Birthdays in History on July 19

  • 810 Imam Bukhari [Muḥammad al-Bukhari], Islamic scholar and compiler of Hadith (Sahih al-Bukhari), born in Bukhara, Greater Khorāsān (now in Uzbekistan) (d. 870)
  • 1688 Giuseppe Castiglione, Italian Jesuit brother and missionary to China, born in Milan, Italy (d. 1766)
  • 1744 Heinrich Christian Boie, German author and editor, born in Meldorf, Germany (d. 1806)
  • 1759 Seraphim of Sarov, Russian Orthodox Saint, born in Kursk, Russian Empire (d. 1833) [OS]
  • 1789 John Martin, English painter and engraver, born in Haydon Bridge, Northumberland, England (d. 1854)
  • 1800 Juan José Flores, General and first President of Ecuador (1839-1845), born in Puerto Cabello, Venezuela (d. 1864)

Samuel ColtSamuel Colt (1814-1862)

American inventor and industrialist (Colt 6 shot revolver), born in Hartford, Connecticut

  • 1817 Mary Ann Bickerdyke, American army nurse (union), born in Knox County, Ohio (d. 1901)
  • 1819 Gottfried Keller, German-Swiss poet and novelist, born in Zurich (d. 1890)
  • 1822 Princess Augusta of Cambridge, Grand Duchess of Mecklenburg-Strelitz and granddaughter of George III, born in Palace of Montbrillant, Hanover (d. 1916)
  • 1823 George Henry Gordon, American lawyer and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Charlestown, Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1886)
  • 1827 Mangal Pandey, Indian Sepoy (soldier) in the 34th Bengal Native Infantry (B.N.I.) regiment of the British East India Company, born in Nagwa, Ballia district, India (d. 1857)
  • 1828 Roger Atkinson Pryor, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Petersburg, Virginia (d. 1919)
  • 1833 John Wesley Turner, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Saratoga, New York (d. 1899)

Edgar DegasEdgar Degas (1834-1917)

French impressionist painter, sculptor and artist (The Bellelli Family), born in Paris

  • 1838 Joel Asaph Allen, American zoologist (Allen's rule) and first curator of birds and mammals at the American Museum of Natural History, born in Springfield, Massachusetts (d. 1921)
  • 1846 Charles Edward Pickering, American astronomer and pioneered American spectroscopist, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1919)
  • 1848 Cornelis Adrianus Pekelharing, Dutch physician, born in Zaandam, Netherlands (d. 1922)
  • 1849 Ferdinand Brunetière, French writer and critic, born in Toulon, Var, France (d. 1906)
  • 1849 François Victor Alphonse Aulard, French historian, born in Montbron, France (d. 1928)
  • 1851 Hendrik Jut, Dutch murderer (Head of Jut), born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1878)
  • 1854 Daniel Josephus Jitta, Dutch High Court lawyer, born in Amsterdam (d. 1925)

Lizzie BordenLizzie Borden (1860-1927)

American woman acquitted of the murder of her parents (gave her mother forty whacks), born in Fall River, Massachusetts

  • 1865 Charles Horace Mayo, American surgeon and co-founder (Mayo Clinic), born in Rochester, Minnesota (d. 1939)
  • 1876 Joseph Fielding Smith Jr., 10th president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, born in Salt Lake City, Utah (d. 1972)
  • 1878 Robert Herman Woltjer, Dutch Minister of Education, born in Groningen, Netherlands (d. 1955)
  • 1881 Friedrich Dessauer, German physicist (radiologist), born in Aschaffenburg, Germany (d. 1963)
  • 1888 Eugène Jungers, Belgian Governor of Rwanda Urundi, born in Messancy, Belgium (d. 1958)

Vladimir MayakovskyVladimir Mayakovsky (1893-1930)

Russian poet and playwright (Ode to Revolution, The Bathhouse), born in Baghdati, Russian Empire

