On This Day

Birthdays in History on July 2

  • 419 Valentinian III, Roman emperor (425-55), born in Ravenna (d. 455)
  • 1029 Al-Mustanṣir, 8th Fāṭimid Caliph of Cairo, born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 1094)

Person of interestArthur II

1262 Arthur II, Duke of Brittany (1305-12), born in Château de l’Isle, La Roche-Bernard, Brittany (d. 1312)

Duke of Brittany Arthur II
Duke of Brittany
Arthur II
  • 1363 Maria, Queen of Sicily and Duchess of Athens & Neopatria, born in Catania, Kingdom of Sicily (d. 1401)
  • 1489 Thomas Cranmer, England reformer, Archbishop of Canterbury (1533-55), martyr, born in Aslockton, England (d. 1556)
  • 1492 Elizabeth Tudor, English princess, second daughter and fourth child of Henry VII of England and Elizabeth of York, born in Richmond Palace, Surrey, England (d. 1495)
  • 1644 Abraham a Santa Clara [Johann Ulrich Megerle], German Augustinian friar and preacher, born in Kreenheinstetten, Germany (d. 1709)
  • 1647 Daniel Finch, 2nd Earl of Nottingham, English Tory statesman, born in London (d. 1769)
  • 1652 Guillielmus "Willem" Kerricx, Flemish sculptor (Rozenkrans), born in Dendermonde, East Flanders (d. 1719)
  • 1665 Samuel Penhallow, English-born American colonist and historian, born in St Mabon, Cornwall, England (d. 1726)
  • 1667 Pietro Ottoboni, Italian cardinal and grandnephew of Pope Alexander VIII, born in Venice (d. 1740)
  • 1698 Francesco III d'Este, Duke of Modena & Reggio, born in Modena (d. 1780)
  • 1724 Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock, German poet (Der Messias), born in Quedlinburg, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1803)
  • 1756 Christian Gottfried Körner, German lawyer, born in Leipzig (d. 1831)
  • 1810 Robert Toombs, American lawyer and 1st Confederate States Secretary of State, born in Washington, Georgia (d. 1885)
  • 1819 Thomas Anderson, Scottish chemist (discovered pyridine), born in Leith, Scotland (d. 1874)

  • 1820 George Law Curry, American newspaper publisher and Governor of Oregon, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1878)

Person of interestCharles Tupper

1821 Charles Tupper, 6th Prime Minister of Canada (C: 69-day term), born in Amherst, Nova Scotia (d. 1915)

6th Prime Minister of Canada Charles Tupper
6th Prime Minister of Canada
Charles Tupper
  • 1822 Douglas Strutt Galton, English engineer (rails/trains), born in Hadzor House, Worcestershire, England (d. 1899)
  • 1830 John Bordenave Villepigue, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Camden, South Carolina (d. 1862)
  • 1834 Hendrick Peter Godfried Quack, Dutch lawyer, economist and historian, born in Zetten, Netherlands (d. 1917)
  • 1836 Henry Eugene Davies, American writer, public official, lawyer, and Major General (Union Army), born in NYC, New York (d. 1894)
  • 1847 Marcel Bertrand, French geologist and mine engineer (tectonic geology), born in Paris (d. 1907)
  • 1849 Maria Theresa of Austria-Este, Queen of Bavaria, born in Brno, Austrian Empire (d. 1919)
  • 1862 William Henry Bragg, English physicist (Nobel 1915-analysis of crystal structure by means of X-rays), born in Westward, Cumberland, England (d. 1942)
  • 1865 Lily Braun, German feminist and socialist writer (Im Schatten Titanen), born in Halberstadt, Saxony, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1916)
  • 1876 Wilhelm Cuno, German Reich's chancellor (1922-23) and businessman, born in Suhl, German Empire (d. 1933)

Person of interestHermann Hesse

1877 Hermann Hesse, German-Swiss novelist and poet (Steppenwolf, Nobel 1946), born in Calw, Württemberg, Germany (d. 1962)

Nobel Laureate Novelist Hermann Hesse
Nobel Laureate Novelist
Hermann Hesse
  • 1881 Royal H. Weller, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New York), born in Manhattan, New York (d. 1929)
  • 1884 Alfons Maria Jakob, German neurologist, born in Aschaffenburg, Bavaria (d. 1931)
  • 1887 Marcel Tabuteau, French-American oboist (Philadelphia Orch 1915-54), born in Compiègne, Oise, France (d. 1966)
  • 1888 Selman Waksman, Ukrainian-American microbiologist (Nobel 1951-ingenious, systematic and successful studies of the soil microbes that led to the discovery of streptomycin), born in Nova Pryluka, Kiev Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1973)
  • 1890 Earl Roy Curry, religious thinker and Kirtland Temple overseer, born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1980)
  • 1893 Ralph Hancock, Welsh garden designer (Rockefeller Center), born in Cardiff, Wales (d. 1950)
  • 1896 Lydia Mei, Estonian artist who specialized in watercolors and still lifes, born in Hiiumaa, Estonia (d. 1965)

Person of interestAlec Douglas-Home

1903 Alec Douglas-Home, British Prime Minister (Conservative: 1963-64), born in London (d. 1995)

British Prime Minister Alec Douglas-Home
British Prime Minister
Alec Douglas-Home

