Birthdays in History on July 25

  • 975 Thietmar, German chronicler and Bishop of Merseburg, born in Hildesheim, Saxony (d. 1018)
  • 1016 Casimir I the Restorer, Polish nobleman (Duke of Poland, 1040-58), born in Kraków, Poland (d. c. 1058)
  • 1109 Afonso I the Conqueror, King of Portugal (1143-85), born in Guimarães, Portugal (d. 1185)
  • 1336 Albert I, Duke of Bavaria and third son of Louis IV, Holy Roman Emperor, born in Munich (d. 1404)

James IJames I (1394-1437)

King of Scots (1406-37), born in Dunfermline Palace, Scotland [1]

  • 1404 Philip I, Duke of Brabant (1427-30) (d. 1430)
  • 1421 Henry Percy, 3rd Earl of Northumberland, English politician, born in Leconfield, United Kingdom (d. 1461)
  • 1517 Jacques Peletier (du Mans), French poet and scientist, born in Le Mans, France (d. 1582)
  • 1562 Kiyomasa Kato, Japanese warlord, born in Owari Province, Japan (d. 1611)
  • 1575 Christoph Scheiner, German astronomer and physicist, born in Markt Wald, Germany (d. 1650)
  • 1593 Steven van der Haghen, Dutch admiral, and governor of Ambon (1617-18), born in Amersfoort, Ultrecht, Netherlands (d. 1624) [exact date disputed]
  • 1626 Gerard Brandt, Dutch theologist, poet and historian, born in Amsterdam (d. 1685)
  • 1639 Thomas Tompion, English clock maker (cylinder tunnel), born in Northill, Bedfordshire, England (d. 1713)
  • 1658 Archibald Campbell, 1st Duke of Argyll, Scottish privy councillor, born in Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland (d. 1703)
  • 1683 Pieter Langendijk, Dutch painter, etcher and playwright (Wiskunstenaars), born in Haarlem, Netherlands (d. 1756)
  • 1715 Immanuel J. Pyra, German poet (Temple of Real Poetry), born in Kottbus, Brandenburg, Germany(d. 1744)
  • 1746 Bernardo de Gálvez, Spanish military leader and colonial administrator (Spanish Governor of Louisiana and Cuba, 1777-83, Viceroy of New Spain, 1785-6), born in Macharaviaya, Spain (d. 1786)

Henry KnoxHenry Knox (1750-1806)

American general (Continental Army and later the United States Army) and 1st US Secretary of War (1785-94), born in Boston, Massachusetts Bay

  • 1758 Elizabeth Hamilton, Scottish author (The cottagers of Glenburnie), born in Belfast, Ireland (d. 1816)
  • 1761 Charlotte von Kalb, German writer, born in Saal an der Saale, Electorate of Bavaria (d. 1843)
  • 1775 Anna Symmes Harrison, 9th 1st lady (1841), born in Morristown, New Jersey (d. 1864)
  • 1795 James Barry [Margaret Ann Bulkley], female disguised as a man, surgeon general (British army), born in County Cork, Ireland (d. 1865)
  • 1797 Princess Augusta of Hesse-Kassel, Duchess of Cambridge, born in Offenbach, Germany (d. 1889)
  • 1804 Carlo Boncompagni di Mombello, Italian minister of Education, born in Turin, Italy (d. 1880)
  • 1816 Christian Bernhard Tauchnitz, German publisher (T Edition), born in Unterkaka, Meineweh, Germany (d. 1895)
  • 1822 Schuyler Hamilton, American Major General (Union Army), born in Putnam County, New York (d. 1903)
  • 1824 George B. Vashon, American, lawyer, academic and poet, first African American lawyer in NY, born in Carlisle, Pennsylvania (d. 1878)
  • 1824 Richard James Oglesby, American politician and Major General (Union Army), born in Oldham County, Kentucky (d. 1899)
  • 1839 Francis Garnier, French explorer, born in Saint-Étienne, France (d. 1873)
  • 1840 Flora Adams Darling, American writer and historian, founded Daughters of American Revolution, born in Lancaster, New Hampshire (d. 1910)

Thomas EakinsThomas Eakins (1844-1916)

