Birthdays in History on July 25

  • 975 Thietmar, German chronicler and Bishop of Merseburg, born in Hildesheim, Saxony (d. 1018)
  • 1016 Casimir I the Restorer, Duke of Poland, born in Kraków, Poland (d. c. 1058)
  • 1109 Afonso I the Conqueror, King of Portugal (1143-85), born in Guimarães, Portugal (d. 1185)
  • 1336 Albert I, Duke of Bavaria and third son of Louis IV, Holy Roman Emperor, born in Munich (d. 1404)
  • 1404 Philip I, Duke of Brabant (1427-30) (d. 1430)
  • 1421 Henry Percy, 3rd Earl of Northumberland, English politician, born in Leconfield, United Kingdom (d. 1461)
  • 1517 Jacques Peletier (du Mans), French poet and scientist, born in Le Mans, France (d. 1582)
  • 1562 Kiyomasa Kato, Japanese warlord, born in Owari Province, Japan (d. 1611)
  • 1575 Christoph Scheiner, German astronomer and physicist, born in Markt Wald, Germany (d. 1650)
  • 1626 Gerard Brandt, Dutch theologist, poet and historian, born in Amsterdam (d. 1685)
  • 1639 Thomas Tompion, English clock maker (cylinder tunnel), born in Northill, Bedfordshire, England (d. 1713)
  • 1658 Archibald Campbell, 1st Duke of Argyll, Scottish privy councillor, born in Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland (d. 1703)
  • 1683 Pieter Langendijk, Dutch painter, etcher and playwright (Wiskunstenaars), born in Haarlem, Netherlands (d. 1756)
  • 1715 Immanuel J. Pyra, German poet (Temple of Real Poetry), born in Kottbus, Brandenburg, Germany(d. 1744)
  • 1746 Bernardo de Gálvez, Spanish military leader and colonial administrator (Spanish Governor of Louisiana and Cuba, 1777-83, Viceroy of New Spain, 1785-6), born in Macharaviaya, Spain (d. 1786)
  • 1750 Henry Knox, American general (Continental Army and later the United States Army), born in Boston, Massachusetts Bay (d. 1806)

  • 1758 Elizabeth Hamilton, Scottish author (The cottagers of Glenburnie), born in Belfast, Ireland (d. 1816)
  • 1761 Charlotte von Kalb, German writer, born in Saal an der Saale, Electorate of Bavaria (d. 1843)
  • 1775 Anna Symmes Harrison, 9th 1st lady (1841), born in Morristown, New Jersey (d. 1864)
  • 1795 James Barry [Margaret Ann Bulkley], female disguised as a man, surgeon general (British army), born in County Cork, Ireland (d. 1865)
  • 1797 Princess Augusta of Hesse-Kassel, Duchess of Cambridge, born in Offenbach, Germany (d. 1889)
  • 1799 David Douglas, Scottish botanist, born in Scone, Perthshire, Scotland (d. 1834)
  • 1804 Carlo Boncompagni di Mombello, Italian minister of Education, born in Turin, Italy (d. 1880)
  • 1816 Christian Bernhard Tauchnitz, German publisher (T Edition), born in Unterkaka, Meineweh, Germany (d. 1895)
  • 1822 Schuyler Hamilton, American Major General (Union Army), born in Putnam County, New York (d. 1903)
  • 1824 Richard James Oglesby, American politician and Major General (Union Army), born in Oldham County, Kentucky (d. 1899)
  • 1824 George B. Vashon, American, lawyer, academic and poet, first African American lawyer in NY, born in Carlisle, Pennsylvania (d. 1878)
  • 1839 Francis Garnier, French explorer, born in Saint-Étienne, France (d. 1873)
  • 1840 Flora Adams Darling, American writer and historian, founded Daughters of American Revolution, born in Lancaster, New Hampshire (d. 1910)

