Birthdays in History on July 27

  • 774 Kūkai, Japanese Buddhist monk (founded Shingon school of Buddhism), born at Zentsū-ji temple, Shikoku (d. 835)

Ludovico SforzaLudovico Sforza (1452-1508)

Italian duke of Milan (1494-1508) who commissioned The Last Supper, born in Vigevano (Modern day Lombardy), Italy

  • 1518 Elizabeth Talbot, Countess of Shrewsbury and builder of country houses, born in Derbyshire, England (d. 1608)
  • 1612 Murad IV, Sultan of Turkey (1623-40) who conquered Baghdad, born in Constantinople, Ottoman Empire (d. 1640)
  • 1625 Edward Montagu, 1st Earl of Sandwich, English soldier, admiral and patron to Samuel Pepys, born in Barnwell (d. 1672)
  • 1667 Jean Bernoulli, Swiss mathematician, born in Basel, Switzerland (d. 1748)
  • 1733 Jeremiah Dixon, English surveyor and astronomer, born in Cockfield, County Durham, England (d. 1779)
  • 1740 Jeanne Baré, French explorer, born in Loire Valley, France (d. 1803)
  • 1752 Samuel Smith, American politician, Senator and Representative from Maryland, born in Carlisle, Pennsylvania (d. 1839)
  • 1768 Charlotte Corday, French revolutionary who murdered Jean-Paul Marat in a bath, born in Saint-Saturnin, France (d. 1793)
  • 1773 Jakob Aall, Norwegian journalist and statesman, born in Porsgrunn, Norway (d. 1844)
  • 1777 Thomas Campbell, Scottish poet (Hohenlinden, Battle of the Baltic), born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 1844)
  • 1784 Denis Davydov, Russian general and poet, born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1839)
  • 1801 George Biddell Airy, English mathematician and 7th Astronomer Royal, born in Alnwick, Northumberland, England (d. 1892)
  • 1812 Thomas Lanier Clingman, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Huntsville, North Carolina (d. 1897)
  • 1820 John Franklin Farnsworth, American politician and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Eaton, Canada (d. 1897)
  • 1833 Thomas George Bonney, English geologist, born in Rugeley, United Kingdom (d. 1923)
  • 1835 Giosuè Carducci, Italian writer and Nobel Prize Laureate 1906 regarded as the official national poet of modern Italy, born in Pietrasanta, Italy (d. 1907)
  • 1840 Ranald Slidell Mackenzie, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Westchester County, New York (d. 1889)
  • 1848 Friedrich Ernst Dorn, German physicist who discovered that radon is emitted from radium, born in Guttstadt, Province of Prussia (now Warmia in Poland) (d. 1916)
  • 1848 [Roland] Loránd Eötvös, Hungarian physicist (introduced idea of molecular surface tension), born in Buda, Hungary (d. 1919)
  • 1849 John Hopkinson, British physicist and electrical engineer (Hopkinson's Law), born in Manchester (d. 1898)
  • 1853 Vladimir Korolenko, Russian writer (The Blind Musician), born in Zhitomir, Volhynian Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1921)
  • 1857 E. A. Wallis Budge, English orientalist and museum curator (British Museum), born in Bodmin, Cornwall, England (d. 1934)
  • 1857 José Celso Barbosa, Puerto Rican physician, sociologist and political leader, born in Bayamón, Puerto Rico (d. 1921)
  • 1870 Henry Lincoln "Linc" Johnson, American attorney and politician, remembered as one of the most prominent early 20th century African-American Republicans, born in Augusta, Georgia (d. 1925)
  • 1870 Hilaire Belloc, Anglo-French author (Path to Rome), born in La Celle-Saint-Cloud, Seine-et-Oise, France (d. 1953)
  • 1879 Francesco Gaeta, Italian poet (Il Libro Della Giovinezza), born in Naples, Italy (d. 1927)

Hans FischerHans Fischer (1881-1945)

German organic chemist (Nobel Prize for Chemistry 1930), born in Hoechst, Germany

