Birthdays in History on July 26

  • 1030 Stanislaus of Szczepanów, St. Stanislaw, born in Lesser Poland Voivodeship, Poland (d. 1079)
  • 1467 Ferdinand II, King of Naples (1495-96), born in Naples (d. 1496)
  • 1678 Joseph I Habsburg, German king and Roman Catholic emperor (1705-11), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1711)

Horatio GatesHoratio Gates (1727-1806)

British-American soldier (general of the Continental Army during the Revolutionary War), born in Maldon, England

George ClintonGeorge Clinton (1739-1812)

American soldier and 4th Vice President (1805-12), born in Little Britain, New York

  • 1794 Johan Georg Forchhammer, Danish geologist, born in Husum, Denmark (d. 1865)
  • 1796 George Catlin, American author and painter (American Indian scenes), born in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania (d. 1872)
  • 1799 Isaac Babbitt, American goldsmith who invented babbitt's metal for bearings, born in Taunton, Massachusetts (d. 1862)
  • 1801 John Drake Sloat, 1st Military Governor of California (Union Navy), born in Sloatsburg, New York (d. 1867)
  • 1802 Mariano Arista, President of Mexico (1851-53), born in San Luis Potosí, Mexico (d. 1855)
  • 1802 Winthrop Mackworth Praed, English politician and poet, born in London, England (d. 1839)
  • 1805 Constantino Brumidi, Greek-Italian-American historical artist (Myrtle Murdock), born in Rome (d. 1880)
  • 1813 Isaac Baumann, Jewish pioneer and trader in Bloemfontein, South Africa, born in Kassel Hesse, Germany (d. 1881)
  • 1820 John Marshall Jones, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Charlottesville, Virginia (d. 1864)
  • 1829 Auguste Beernaert, 14th Prime Minister of Belgium (1884-94) and Nobel Peace Prize laureate 1909, born in Ostend, Belgium (d. 1912)
  • 1842 Alfred Marshall, English economist (Principles of Economics), born in London, England (d. 1924)
  • 1855 Ferdinand Tönnies, German sociologist and philosopher, born in Oldenswort, Germany (d. 1936)

George Bernard ShawGeorge Bernard Shaw (1856-1950)

Irish dramatist (Pygmalion, Nobel Prize for Literature 1925), born in Dublin, Ireland

  • 1860 Philippe J Bunau-Varilla, French engineer (Colombia-Panama), born in Paris (d. 1940)
  • 1863 Paul Walden, Latvian chemist (Walden inversion, room-temperature ionic liquid, ethylammonium nitrate), born in Rozulas, Governorate of Livonia, Russian Empire (d. 1957)
  • 1865 Philipp Scheidemann, German politcian (SPD) and Mayor of Kassel, born in Kassel, Germany (d. 1939)
  • 1872 George Louis Beer, American historian (authority on British colonies), born in Staten Island, New York (d. 1920)
  • 1875 Antonio Machado, Spanish poet (Campos de Castilla), born in Seville, Spain (d. 1939)

Carl JungCarl Jung (1875-1961)

Swiss Psychiatrist (founded analytic psychology), born in Kesswil, Switzerland

  • 1880 Volodymyr Vynnychenko, Ukrainian politician and statesman, born in Yelisavetgrad, Russian Empire (d. 1951)
  • 1881 Alexander J. Kropholler, Dutch architect and writer, born in Amsterdam (d. 1973)
  • 1885 Andre Maurois [Emile Herzog], French writer (Balzac), born in Elbeuf, France (d. 1967)
  • 1888 Marcel Jouhandeau, French writer, born in Guéret, France (d. 1979)
  • 1890 Daniel J. Callaghan, US Admiral (Medal of Honor), born in San Francisco, California (d. 1942)
  • 1891 Jacques Pirenne, Belgian historian and honorary secretary of King Leopold III of Belgium, born in Ghent, Belgium (d. 1972)

Aldous HuxleyAldous Huxley (1894-1963)

English author (Brave New World, Island), born in Godalming, Surrey

  • 1894 Lodewijk Rogier, Dutch historian (Henric van Veldeken), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1974)
  • 1895 Jane Bunford, Britain's tallest-ever person measuring 2.41 metres (7 ft 11 in) at the time of her death, born in Bartley Green, Northfield, Birmingham (d. 1922)
  • 1897 Paul Gallico, American novelist (The Snow Goose), born in NYC, New York (d. 1976)
  • 1899 Carel C. van Essen, Dutch archaeologist (Italian & Roman art), born in Amsterdam (d. 1963)
  • 1899 Danton Walker, American columnist (Broadway Spotlight), born in Mariette, Georgia (d. 1960)
  • 1906 Irena Iłłakowicz, Polish agent of Intelligence, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1943)