Person of interestThomas Eakins

1844 Thomas Eakins, American artist, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1916)

Painter Thomas Eakins
Painter
Thomas Eakins

Person of interestArthur Balfour

1848 Arthur Balfour, British Prime Minister (Conservative: 1902-05) and Foreign Secretary (Balfour Declaration), born in Whittingehame House, East Lothian, Scotland (d. 1930)

British Prime Minister Arthur Balfour
British Prime Minister
Arthur Balfour
  • 1857 Frank Sprague, American inventor who installed the first U.S. electric trolley system in Richmond, Virgina, born in Milford, Connecticut (d. 1934)
  • 1860 Princess Louise Margaret, Duchess of Connaught, born in Potsdam, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1917)
  • 1861 Andrew Cowper Lawson, Scottish-Canadian Geologist who was the first person to identify and name the San Andreas Fault, born in Anstruther ,Scotland (d. 1952)
  • 1865 Jac[obus] P. Thijsse, Dutch biologist and educator (Contact with Plants), born in Maastricht, Netherlands (d. 1945)
  • 1866 Frederick Frost Blackman, English botanist, born in London (d. 1947)
  • 1867 Max Dauthendey, German painter and author (Ewige Hochzeit), born in Würzburg, Germany (d. 1918)
  • 1867 Alexander Rummler, American painter, born in Dubuque, Iowa (d. 1959)
  • 1870 Jan Derk Domela Nieuwenhuis Nyegaard, Dutch vicar (Young Flanders), born in Amsterdam (d. 1955)
  • 1870 Maxfield Parrish, American painter and illustrator, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1966)
  • 1874 Sergey Vasilyevich Lebedev, Russian Chemist who invented the first commercially viable and mass-produced synthetic rubber, born in Lublin, Poland (d. 1934)

  • 1882 George S. Rentz, U.S. Navy Chaplain (awarded the Navy Cross during WW II), born in Lebanon, Pennsylvania (d. 1942)

Person of interestDavidson Black

1884 Davidson Black, Canadian paleoanthropologist and doctor of anatomy who identified "Peking Man", born in Toronto, Ontario (d. 1934)

Paleoanthropologist Davidson Black
Paleoanthropologist
Davidson Black
  • 1885 Benito Lynch, Irish-Argentine writer (Caranchos de la Florida), born in Buenos Aires, Argentina (d. 1951)
  • 1894 Gavrilo Princip, Bosnian-Serb assassin of Archduke Ferdinand, born in Obljaj, Bosnia (d. 1918)
  • 1896 Richard Gale, English general and airborne commander (Normandy), born in Wandsworth, London (d. 1982)
  • 1900 Enrique Amorim, Uruguayan author (La victoria no viene sola), born in Salto, Uruguay (d. 1960)
  • 1901 Walter Breedveld, Dutch writer (Een ship vergaat), born in Den Bosch, Netherlands (d. 1977)
  • 1902 Eric Hoffer, American longshoreman and author (The True Believer), born in NYC, New York (d. 1983)
  • 1905 Elias Canetti, Bulgarian-British author (Life-Terms, Nobel 1981), born in Ruse, Bulgaria (d. 1994)
  • 1905 Denys Watkins-Pitchford, British writer and illustrator (The Little Grey Men), born in Lamport, Northamptonshire (d. 1990)
  • 1908 Joseph Mitchell, American writer (Joe Gould's Secret), born in Fairmont, North Carolina (d. 1996)
  • 1913 John Cairncross, British civil servant and spy (5th man - Cambridge Five), born in Lesmahagow, Lanarkshire, Scotland (d. 1995)
  • 1915 David Napley, English solicitor, born in London (d. 1994)
  • 1915 Enrique Fernando, Chief Justice of the Philippine Supreme Court, born in Malate, Manila, Philippines (d. 2004)
  • 1916 Lucien Saulnier, Canadian politician, born in Montreal, Quebec, Canada (d. 1989)
  • 1918 Jane Frank, American artist, born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1986)
  • 1919 Hubert Booi, Bonairian poet (Golgotha, Muchila), born in Bonaire

