Birthdays in History on July 21

  • 1515 St Philippus Nerius [Philippo Neri], Italian merchant/priest, born in Florence, Italy (d. 1595)
  • 1620 Jean Picard, French astronomer, born in La Flèche, France (d. 1682)
  • 1664 Matthew Prior, English poet and diplomat, born in London (d. 1721)

Thomas Pelham-HollesThomas Pelham-Holles (1693-1768)

1st Duke of Newcastle, British Prime Minister (Whig: 1757-62), born in London

  • 1706 Pierre Lyonet, Dutch zoologist and cryptologist (Anatomy of Wilgehoutrups), born in Maastricht, Netherlands (d. 1789)
  • 1710 Paul Möhring, German physician and scientist, born in Jever, Germany (d. 1792)
  • 1762 William G.F. Bentinck, 3rd Count Bentinck and Lord of Rhoon and Pendrecht
  • 1802 David Hunter, American Major General (Union Army), born in Troy, New York (d. 1886)
  • 1808 Simion Bărnuţiu, Romanian philosopher and politician, born in Bocșa, Sălaj, Ottoman Empire (d. 1864)
  • 1810 Henri V. Regnault, French physicist and chemist, born in Aachen (d. 1878)
  • 1815 Stewart Van Vliet, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Ferrisburgh, Vermont (d. 1901)
  • 1816 Paul Julius Baron von Reuter, German-born founder of Reuters news service, born in Kassel (d. 1899)
  • 1817 John Gilbert, British artist, illustrator and engraver, born in Blackheath, Surrey (d. 1897)
  • 1817 Joseph K Barnes, American Major General (Union Army), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1883)
  • 1821 Vasile Alecsandri, Romanian foreign minister, diplomat and poet, born in Bacau, Moldova (d. 1890)
  • 1826 James Gillpatrick Blunt, American physician, abolitionist, and Major General (Union Army), born in Trenton, Maine (d. 1881)
  • 1828 John Rutter Brooke, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Pottstown, Pennsylvania (d. 1926)
  • 1832 Henrietta Maria Morse King, American rancher and philanthropist, born in Boonville, Missouri (d. 1925)
  • 1851 Sam Bass, American Old West train robber and outlaw, born in Mitchell, Indiana (d. 1878)
  • 1856 Harry A P Eyres, British diplomat (Constantinople, Albania)
  • 1856 Louise Blanchard Bethune, 1st American woman architect, born in Waterloo, New York (d. 1915)
  • 1857 A S C Wallis [Adele SC von Antal-Opzoomer], Dutch writer
  • 1858 Alfred Henry O'Keeffe, New Zealand artist, born in Sandhurst, Victoria (d. 1941)
  • 1858 Lovis Corinth, German painter (d. 1925)
  • 1858 Maria Christina of Austria, queen of Spain, born in Židlochovice Castle, Moravia (d. 1929)
  • 1864 Frances Cleveland, American 1st lady (1885-89, 93-97), wife of President Grover Cleveland, born in Buffalo, New York (d. 1947)
  • 1870 Emil Orlik, Czech painter (d. 1932)
  • 1880 Milan Rastislav Štefánik, Slovak politician, French general and astronomer (d. 1919)
  • 1882 David Burliuk, Ukrainian artist (d. 1967)
  • 1885 Frances Parkinson Keyes, American novelist (Dinner at Antoine's), born in Charlottesville, Virginia (d. 1970)
  • 1892 Anton Schnack, German writer and poet, born in Rieneck, Germany (d. 1973)
  • 1892 Gijsbert Friedhoff, Dutch architect (Wibautstrat tax office, Amsterdam), born in Haarlem, Netherlands (d. 1970)
  • 1893 Hans Fallada [Rudolf Wilhelm Friedrich Ditzen], German writer, born in Greifswald (d. 1947)

Ernest HemingwayErnest Hemingway (1899-1961)

American author (The Old Man and the Sea, Nobel 1954), born in Oak Park, Illinois