American artist (The Gross Clinic), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Arthur BalfourArthur Balfour (1848-1930)

British Prime Minister (Conservative: 1902-05) and Foreign Secretary (Balfour Declaration), born in Whittingehame House, East Lothian, Scotland

  • 1857 Frank Sprague, American inventor who installed the first U.S. electric trolley system in Richmond, Virgina, born in Milford, Connecticut (d. 1934)
  • 1860 Princess Louise Margaret, Duchess of Connaught, born in Potsdam, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1917)
  • 1861 Andrew Cowper Lawson, Scottish-Canadian Geologist who was the first person to identify and name the San Andreas Fault, born in Anstruther, Scotland (d. 1952)
  • 1865 Jac[obus] P. Thijsse, Dutch biologist and educator (Contact with Plants), born in Maastricht, Netherlands (d. 1945)
  • 1866 Frederick Frost Blackman, English botanist, born in London (d. 1947)
  • 1867 Alexander Rummler, American painter, born in Dubuque, Iowa (d. 1959)
  • 1867 Max Dauthendey, German painter and author (Ewige Hochzeit), born in Würzburg, Germany (d. 1918)
  • 1870 Jan Derk Domela Nieuwenhuis Nyegaard, Dutch vicar (Young Flanders), born in Amsterdam (d. 1955)
  • 1870 Maxfield Parrish, American painter and illustrator, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1966)
  • 1874 Sergey Vasilyevich Lebedev, Russian Chemist who invented the first commercially viable and mass-produced synthetic rubber, born in Lublin, Poland (d. 1934)
  • 1882 George S. Rentz, U.S. Navy Chaplain (awarded the Navy Cross during WW II), born in Lebanon, Pennsylvania (d. 1942)

Davidson BlackDavidson Black (1884-1934)

Canadian paleoanthropologist and doctor of anatomy who identified "Peking Man", born in Toronto, Ontario

  • 1885 Benito Lynch, Irish-Argentine writer (Caranchos de la Florida), born in Buenos Aires, Argentina (d. 1951)

Gavrilo PrincipGavrilo Princip (1894-1918)

Bosnian-Serb assassin of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, born in Obljaj, Bosnia

  • 1896 Richard Gale, English general and airborne commander (Normandy), born in Wandsworth, London (d. 1982)
  • 1900 Enrique Amorim, Uruguayan author (La victoria no viene sola), born in Salto, Uruguay (d. 1960)
  • 1901 Walter Breedveld, Dutch writer (Een ship vergaat), born in Den Bosch, Netherlands (d. 1977)
  • 1902 Eric Hoffer, American longshoreman and author (The True Believer), born in NYC, New York (d. 1983)
  • 1905 Denys Watkins-Pitchford, British writer and illustrator (The Little Grey Men), born in Lamport, Northamptonshire (d. 1990)
  • 1905 Elias Canetti, Bulgarian-British author (Crowds and Power) and winner of the 1981 Nobel Prize for Literature, born in Ruse, Bulgaria (d. 1994)
  • 1908 Joseph Mitchell, American writer (Joe Gould's Secret), born in Fairmont, North Carolina (d. 1996)
  • 1913 John Cairncross, British civil servant and spy (5th man - Cambridge Five), born in Lesmahagow, Lanarkshire, Scotland (d. 1995)
  • 1915 David Napley, English solicitor, born in London (d. 1994)
  • 1915 Enrique Fernando, Chief Justice of the Philippine Supreme Court, born in Malate, Manila, Philippines (d. 2004)
  • 1916 Lucien Saulnier, Canadian politician, born in Montreal, Quebec (d. 1989)
  • 1918 Jane Frank, American artist, born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1986)
  • 1919 Hubert Booi, Bonairian poet (Golgotha, Muchila), born in Bonaire

Rosalind FranklinRosalind Franklin (1920-1958)

English chemist and co-discoverer of the structure of DNA, born in London [1]

