On This Day

Birthdays in History on July 26

  • 1030 Stanislaus of Szczepanów, St. Stanislaw, born in Lesser Poland Voivodeship, Poland (d. 1079)
  • 1467 Ferdinand II, King of Naples (1495-96), born in Naples (d. 1496)
  • 1678 Joseph I Habsburg, German king and Roman Catholic emperor (1705-11), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1711)

Person of interestHoratio Gates

1727 Horatio Gates, British-American soldier (general of the Continental Army during the Revolutionary War), born in Maldon, England (d. 1806)

Military Leader Horatio Gates
Military Leader
Horatio Gates

Person of interestGeorge Clinton

1739 George Clinton, American soldier and 4th Vice President (1805-12), born in Little Britain, New York (d. 1812)

US Vice President George Clinton
US Vice President
George Clinton
  • 1794 Johan Georg Forchhammer, Danish geologist, born in Husum, Denmark (d. 1865)
  • 1796 George Catlin, American author and painter (American Indian scenes), born in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania (d. 1872)
  • 1799 Isaac Babbitt, American goldsmith who invented babbitt's metal for bearings, born in Taunton, Massachusetts (d. 1862)
  • 1801 John Drake Sloat, 1st Military Governor of California (Union Navy), born in Sloatsburg, New York (d. 1867)
  • 1802 Winthrop Mackworth Praed, English politician and poet, born in London, England (d. 1839)
  • 1802 Mariano Arista, President of Mexico (1851-53), born in San Luis Potosí, Mexico (d. 1855)
  • 1805 Constantino Brumidi, Greek-Italian-American historical artist (Myrtle Murdock), born in Rome (d. 1880)
  • 1813 Isaac Baumann, Jewish pioneer and trader in Bloemfontein, South Africa, born in Kassel Hesse, Germany (d. 1881)
  • 1820 John Marshall Jones, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Charlottesville, Virginia (d. 1864)
  • 1829 Auguste Beernaert, 14th Prime Minister of Belgium (1884-94) and Nobel Peace Prize laureate 1909, born in Ostend, Belgium (d. 1912)
  • 1842 Alfred Marshall, English economist (Principles of Economics), born in London, England (d. 1924)

  • 1855 Ferdinand Tönnies, German sociologist and philosopher, born in Oldenswort, Germany (d. 1936)

Person of interestGeorge Bernard Shaw

1856 George Bernard Shaw, Irish dramatist (Pygmalion, Nobel Prize for Literature 1925), born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1950)

  • 1860 Philippe J Bunau-Varilla, French engineer (Colombia-Panama), born in Paris (d. 1940)
  • 1863 Paul Walden, Latvian chemist (Walden inversion, room-temperature ionic liquid, ethylammonium nitrate), born in Rozulas, Governorate of Livonia, Russian Empire (d. 1957)
  • 1865 Philipp Scheidemann, German politcian (SPD) and Mayor of Kassel, born in Kassel, Germany (d. 1939)
  • 1872 George Louis Beer, American historian (authority on British colonies), born in Staten Island, New York (d. 1920)

Person of interestCarl Jung

1875 Carl Jung, Swiss Psychiatrist (founded analytic psychology), born in Kesswil, Switzerland (d. 1961)

Psychiatrist Carl Jung
Psychiatrist
Carl Jung
  • 1875 Antonio Machado, Spanish poet (Campos de Castilla), born in Seville, Spain (d. 1939)
  • 1880 Volodymyr Vynnychenko, Ukrainian politician and statesman, born in Yelisavetgrad, Russian Empire (d. 1951)
  • 1881 Alexander J. Kropholler, Dutch architect and writer, born in Amsterdam (d. 1973)
  • 1885 Andre Maurois [Emile Herzog], French writer (Balzac), born in Elbeuf, France (d. 1967)
  • 1888 Marcel Jouhandeau, French writer, born in Guéret, France (d. 1979)
  • 1890 Daniel J. Callaghan, US Admiral (Medal of Honor), born in San Francisco, California (d. 1942)
  • 1891 Jacques Pirenne, Belgian historian and honorary secretary of King Leopold III of Belgium, born in Ghent, Belgium (d. 1972)

Person of interestAldous Huxley

1894 Aldous Huxley, English author (Brave New World, Island), born in Godalming, Surrey (d. 1963)

  • 1894 Lodewijk Rogier, Dutch historian (Henric van Veldeken), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1974)
  • 1895 Jane Bunford, Britain's tallest-ever person measuring 2.41 metres (7 ft 11 in) at the time of her death, born in Bartley Green, Northfield, Birmingham (d. 1922)
  • 1897 Paul Gallico, American novelist (The Snow Goose), born in NYC, New York (d. 1976)
  • 1899 Carel C. van Essen, Dutch archaeologist (Italian & Roman art), born in Amsterdam (d. 1963)
  • 1899 Danton Walker, American columnist (Broadway Spotlight), born in Mariette, Georgia (d. 1960)

