Birthdays in History on July 2

  • 419 Valentinian III, Roman emperor (425-55), born in Ravenna (d. 455)
  • 1029 Al-Mustanṣir, 8th Fāṭimid Caliph of Cairo, born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 1094)

Arthur IIArthur II (1262-1312)

Duke of Brittany (1305-12), born in Château de l’Isle, La Roche-Bernard, Brittany

  • 1363 Maria, Queen of Sicily and Duchess of Athens & Neopatria, born in Catania, Kingdom of Sicily (d. 1401)
  • 1489 Thomas Cranmer, England reformer, Archbishop of Canterbury (1533-55), martyr, born in Aslockton, England (d. 1556)
  • 1492 Elizabeth Tudor, English princess, second daughter and fourth child of Henry VII of England and Elizabeth of York, born in Richmond Palace, Surrey, England (d. 1495)
  • 1644 Abraham a Santa Clara [Johann Ulrich Megerle], German Augustinian friar and preacher, born in Kreenheinstetten, Germany (d. 1709)
  • 1647 Daniel Finch, 2nd Earl of Nottingham, English Tory statesman, born in London (d. 1730)
  • 1652 Guillielmus "Willem" Kerricx, Flemish sculptor (Rozenkrans), born in Dendermonde, East Flanders (d. 1719)
  • 1665 Samuel Penhallow, English-born American colonist and historian, born in St Mabon, Cornwall, England (d. 1726)
  • 1667 Pietro Ottoboni, Italian cardinal and grandnephew of Pope Alexander VIII, born in Venice (d. 1740)
  • 1698 Francesco III d'Este, Duke of Modena & Reggio, born in Modena (d. 1780)
  • 1724 Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock, German poet (Der Messias), born in Quedlinburg, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1803)
  • 1756 Christian Gottfried Körner, German lawyer, born in Leipzig (d. 1831)
  • 1810 Robert Toombs, American lawyer and 1st Confederate States Secretary of State, born in Washington, Georgia (d. 1885)
  • 1819 Thomas Anderson, Scottish chemist (discovered pyridine), born in Leith, Scotland (d. 1874)
  • 1820 George Law Curry, American newspaper publisher and Governor of Oregon, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1878)

Charles TupperCharles Tupper (1821-1915)

6th Prime Minister of Canada (Conservative: 69-day term in 1896), born in Amherst, Nova Scotia

  • 1822 Douglas Strutt Galton, English engineer (rails/trains), born in Hadzor House, Worcestershire, England (d. 1899)
  • 1830 John Bordenave Villepigue, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Camden, South Carolina (d. 1862)
  • 1834 Hendrick Peter Godfried Quack, Dutch lawyer, economist and historian, born in Zetten, Netherlands (d. 1917)
  • 1836 Henry Eugene Davies, American writer, public official, lawyer, and Major General (Union Army), born in NYC, New York (d. 1894)
  • 1847 Marcel Bertrand, French geologist and mine engineer (tectonic geology), born in Paris (d. 1907)
  • 1849 Maria Theresa of Austria-Este, Queen of Bavaria, born in Brno, Austrian Empire (d. 1919)
  • 1862 William Henry Bragg, English physicist (Nobel 1915-analysis of crystal structure by means of X-rays), born in Westward, Cumberland, England (d. 1942)
  • 1865 Lily Braun, German feminist and socialist writer (Im Schatten Titanen), born in Halberstadt, Saxony, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1916)
  • 1876 Wilhelm Cuno, German Reich's chancellor (1922-23) and businessman, born in Suhl, German Empire (d. 1933)

Hermann HesseHermann Hesse (1877-1962)

German-Swiss novelist and poet (Steppenwolf, Nobel Prize for Literature 1946), born in Calw, Württemberg, Germany

  • 1881 Royal H. Weller, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New York), born in Manhattan, New York (d. 1929)
  • 1884 Alfons Maria Jakob, German neurologist, born in Aschaffenburg, Bavaria (d. 1931)
  • 1887 Marcel Tabuteau, French-American oboist (Philadelphia Orch 1915-54), born in Compiègne, Oise, France (d. 1966)
  • 1888 Selman Waksman, Ukrainian-American microbiologist (Nobel 1951-ingenious, systematic and successful studies of the soil microbes that led to the discovery of streptomycin), born in Nova Pryluka, Kiev Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1973)
  • 1890 Earl Roy Curry, American religious thinker and Kirtland Temple overseer, born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1980)
  • 1893 Ralph Hancock, Welsh garden designer (Rockefeller Center), born in Cardiff, Wales (d. 1950)
  • 1896 Lydia Mei, Estonian artist who specialized in watercolors and still lifes, born in Hiiumaa, Estonia (d. 1965)
  • 1898 Anthony McAuliffe, American general and commander of the 101st Airborne Division celebrated for his reply of "Nuts!" to a German surrender ultimatum, born in Washington, D.C. (d. 1975)

Alec Douglas-HomeAlec Douglas-Home (1903-1995)