  • 1894 Aleksandr Yakovlevich Khinchin, Russian mathematician, born in Kondrovo, Kaluga Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1959)
  • 1894 Joris van Severen, Flemish politician and founder of the Alliance of Dietsche National Solidarists, born in Wakken, Belgium (d. 1940)
  • 1894 Khawaja Nazimuddin, 2nd Prime Minister of Pakistan and President of Pakistan Muslim League, born in Dacca, Bengal, British India (d. 1964)
  • 1895 Xu Beihong, Chinese painter, born in Yixing, China (d. 1953)
  • 1896 A. J. Cronin, Scottish writer (Citadel, Shining Victory), born in Cardross (d. 1981)
  • 1899 Paul de Groot, Dutch communist politician (CPN) and editor (The Truth), born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1986)
  • 1900 Arno Breker, German architect and sculptor (Third Reich), born in Elberfeld, German Empire (d. 1991)
  • 1900 Marc Turfkruijer, Flemish movie journalist and writer (d. 1990)
  • 1900 Roscoe [Charles Barnet] Harvey, British soldier, born in Sarawak, Malaysian Borneo (d. 1996)
  • 1905 Edgar Snow, American author and journalist (Red star over China), born in Kansas City, Missouri (d. 1972)
  • 1906 Wim van Doorne, Dutch auto manufacturer (DAF Trucks), born in Griendtsveen, Limburg, Netherlands (d. 1978)
  • 1912 Norman Carr, British conservationist working in Central and Southern Africa, born in Chinde, Portuguese East Africa (d. 1997)
  • 1916 James D. Ramage, American Naval Aviator in World War II, the Korean War, the Vietnam War and the Cold War, born in Waterloo, Iowa (d. 2012)
  • 1917 Robert Aitken, Zen co-founder (Diamond Sangha), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2010)
  • 1917 William Scranton, American Republican Party politician and diplomat, born in Madison, Connecticut (d. 2013)
  • 1919 Robert Pinget, French novelist (The Interrogation) and playwright, born in Geneva (d. 1997)
  • 1921 Rosalyn Yalow, American medical physicist (Nobel 1977), born in NYC, New York (d. 2011)
  • 1922 George McGovern, American politician and Presidential candidate (D-1972), born in Avon, South Dakota (d. 2012)
  • 1922 Harold Camping, American evangelist and founder of Family Radio, born in Boulder, Colorado (d. 2013)
  • 1922 Rachel Robinson, American social activist and humanitarian (The Jackie Robinson Foundation), born in Los Angeles, California
  • 1923 William A. Rusher, American lawyer and columnist, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2011)
  • 1924 Stanley K. Hathaway, American politician (27th Governor of Wyoming), born in Osceola, Nebraska (d. 2005)
  • 1926 Max Sordam, Suriname warden and writer (Dictionary Sranantongo)
  • 1927 Jan Myrdal, Swedish writer and journalist (Albania Defiant), born in Bromma, Stockholm
  • 1928 John Bratby, English painter and writer (Breakdown), born in Wimbledon, London (d. 1992)
  • 1934 Francisco Sá Carneiro, 109th Prime Minister of Portugal, born in Porto, Portugal (d. 1980)
  • 1936 Connie Kurtz, American Gay Rights advocate, born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2018)
  • 1937 Larry Boxx, founder (Land B Computer Serv)
  • 1938 Jayant Narlikar, Indian astrophysicist (Hoyle–Narlikar theory), born in Maharashtra, India
  • 1938 Nicholas Bethell, 4th Baron Bethell, British historian, born in London (d. 2007)
  • 1941 Jennifer Dunn, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Washington), born in Seattle, Washington (d. 2007)
  • 1941 Jerry Huckaby, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Louisiana), born in Hodge, Jackson Parish Louisiana
  • 1941 Neelie Kroes, Dutch politician (VVD) and Minister of Traffic, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands
  • 1943 Roy D. Bridges Jr, American pilot and astronaut (STS 51-F, 61-F), born in Atlanta, Georgia
  • 1945 Edwin Schlossberg, American designer, author and husband of Carolyn Kennedy, born in NYC, New York
  • 1950 Per-Kristian Foss, Norwegian Minister of Finance, born in Oslo, Norway
  • 1952 Howard Donald Saunders, Danbury Ct, murderer (FBI Most Wanted List)
  • 1952 John Griesheimer, American Republican politician, born in Saint Clair, Missouri
  • 1952 Robert A. Ficano, American politician and Sheriff of Wayne County, Michigan, born in Detroit, Michigan
  • 1953 Howard Schultz, American businessman, CEO of Starbucks, born in New York City
  • 1954 Srđa Trifković, Serbian-American journalist and foreign affairs editor (Chronicles), born in Belgrade, Serbia
  • 1960 Atom Egoyan, Canadian director (Adjuster, Next of Kin), born in Cairo, Egypt
  • 1963 Garth Nix, Australian author (Keys to the Kingdom), born in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
  • 1963 Marla Duncan, Miss Northern California fitness (1990), born in Fairfield, California
  • 1964 André A. Jackson, founder African Diamond Producers Association
  • 1970 Nicola Sturgeon, Scottish politician, First Minister of Scotland (2014-), born in Irvine, Scotland
  • 1980 Bender [Alexander Buchanan], Canadian underground hip hop artist (Flight Distance, King of the Dot), born in Ottawa, Canada (d. 2018)
  • 1984 Holly Roffey, English youngest heart transplant (d. 1984)