Birthdays in History on July 19

  • 810 Imam Bukhari, Islamic scholar and compiler of Hadith, born in Bukhara, Khorasan (modern day Iran) (d. 870)
  • 1688 Giuseppe Castiglione, Italian Jesuit brother and missionary to China, born in Milan, Italy (d. 1766)
  • 1744 Heinrich Christian Boie, German author and editor, born in Meldorf, Germany (d. 1806)
  • 1759 Seraphim of Sarov, Russian Orthodox Saint, born in Kursk, Russian Empire (d. 1833) [OS]
  • 1789 John Martin, English painter and engraver, born in Haydon Bridge, Northumberland, England (d. 1854)
  • 1800 Juan José Flores, General and first President of Ecuador (1839-1845), born in Puerto Cabello, Venezuela (d. 1864)

Person of interestSamuel Colt

1814 Samuel Colt, American inventor and industrialist (Colt 6 shot revolver), born in Hartford, Connecticut (d. 1862)

Inventor/Industrialist Samuel Colt
Inventor/Industrialist
Samuel Colt
  • 1817 Mary Ann Bickerdyke, American army nurse (union), born in Knox County, Ohio (d. 1901)
  • 1819 Gottfried Keller, German-Swiss poet and novelist, born in Zurich (d. 1890)
  • 1822 Princess Augusta of Cambridge, Grand Duchess of Mecklenburg-Strelitz and granddaughter of George III, born in Palace of Montbrillant, Hanover (d. 1916)
  • 1823 George Henry Gordon, American lawyer and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Charlestown, Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1886)
  • 1827 Mangal Pandey, Indian Sepoy (soldier) in the 34th Bengal Native Infantry (B.N.I.) regiment of the British East India Company, born in Nagwa, Ballia district, India (d. 1857)
  • 1828 Roger Atkinson Pryor, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Petersburg, Virginia (d. 1919)
  • 1833 John Wesley Turner, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Saratoga, New York (d. 1899)
  • 1834 Edgar Degas, French impressionist painter, sculptor and artist (The Bellelli Family), born in Paris (d. 1917)
  • 1838 Joel Asaph Allen, American zoologist (Allen's rule) and first curator of birds and mammals at the American Museum of Natural History, born in Springfield, Massachusetts (d. 1921)

  • 1846 Charles Edward Pickering, American astronomer and pioneered American spectroscopist, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1919)
  • 1848 Cornelis Adrianus Pekelharing, Dutch physician, born in Zaandam, Netherlands(d. 1922)
  • 1849 François Victor Alphonse Aulard, French historian, born in Montbron, France (d. 1928)
  • 1849 Ferdinand Brunetière, French writer and critic, born in Toulon, Var, France (d. 1906)
  • 1851 Hendrik Jut, Dutch murderer (Head of Jut), born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1878)
  • 1854 Daniel Josephus Jitta, Dutch High Court lawyer, born in Amsterdam (d. 1925)

Person of interestLizzie Borden

1860 Lizzie Borden, American woman acquitted of the murder of her parents (gave her mother forty whacks), born in Fall River, Massachusetts (d. 1927)

Acquitted Murderer Lizzie Borden
Acquitted Murderer
Lizzie Borden
  • 1863 Hermann Bahr, Austrian writer (Concert), born in Linz, Austria (d. 1934)
  • 1865 Charles Horace Mayo, American surgeon and co-founder (Mayo Clinic), born in Rochester, Minnesota (d. 1939)
  • 1876 Joseph Fielding Smith Jr., 10th president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, born in Salt Lake City, Utah (d. 1972)
  • 1878 Robert Herman Woltjer, Dutch Minister of Education, born in Groningen, Netherlands (d. 1955)
  • 1881 Friedrich Dessauer, German physicist (radiologist), born in Aschaffenburg, Germany (d. 1963)
  • 1888 Eugène Jungers, Belgian Governor of Rwanda Urundi, born in Messancy, Belgium (d. 1958)
  • 1893 Vladimir Mayakovsky, Russian poet (Ode to Revolution), born in Baghdati, Soviet Georgia (d. 1930) [OS=7/7]
  • 1894 Joris van Severen, Flemish politician and founder of the Alliance of Dietsche National Solidarists, born in Wakken, Belgium (d. 1940)
  • 1894 Khawaja Nazimuddin, 2nd Prime Minister of Pakistan and President of Pakistan Muslim League, born in Dacca, Bengal, British India (d. 1965)
  • 1894 Aleksandr Yakovlevich Khinchin, Russian mathematician, born in Kondrovo, Kaluga Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1959)
  • 1895 Xu Beihong, Chinese painter, born in Yixing, China (d. 1953)
  • 1896 A. J. Cronin, Scottish writer (Citadel, Shining Victory), born in Cardross (d. 1981)
  • 1899 Paul de Groot, Dutch communist politician (CPN) and editor (The Truth), born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1986)
  • 1900 Arno Breker, German architect and sculptor (Third Reich), born in Elberfeld, German Empire (d. 1991)
  • 1900 Roscoe [Charles Barnet] Harvey, British soldier, born in Sarawak, Malaysian Borneo (d. 1996)
  • 1900 Marc Turfkruijer, Flemish movie journalist and writer (d. 1990)
  • 1905 Edgar Snow, American author and journalist (Red star over China), born in Kansas City, Missouri (d. 1972)
  • 1906 Wim van Doorne, Dutch auto manufacturer (DAF), born in Griendtsveen, Limburg, Netherlands (d. 1978)