British Prime Minister (Conservative: 1963-64), born in London

  • 1903 Olav V, King of Norway (1957-91), born in Appleton House, Sandringham, Norfolk (d. 1991)
  • 1904 Gerarda Rueter, Dutch sculptor, born in Amsterdam (d. 1993)
  • 1906 Hans Bethe, German-American quantum physicist (Nobel 1967), born in Strassburg, Germany (d. 2005)
  • 1907 Eppo Doeve, Dutch cartoonist and painter, born in Bandung, Indonesia (d. 1981)
  • 1908 Jean Sinclair, South African campaigner, founder member and first president of the Black Sash in 1955, born in Germiston, South Africa (d. 1996)

Thurgood MarshallThurgood Marshall (1908-1993)

1st African American Supreme Court justice (1967-91), born in Baltimore, Maryland

  • 1909 Hermann Bengtson, German historian (Greeks Ancient Times), born in Ratzeburg, Germany (d. 1989)
  • 1910 H. G. Adler, German writer (The Journey), born in Prague, Austria-Hungary (d. 1988)
  • 1911 Diego Fabbri, Italian playwright and leader (Vatican movie bureau), born in Forli, Italy (d. 1980)
  • 1914 Mário Schenberg, Brazilian physicist and electrical engineer, born in Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil (d. 1990)
  • 1915 Bert Decorte, Flemish poet, born in Retie, Flanders, Belgium (d. 2009)
  • 1916 Barry Gray [Bernard Yaroslaw], American radio personality and interviewer (started call-in radio), born in Red Lion, New Jersey (d. 1996)
  • 1916 Hans-Ulrich Rudel, German Combat pilot and highest-decorated German soldier of WWII, born in Konradswaldau, German Empire (d. 1982)
  • 1917 Pierre H. Dubois, Dutch literary and critic, born in Amsterdam (d. 1999)
  • 1918 WiBo [Willem Boost], Dutch cartoonist, born in Breda, Netherlands (d. 2005)
  • 1919 Jean Craighead George, American writer (Julie of the Wolves), born in Washington, D.C. (d. 2012)
  • 1920 Eliseo Diego, Cuban poet, born in Havana, Cuba (d. 1994)
  • 1922 Pierre Cardin, Italian-French fashion designer, born in San Biagio di Callalta, Italy (d. 2020)
  • 1923 Wislawa Szymborska, Prowent, Polish poet referred to as the 'Mozart of Poetry' (Nobel 1996), (d. 2012)

Medgar EversMedgar Evers (1925-1963)

American civil rights activist and NAACP official who was assassinated, born in Decatur, Mississippi

Patrice LumumbaPatrice Lumumba (1925-1961)

Congolese revolutionary, 1st prime minister of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, born in Onalua, Belgian Congo

  • 1926 Octavian Paler, Romanian writer, journalist, (d. 2007)

Imelda MarcosImelda Marcos (93 years old)

1929 Filipino politician and First Lady of the Philippines (1965-86) who famously collected over 1,000 pairs of shoes, born in Manila, Philippines

  • 1930 Carlos Menem, Argentine politician, President of Argentina (1989-99), born in Anillaco, Argentina (d. 2021)
  • 1932 Dave Thomas, American businessman who founded Wendy's Restaurants, born in Atlantic City, New Jersey (d. 2002)
  • 1933 Kalim Siddiqui, islamic campaigner
  • 1935 Dick Dolman, economist/Dutch politician 2nd Chamber
  • 1935 Ed Bullins, playwright, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • 1936 Omar Suleiman, Qena, Egypt, army general and intelligence officer, (d. 2012)
  • 1939 Alexandros Panagoulis, Greek politician and poet
  • 1939 John H. Sununu, US Secretary of State (R, 1989-91), Governor of New Hampshire (1983-89), born in Havana, Cuba
  • 1939 Michael N. Castle, (Rep-R-Delaware 1993-2011, Governor of Delaware 1985-92), born in Wilmington, Delaware
  • 1939 M[ichael] A[nthony] Foster, American sci-fi author (Gameplayers of Zan)
  • 1939 Valeri Vasilyevich Illarianov, Russian cosmonaut
  • 1940 Ken Clarke [Kenneth Harry Clarke], British Conservative politician, born in Nottinghamshire, England
  • 1942 Georgi Ivanov, Bulgaria, cosmonaut (Soyuz 33)
  • 1942 Vicente Fox, Former Mexican president
  • 1946 Richard Axel, American scientist, Nobel laureate
  • 1947 Luci Baines Johnson Nugent Turpin, daughter of President LBJ
  • 1951 Michele Santoro, Italian TV journalist
  • 1951 Sylvia Rivera, American gay liberation and transgender activist and drag queen, born in NYC, New York (d. 2002)
  • 1952 Linda M Godwin, Cape Girardeau Mo, PhD/astronaut (STS 37, 59, 76)
  • 1955 Kevin Michael Grace, Canadian journalist
  • 1958 Thomas Bickerton, American Methodist bishop
  • 1959 Wendy B Lawrence, astronaut (STS 67, 86, sk:91), born in Jacksonville, Florida
  • 1964 Charles Robinson, American wrestling referee
  • 1969 Matthew Cox, American convicted felon
  • 1971 Evelyn Lau, Canadian author
  • 1972 Darren Shan, Irish children's author
  • 1978 Jüri Ratas, Estonian politician
  • 1981 Alex Koroknay-Palicz, American youth rights activist