Birthdays in History on July 3

  • 1423 Louis XI, King of France (1461-83), born in Bourges, France (d. 1483)
  • 1442 Go-Tsuchimikado, 103rd Emperor of Japan (d. 1500)
  • 1530 Claude Fauchet, French historian, born in Paris (d. 1601)

Person of interestSamuel de Champlain

1567 Samuel de Champlain, French explorer (Lake Champlain), born in Hiers-Brouage or La Rochelle, France (d. 1635)

French Explorer Samuel de Champlain
French Explorer
Samuel de Champlain
  • 1676 Leopold I, Prince of Anhalt-Dessau, Prussian field marshal, born in Dessau, Anhalt-Dessau (d. 1747)
  • 1683 Edward Young, English poet (Revenge, Complaint), born in Upham, Winchester, England (d. 1765)
  • 1685 Sir Robert Rich, 4th Baronet, British cavalry officer, born in Roos Hall, Beccles, England (d. 1768)
  • 1687 Arnold Hoogvliet, Dutch poet (Abraham the Patriarch), born in Vlaardingen, Netherlands (d.1763)
  • 1728 Robert Adam, Scottish architect and designer (Adelphi Terrace, London), born in Kirkcaldy, Scotland (d. 1792)
  • 1731 Samuel Huntington, American politician and signer of the Declaration of Independence, born in Windham, Connecticut (d. 1796)
  • 1738 John Singleton Copley, American painter of portraits and historical objects, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1815)
  • 1743 Sophia Magdalena of Denmark, Queen consort of Sweden, born in Christiansborg Palace, Copenhagen, Denmark (d. 1813)
  • 1794 Eberhard Friedrich Walcker, German organ builder (Paulskirche Frankfurt), born in Bad Cannstatt, Stuttgart, Germany (d. 1872)
  • 1796 Nikoli A Poveloi, Russian writer/publisher (Sotsjinenija) [NS]
  • 1828 John Austin Wharton, American lawyer and Major General (Confederate Army), born in Nashville, Tennessee (d. 1865)
  • 1860 Charlotte Perkins Gilman, American feminist, writer and lecturer for social reform, born in Hartford, Connecticut (d. 1935)

  • 1866 Albert Gottschalk, Danish painter, born in Stege, Møn, Denmark (d. 1906)

Person of interestRichard Bedford Bennett

1870 Richard Bedford Bennett, 11th Prime Minister of Canada (C: 1930-35), born in Hopewell Hill, New Brunswick (d. 1947)

11th Prime Minister of Canada Richard Bedford Bennett
11th Prime Minister of Canada
Richard Bedford Bennett
  • 1871 William Henry Davies, Welsh poet (Autobiography of a Super Tramp), born in Newport, Monmouthshire, Wales (d. 1940)
  • 1872 Habibullah Khan, Emir of Afghanistan (1901-19), born in Samarkand, Uzbekistan (d. 1919)
  • 1874 Āpirana Ngata, Māori New Zealand politician and lawyer known for promoting and protecting Māori culture and language, born in Te Araroa, New Zealand (d. 1950)
  • 1875 Ernst Ferdinand Sauerbruch, German surgeon, born in Barmen, German Empire (d. 1951)
  • 1879 Alfred Korzybski, Polish-American scientist and philosopher, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1950)

Person of interestFranz Kafka

1883 Franz Kafka, Czech author (Metamorphosis, Trial, Amerika), born in Prague, Austria-Hungary (d. 1924)

Writer Franz Kafka
Writer
Franz Kafka
  • 1884 Moses Leverock Crossley, Dutch bio-chemist, born in Saba, Dutch West Indies
  • 1886 Raymond A Spruance, U.S. Navy admiral (Battle of Midway), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1969)
  • 1906 Francis Steegmuller, American biographer (Cocteau), born in New Haven, Connecticut (d. 1994)
  • 1906 F. Gwendolen Rees, Welsh zoologist and parasitologist, born in Abercynon, Wales (d. 1994)
  • 1907 Arthur Steel, Dutch architect (Group '32)
  • 1908 Thomas Narcejac, French writer (Vertigo), born in Rochefort-sur-Mer, France (d. 1998)
  • 1908 M. F. K. Fisher, American cook book author, born in Albion, Michigan (d. 1992)
  • 1908 Robert B. Meyner, American politician (44th Governor of New Jersey), born in Easton, Pennsylvania (d. 1990)
  • 1909 Earl Butz, 18th U.S. Secretary of Agriculture (1971-76), born in Albion, Indiana (d. 2008)
  • 1909 Lucy Kroll, American talent agent, born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1997)
  • 1909 Stavros Niarchos, Greek shipping magnate (Those Fabulous Greeks), born in Athens, Greece (d. 1996)
  • 1910 Bernard Burrows, British diplomat (d. 2002)
  • 1910 Eric Franklin, Indian civil servant
  • 1912 Edward Jones, North Ireland lord justice of appeals
  • 1913 Hugh Stirling Mackenzie, British Royal Navy officer, born in Inverness, Scotland (d. 1996)
  • 1913 William Deakin, British historian and warden (St Anthony's College Oxford), born in London (d. 2005)
  • 1918 Fred Mulley, British Labour politician, born in Leamington Spa, England (d. 1995)