  • 1921 John Christopherson, English artist and collector, born in Blackheath, London (d. 1996)
  • 1922 John B. Goodenough, American scientist (lithium-ion battery), 2019 Novel Prize for Chemistry, born in Jena, Germany
  • 1923 Bill Fitsell, Canadian journalist, writer and historian (International Hockey Hall of Fame curator, historian 1969-2005), born in Barrie, Ontario (d. 2020)
  • 1923 Maria Gripe, Swedish writer (Josephine), born in Vaxholm, Uppland, Sweden (d. 2007)
  • 1924 Frank Church, American lawyer and politician (United States Senator from Idaho), born in Boise, Idaho (d. 1984)
  • 1927 Midge Decter, American journalist and author (The Liberated Woman & Other Americans), born in Saint Paul, Minnesota
  • 1927 Sadiq Hussain Qureshi, Pakistani politician (8th Chief Minister of Punjab, Pakistan), born in Shimla, East Punjab British Raj (d. 2000)
  • 1927 Stanley Dancer, American harness racer (4 Hambletonians, 3 Trot Triple Crown), born in West Windsor Township, New Jersey (d. 2005)
  • 1929 Somnath Chatterjee, Indian communist leader, born in Tezpur, India
  • 1930 Alice Parizeau, Polish-born Quebec writer and essayist, born in Łuniniec, Poland (d. 1990)
  • 1931 Kees [Cornelis Pieter] van Dijk, Dutch minister of the Interior, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 2008)
  • 1931 Murray Day, New Zealand sports administrator (President International Squash Rackets Federation 1975-81), born in Hamilton, New Zealand (d. 2022)
  • 1932 Paul J. Weitz, American test pilot and NASA astronaut (Skylab 2; STS-6), born in Erie, Pennsylvania (d. 2017)
  • 1935 Adnan Khashoggi, Saudi businessman (arms dealing), born in Mecca, Saudi Arabia (d. 2017)
  • 1935 Lars Werner, Swedish communist leader, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 2013)
  • 1936 Glenn Murcutt, Australian architect (winner of Pritzker Architecture Prize 2002), born in London
  • 1937 Colin Renfrew, English archeologist (Anatolian hypothesis), born in Stockton-on-Tees, England

Emmett TillEmmett Till (1941-1955)

American lynching victim, born in Chicago, Illinois

  • 1942 Felix Philipp Ingold, Swiss translator and writer, born in Basel, Switzerland
  • 1944 Molly Bennett Aiken, American foundation administrator (riding for the handicapped), born in Hollywood, California
  • 1946 John Gibson, American media host (The John Gibson Show), born in Los Angeles, California
  • 1948 Brian Stableford, British sci-fi author (Day of Wrath), born in Shipley, Yorkshire, England
  • 1955 Bantubonke Holomisa, South African Minister of Defense of Transkei, born in Mqanduli, Eastern Cape
  • 1955 Ritva Elomaa, Finnish bodybuilder and politician, born in Lokalahti, Finland
  • 1956 Frances Arnold, American Chemist (Nobel Prize for Chemistry 2018), born in Edgewood, Pennsylvania
  • 1957 Daniel W. Bursch, NASA astronaut (STS 51, 68, 77), born in Bristol, Pennsylvania
  • 1957 Ray Billingsley, American comic strip cartoonist (Curtis), born in Wake Forest, North Carolina
  • 1963 Denis Coderre, French Canadian politician, born in Joliette, Quebec, Canada
  • 1966 Christine C. Quinn, American Democratic Party politician and Speaker of the New York City Council, born in Glen Cove, New York
  • 1967 Tommy Skjerven, Norwegian football referee, born in Kaupanger, Norway
  • 1970 Lord Nicholas Windsor, youngest son of Prince Edward, Duke of Kent, born in King's College Hospital, Denmark Hill, London
  • 1973 Mur Lafferty, American podcaster & writer, born in Durham, North Carolina
  • 1974 Gareth Thomas, Welsh ruby player, born in Sarn, Wales
  • 1976 Jovica Tasevski-Eternijan, Macedonian poet, born in Skopje, Republic of Macedonia
  • 1978 Louise Brown, English woman who was the first person to be born through in vitro fertilization, born in Oldham, England
  • 1998 Tiny Rowland [Roland Fuhrop], German-British businessman and corporate raider (owned The Observer, tried to take over Harrods) dies at 80