  • 1903 Olav V, King of Norway (1957-91), born in Appleton House, Sandringham, Norfolk (d. 1991)
  • 1904 Gerarda Rueter, Dutch sculptor, born in Amsterdam (d. 1993)
  • 1906 Hans Bethe, German-American quantum physicist (Nobel 1967), born in Strassburg, Germany (d. 2005)
  • 1907 Eppo Doeve, Dutch cartoonist and painter, born in Bandung, Indonesia (d. 1981)
  • 1908 Jean Sinclair, South African campaigner, founder member and first president of the Black Sash in 1955, born in Germiston, South Africa (d. 1996)

Person of interestThurgood Marshall

1908 Thurgood Marshall, 1st African American Supreme Court justice (1967-91), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1993)

First Black Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshall
First Black Supreme Court Justice
Thurgood Marshall
  • 1909 Hermann Bengtson, German historian (Greeks Ancient Times), born in Ratzeburg, Germany (d. 1989)
  • 1910 H. G. Adler, German writer (The Journey), born in Prague, Austria-Hungary (d. 1988)
  • 1911 Diego Fabbri, Italian playwright and leader (Vatican movie bureau), born in Forli, Italy (d. 1980)
  • 1914 Mário Schenberg, Brazilian physicist and electrical engineer, born in Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil (d. 1990)
  • 1915 Bert Decorte, Flemish poet, born in Retie, Flanders, Belgium (d. 2009)
  • 1916 Barry Gray [Bernard Yaroslaw], American radio personality and interviewer (started call-in radio), born in Red Lion, New Jersey (d. 1996)
  • 1916 Hans-Ulrich Rudel, German Combat pilot and highest-decorated German soldier of WWII, born in Konradswaldau, German Empire (d. 1982)
  • 1917 Pierre H. Dubois, Dutch literary and critic, born in Amsterdam (d. 1999)
  • 1918 WiBo, Dutch cartoonist, born in Breda, Netherlands (d. 2005)
  • 1919 Jean Craighead George, American writer (Julie of the Wolves), born in Washington, D.C. (2012)
  • 1920 Eliseo Diego, latin American poet
  • 1922 Pierre Cardin, Italian-French fashion designer, born in San Biagio di Callalta, Italy
  • 1923 Wislawa Szymborska, Prowent, Polish poet referred to as the 'Mozart of Poetry' (Nobel 1996), (d. 2012)
  • 1925 Patrice Lumumba, Congolese revolutionary, 1st prime minister of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, born in Onalua, Belgian Congo (d. 1961)
  • 1925 Medgar Evers, American civil rights activist and NAACP official who was assassinated, born in Decatur, Mississippi (d. 1963)
  • 1926 Octavian Paler, Romanian writer, journalist, (d. 2007)

Person of interestImelda Marcos

1929 Imelda Marcos, Filipino politician and First Lady of the Philippines (1965-86) who famously collected over 1,000 pairs of shoes, born in Manila, Philippines

First Lady and Politician Imelda Marcos
First Lady and Politician
Imelda Marcos
  • 1929 John A. Cade, American politician
  • 1930 Carlos Saul Menem, President of Argentina (1989- )
  • 1932 Dave Thomas, American businessman who founded Wendy's Restaurants, born in Atlantic City, New Jersey (d. 2002)
  • 1933 Kalim Siddiqui, islamic campaigner
  • 1935 Dick Dolman, economist/Dutch politician 2nd Chamber
  • 1935 Ed Bullins, playwright, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • 1936 Omar Suleiman, Qena, Egypt, army general and intelligence officer, (d. 2012)
  • 1939 John H. Sununu, US Secretary of State (R, 1989-91), Governor of New Hampshire (1983-89), born in Havana, Cuba
  • 1939 M[ichael] A[nthony] Foster, American sci-fi author (Gameplayers of Zan)
  • 1939 Michael N Castle, (Rep-R-Delaware)
  • 1939 Valeri Vasilyevich Illarianov, Russian cosmonaut
  • 1939 Alexandros Panagoulis, Greek politician and poet
  • 1940 Ken Clarke [Kenneth Harry Clarke], British Conservative politician, born in Nottinghamshire, England
  • 1942 Georgi Ivanov, Bulgaria, cosmonaut (Soyuz 33)
  • 1942 Vicente Fox, Former Mexican president
  • 1946 Richard Axel, American scientist, Nobel laureate
  • 1947 Luci Baines Johnson Nugent Turpin, daughter of President LBJ
  • 1951 Michele Santoro, Italian TV journalist
  • 1951 Sylvia Rivera, American gay liberation and transgender activist and drag queen, born in NYC, New York (d. 2002)
  • 1952 Linda M Godwin, Cape Girardeau Mo, PhD/astronaut (STS 37, 59, 76)
  • 1955 Kevin Michael Grace, Canadian journalist
  • 1958 Thomas Bickerton, American Methodist bishop
  • 1959 Wendy B Lawrence, astronaut (STS 67, 86, sk:91), born in Jacksonville, Florida
  • 1964 Charles Robinson, American wrestling referee
  • 1969 Matthew Cox, American convicted felon
  • 1971 Evelyn Lau, Canadian author
  • 1972 Darren Shan, Irish children's author
  • 1976 Ivan Tomić, Croatian buissnesman
  • 1978 Jüri Ratas, Estonian politician
  • 1981 Alex Koroknay-Palicz, American youth rights activist