Tim Ryan, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Ohio), born in Niles, Ohio
  • 1977 Bryan Budd, British soldier (VC recipient), born in Belfast, Northern Ireland (d. 2006)