Birthdays in History on July 18

  • 1340 Philip van Artevelde, Flemish leader and wine salesman, born in Ghent, Belgium (d. 1382)
  • 1501 Isabella of Burgundy, wife of Christian II of Denmark, born in Brussels (d. 1526)
  • 1504 Heinrich Bullinger, Swiss religious reformer, born in Bremgarten, Switzerland (d. 1575)
  • 1534 Zacharias Ursinus, German theologist (Heidelberger Catechism), born in Breslau, Silesia (d. 1583)
  • 1552 Rudolf II von Habsburg, Emperor of Germany (1576-1612), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1612)
  • 1634 Johannes Camphuys, Governor-General of Dutch-Indies (1684-91), born in Haarlem, Dutch Republic (d. 1695)

Robert HookeRobert Hooke (1635-1703)

English scientist (Micrographia), born in Isle of Wight, England

  • 1718 Saverio Bettinelli, Italian Jesuit writer, born in Mantua, Lombardy, Italy (d. 1808)
  • 1720 Gilbert White, English naturalist (Natural History and Antiquities of Selborn), born in Selborne, Hampshire (d. 1793)
  • 1796 Feargus O'Connor, Leader of English Chartists, born in County Cork (d. 1855)
  • 1797 Immanuel Hermann Fichte, German philosopher, born in Jena, Saxe-Weimar (d. 1879)
  • 1811 William Makepeace Thackeray, British novelist (Vanity Fair), born in Kolkata, India (d. 1863)
  • 1818 Louis Gerhard De Geer, 1st Swedish Prime Minister (1876-80), born in Finspång Castle, Sweden (d. 1896)
  • 1823 Leonard Fulton Ross, American lawyer, probate judge, and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Lewistown, Illinois (d. 1901)
  • 1827 Pierre-Lambert Goossens, Belgian archbishop of Mechelen and Cardinal Primate of Belgium, born in Perk, Steenokkerzeel, Belgium (d. 1906)
  • 1837 Vasil Levski, Bulgarian revolutionary, born in Karlovo, Rumelia, Bulgaria (d. 1873)
  • 1845 Tristan Corbière, French poet, born in Morlaix, Brittany, France (d. 1875)
  • 1850 Rose Hartwick Thorpe, American poet (Curfew Must Not Ring) and writer, born in Mishawaka, Indiana, Kansas (d. 1939)
  • 1853 Hendrik Antoon Lorentz, Dutch physicist (electromagnetic radiation, Nobel 1902), born in Arnherm, Netherlands (d. 1928)
  • 1862 Nikolai Nikolayevich Yudenich, Russian WWI general, born in Moscow, Russian Empire (d. 1933)
  • 1862 Victor, Prince Napoléon (Napoléon V), French pretender to throne, born in Palais-Royal, Paris (d. 1926)
  • 1864 Phillip Snowden, British politician, 1st Labour Chancellor of the Exchequer, born in Cowling, Yorkshire (d. 1937)
  • 1864 Ricarda Huch, German writer and historian "First Lady of German humanism", born in Braunschweig (d. 1947)
  • 1865 Laurence Housman, English author and playwright (Victoria Regina), born in Bromsgrove, Worcestershire, England (d. 1959)
  • 1871 Giacomo Balla, Italian painter (Dog at a Rope), born in Turin, Italy (d. 1958)
  • 1882 Manuel Gálvez, Argentine novelist (La maestra normal), born in Paraná, Argentina (d. 1962)
  • 1884 Alberto di Jorio, Italian Cardinal and former head of the Vatican Bank, born in Rome (d. 1979)

Vidkun QuislingVidkun Quisling (1887-1945)

Norwegian Minister of Defense and Prime Minister (1942-45), born in Fyresdal, Norway

  • 1888 Alexander Rosemeier, Indonesian-Dutch painter, born in Soerakarta, Java (d. 1992)
  • 1888 Sydney Horler, English detective writer (Checkmate), born in Leytonstone, Essex (d. 1954)
  • 1890 Charles Erwin Wilson, American engineer (President and CEO of General Motors) and politician (United States Secretary of Defense 1953-57), born in Minerva, Ohio (d. 1961)
  • 1890 Frank Forde, 15th Prime Minister of Australia (the shortest-serving prime minister in Australia's history-8 days), born in Mitchell, Queensland, Australia (d. 1983)

George George "Machine Gun" Kelly (1895-1954)

