Birthdays in History on July 17

  • 1487 Ismail I, Shah of Persia, converted Iran from Sunni to Shi'ah (d. 1524)
  • 1674 Isaac Watts, England, writer/preacher/hymnist (Horae Lyrican)
  • 1704 John Kay, English inventor (developed the flying shuttle), born in Lancashire, England (d. around 1779)
  • 1744 Elbridge Gerry, (DR) 5th VP (Mass-Gov), invented gerrymandering
  • 1745 Petr Alekseevich Pahlen, Russian general (d. 1826)
  • 1763 Johannes H van der Palm, Dutch theologist/minister of Education

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1763 John Jacob Astor [Johann Jakob Astor] German-American businessman (first multi-millionaire in the United States), born in Walldorf, Electoral Palatinate, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1848)

Businessman John Jacob Astor
John Jacob Astor
  • 1797 Hippolyte Delaroche, French painter (d. 1856)
  • 1827 Frederick A Able, English chemist/inventor (cordiet)
  • 1830 Eelco Refer, linguist (Dictionary for the Dutch translator)
  • 1831 Xianfeng, Emperor of China (d. 1861)
  • 1839 Ephraim Shay, American inventor (d. 1916)
  • 1859 Luis Munoz Rivera, Puerto Rico, journalist (founded Federalist Party)
  • 1871 Lyonel C A Feininger, US cartoonist/painter
  • 1876 Maxim M Litvinov, [Meyer H Wallach], Russian diplomat
  • 1876 Rosa Jackson Lumpkin, lived to be 115 years old, born in Flint, Georgia (d. 1991)
  • 1883 Bart de Ligt, anti militarist theologist (Acting Peace)
  • 1888 Shmuel Agnon, Israel, novelist (Day Before Yesterday-Nobel 1966)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1889 Erle Stanley Gardner, American detective writer (Perry Mason), born in Malden, Massachusetts (d. 1970)

Detective Writer Erle Stanley Gardner
Detective Writer
Erle Stanley Gardner
  • 1897 Elbert Parr Tuttle, lawyer/judge
  • 1898 Berenice Abbott, photographer (World of Atget), born in Springfield, Ohio
  • 1898 Osmond Borradaile, Canadian cinematographer (d. 1999)
  • 1901 Bruno Jasieński, Polish poet (d. 1938)
  • 1902 Christina Stead, Australia, novelist (Man Who Loved Children)
  • 1909 Hardy Amies, royal dressmaker (Queen Elizabeth II), born in London, England
  • 1911 Yang Jiang, Chinese writer (Six Chapters From My Life ‘Downunder,’), born in Beijing (d. 2016)
  • 1913 Roger Garaudy, French philosopher
  • 1913 Bertrand Goldberg, American architect (d. 1997)
  • 1914 James Purdy, Hicksville, Ohio, writer (The House of the Solitary Maggot), (disputed birthdate, 1923), (d. 2009)
  • 1915 Habib Rajab, South African trader and collector of oriental art who fought against a takeover of the Grey Street complex by White traders, born in Durban, South Africa (d. 1973)
  • 1917 Kenan Evren, Turkish soldier and politician, (President of Turkey 1980-1989 by military coup), born in Alaşehir, Manisa Province (d. 2015)
  • 1918 Carlos Manuel Arana Osorio, President of Guatemala (d. 2003)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1920 Gordon Gould, American physicist (inventor of the laser) born in NYC, New York (d. 2005)

Physicist Gordon Gould
Gordon Gould
  • 1922 Donald Alfred Davie, poet/critic
  • 1923 John Cooper, English race car designer (d. 2000)
  • 1928 Jean Muir, British fashion designer and dressmaker, born in London (d. 1995)
  • 1929 Sergei K. Godunov, Russian mathematician
  • 1932 Hal Riney, American advertising executive (d. 2008)
  • 1934 Rainer Kisch, German writer, born in Döbeln
  • 1934 Lucio Tan, Chinese Filipino businessman (Philippine Airlines), in Amoy China
  • 1937 Jose Ignacio Cabrujas, writer
  • 1939 Warwick Hutton, artist

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1939 Ali Hosseini Khamenei, Supreme Leader of Iran (1989- ) and Muslim cleric, born in Mashhad, Khorasan, Iran

Leader of Iran Ali Hosseini Khamenei
Leader of Iran
Ali Hosseini Khamenei
  • 1942 Peter Sissons, British newsreader
  • 1945 Alexander, Crown Prince of Yugoslavia

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1947 Camilla Parker Bowles (Duchess of Cornwall), wife of Prince Charles, born in London, England

Duchess of Cornwall Camilla Parker Bowles
Duchess of Cornwall
Camilla Parker Bowles
  • 1948 Phillip Harris, rocker
  • 1952 Robert R[ick] McCammon, American sci-fi author (Baal, Mystery Walk)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1954 Angela Merkel, German politician, Chancellor of Germany (2005-), born in Hamburg, West Germany

Chancellor of Germany Angela Merkel
Chancellor of Germany
Angela Merkel
  • 1954 J. Michael Straczynski, American author
  • 1955 Paul Stamets, American mycologist and environmentalist
  • 1956 Julie Bishop, Australian Liberal Party politician and Minister for Foreign Affairs (2013-present), born in Lobethal, South Australia
  • 1959 Janet Lynn Kavandi, Springfield Mo, PhD/astronaut (sk:STS 91)
  • 1963 Letsie III, King of Lesotho
  • 1966 Sten Tolgfors, Swedish politician
  • 1971 Cory Doctorow, Canadian author and activist
  • 1975 Gino D'Acampo, Italian celebrity chef
  • 1975 Terence Tao, Australian-Chinese mathematician
  • 1978 Ricardo Arona, Brazilian mixed martial artist
  • 1998 Felipe Juan Froilán de Marichalar y de Borbón, Spanish royal