On This Day

Birthdays in History on July 24

  • 1660 Charles Talbot, 1st Duke of Shrewsbury, English politician (d. 1718)
  • 1720 Louise Ulrike, queen of Sweden and wife of Adolf Frederik, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1782)
  • 1738 Elizabeth "Betje" Wolff-Bekker, Dutch author and poet (Sara Burgerhart), born in Flushing, Netherlands (d. 1804)
  • 1757 Vladimir Borovikovsky [Vоlоdymyr Borovyk], Russian painter, born in Myrhorod (now Ukraine) (d. 1825)
  • 1759 Victor Emmanuel I, King of Sardinia (1802-21), born in Royal Palace of Turin, Italy (d. 1824)
  • 1775 Eugène François Vidocq, French criminal and police detective, born in Arras, France (d. 1857)

Person of interestSimón Bolívar

1783 Simón Bolívar, Venezuelan political and military leader (freed 6 Latin American republics from Spanish rule), born in Caracas (d. 1830)

Military and Political Leader Simón Bolívar
Military and Political Leader
Simón Bolívar
  • 1786 Joseph Nicollet, French mathematician and explorer, born in Cluses, Savoy, France (d. 1843)
  • 1794 Heinrich Christian Pander, Baltic German biologist and embryologist, born in Riga, Latvia (d. 1865)
  • 1796 Herman van Sonsbeeck, Dutch lawyer and statesman, born in Zwolle, Netherlands (d. 1865)
  • 1796 John Middleton Clayton, U.S. Secretary of State (1849-50) and U.S. Senator from Delaware, born in Dagsboro, Delaware (d. 1856)
  • 1798 John Adams Dix, American Major General (Union Army), born in Boscawen, New Hampshire (d. 1879)

Person of interestAlexandre Dumas

1802 Alexandre Dumas, French author (The Three Musketeers, The Count of Monte Cristo), born in Aisne, France (d. 1870)

  • 1803 Alexander Jackson Davis, American architect (gothic revivalist), born in NYC, New York (d. 1892)
  • 1815 Arnaud-Michel d'Abbadie, French explorer (Ethiopia), born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1893)
  • 1817 Adolphe [Adolf Wilhelm August Karl Friedrich], Grand Duke of Luxembourg (1890-1905), born in Biebrich Palace, Wiesbaden, Duchy of Nassau (d. 1905)

Person of interestBill the Butcher

1821 William Poole, American gang member (New York City's Bowery Boys), born in Sussex County, New Jersey (d. 1855)

Gang Leader Bill the Butcher
Gang Leader
Bill the Butcher

Person of interestFrancisco Solano López

1826 Francisco Solano López, President and Dictator of Paraguay (1862-70), born in Asunción, Paraguay (d. 1870)

President of Paraguay Francisco Solano López
President of Paraguay
Francisco Solano López
  • 1827 Julius A. De Lagnel, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Newark, New Jersey (d. 1912)
  • 1836 Jan Bloch, Polish military theorist and peace activist, born in Radom, Poland (d. 1902)
  • 1841 Raimundo Madrazo y Garreta, Spanish Realistic painter, born in Rome (d. 1920)
  • 1851 Friedrich Schottky, German mathematician (Schottky's theorem), born in Breslau, Germany (d. 1935)
  • 1856 Charles Émile Picard, French mathematician, born in Paris (d. 1941)
  • 1857 Henrik Pontoppidan, Danish writer (Promised Country, Nobel 1917), born in Fredericia, Denmark (d. 1943)
  • 1858 Wolfgang Kapp, German politician (Kapp Putsch 1920), born in NYC, New York (d. 1922)
  • 1860 Alphonse Mucha, Czech Nouveau painter and artist, born in Ivančice, Margraviate of Moravia, Austrian Empire (now Czech Republic) (d. 1939)
  • 1862 Johan A de Sleeve [Adwaita], philosopher and poet (Brahman)
  • 1867 Edward Frederic Benson, English novelist, born in Wellington College, Berkshire, England (d. 1940)
  • 1867 Vicente Acosta, Salvadoran poet, born in Apopa, El Salvador (d. the same day 1908)
  • 1870 Frederick Law Olmsted Jr., American landscape architect, born in Staten Island, New York (d. 1957)
  • 1874 Oswald Chambers, Scottish Baptist and Holiness Movement minister and writer (My Utmost for His Highest), born in Aberdeen, Scotland (d. 1917)
  • 1877 Calogero Vizzini, Sicilian Mafia boss, born in Villalba, Sicily, Italy (d. 1954)
  • 1878 Edward Plunkett, 18th Baron of Dunsany, Irish sci-fi writer (Time & Gods), born in London (d. 1957)
  • 1884 Abraham Rutgers, Dutch governor (Suriname, 1928-33), born in Amsterdam (d. 1966)
  • 1886 Junichiro Tanizaki, Japanese writer (Snow Dusting), born in Nihonbashi, Tokyo (d. 1965)
  • 1892 Alice Ball, African American chemist (developed treatment for leprosy), born in Seattle Washington (d. 1916)

  • 1895 Robert Graves, English writer and poet (I Claudius) [or 6/26], born in London, England (d. 1985)
  • 1896 Hermann Kasack, German writer (Die Stadt hinter dem Strom), born in Potsdam, Germany (d. 1966)
  • 1897 Elmar Berkovich, Hungarian-Dutch industrial designer (Eindhoven Theatre) (d. 1967)
  • 1897 Karl von Mechow, German writer (Auf Dem Wege, Vorsommer), born in Bonn, Germany (d. 1960)

