Birthdays in History on July 27

Person of interestLudovico Sforza

1452 Ludovico Sforza [il Moro], Italian duke of Milan (1494-1508) who commissioned The Last Supper, born in Vigevano (Modern day Lombardy), Italy (d. 1508)

Duke of Milan Ludovico Sforza
Duke of Milan
Ludovico Sforza
  • 1518 Elizabeth Talbot, Countess of Shrewsbury and builder of country houses, born in Derbyshire, England (d. 1608)
  • 1612 Murad IV, Sultan of Turkey (1623-40) who conquered Baghdad, born in Constantinople, Ottoman Empire (d. 1640)
  • 1625 Edward Montagu, 1st Earl of Sandwich, English soldier, admiral and patron to Samuel Pepys, born in Barnwell (d. 1672)
  • 1667 Jean Bernoulli, Swiss mathematician, born in Basel, Switzerland (d. 1748)
  • 1733 Jeremiah Dixon, English surveyor and astronomer, born in Cockfield, County Durham, England (d. 1779)
  • 1740 Jeanne Baré, French explorer, born in Loire Valley, France (d. 1803)
  • 1752 Samuel Smith, American politician, Senator and Representative from Maryland, born in Carlisle, Pennsylvania (d. 1839)
  • 1768 Charlotte Corday, French revolutionary who murdered Jean-Paul Marat in a bath, born in Saint-Saturnin, France (d. 1793)
  • 1773 Jakob Aall, Norwegian journalist and statesman, born in Porsgrunn, Norway (d. 1844)
  • 1777 Thomas Campbell, Scottish poet (Hohenlinden, Battle of the Baltic), born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 1844)
  • 1784 Denis Davydov, Russian general and poet, born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1839)
  • 1801 George Biddell Airy, English mathematician and 7th Astronomer Royal, born in Alnwick, Northumberland, England (d. 1892)
  • 1812 Thomas Lanier Clingman, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Huntsville, North Carolina (d. 1897)
  • 1820 John Franklin Farnsworth, American politician and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Eaton, Canada (d. 1897)
  • 1833 Thomas George Bonney, English geologist, born in Rugeley, United Kingdom (d. 1923)

  • 1835 Giosuè Carducci, Italian writer and Nobel Prize Laureate 1906 regarded as the official national poet of modern Italy, born in Pietrasanta, Italy (d. 1907)
  • 1840 Ranald Slidell Mackenzie, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Westchester County, New York (d. 1889)
  • 1848 Loránd Eötvös, Hungarian physicist, born in Buda, Hungary (d. 1919)
  • 1848 Friedrich Ernst Dorn, German physicist who discovered that radon is emitted from radium, born in Guttstadt, Province of Prussia (now Warmia in Poland) (d. 1916)
  • 1849 John Hopkinson, British physicist and electrical engineer (Hopkinson's Law), born in Manchester (d. 1898)
  • 1857 E. A. Wallis Budge, English orientalist and museum curator (British Museum), born in Bodmin, Cornwall, England (d. 1934)
  • 1857 José Celso Barbosa, Puerto Rican physician, sociologist and political leader, born in Bayamón, Puerto Rico (d. 1921)
  • 1870 Hilaire Belloc, Anglo-French author (Path to Rome), born in La Celle-Saint-Cloud, Seine-et-Oise, France (d. 1953)
  • 1870 Henry Lincoln "Linc" Johnson, American attorney and politician, remembered as one of the most prominent early 20th century African-American Republicans, born in Augusta, Georgia (d. 1925)
  • 1879 Francesco Gaeta, Italian poet (Il Libro Della Giovinezza), born in Naples, Italy (d. 1927)

Person of interestHans Fischer

1881 Hans Fischer, German organic chemist (Nobel Prize for Chemistry 1930), born in Hoechst, Germany (d. 1945)

Physicist and Nobel Laureate Hans Fischer
Physicist and Nobel Laureate
Hans Fischer
  • 1882 Geoffrey de Havilland, British aircraft designer, born in High Wycombe, Buckinghamshire, England (d. 1965)
  • 1886 Ernst May, German architect and city planner (New Frankfurt), born in Frankfurt am Main (d. 1970)
  • 1894 Gerald F. Bogan, U.S. Navy aviator and vice admiral who served in World War I & II, born in Mackinac Island, Michigan (d. 1973)
  • 1896 Henri Longchambon, French politician, born in Clermont-Ferrand, Puy-de-Dôme, France (d. 1969)
  • 1898 Queen Mother Moore, African-American civil rights activist and humanitarian, born in New Iberia, Louisiana (d. 1997)
  • 1900 Charles Vidor, Hungarian director (Rhapsody, Gilda, Cover Girl), born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 1959)
  • 1903 Michail Stasinopoulos, Greek politician and 1st President of Greece, born in Kalamata, Kingdom of Greece (d. 2002)
  • 1904 Kenneth Bainbridge, American physicist (measurements of mass differences between nuclear isotopes), born in Cooperstown, New York (d. 1996)
  • 1906 Herbert Jasper, Canadian physiologist and neurologist, born in La Grande, Oregon (d. 1999)
  • 1906 Jerzy Giedroyc, Polish writer and political activist, born in Minsk, Russian Empire (d. 2000)
  • 1907 Denis Rickett, British civil servant and private secretary to Clement Attlee, born in Hawthorns, Overton Road, Sutton, Surrey (d. 1997)
  • 1908 Hugh Jenkins, Baron Jenkins of Putney, British MP of Arts (Labour), born in Enfield, Middlesex (d. 2004)
  • 1910 Julien Gracq [Louis Poirier], French writer (Andre Breton), born in Saint-Florent-le-Vieil, Maine-et-Loire, France (d. 2007)
  • 1911 Wilfrid Oulton, British Royal Air Force officer, born in Monks Coppenhall, Cheshire (d. 1997)