  • 1899 Hart Crane, American poet (The Bridge), born in Garrettsville, Ohio (d. 1932)
  • 1903 Roy Neuberger, American financier and art patron (Neuberger Museum of Art), born in Bridgeport, Connecticut (d. 2010)
  • 1905 Diana Trilling, American critic and writer (d. 1996)
  • 1909 Iorwerth Eiddon Stephen Edwards, English Egyptologist, born in London, England (d. 1996)
  • 1911 Jozef Cyrankiewicz, Polish politician, Premier Poland (1947-52, 1954-70), born in Tarnow, Poland (d. 1989)

Marshall McLuhanMarshall McLuhan (1911-1980)

Canadian writer and 'prophet of the digital age' (the medium is the message), born in Edmonton, Alberta

  • 1915 Miles Fitzalan-Howard, British army general and peer (Duke of Norfolk), born in London (d. 2002)
  • 1916 Kirby Laing, English Construction head (John Laing & Son), born in Carlisle, England (d. 2009)
  • 1920 Constant [Nieuwenhuys], Dutch painter (Uprising of Homo Ludens), and sculptor, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 2005)
  • 1922 Kay Starr [Katherine Starks], American singer (Wheel of Fortune), born in Dougherty Oklahoma (d. 2016)
  • 1926 Karel Reisz, director (Everybody Wins, Isadora, Who'll Stop the Rain)
  • 1926 Norman Jewison, Canadian director (Moonstruck, ...and Justice For All), born in Toronto, Ontario
  • 1926 Rahimuddin Khan, Pakistani general and Governor, born in Qaimganj, British India
  • 1933 Brigitte Reimann, German writer (Franziska Linkerhand), born in Burg bei Magdeburg (d. 1973)
  • 1933 John Gardner, American writer (Grendel, Sunlight Dialogues), born in Batavia, New York (d. 1982)
  • 1934 Edolphus Towns, American politician (Rep-D-New York, 1983-2013), born in Chadbourn, North Carolina
  • 1935 Julian Pettifer, English TV journalist, born in Malmesbury, Wiltshire
  • 1935 Norbert Blüm, German politician, Minister of Labour and Social Affairs, born in Rüsselsheim, Germany (d. 2020)
  • 1938 Janet Reno, first woman US Attorney General (1993-2001), born in Miami, Florida (d. 2016)
  • 1938 Les Aspin, American politician (Rep-D-Wisc, 1971-93), Minister of Defense (1993-94), born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin (d. 1995)
  • 1939 John Negroponte, 1st United States Director of National Intelligence
  • 1940 James Clyburn, American politician (Rep-D-South Carolina 1993-) House Majority Whip, born in Sumter, South Carolina
  • 1941 Jim Bates, American politician (Rep-D-CA, 1983-91) 1st to be censured for sexual harassment, born in Denver, Colorado
  • 1944 Buchi Emecheta, Nigerian English writer (Price of Bride), born in Lagos (d. 2017)
  • 1944 John Atta Mills, President of Ghana (2009-2012), born in Tarkwa, Gold Coast (d. 2012)
  • 1944 Paul Wellstone, American politician (Sen-D-Minnesota 1991-2002), born in Washington D.C. (d. 2002)
  • 1945 Alton Maddox, NY African American activist/attorney (Tawana Brawley case)

Ken StarrKen Starr (1946-2022)

American lawyer who investigated sitting US President Bill Clinton (Starr Report), born in Vernon, Texas

  • 1947 Jimmy Duncan, American politician (Rep-R-Tennessee 1988-2019), born in Lebanon, Tennessee
  • 1948 Garry Trudeau, American political cartoonist (Doonesbury), born in New York City
  • 1951 Diana Dennis, body builder (Women Physique World), born in Portland, Oregon
  • 1952 John Barrasso [John Anthony Barrasso III], American politician (Senator-R-Wyoming 2007-), born in Reading, Pennsylvania
  • 1956 Michael Connelly, American crime writer (Hieronymus "Harry" Bosch novels), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • 1957 Stefan Lofven, Swedish politician, Prime Minister (2014-18), born in Stockholm, Sweden
  • 1976 Cori Bush, American politician, nurse and activist, first African American woman representative from Missouri, born in St. Louis, Missouri