On This Day

Birthdays in History on July 21

  • 1515 St Philippus Nerius, [Philippo Neri], Italian merchant/priest, born in Florence, Italy (d. 1595)
  • 1620 Jean Picard, French astronomer, born in La Flèche, France (d. 1682)
  • 1664 Matthew Prior, English poet and diplomat, born in London (d. 1721)
  • 1676 Anthony Collins, English philosopher (A discourse on free-thinking), born in Hounslow, Middlesex (d. 1729)

Person of interestThomas Pelham-Holles

1693 Thomas Pelham-Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle, British Prime Minister (Whig: 1757-62), born in London (d. 1768)

British Prime Minister Thomas Pelham-Holles
British Prime Minister
Thomas Pelham-Holles
  • 1706 Pierre Lyonet, Dutch zoologist and cryptologist (Anatomy of Wilgehoutrups), born in Maastricht, Netherlands (d. 1789)
  • 1710 Paul Möhring, German physician and scientist, born in Jever, Germany (d. 1792)
  • 1762 William G.F. Bentinck, 3rd Count Bentinck and Lord of Rhoon and Pendrecht
  • 1802 David Hunter, American Major General (Union Army), born in Troy, New York (d. 1886)
  • 1808 Simion Bărnuţiu, Romanian philosopher and politician, born in Bocșa, Sălaj, Ottoman Empire (d. 1864)
  • 1810 Henri V. Regnault, French physicist and chemist, born in Aachen (d. 1878)
  • 1815 Stewart Van Vliet, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Ferrisburgh, Vermont (d. 1901)
  • 1816 Paul Julius Baron von Reuter, German-born founder of Reuters news service, born in Kassel (d. 1899)
  • 1817 John Gilbert, British artist, illustrator and engraver, born in Blackheath, Surrey (d. 1897)
  • 1817 Joseph K Barnes, American Major General (Union Army), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1883)
  • 1821 Vasile Alecsandri, Romanian foreign minister, diplomat and poet, born in Bacau, Moldova (d. 1890)

  • 1826 James Gillpatrick Blunt, American physician, abolitionist, and Major General (Union Army), born in Trenton, Maine (d. 1881)
  • 1828 John Rutter Brooke, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Pottstown, Pennsylvania (d. 1926)
  • 1832 Henrietta Maria Morse King, American rancher and philanthropist, born in Boonville, Missouri (d. 1925)
  • 1851 Sam Bass, American Old West train robber and outlaw, born in Mitchell, Indiana (d. 1878)
  • 1856 Harry A P Eyres, British diplomat (Constantinople, Albania)
  • 1856 Louise Blanchard Bethune, 1st American woman architect, born in Waterloo, New York (d. 1915)
  • 1857 A S C Wallis, [Adele SC von Antal-Opzoomer], Dutch writer
  • 1858 Lovis Corinth, German painter (d. 1925)
  • 1858 Maria Christina of Austria, queen of Spain, born in Židlochovice Castle, Moravia (d. 1929)
  • 1858 Alfred Henry O'Keeffe, New Zealand artist, born in Sandhurst, Victoria (d. 1941)
  • 1864 Frances Cleveland, American 1st lady (1885-89, 93-97), wife of President Grover Cleveland, born in Buffalo, New York (d. 1947)
  • 1870 Emil Orlik, Czech painter (d. 1932)
  • 1880 Milan Rastislav Štefánik, Slovak politician, French general and astronomer (d. 1919)
  • 1882 David Burliuk, Ukrainian artist (d. 1967)
  • 1885 Frances Parkinson Keyes, American novelist (Dinner at Antoine's), born in Charlottesville, Virginia (d. 1970)
  • 1892 Anton Schnack, German writer and poet, born in Rieneck, Germany (d. 1973)
  • 1892 Gijsbert Friedhoff, Dutch architect (Wibautstrat tax office, Amsterdam), born in Haarlem, Netherlands (d. 1892)
  • 1893 Hans Fallada [Rudolf Wilhelm Friedrich Ditzen], German writer, born in Greifswald (d. 1947)

Person of interestErnest Hemingway

1899 Ernest Hemingway, American author (The Old Man and the Sea, Nobel 1954), born in Oak Park, Illinois (d. 1961)

  • 1899 Hart Crane, American poet (The Bridge), born in Garrettsville, Ohio (d. 1932)