American gangster during the Prohibition era, born in Memphis, Tennessee

  • 1897 Stephen Gill Spottswood, American African Methodist Episcopal Zion bishop, and civil rights leader (NAACP Chairman, 1961-74), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1974)
  • 1898 Herbert Marcuse, German-American communist philosopher (Eros & Civilization), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1979)
  • 1899 Willem Kernkamp, Dutch minister of Colonies (Islam & Woman), born in Edam, Netherlands (d. 1956)
  • 1900 Nathalie Sarraute [Tcherniak], French writer (Childhood, Portrait of a Man Unknown, The Golden Fruits), born in Ivanovo, Russia (d. 1999)
  • 1906 Clifford Odets, American dramatist (1961 Award of Merit-Golden Boy), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1963)
  • 1906 S. I. Hayakawa, U.S. senator from California (1977–83) and educator (Language in Action), born in Vancouver, British Columbia (d. 1992)
  • 1908 John Washington, American US Army chaplain and Catholic priest (The Four Chaplains), born in Newark, New Jersey (d. 1943) [1]
  • 1908 Peace Pilgrim [Mildred Lisette Norman], American peace activist, born in Egg Harbor City, New Jersey (d. 1981)
  • 1909 Andrei Gromyko, Soviet politician (President of Union of Soviet Socialist Republics), born in Staryya Hramyki, Mogilev Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1989) [OS 7/5]
  • 1909 Mohammed Daoud Khan, 1st President of Afghanistan (1973-78) and Prime Minister of Afghanistan (1953-63), born in Kabul, Afghanistan (d. 1978)
  • 1911 Alexander Hyatt King, Mozart scholar, born in Beckenham, England (d. 1995)
  • 1912 Harry Levin, American literary scholar, born in Minneapolis, Minnesota (d. 1994)
  • 1912 Henry Louis Miller, American Rear Admiral (WW II-Pacific), born in Fairbanks, Alaska (d. 1993)
  • 1913 Jan Slot, Dutch mayor (Eethen/Hardenberg/Ede), born in Broek op Langedijk, Netherlands (d. 1994)
  • 1914 Jo [Jozef Maria Laurens Theo] Cals, Prime Minister of Netherlands (1965-66) and Minister of Education, Arts and Sciences, born in Roermond, Netherlands (d. 1971)
  • 1914 John G Bearer, writer (Metro, Drunken Canary, Fast Heartbeat)
  • 1915 Anthony Wakefield Cox, English architect, born in Park Road, Peterborough (d. 1993)
  • 1915 Isaack Stouten, resistance fighter (d. 1945)
  • 1916 Isaäc Arend Diepenhorst, Dutch lawyer and Minister of Education, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 2004)
  • 1916 Kenneth Armitage, English sculptor, born in Leeds, England (d. 2002)

Nelson MandelaNelson Mandela (1918-2013)

South African anti-apartheid activist, political prisoner (1962-90) and President of South Africa (1994-99), born in Mvezo, Umtatu, South Africa

  • 1921 Aaron Beck, American psychiatrist (father of cognitive behavioural therapy), born in Providence, Rhode Island (d. 2021) [1]

John GlennJohn Glenn (1921-2016)

American astronaut (1st American to orbit the earth) and politician (Senator D-Ohio), born in Cambridge, Ohio

  • 1922 Thomas Kuhn, American philosopher of science (paradigm shift), born in Cincinnati, Ohio (d. 1996)
  • 1923 Jerome H. Lemelson, American inventor, (held more than 600 patents), born in Staten Island, New York (d. 1997)
  • 1924 Howard A. Roberts, American choral director (Leslie Uggams Show), born in Burlington, New Jersey (d. 2011)
  • 1924 John Cruickshank, French scholar (d. 1995)
  • 1926 Margaret Laurence, Canadian writer (The Stone Angel), born in Neepawa, Manitoba (d. 1987)
  • 1927 Ludwig Harig, German writer, born in Sulzbach (d. 2018)
  • 1928 Simon Vinkenoog, Dutch writer and poet, born in Amsterdam (d. 2009)
  • 1929 Adelaide Tambo, South African anti-apartheid activist, politician and wife of Oliver Tambo, born in Top Location, Vereeniging (d. 2007)
  • 1933 Aad Nuis, Dutch writer and political scientist, born in Sliedrecht, Netherlands (d. 2007)
  • 1933 Yevgeny Yevtushenko, Russian poet (Bratsk Station), born in Zima, Siberia (d. 2017)
  • 1935 Jayendra Saraswathi, Hindu religious leader (69th Shankaracharya Guru), born in Irulneeki, Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu (d. 2018)

Hunter S. ThompsonHunter S. Thompson (1937-2005)

American journalist and author (Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas), born in Louisville, Kentucky

  • 1937 Roald Hoffmann, Polish-American chemist (Nobel 1981), born in Złoczów, Poland
  • 1939 Edward Gramlich, American economics professor (University of Michigan), born in Rochester, New York (d. 2007)
  • 1942 Adolf Ogi, President of Switzerland (2000), born in Kandersteg, Switzerland
  • 1942 Prince Alexandre of Belgium, Prince of the Belgians and son of Leopold III, born in Stuyvenberg Castle, Laeken, Brussels, Belgium (d. 2009)
  • 1945 Danny McCulloch, English rocker (Animals), born in London, England
  • 1946 Tim Lynch, rocker (Flaming Groovies)
  • 1947 Steven W. Mahoney, Canadian politician (Member of the Canadian Parliament for Mississauga West), born in Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario
  • 1948 Hartmut Michel, German chemist (Nobel 1988 - determination of the structure of certain proteins that are essential for photosynthesis), born in Ludwigsburg, Germany
  • 1948 Phil Harris, British rocker (Ace), born in Muswell Hill, London
  • 1950 Jack Dongarra, American computer programmer (2022 Turing award, Linpack), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1950 Jack Layton, Canadian politician, born in Montreal, Quebec (d. 2011)
  • 1951 Elio Di Rupo, Belgian social-democratic politician (50th Prime Minister of Belgium), born in Morlanwelz, Belgium
  • 1953 Peter Greenall, 4th Baron Daresbury, British aristocrat and businessman, born in Marylebone, London
  • 1955 Bernd Fasching, Austrian painter and sculptor, born in Vienna, Austria
  • 1955 Vitali Viktorovich Savitsky, biologist/politician
  • 1958 Margo Vliegenthart, Dutch 2nd Chamber member (PvdA), born in Utrecht, Netherlands
  • 1963 Martín Torrijos Espino, President of Panama
  • 1964 Wendy Williams, American TV and radio host (The Wendy Williams Show), born in Asbury Park, New Jersey
  • 1969 Elizabeth Gilbert, American author (Eat Pray, Love), born in Waterbury, Connecticut
  • 1974 Alan Morrison, British poet
  • 1977 Alfian bin Sa'at, Singaporean writer, poet and playwright
  • 1979 Rick Baxter, American politician
  • 1994 Ricardo Dela Corte, Italian test tube baby born to oldest (62) mother