On This Day

Birthdays in History on July 23

  • 645 Yazid I [Yazīd ibn Mu‘āwiya Lanatullah], second Umayyad caliph (680–683) (d. 683)
  • 1301 Otto, Duke of Austria and Styria, born in Vienna (d. 1339)
  • 1339 Louis I, Duke of Anjou and King of Naples (Battle at Poitiers), born in Château de Vincennes, France (d. 1384)
  • 1401 Francesco Sforza, Italian condottiero and Duke of Milan (1401–1466), born in San Miniato, Tuscany (d. 1466)
  • 1503 Anna of Bohemia and Hungary, Queen of the Romans, born in Buda, Hungary (d. 1547)
  • 1649 Clement XI [Giovanni F Albani], Italian pope (ruled 1700-21), born in Urbino, Papal States (d. 1721)
  • 1659 Antonius Schultingh [Schultingius], Dutch lawyer, born in Nijmegen, Netherlands (d. 1734)
  • 1705 Francis Blomefield, English topographer (History of Norfolk), born in Fersfield, Norfolk (d. 1752)
  • 1773 Thomas Brisbane, British soldier, administrator and astronomer, born in Ayrshire, Scotland (d. 1860)
  • 1775 Étienne-Louis Malus, French physicist (Polarization of light), born in Paris (d. 1812)
  • 1777 Philipp Otto Runge, German Romantic painter, born in Wolgast, West Pomerania (d. 1810)
  • 1822 Darius Nash Couch, American businessman, naturalist, and Major General (Union Army), born in (d. 1897)
  • 1823 Coventry Patmore, English poet and critic (The Angel in the House), born in Essex, England (d. 1896)
  • 1824 Gabriel C. Wharton, American civil engineer and Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Culpeper County, Virginia (d. 1906)
  • 1827 Pieter Caland, Dutch hydraulic engineer (New Waterway), born in Zierikzee, Zeeland, Netherlands (d. 1902)
  • 1828 Jonathan Hutchinson, English surgeon and scientist, born in Selby, Yorkshire, England (d. 1913)

  • 1834 James Cardinal Gibbons, Archbishop of Baltimore, born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1921)
  • 1841 Edmund John Armstrong, Irish poet, born in Dublin (d. 1865)
  • 1856 Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Indian early nationalist leader, born in Ratnagiri, British India (d. 1920)
  • 1861 Alexander Willem Frederik Idenburg, Dutch politician of the Anti Revolutionary Party and Governor-General of Dutch Indies (1909-16), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1935)
  • 1864 Apolinario Mabini, Filipino political theoretician and 1st Prime Minister of the Philippines, born in Tanauan, Batangas, Philippines (d. 1903)
  • 1865 Friedrich Aereboe, German landlord and agricultural economist, born in Horn, Hamburg (d. 1942)
  • 1865 Max Heindel, Danish-American Christian occultist, astrologer and mystic, born in Aarhus, Denmark (d. 1919)
  • 1883 Alan Brooke, 1st Viscount Alanbrooke, British field marshal, born in Bragnieres-de-Bigorre, France (d. 1963)
  • 1886 Arthur Whitten Brown, British aviator (first nonstop airplane crossing of the Atlantic with John W. Alcock), born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 1948)
  • 1886 Jan Poortenaar, Dutch painter, etcher and cartoonist, born in Amsterdam (d. 1958)
  • 1886 Salvador de Madariaga y Rojo, Spanish writer (Englishmen, Frenchmen, Spaniards) and diplomat, born in La Coruña, Spain (d.
  • 1886 Walter H. Schottky, German physicist (Thermodynamik), born in Zürich, Switzerland (d. 1976)
  • 1888 Raymond Chandler, British-American mystery writer (Farewell My Lovely), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1959)
  • 1888 Gluyas Williams, American cartoonist (Fellows Citizen), born in San Francisco, California (d. 1982)
  • 1888 Milan Stojadinović, Serbian-Yugoslav political figure and 12th Prime Minister of Yugoslavia (1935-39), born in Čačak, Kingdom of Serbia (d. 1961)
  • 1891 Maurus H. Hulsman, Dutch priest and editor (Amigoe di Curacao)

Person of interestHaile Selassie

1892 Haile Selassie [Ras Tafari Makonnen], Emperor of Ethiopia (1930-74), born in Ejersa Goro, Ethiopian Empire (d. 1975)

Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie
Ethiopian Emperor
Haile Selassie
  • 1893 Karl Menninger, American psychiatrist (Menninger Clinic), born in Topeka, Kansas (d. 1990)
  • 1898 Jacob Marschak, Ukrainian-American economist (econometrics), born in Kiev, Russia (d. 1977)
  • 1899 Gustav Heinemann, President of West Germany (1969-74), born in Schwelm, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1976)