  • 1920 Louise Allbritton, American actress (The Egg and I, Stage Door, Got a Secret), born in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma (d. 1979)
  • 1922 Corneille [Cornelis G of Beverloo], Dutch painter (Africa, Antilles), born in Liege, Belgium (d. 2010)
  • 1922 François Reichenbach, French director (La douceur du Village), born in Paris (d. 1993)
  • 1922 Tom Hudson, British artist and teacher, born in Horden, County Durham, England (d. 1997)
  • 1923 Sue Ryder, Baroness Ryder of Warsaw & Cavendish, British volunteer with Special Operations Executive in the Second World War, born in Leeds, Yorkshire, England (d. 2000)
  • 1923 Bankole Timothy, Sierra Leonean journalist, born in Sierra Leone (d. 1994)
  • 1923 William Mills, painter (d. 1997)
  • 1924 Geoffrey Sammons, senior partner (Allen & Overy)
  • 1924 S. R. [Sellapan Ramanathan] Nathan, 6th President of Singapore (1999-2011), born in Singapore (d. 2016)
  • 1925 Michael Oliver, cardiologist, born in Borth, Wales (d. 2015)
  • 1926 Joseph M Gaydos, (Rep-D-PA, 1969- )
  • 1926 William Roll, German poltergeist researcher and parapsychologist (The Poltergeist, Unsolved Mysteries), born in Bremen, Germany (d. 2012)
  • 1927 Ken Russell, England, director (Tommy, Altered States, Gothic)
  • 1927 William McMillan, moderator (Gen Assembly of Church of Scot) [or 1/29]
  • 1928 Evelyn Anthony, English historical writer (Poellenberg Inheritance)
  • 1928 Günter Bruno Fuchs, German writer, poet and artist, born in Berlin (d. 1977)
  • 1928 John Wills, lord-lt of Avon England
  • 1929 Eustace Gibbs, vice marshal (Diplomatic Corps)
  • 1931 Andres Burnier, [Catharina Dessaur], criminologist/author (Jongensuur)
  • 1933 Edward Brandt, American doctor and public health official (d. 2007)
  • 1934 Manfred Bieler, writer
  • 1935 Harrison H "Jack" Schmitt, Santa Rita NM, astronaut (Apollo 17)
  • 1935 John Swan, PM (Bermuda)
  • 1936 Anthony Lester, CEO (Runnymede Trust)

Person of interestTom Stoppard

1937 Tom Stoppard, Czech playwright (Rosencrantz & Guildenstern-1968 Tony), born in Zlín, Czechoslovakia

Playwright Tom Stoppard
Playwright
Tom Stoppard
  • 1939 Jay Tarses, actor/writer (Open All Night, Duck Factory), born in Baltimore, Maryland
  • 1940 Heather Steel, British judge
  • 1940 Lamar Alexander, American politician
  • 1941 Adoor Gopalakrishnan, cinematographer (Kathapurushan, Mathulikal)
  • 1941 Gloria Allred, American feminist and civil rights attorney, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • 1941 Wylie Walker Vale, Endocrinologist who discovered the stress hormone, born in Houston, Texas
  • 1943 Norman Thagard, American scientist and astronaut (STS 7, 51-B, 30, 42, 71, Mir), born in Marianna, Florida
  • 1945 Michael Martin, British politician, Speaker of the House of Commons (2000-09)
  • 1946 Michael Shea, American sci-fi author (World Fantasy Award: Nifft the Lean, Growlimb), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 2014)
  • 1948 Tarmo Koivisto, Finnish comics artist
  • 1950 James Hahn, American politician and incumbent judge on the Los Angeles County Superior Court, born in Los Angeles, California

Person of interestJean-Claude Duvalier

1951 Jean-Claude Duvalier [Baby Doc], Deposed Haitian president-for-life (1971-86), born in Port-au-Prince, Haiti (d. 2014)

President of Haiti Jean-Claude Duvalier
President of Haiti
Jean-Claude Duvalier
  • 1953 Alynne Beth Amkraut, entertainer, born in Amityville, New York
  • 1955 Sanma Akashiya, Japanese television performer
  • 1956 Montel Williams, TV talk show host (Montel)
  • 1956 Don Vito, American Viva La Bam castmember
  • 1957 Faye Resnick, author (Nicole Brown Simpson-Private Diary)
  • 1958 Matthew Fraser, Canadian-British journalist
  • 1958 Siân Lloyd, Welsh weather presenter
  • 1963 Tracey Emin, Croydon England, English artist
  • 1964 Joanne Harris, British author

Person of interestJulian Assange

1971 Julian Assange, Australian founder of Wikileaks, born in Townsville, Queensland

Wikileaks founder Julian Assange
Wikileaks founder
Julian Assange
  • 1976 Wanderlei Silva, Brazilian mixed martial artist