  • 1906 Irena Iłłakowicz, Polish agent of Intelligence, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1943)

Person of interestSalvador Allende

1908 Salvador Allende, President of Chile (1970-73) and the 1st Marxist to become president of a Latin American country through an open election, born in Valparaíso, Chile (d. 1973)

Marxist and President of Chile Salvador Allende
Marxist and President of Chile
Salvador Allende
  • 1909 Peter Thorneycroft, British politician, born in Dunston, Staffordshire (d. 1994)
  • 1919 James Lovelock, British scientist and environmentalist, born in Letchworth, Hertfordshire
  • 1919 Kenneth Snowman, British jeweller and antiquarian, born in Hampstead, London (d. 2002)
  • 1922 Frank Price, CEO (British Waterways Board), born in Birmingham (d. 2017)
  • 1923 Peter Carey, British civil servant and permanent secretary (DTI), born in Portsmouth (d. 2011)
  • 1923 Jan Berenstain [Janice Marian Grant], American author (The Berenstain Bears), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2012)
  • 1924 Elias Motsoaledi, South African freedom fighter and anti-apartheid activist, born in Phokoane, Sekhukhuneland, Northern Transvaal (d. 1994)
  • 1924 John Kilgour, British physician and director of prison medical services (Home Office), born in Aberdeen, Scotland (d. 2008)
  • 1925 Jerzy Einhorn, Polish-Swedish doctor, researcher and politician, born in Częstochowa, Poland (d. 2000)
  • 1926 Ana María Matute, Spanish author (Fiesta al noroeste), born in Barcelona, Spain (d. 2014)
  • 1928 Elliott Erwitt [Elio Romano], French-American photographer (Gimme Shelter), born in Paris, France
  • 1928 Ibn-e-Safi, Pakistani fiction writer and Urdu poet, born in Allahabad, India (d. 1980)
  • 1928 Peter Lougheed, Canadian politician (10th Premier of Alberta), born in Calgary, Alberta, Canada (d. 2012)
  • 1929 Marc Lalonde, French Canadian politician (30th Minister of Finance), born in Île Perrot, Quebec
  • 1930 Sarah A. Oppenheim-Barnes, Baroness Oppenheim-Barnes, British Conservative politician, born in Dublin
  • 1938 Keith Peters, Welsh physician, born in Baglan, Glamorgan

Person of interestJohn Howard

1939 John Howard, 25th Prime Minister of Australia (1996-2007), born in Earlwood, New South Wales, Australia

25th Australian Prime Minister John Howard
25th Australian Prime Minister
John Howard
  • 1939 Wopko Jensma, South African poet and graphic designer, born in South Africa
  • 1940 Brian Mawhinney, British Conservative Party politician, born in Belfast, United Kingdom
  • 1940 Mary Jo Kopechne, American political campaign specialist and Ted Kennedy's car passenger, born in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania (d. 1969)
  • 1942 Vladimír Mečiar, 1st and 3rd Prime Minister of Slovakia, born in Zvolen, Slovakia
  • 1944 Rimantas Stankevičius, Lithuanian cosmonaut, born in Marijampolė, Lithuania (d. 1990)
  • 1946 Anne Wright, British academic and Vice-Chancellor (Sunderland University)
  • 1947 Pauline Clare, Britain's first female Chief Constable (Lancashire)
  • 1949 William M Shepherd, American Navy SEAL and NASA astronaut (STS 27, 41, 52), born in Oak Ridge, Tennessee
  • 1950 Paul McHale Jr., American politcian (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Pennsylvania), born in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania
  • 1951 William S. McArthur Jr., American astronaut (STS 58, 74, sk: 92), born in Laurinburg, North Carolina
  • 1952 Scott David Cook, CEO (Intuit-Quicken), born in Glendale, California
  • 1954 Lawrence Watt-Evans, American sci-fi author (Hugo, Sword of Bheleu), born in Arlington, Massachusetts
  • 1955 Asif Ali Zardari , Pakistani politician, President of Pakistan (2008-13), born in Karachi, Pakistan
  • 1959 Rick Bragg, American journalist and writer, born in Piedmont, Alabama
  • 1962 Galina Chistyakova, Russian jumper (world record 1988), born in Izmail, Ukraine
  • 1964 Anne Provoost, Belgian author (In the Shadow of the Ark), born in Poperinge, Belgium
  • 1964 Ralf Metzenmacher, German painter and designer, born in Aachen, Germany
  • 1967 Tim Schafer, American computer game designer, born in Sonoma, California
  • 1973 Lenka Kotková [Šarounová], Czech astronomer and discoverer of minor planets, born in Dobřichovice, Czechoslovakia

Person of interestJacinda Ardern

1980 Jacinda Ardern, Prime Minister of New Zealand (2017-present), born in Hamilton, New Zealand

New Zealand Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern
New Zealand Prime Minister
Jacinda Ardern