On This Day

Birthdays in History on July 18

  • 1340 Philip van Artevelde, Flemish leader and wine salesman, born in Ghent, Belgium (d. 1382)
  • 1501 Isabella of Burgundy, wife of Christian II of Denmark, born in Brussels (d. 1526)
  • 1504 Heinrich Bullinger, Swiss religious reformer, born in Bremgarten, Switzerland (d. 1575)
  • 1534 Zacharias Ursinus, German theologist (Heidelberger Catechism), born in Breslau, Silesia (d. 1583)
  • 1552 Rudolf II von Habsburg, Emperor of Germany (1576-1612), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1612)
  • 1634 Johannes Camphuys, Governor-General of Dutch-Indies (1684-91), born in Haarlem, Dutch Republic (d. 1695)

Person of interestRobert Hooke

1635 Robert Hooke, English scientist (Micrographia), born in Isle of Wight, England (d. 1703)

Scientist Robert Hooke
Scientist
Robert Hooke
  • 1718 Saverio Bettinelli, Italian Jesuit writer, born in Mantua, Lombardy, Italy (d. 1808)
  • 1720 Gilbert White, English naturalist (Natural History and Antiquities of Selborn), born in Selborne, Hampshire (d. 1793)
  • 1796 Feargus O'Connor, Leader of English Chartists, born in County Cork (d. 1855)
  • 1797 Immanuel Hermann Fichte, German philosopher, born in Jena, Saxe-Weimar (d. 1879)
  • 1811 William Makepeace Thackeray, British novelist (Vanity Fair), born in Kolkata, India (d. 1863)
  • 1818 Louis Gerhard De Geer, 1st Swedish Prime Minister (1876-80), born in Finspång Castle, Sweden (d. 1896)
  • 1823 Leonard Fulton Ross, American lawyer, probate judge, and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Lewistown, Illinois (d. 1901)
  • 1827 Pierre-Lambert Goossens, Belgian archbishop of Mechelen and Cardinal Primate of Belgium, born in Perk, Steenokkerzeel, Belgium (d. 1906)
  • 1837 Vasil Levski, Bulgarian revolutionary, born in Karlovo, Rumelia, Bulgaria (d. 1873)

  • 1845 Tristan Corbière, French poet, born in Morlaix, Brittany, France (d. 1875)
  • 1850 Rose Hartwick Thorpe, American poet (Curfew Must Not Ring) and writer, born in Mishawaka, Indiana, Kansas (d. 1939)
  • 1853 Hendrik Antoon Lorentz, Dutch physicist (electromagnetic radiation, Nobel 1902), born in Arnherm, Netherlands (d.1928)
  • 1862 Victor, Prince Napoléon (Napoléon V ), French pretender to throne, born in Palais-Royal, Paris (d. 1926)
  • 1862 Nikolai Nikolayevich Yudenich, Russian WWI general, born in Moscow, Russian Empire (d. 1933)
  • 1864 Ricarda Huch, German writer and historian "First Lady of German humanism", born in Braunschweig (d. 1947)
  • 1864 Phillip Snowden, British politician, 1st Labour Chancellor of the Exchequer, born Cowling, Yorkshire (d. 1937)
  • 1865 Laurence Housman, English author and playwright (Victoria Regina), born in Bromsgrove, Worcestershire, England (d. 1959)
  • 1871 Giacomo Balla, Italian painter (Dog at a Rope), born in Turin, Italy (d. 1958)
  • 1882 Manuel Gálvez, Argentine novelist (La maestra normal), born in Paraná, Argentina (d. 1962)
  • 1884 Alberto di Jorio, Italian Cardinal and former head of the Vatican Bank, born in Rome (d. 1979)
  • 1887 Vidkun Quisling, Norwegian Minister of Defense and Prime Minister (1942-45), born in Fyresdal, Norway (d. 1945)
  • 1888 Alexander Rosemeier, Indonesian-Dutch painter, born in Soerakarta, Java (d. 1992)
  • 1888 Sydney Horler, English detective writer (Checkmate), born in Leytonstone, Essex (d. 1954)
  • 1890 Charles Erwin Wilson, American engineer (President and CEO of General Motors) and politician (United States Secretary of Defense 1953-57), born in Minerva, Ohio (d. 1961)
  • 1890 Frank Forde, 15th Prime Minister of Australia (the shortest-serving prime minister in Australia's history-8 days), born in Mitchell, Queensland, Australia (d. 1983)

Person of interestGeorge "Machine Gun" Kelly

1895 George Machine Gun Kelly [Georgio Barnes], American gangster, born in Memphis, Tennessee (d. 1954)

  • 1898 Herbert Marcuse, German-American communist philosopher (Eros & Civilization), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1979)
  • 1899 Willem Kernkamp, Dutch minister of Colonies (Islam & Woman), born in Edam, Netherlands (d. 1956)
  • 1900 Nathalie Sarraute [Tcherniak], French writer (Childhood, Portrait of a Man Unknown, The Golden Fruits), born in Ivanovo, Russia (d. 1999)