  • 1912 Norman Carr, British conservationist working in Central and Southern Africa, born in Chinde, Portuguese East Africa (b. 1997)
  • 1916 James D. Ramage, American Naval Aviator in World War II, the Korean War, the Vietnam War and the Cold War, born in Waterloo, Iowa (d. 2012)
  • 1917 Robert Aitken, Zen co-founder (Diamond Sangha), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2010)
  • 1917 William Scranton, American Republican Party politician and diplomat, born in Madison, Connecticut (d. 2013)
  • 1919 Robert Pinget, French novelist (The Interrogation) and playwright, born in Geneva (d. 1997)
  • 1921 Rosalyn Yalow, American medical physicist (Nobel 1977), born in NYC, New York (d. 2011)
  • 1922 George McGovern, American politician and Presidential candidate (D-1972), born in Avon, South Dakota (d. 2012)
  • 1922 Rachel Robinson, American social activist and humanitarian (The Jackie Robinson Foundation), born in Los Angeles, California
  • 1922 Harold Camping, American evangelist and founder of Family Radio, born in Boulder, Colorado (d. 2013)
  • 1923 William A. Rusher, American lawyer and columnist, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2011)
  • 1924 Stanley K. Hathaway, American politician (27th Governor of Wyoming), born in Osceola, Nebraska (d. 2005)
  • 1926 Max Sordam, Suriname warden and writer (Dictionary Sranantongo)
  • 1927 Jan Myrdal, Swedish writer and journalist (Albania Defiant), born in Bromma, Stockholm
  • 1928 John Bratby, English painter and writer (Breakdown), born in Wimbledon, London (d. 1992)
  • 1934 Francisco Sá Carneiro, 109th Prime Minister of Portugal, born in Porto, Portugal (d. 1980)
  • 1936 Connie Kurtz, American Gay Rights advocate, born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2018)
  • 1937 Larry Boxx, founder (Land B Computer Serv)
  • 1938 Jayant Narlikar, Indian astrophysicist (Hoyle–Narlikar theory), born in Maharashtra, India
  • 1938 Nicholas Bethell, 4th Baron Bethell, British historian, born in London (d. 2007)
  • 1941 Jennifer Dunn, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Washington), born in Seattle, Washington (d. 2007)
  • 1941 Jerry Huckaby, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Louisiana), born in Hodge, Jackson Parish Louisiana
  • 1941 Neelie Kroes, Dutch politician (VVD) and Minister of Traffic, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands
  • 1943 Roy D. Bridges Jr, American pilot and astronaut (STS 51-F, 61-F), born in Atlanta, Georgia
  • 1945 Edwin Schlossberg, American designer, author and husband of Carolyn Kennedy, born in NYC, New York
  • 1950 Per-Kristian Foss, Norwegian Minister of Finance, born in Oslo, Norway
  • 1952 Howard Donald Saunders, Danbury Ct, murderer (FBI Most Wanted List)
  • 1952 Robert A. Ficano, American politician and Sheriff of Wayne County, Michigan, born in Detroit, Michigan
  • 1952 John Griesheimer, American Republican politician, born in Saint Clair, Missouri
  • 1954 Srđa Trifković, Serbian-American journalist and foreign affairs editor (Chronicles), born in Belgrade, Serbia
  • 1960 Atom Egoyan, Canadian director (Adjuster, Next of Kin), born in Cairo, Egypt
  • 1963 Marla Duncan, Miss Northern California fitness (1990), born in Fairfield, California
  • 1963 Garth Nix, Australian author (Keys to the Kingdom), born in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
  • 1964 André A. Jackson, founder African Diamond Producers Association
  • 1965 Evelyn Glennie, Scottish percussionist
  • 1970 Nicola Sturgeon, Scottish politician, First Minister of Scotland (2014-), born in Irvine, Scotland
  • 1980 Bender [Alexander Buchanan], Canadian underground hip hop artist (Flight Distance, King of the Dot), born in Ottawa, Canada (d. 2018)
  • 1984 Holly Roffey, English youngest heart transplant (d. 1984)