Person of interestAmelia Earhart

1897 Amelia Earhart, American aviator (1st woman to fly solo across the Atlantic), born in Atchison, Kansas (d. 1939)

  • 1898 Frank Mortelmans, Belgian painter, born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1986)
  • 1900 Zelda Fitzgerald [née Sayre], American writer (This Side of Paradise) and wife of writer F. Scott Fitzgerald, born in Montgomery, Alabama (d. 1948)
  • 1904 James R. Killian Jr., 10th president of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (1948-59), born in Blacksburg, South Carolina (d. 1988)
  • 1904 Nikolay Kuznetsov, Russian naval commander (Admiral of the Fleet during World War II), born in Medvedki, Russian Empire (d. 1974)
  • 1910 Edward Ford, courtier in the Royal Household of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth II (d. 2006)
  • 1910 Harry Horner, Austro-Hungarian-born American stage and film designer (The Heiress), born in Bohemia (now Czech Republic) (d. 1994)
  • 1914 David Miles Bensusan-Butt, English economist, born in Colchester, England (d. 1994)
  • 1914 Ed Mirvish, American-Canadian businessman (Honest Ed's) and philanthropist, born in Colonial Beach, Virginia (d. 2007)
  • 1914 Kenneth Bancroft Clark, American civil rights activist (Dark Ghetto) and first black president of the American Psychological Association, born in Panama Canal Zone (d. 2005)
  • 1914 Frances Oldham Kelsey, Canadian-American FDA Director (stopped thalidomide use in the US), born in Cobble Hill, British Columbia (d.2015)
  • 1915 Frank Thistlethwaite, English academic and Vice Chancellor (University of East Anglia), born in Powell Street, Burnley, Lancashire (d. 2003)
  • 1915 Egon Ronay, Hungarian food critic, born in Budapest, Austria-Hungary (d. 2010)
  • 1916 John D. MacDonald, American novelist (Deep Blue Goodbye), born in Sharon, Pennsylvania (d. 1986)
  • 1917 John Hillaby, English writer and traveller, born in England (d. 1996)
  • 1920 Alexander H. Cohen, Broadway producer (Beyond the Fringe), born in NYC, New York (d. 2000)
  • 1920 Bella Abzug "Battling Bella", American politician, feminist and activist (Rep-D-NY, 1970-74), born in New York City (d. 1998)
  • 1922 Charles Mathias Jr., American Republican politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Maryland), born in Frederick, Maryland (d. 2010)
  • 1922 Madeleine Ferron, French Canadian writer, born in Louiseville, Quebec (d. 2010)
  • 1924 David Loram, British vice-admiral (Supreme Allied Commander), born in London (d. 2011)
  • 1924 Edward Digby, 12th Baron Digby, British Army (Coldstream Guards) officer (d. 2018)
  • 1924 Charles K. Johnson, American President of the Flat Earth Society, born in San Angelo, Texas (d. 2001)
  • 1925 Ignacio Aldecoa, Spanish writer (Gran Sol, Caballo the Pica), born in Vitoria-Gasteiz, Spain (d. 1969)
  • 1927 Alex Katz, American figurative artist, born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1927 James J. Howard, American educator and Democratic Party politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New Jersey), born in Irvington, New Jersey (d. 1988)
  • 1929 Hedda J. Garza, American writer and political activist, born in New York City (d. 1995)
  • 1930 Boris Nikolayevich Belousov, Soviet cosmonaut, born in Khotimsk, Mogilyov Oblast (d. 1998)
  • 1930 Charles Hambro, English banker, multi-millionaire and CEO (Hambros) (d. 2002)
  • 1932 William Ruckelshaus, American attorney and first Head of Environmental Protection Agency, born in Indianapolis, Indiana
  • 1934 Thomas Ambler, CEO (Texaco)
  • 1934 Sante Kimes, American convicted con artist and murderess
  • 1935 Pat Oliphant, Australia, cartoonist (7 Pres: The Art of Oliphant)
  • 1935 Trevor Chinn, CEO (Lex)
  • 1936 Ruth Buzzi, Westerly RI, comedienne (Laugh-In, Margie-That Girl)
  • 1937 Baroness Blatch, British minister of state for Education
  • 1937 Quinlan Terry, architect
  • 1938 Colin Southgate, CEO (Thorn EMI)
  • 1938 Eugene J. Martin, American painter, artist
  • 1939 Barry [Norman] Malzberg, sci-fi author (Revelations, Beyond Apollo)
  • 1940 Carroll A Campbell Jr, (Rep-R-SC, 1979-86)
  • 1940 Stanley Hauerwas, American theologian
  • 1943 Henk Vos, chemical analyst/Dutch politician (PvdA) 2nd Chamber
  • 1945 Azim Premji, Indian businessman
  • 1947 Michael Coveney, drama critic
  • 1947 Neil McIntosh, CEO (VSO, Center for British Teaching)
  • 1949 Marjanne Sint, Dutch director and politician (PvdA), born in Amsterdam, Netherlands
  • 1950 Goutam Ghose, director (Patang, Voyage Beyond, Paar)
  • 1951 Chris Smith, New Zealand politician (Labour), born in Auckland, New Zealand
  • 1952 Vin Weber, (Rep-R-MN, 1981- )
  • 1953 Claire McCaskill, American politician, junior senator from Missouri
  • 1956 Charles Crist, Governor of Florida
  • 1964 Banana Yoshimoto, Japanese author
  • 1968 Colleen Doran, American comic book writer and artist
  • 1968 Malcolm Ingram, Canadian director
  • 1972 Rev. Jen Miller, American performance artist
  • 1976 Rashida Tlaib, American politician (Rep-D-Michigan 2018-), one of the first Muslim women elected to US House, born in Detroit, Michigan
  • 1988 Luke Mitchell, Scottish murderer
  • 1993 Arissa Seagal, daughter of Kelly LeBrock & Steven Seagal