Person of interestRosalind Franklin

1920 Rosalind Franklin, English chemist and co-discoverer of the structure of DNA, born in London (d. 1958)

Chemist and Molecular Biologist Rosalind Franklin
Chemist and Molecular Biologist
Rosalind Franklin
  • 1921 John Christopherson, English artist and collector, born in Blackheath, London (d. 1996)
  • 1923 Maria Gripe, Swedish writer (Josephine), born in Vaxholm, Uppland, Sweden (d. 2007)
  • 1924 Frank Church, American lawyer and politician (United States Senator from Idaho), born in Boise, Idaho (d. 1984)
  • 1927 Midge Decter, American journalist and author (The Liberated Woman & Other Americans), born in Saint Paul, Minnesota
  • 1927 Stanley Dancer, American harness racer (4 Hambletonians, 3 Trot Triple Crown), born in West Windsor Township, New Jersey (d. 2005)
  • 1927 Sadiq Hussain Qureshi, Pakistani politician (8th Chief Minister of Punjab, Pakistan), born in Shimla, East Punjab British Raj (d. 2000)
  • 1929 Somnath Chatterjee, Indian communist leader, born in Tezpur, India
  • 1930 Alice Parizeau, Polish-born Quebec writer and essayist, born in Łuniniec, Poland (d. 1990)
  • 1931 Kees [Cornelis Pieter] van Dijk, Dutch minister of the Interior, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 2008)
  • 1932 Paul J. Weitz, American test pilot and NASA astronaut (Skylab 2, STS 6), born in Erie, Pennsylvania (d. 2017)
  • 1935 Adnan Khashoggi, Saudi businessman (arms dealing), born in Mecca, Saudi Arabia (d. 2017)
  • 1935 Lars Werner, Swedish communist leader, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 2013)
  • 1936 Glenn Murcutt, Australian architect (winner of Pritzker Architecture Prize 2002), born in London
  • 1937 Colin Renfrew, English archeologist (Anatolian hypothesis), born in Stockton-on-Tees, England

Person of interestEmmett Till

1941 Emmett Till, American lynching victim, born in Chicago, Illinois

Murder Victim Emmett Till
Murder Victim
Emmett Till
  • 1942 Felix Philipp Ingold, Swiss translator and writer, born in Basel, Switzerland
  • 1944 Molly Bennett Aiken, founder (riding for the handicapped)
  • 1946 José Areas, Nicaraguan percussionist (Santana), born in Leon, Nicaragua
  • 1946 John Gibson, American media host (The John Gibson Show), born in Los Angeles, California
  • 1948 Brian Stableford, British sci-fi author (Day of Wrath), born in Shipley, Yorkshire
  • 1955 Bantubonke Holomisa, South African Minister of Defense of Transkei, born in Mqanduli, Eastern Cape
  • 1955 Ritva Elomaa, Finnish bodybuilder and politician, born in Lokalahti, Finland
  • 1956 Frances Arnold, American Chemist (Nobel Prize for Chemistry 2018), born in Edgewood, Pennsylvania
  • 1957 Daniel W. Bursch, NASA astronaut (STS 51, 68, 77), born in Bristol, Pennsylvania
  • 1957 Ray Billingsley, American comic strip cartoonist (Curtis), born in Wake Forest, North Carolina
  • 1963 Denis Coderre, French Canadian politician, born in Joliette, Quebec, Canada
  • 1966 Christine C. Quinn, American Democratic Party politician and Speaker of the New York City Council, born in Glen Cove, New York
  • 1967 Tommy Skjerven, Norwegian football referee, born in Kaupanger, Norway
  • 1970 Lord Nicholas Windsor, youngest son of Prince Edward, Duke of Kent, born in King's College Hospital, Denmark Hill, London
  • 1973 Mur Lafferty, American podcaster and writer, born in Durham, North Carolina
  • 1976 Jovica Tasevski-Eternijan, Macedonian poet, born in Skopje, Republic of Macedonia
  • 1978 Louise Brown, English woman who was the first person to be born through in vitro fertilization, born in Oldham, England