  • 1903 Roy Neuberger, American financier and art patron (Neuberger Museum of Art), born in Bridgeport, Connecticut (d. 2010)
  • 1905 Diana Trilling, American critic and writer (d. 1996)
  • 1909 Iorwerth Eiddon Stephen Edwards, English Egyptologist, born in London, England (d. 1996)
  • 1911 Jozef Cyrankiewicz, Polish politician, Premier Poland (1947-52, 1954-70), born in Tarnow, Poland (d. 1989)

Person of interestMarshall McLuhan

1911 Marshall McLuhan, Canadian writer (Medium is the Message), born in Edmonton, Alberta (d. 1980)

Philosopher of Communication Theory Marshall McLuhan
Philosopher of Communication Theory
Marshall McLuhan
  • 1915 Miles Fitzalan-Howard, British army general and peer (Duke of Norfolk), born in London (d. 2002)
  • 1915 Maurice Laing, English contractor/multi-millionaire
  • 1920 Constantly Nieuwenhuys, Dutch painter (Uprising of Homo Ludens), born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 2005)
  • 1922 Kay Starr [Katherine Starks], American singer (Wheel of Fortune), born in Dougherty Oklahoma (d. 2016)
  • 1926 Karel Reisz, director (Everybody Wins, Isadora, Who'll Stop the Rain)
  • 1926 Norman Jewison, Canadian director (Moonstruck, ...and Justice For All), born in Toronto, Ontario
  • 1926 Rahimuddin Khan, Pakistani general and Governor, born in Qaimganj, British India
  • 1933 Brigitte Reimann, German writer (Franziska Linkerhand), born in Burg bei Magdeburg (d. 1973)
  • 1933 John Gardner, American writer (Grendel, Sunlight Dialogues), born in Batavia, New York (d. 1982)
  • 1934 Edolphus Towns, American politician (Rep-D-New York, 1983-2013), born in Chadbourn, North Carolina
  • 1935 Julian Pettifer, English TV journalist, born in Malmesbury, Wiltshire
  • 1935 Norbert Blüm, German politician, Minister of Labour and Social Affairs, born in Rüsselsheim, Germany (d. 2020)
  • 1938 Janet Reno, first woman US Attorney General (1993-2001), born in Miami, Florida (d. 2016)
  • 1938 Les Aspin, American politician (Rep-D-Wisc, 1971-93), Minister of Defense (1993-94), born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin (d. 1995)
  • 1939 John Negroponte, 1st United States Director of National Intelligence
  • 1940 James Clyburn, American politician (Rep-D-South Carolina 1993-) House Majority Whip, born in Sumter, South Carolina
  • 1941 Jim Bates, American politician (Rep-D-CA, 1983-91) 1st to be censured for sexual harassment, born in Denver, Colorado
  • 1944 Buchi Emecheta, Nigerian English writer (Price of Bride), born in Lagos (d. 2017)
  • 1944 Paul Wellstone, American politician (Sen-D-Minnesota 1991-2002), born in Washington D.C. (d. 2002)
  • 1944 John Atta Mills, President of Ghana (2009-2012), born in Tarkwa, Gold Coast (d. 2012)
  • 1945 Alton Maddox, NY African American activist/attorney (Tawana Brawley case)
  • 1946 Barry "Bean" Whitwam, English rocker (Herman's Hermits), born in Manchester, England

Person of interestKen Starr

1946 Ken Starr, American lawyer who Investigated Bill Clinton (Starr Report), born in Vernon, Texas

Lawyer who investigated Bill Clinton Ken Starr
Lawyer who investigated Bill Clinton
Ken Starr
  • 1947 Jimmy Duncan, American politician (Rep-R-Tennessee 1988-2019), born in Lebanon, Tennessee
  • 1948 Garry Trudeau, American political cartoonist (Doonesbury), born in New York City
  • 1951 Diana Dennis, body builder (Women Physique World), born in Portland, Oregon
  • 1952 John Barrasso, [John Anthony Barrasso III], American politician, junior senator from Wyoming, born in Reading, Pennsylvania
  • 1956 Michael Connelly, American crime writer (Hieronymus "Harry" Bosch novels), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • 1957 Stefan Lofven, Swedish politician, Prime Minister (2014-18), born in Stockholm, Sweden