  • 1911 Rayner Heppenstall, English novelist (The Blaze of Noon), born in Lockwood, Huddersfield, Yorkshire (d. 1981)
  • 1912 Hilde Domin [Hilde Palm], German writer and poet, born in Cologne (d. 2006)
  • 1913 Eva Jones, German poet and novelist (Taboo), born in Berlin (d. 1996)
  • 1913 Mary Green, headmistress (Kidbrooke School), born in Wellingborough, Northamptonshire (d. 2004)
  • 1913 Vittorio Sereni, Italian poet (Diario d'Algeria), born in Luino, Italy (d. 1983)
  • 1913 George L. Street III, American Navy Submariner and Medal of Honor recipient, born in Richmond, Virginia (d. 2000)
  • 1916 Amha Selassie, Crown prince of Ethiopia and son of emperor Haile Selassi, born in Harar, Ethiopian Empire (d. 1997)
  • 1917 John Cunningham, British Royal Air Force night fighter ace (WW II), born in Croydon, Surrey, England (d. 2002)
  • 1917 Robert Cowans, executive director (British Aerospace)
  • 1920 James Munn, Scottish educationalist and commissioner (British University) (d. 2009)
  • 1923 Masutatsu Oyama, Founder of Japanese Kyokushin Karate, born in Gimje, Jeollabuk-do, Japanese Korea (d. 1994)
  • 1926 Peter Coker, English painter, born in London (d. 2004)
  • 1927 Sat Mahajan, Indian politician (Rural Development Minister), born in Nurpur, Kangra District (d. 2012)
  • 1927 Allen Breed, American inventor of the first automotive airbag sensor, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1999)
  • 1929 Jack Higgins [Harry Patterson], British novelist (The Eagle Has Landed), born in Newcastle upon Tyne, England
  • 1930 Ronald Dearing, British civil servant and chairman (British Post Office), born in Kingston upon Hull, England
  • 1930 Shirley Williams, British politician (Social Democratic Party), born in London
  • 1931 Khieu Samphan, Cambodian communist politician, born in Rumduol, Svay Rieng, French Protectorate of Cambodia
  • 1932 Beverly Byron, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Maryland), born in Baltimore, Maryland
  • 1932 Curnick Muzuvukile Ndlovu, Jailed South Africian worker's union leader, born in Matatiele, South Africa (d. 2002)
  • 1932 Robert Cowan, CEO (Highlands & Islands Enterprises), born in Edinburgh (d.1993)
  • 1933 Ted Whitten, Australian rules footballer, born in Footscray, Australia (d. 1995)
  • 1934 John Pardoe, British businessman and CEO (Sight & Sound Education) and Liberal Party politician
  • 1936 J. Robert Hooper, American politician, born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 2008)
  • 1937 Anna Dawson, British comedienne (Violet-Keeping Up Appearances), born in Bolton, Lancashire
  • 1937 Robert Gibb, zoo/theme park creator
  • 1938 Gary Gygax, American role-playing games creator (Dungeons & Dragons) and fantasy author, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2008)
  • 1939 James McGee, British pathologist and professor (Morbid Anatomy at Oxford), born in Mossend, Lanarkshire, Scotland
  • 1946 Toktar Ongarbajewitch Aubakirov, Kazakhstan, cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-13)
  • 1947 Wayne Dowdy, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Mississippi), born in Fitzgerald, Georgia
  • 1953 Wim van de Camp, Dutch 2nd Chamber member (CDA), born in Oss, Netherlands
  • 1954 G. S. Bali, Indian politician, born in Kangra, India
  • 1955 Cat Bauer, American novelist (Harley, Like a Person), born in Greenville, South Carolina
  • 1957 Hansi Muller, German footballer, born in Stuttgart
  • 1960 Reinaldo de Carvalho, carnival King (d. 1995)
  • 1961 Daniel C. Burbank, American astronaut, born in Manchester, Connecticut
  • 1976 Demis Hassabis, British Artificial Intelligence researcher, computer game designer, and neuroscientist, born in London, England
  • 1977 Foo Swee Chin, Singaporean comic book artist (A Lost Stock of Children), born in Singapore
  • 1979 Marielle Franco, Brazilian politician and human rights activist, born in Rio de Janeiro (d. 2018)
  • 1986 Ryan Griffen, Australian rules footballer, born in Goolwa, South Australia
  • 1994 Princess Mafalda-Ceceilia of Bulgaria