  • 1906 Clifford Odets, American dramatist (1961 Award of Merit-Golden Boy), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1963)
  • 1906 S. I. Hayakawa, U.S. senator from California (1977–83) and educator (Language in Action), born in Vancouver, British Columbia (d. 1992)
  • 1908 Peace Pilgrim [Mildred Lisette Norman], American peace activist, born in Egg Harbor City, New Jersey (d. 1981)
  • 1909 Andrei Gromyko, Soviet politician (President of Union of Soviet Socialist Republics), born in Staryya Hramyki, Mogilev Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1989) [OS 7/5]
  • 1909 Mohammed Daoud Khan, 1st President of Afghanistan (1973-78) and Prime Minister of Afghanistan (1953-63), born in Kabul, Afghanistan (d. 1978)
  • 1911 Alexander Hyatt King, Mozart scholar, born in Beckenham, England (d. 1995)
  • 1912 Harry Levin, American literary scholar, born in Minneapolis, Minnesota (d. 1994)
  • 1912 Henry Louis Miller, American Rear Admiral (WW II-Pacific), born in Fairbanks, Alaska (d. 1993)
  • 1913 Jan Slot, Dutch mayor (Eethen/Hardenberg/Ede), born in Broek op Langedijk, Netherlands (d. 1994)
  • 1914 John G Bearer, writer (Metro, Drunken Canary, Fast Heartbeat)
  • 1914 Jo [Jozef Maria Laurens Theo] Cals, Prime Minister of Netherlands (1965-66) and Minister of Education, Arts and Sciences, born in Roermond, Netherlands (d. 1971)
  • 1915 Anthony Wakefield Cox, English architect, born in Park Road, Peterborough (d 1993)
  • 1915 Isaack Stouten, resistance fighter (d. 1945)
  • 1916 Isaäc Arend Diepenhorst, Dutch lawyer and Minister of Education, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 2004)
  • 1916 Kenneth Armitage, English sculptor, born in Leeds, England (d. 2002)

Person of interestNelson Mandela

1918 Nelson Mandela, South African anti-apartheid activist, political prisoner (1962-90) and President of South Africa (1994-99), born in Mvezo, Umtatu, South Africa (d. 2013)

Anti-apartheid activist and South African President Nelson Mandela
Anti-apartheid activist and South African President
Nelson Mandela

Person of interestJohn Glenn

1921 John Glenn, American astronaut (1st American to orbit the earth) and politician (Senator D-Ohio), born in Cambridge, Ohio (d. 2016)

Astronaut and Politician John Glenn
Astronaut and Politician
John Glenn
  • 1922 Thomas Kuhn, American philosopher of science (paradigm shift), born in Cincinnati, Ohio (d. 1996)
  • 1923 Jerome H. Lemelson, American inventor, (held more than 600 patents), born in Staten Island, New York (d. 1997)
  • 1924 Howard A. Roberts, American choral director (Leslie Uggams Show), born in Burlington, New Jersey (d. 2011)
  • 1924 John Cruickshank, French scholar (d. 1995)
  • 1926 Margaret Laurence, Canadian writer (The Stone Angel), born in Neepawa, Manitoba (d. 1987)
  • 1927 Ludwig Harig, German writer, born in Sulzbach (d. 2018)
  • 1928 Simon Vinkenoog, Dutch writer and poet, born in Amsterdam (d. 2009)
  • 1929 Adelaide Tambo, South African anti-apartheid activist, politician and wife of Oliver Tambo, born in Top Location, Vereeniging (d. 2007)
  • 1933 Aad Nuis, Dutch writer and political scientist, born in Sliedrecht, Netherlands (d. 2007)
  • 1933 Yevgeny Yevtushenko, Russian poet (Bratsk Station), born in Zima, Siberia (d. 2017)
  • 1935 Jayendra Saraswathi, Hindu religious leader (69th Shankaracharya Guru), born in Irulneeki, Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu (d. 2018)
  • 1937 Roald Hoffmann, Polish-American chemist (Nobel 1981), born in Złoczów, Poland
  • 1937 Hunter S. Thompson, American journalist and author (Fear & Loathing in Las Vegas), born in Louisville, Kentucky (d. 2005)
  • 1939 Edward Gramlich, American economics professor (University of Michigan), born in Rochester, New York (d. 2007)
  • 1942 Prince Alexandre of Belgium, Prince of the Belgians and son of Leopold III, born in Stuyvenberg Castle, Laeken, Brussels, Belgium (d. 2009)
  • 1942 Adolf Ogi, President of Switzerland (2000), born in Kandersteg, Switzerland
  • 1945 Danny McCulloch, English rocker (Animals), born in London, England
  • 1946 Tim Lynch, rocker (Flaming Groovies)
  • 1947 Steven W. Mahoney, Canadian politician (Member of the Canadian Parliament for Mississauga West), born in Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario
  • 1948 Phil Harris, British rocker (Ace), born in Muswell Hill, London
  • 1948 Hartmut Michel, German chemist (Nobel 1988 - determination of the structure of certain proteins that are essential for photosynthesis), born in Ludwigsburg, Germany
  • 1950 Jack Layton, Canadian politician, born in Montreal, Quebec (d. 2011)
  • 1951 Elio Di Rupo, Belgian social-democratic politician (50th Prime Minister of Belgium), born in Morlanwelz, Belgium
  • 1953 Peter Greenall, 4th Baron Daresbury, British aristocrat and businessman, born in Marylebone, London
  • 1955 Vitali Viktorovich Savitsky, biologist/politician
  • 1955 Bernd Fasching, Austrian painter and sculptor, born in Vienna, Austria
  • 1958 Margo Vliegenthart, Dutch 2nd Chamber member (PvdA), born in Utrecht, Netherlands
  • 1963 Martín Torrijos Espino, President of Panama
  • 1964 Wendy Williams, American TV and radio host (The Wendy Williams Show), born in Asbury Park, New Jersey
  • 1969 Elizabeth Gilbert, American author (Eat Pray, Love), born in Waterbury, Connecticut
  • 1974 Alan Morrison, British poet
  • 1977 Alfian bin Sa'at, Singaporean writer, poet and playwright
  • 1979 Rick Baxter, American politician
  • 1994 Ricardo Dela Corte, Italian test tube baby born to oldest (62) mother