  • 1882 Geoffrey de Havilland, British aircraft designer, born in High Wycombe, Buckinghamshire, England (d. 1965)
  • 1886 Ernst May, German architect and city planner (New Frankfurt), born in Frankfurt am Main (d. 1970)
  • 1894 Gerald F. Bogan, U.S. Navy aviator and vice admiral who served in World War I & II, born in Mackinac Island, Michigan (d. 1973)
  • 1896 Henri Longchambon, French politician, born in Clermont-Ferrand, Puy-de-Dôme, France (d. 1969)
  • 1898 Queen Mother Moore, African-American civil rights activist and humanitarian, born in New Iberia, Louisiana (d. 1997)
  • 1900 Charles Vidor, Hungarian director (Rhapsody, Gilda, Cover Girl), born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 1959)
  • 1903 Michail Stasinopoulos, Greek politician and 1st President of Greece, born in Kalamata, Kingdom of Greece (d. 2002)
  • 1904 Kenneth Bainbridge, American physicist (measurements of mass differences between nuclear isotopes), born in Cooperstown, New York (d. 1996)
  • 1905 Robert L. May, American advertising copy writer and creator of Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer, born in Arverne, New York (d. 1976)
  • 1906 Herbert Jasper, Canadian physiologist and neurologist, born in La Grande, Oregon (d. 1999)
  • 1906 Jerzy Giedroyc, Polish writer and political activist, born in Minsk, Russian Empire (d. 2000)
  • 1907 Denis Rickett, British civil servant and private secretary to Clement Attlee, born in Hawthorns, Overton Road, Sutton, Surrey (d. 1997)
  • 1908 Hugh Jenkins, Baron Jenkins of Putney, British MP of Arts (Labour), born in Enfield, Middlesex (d. 2004)
  • 1910 Julien Gracq [Louis Poirier], French writer (Andre Breton), born in Saint-Florent-le-Vieil, Maine-et-Loire, France (d. 2007)
  • 1911 Rayner Heppenstall, English novelist (The Blaze of Noon), born in Lockwood, Huddersfield, Yorkshire (d. 1981)
  • 1911 Wilfrid Oulton, British Royal Air Force officer, born in Monks Coppenhall, Cheshire (d. 1997)
  • 1912 Hilde Domin [Hilde Palm], German writer and poet, born in Cologne (d. 2006)
  • 1913 Eva Jones, German poet and novelist (Taboo), born in Berlin (d. 1996)
  • 1913 George L. Street III, American Navy Submariner and Medal of Honor recipient, born in Richmond, Virginia (d. 2000)
  • 1913 Mary Green, headmistress (Kidbrooke School), born in Wellingborough, Northamptonshire (d. 2004)
  • 1913 Vittorio Sereni, Italian poet (Diario d'Algeria), born in Luino, Italy (d. 1983)
  • 1916 Amha Selassie, Crown prince of Ethiopia and son of emperor Haile Selassi, born in Harar, Ethiopian Empire (d. 1997)
  • 1917 Isabelle Kelley, American social worker credited with instigating the US Federal Food Stamp Program, born in Ellington, Connecticut (d. 1997)
  • 1917 John Cunningham, British Royal Air Force night fighter ace (WW II), born in Croydon, Surrey, England (d. 2002)
  • 1917 Robert Cowans, executive director (British Aerospace)
  • 1920 James Munn, Scottish educationalist and commissioner (British University) (d. 2009)
  • 1923 Masutatsu Oyama, Founder of Japanese Kyokushin Karate, born in Gimje, Jeollabuk-do, Japanese Korea (d. 1994)
  • 1926 Peter Coker, English painter, born in London (d. 2004)
  • 1927 Allen Breed, American inventor of the first automotive airbag sensor, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1999)
  • 1927 Gisele Halimi, Tunisian-French lawyer, feminist and author, born in Tunis, French Tunisia (d. 2020)
  • 1927 Sat Mahajan, Indian politician (Rural Development Minister), born in Nurpur, Kangra District (d. 2012)
  • 1929 Jack Higgins [Harry Patterson], British novelist (The Eagle Has Landed), born in Newcastle upon Tyne, England
  • 1930 Ronald Dearing, British civil servant and chairman (British Post Office), born in Kingston upon Hull, England (d. 2009)
  • 1930 Shirley Williams, British politician (Labour Party; Social Democratic Party; Liberal Democrat), born in London, England (d. 2021)
  • 1931 Khieu Samphan, Cambodian communist politician, born in Rumduol, Svay Rieng, French Protectorate of Cambodia
  • 1932 Beverly Byron, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Maryland), born in Baltimore, Maryland
  • 1932 Curnick Muzuvukile Ndlovu, South Africian worker's union leader, and African National Congress Leader, born in Matatiele, South Africa (d. 2002)
  • 1932 Robert Cowan, CEO (Highlands & Islands Enterprises), born in Edinburgh (d. 1993)
  • 1933 Ted Whitten, Australian rules footballer, born in Footscray, Australia (d. 1995)
  • 1934 John Pardoe, British businessman and CEO (Sight & Sound Education) and Liberal Party politician
  • 1936 J. Robert Hooper, American politician, born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 2008)
  • 1937 Anna Dawson, British comedienne (Violet-Keeping Up Appearances), born in Bolton, Lancashire
  • 1937 Robert Gibb, British zoo and theme park creator (Flamingo Land; Pleasure Island), born in England
  • 1938 Gary Gygax, American role-playing games creator (Dungeons & Dragons) and fantasy author, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2008)
  • 1939 James McGee, British pathologist and professor (Morbid Anatomy at Oxford), born in Mossend, Lanarkshire, Scotland
  • 1946 Toktar Ongarbajewitch Aubakirov, Kazakhstan, cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-13)
  • 1947 Wayne Dowdy, American lawyer and politician (US Representative from Mississippi (D), 1981-89), born in Fitzgerald, Georgia
  • 1953 Wim van de Camp, Dutch 2nd Chamber member (CDA), born in Oss, Netherlands
  • 1954 G. S. Bali, Indian politician, born in Kangra, India
  • 1955 Cat Bauer, American novelist (Harley, Like a Person), born in Greenville, South Carolina
  • 1957 Hansi Muller, German footballer, born in Stuttgart
  • 1960 Reinaldo de Carvalho, carnival King (d. 1995)
  • 1961 Daniel C. Burbank, American astronaut, born in Manchester, Connecticut
  • 1977 Foo Swee Chin, Singaporean comic book artist (A Lost Stock of Children), born in Singapore
  • 1979 Marielle Franco, Brazilian politician and human rights activist, born in Rio de Janeiro (d. 2018)
  • 1986 Ryan Griffen, Australian rules footballer, born in Goolwa, South Australia
  • 1994 Boyan Slat, Dutch inventor, environmentalist, and entrepreneur (The Ocean Cleanup), born in Delft, Netherlands
  • 1994 Princess Mafalda-Ceceilia of Bulgaria