  • 1906 Wolfgang Gentner, German nuclear physicist, born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1980)
  • 1906 Chandra Sekhar Azad, Indian revolutionary (Hindustan Socialist Republican Army), born in Bhavra, Central India Agency, British India (d. 1931)
  • 1906 Vladimir Prelog, Croatian-Swiss organic chemist (Nobel 1975), born in Sarajevo, Austria-Hungary (d. 1998)
  • 1907 Elspeth Huxley, English author (The Flame Trees of Thika and The Mottled Lizard), born in London (d. 1997)
  • 1913 Michael Foot, British politician (L) and writer, Leader of the Opposition (1980-83), born in Plymouth, Devon (d. 2010)
  • 1914 Alastair Down, CEO (Burmah Oil), born in Kirkcaldy, Fife (d. 2004)
  • 1916 Ronald Ridout, English school textbook author (English Today), born in Farnham, Surrey (d. 1994)
  • 1917 Charles Kerruish, Manx politician and President of Tyndwald Isle of Man, born in Isle of Man (d. 2003)
  • 1917 John Stokes, British MP (C), born in Sandy, Bedfordshire (d. 2003)
  • 1920 Marcel Maeyer, Belgian sculptor and graphic artist, born in Sint-Niklaas, Belgium
  • 1921 David Lawmn, CEO (Prestige Group)
  • 1921 Harry Hookway, Chief Executive of the British Library (1973-84) (d. 2014)
  • 1921 Peter Twiss, British test pilot (breaking the World Air Speed Record and being the first person to exceed 1,000 mph in flight), born in Lindfield, Sussex (d. 2011)
  • 1922 Moses Rosen, Chief Rabbi of Romania (1948-94), born in Moineşti, Bacău, Romania (d. 1994)
  • 1923 Cyril M. Kornbluth, American sci-fi writer (Space Merchants), born in NYC, New York (d. 1958)
  • 1924 Betsy Haworth, Church of England deaconess and minister, born in Leigh, Lancashire (d. 2007)
  • 1926 Ludvik Vaculik, Czech writer (Two Thousand Words), born in Brumo, Zlín Region (d. 2015)
  • 1927 Al McCandless, American Republican politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from California), born in Brawley, California (d. 2017)
  • 1927 Elliot McKay See Jr., American engineer and NASA astronaut, born in Dallas, Texas (d. 1966)
  • 1928 Hubert Selby Jr., American author (Last Exit to Brooklyn), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2004)
  • 1928 Vera Rubin, American astronomer who discovered dark matter, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2016)
  • 1929 Andrew Rutherford, Scottish scholar and Vice-Chancellor of the University of London (1994-97), born in Helmsdale, Sutherland, Scotland (d. 1998)
  • 1931 Jan Torell, Limhamm Sweden, director (New Land, Emigrants)
  • 1931 Richard Searby, Australian lawyer and deputy-chairman (News Corp Ltd-Australia)
  • 1931 Te Atairangikaahu, Māori Queen for 40 years, born in Waahi Marae, Huntly, New Zealand (d. 2006)
  • 1931 Arata Isozaki, Japanese architect (Art Tower Mito, Pritzler Prize 2019), born in Oito, Japan
  • 1933 Richard Rogers, English architect (European Court of Human Rights building), born in Florence, Italy
  • 1934 Nicholas Barrington, British high commissioner (Pakistan) and author (A passage to Nuristan: exploring the mysterious Afghan hinterland)
  • 1935 Hein Heinsen, Danish artist, born in Grindsted, Denmark
  • 1936 Anthony Kennedy, 106th US Supreme Court justice (1988- ), born in Sacramento, California
  • 1938 Charles Harrelson, American organized crime figure, born in Lovelady, Texas (d. 2007)
  • 1941 Sergio Mattarella, Italian politician and President of Italy (2015-), born in Palermo, Italy
  • 1942 Myra Hindley, English murderess (murdered 5 small children with Ian Brady), born in Manchester, England (d. 2002)
  • 1942 Sallyanne Atkinson, Australian politician (Lord Mayor of Brisbane 1985-91), born in Sydney, Australia
  • 1943 Randall Forsberg, American nuclear freeze advocate, born in Huntsville, Alabama (d. 2007)
  • 1944 Judith Bosch, Dutch radio and TV-hostess (Tweekamp, Zeskamp), born in Leiden, Netherlands
  • 1947 Spencer Christian, American TV weatherman (Good Morning America), born in Newport News, Virginia
  • 1948 John Cushnahan, Northern Irish politician, born in Belfast, Northern Ireland
  • 1950 Alex Kozinski, Romanian-American Chief Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit, born in Bucharest, Romania

Person of interestNajib Razak

1953 Najib Razak, Malaysian politician (Prime Minister of Malaysia, 2009-2018), born in Kuala Lipis, Malaya

Prime Minister of Malaysia Najib Razak
Prime Minister of Malaysia
Najib Razak
  • 1964 Ed Forchion, American marijuana activist (NJWeedman), born in Camden, New Jersey
  • 1970 Thea Dorn, German writer of crime fiction, born in Offenbach am Main, Hesse, Germany

Person of interestMonica Lewinsky

1973 Monica Lewinsky, American White House intern (improper relationship with Bill Clinton), born in San Francisco, California

White House Intern Monica Lewinsky
White House Intern
Monica Lewinsky