Salvador AllendeSalvador Allende (1908-1973)

President of Chile (1970-73) and the 1st Marxist to become president of a Latin American country through an open election, born in Valparaíso, Chile

  • 1909 Peter Thorneycroft, British politician, born in Dunston, Staffordshire (d. 1994)
  • 1919 James Lovelock, British scientist and environmentalist, born in Letchworth, Hertfordshire
  • 1919 Kenneth Snowman, British jeweller and antiquarian, born in Hampstead, London (d. 2002)
  • 1922 Frank Price, CEO (British Waterways Board), born in Birmingham (d. 2017)
  • 1923 Jan Berenstain [Janice Marian Grant], American author (The Berenstain Bears), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2012)
  • 1923 Peter Carey, British civil servant and permanent secretary (DTI), born in Portsmouth (d. 2011)
  • 1924 Elias Motsoaledi, South African freedom fighter and anti-apartheid activist, born in Phokoane, Sekhukhuneland, Northern Transvaal (d. 1994)
  • 1924 John Kilgour, British physician and director of prison medical services (Home Office), born in Aberdeen, Scotland (d. 2008)
  • 1925 Jerzy Einhorn, Polish-Swedish doctor, researcher and politician, born in Częstochowa, Poland (d. 2000)
  • 1926 Ana María Matute, Spanish author (Fiesta al noroeste), born in Barcelona, Spain (d. 2014)
  • 1928 Elliott Erwitt [Elio Romano], French-American photographer (Gimme Shelter), born in Paris, France
  • 1928 Ibn-e-Safi, Pakistani fiction writer and Urdu poet, born in Allahabad, India (d. 1980)
  • 1928 Joe Jackson, American talent manager (Jackson 5), and patriarch of the Jackson family, born in Fountain Hill, Arkansas (d. 2018)
  • 1928 Peter Lougheed, Canadian politician (10th Premier of Alberta), born in Calgary, Alberta, Canada (d. 2012)
  • 1929 Marc Lalonde, French Canadian politician (30th Minister of Finance), born in Île Perrot, Quebec
  • 1930 Sarah A. Oppenheim-Barnes, Baroness Oppenheim-Barnes, British Conservative politician, born in Dublin
  • 1937 Boris Cyrulnik, French doctor, born in Bordeaux, France
  • 1938 Keith Peters, Welsh physician, born in Baglan, Glamorgan

John HowardJohn Howard (83 years old)

1939 25th Prime Minister of Australia (1996-2007), born in Earlwood, New South Wales, Australia

  • 1939 Wopko Jensma, South African poet and graphic designer, born in South Africa
  • 1940 Brian Mawhinney, British Conservative Party politician, born in Belfast, United Kingdom
  • 1940 Mary Jo Kopechne, American political campaign specialist and Ted Kennedy's car passenger, born in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania (d. 1969)
  • 1942 Vladimír Mečiar, 1st and 3rd Prime Minister of Slovakia, born in Zvolen, Slovakia
  • 1944 Rimantas Stankevičius, Lithuanian cosmonaut, born in Marijampolė, Lithuania (d. 1990)
  • 1946 Anne Wright, British academic and Vice-Chancellor (Sunderland University)
  • 1947 Pauline Clare, Britain's first female Chief Constable (Lancashire)
  • 1949 William M Shepherd, American Navy SEAL and NASA astronaut (STS 27, 41, 52), born in Oak Ridge, Tennessee
  • 1950 Paul McHale Jr., American politcian (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Pennsylvania), born in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania
  • 1951 William S. McArthur Jr., American astronaut (STS 58, 74, sk: 92), born in Laurinburg, North Carolina
  • 1952 Scott David Cook, CEO (Intuit-Quicken), born in Glendale, California
  • 1954 Lawrence Watt-Evans, American sci-fi author (Hugo, Sword of Bheleu), born in Arlington, Massachusetts
  • 1955 Asif Ali Zardari, Pakistani politician, President of Pakistan (2008-13), born in Karachi, Pakistan
  • 1959 Rick Bragg, American journalist and writer, born in Piedmont, Alabama
  • 1962 Galina Chistyakova, Russian jumper (world record 1988), born in Izmail, Ukraine
  • 1964 Anne Provoost, Belgian author (In the Shadow of the Ark), born in Poperinge, Belgium
  • 1964 Ralf Metzenmacher, German painter and designer, born in Aachen, Germany
  • 1973 Lenka Kotková [Šarounová], Czech astronomer and discoverer of minor planets, born in Dobřichovice, Czechoslovakia

Liz TrussLiz Truss (47 years old)

1975 British politician (C) (Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Sept-Oct 2022), born in Oxford, England

Jacinda ArdernJacinda Ardern (42 years old)

1980 Prime Minister of New Zealand (2017-present), born in Hamilton, New Zealand