Birthdays in History on July 3

Louis XILouis XI (1423-1483)

King of France (1461-83), born in Bourges, France

  • 1442 Go-Tsuchimikado, 103rd Emperor of Japan (d. 1500)
  • 1518 Li Shi-zhen, Chinese physician and medical scholar (Compendium of Materia Medica), born in Qizhou, China (d. 1593)
  • 1530 Claude Fauchet, French historian, born in Paris (d. 1601)

Samuel de ChamplainSamuel de Champlain (1567-1635)

French explorer (Lake Champlain) and founder of Quebec City, born in Hiers-Brouage or La Rochelle, France

  • 1676 Leopold I, Prince of Anhalt-Dessau, Prussian field marshal, born in Dessau, Anhalt-Dessau (d. 1747)
  • 1683 Edward Young, English poet (Revenge, Complaint), born in Upham, Winchester, England (d. 1765)
  • 1685 Sir Robert Rich, 4th Baronet, British cavalry officer, born in Roos Hall, Beccles, England (d. 1768)
  • 1687 Arnold Hoogvliet, Dutch poet (Abraham the Patriarch), born in Vlaardingen, Netherlands (d. 1763)
  • 1728 Robert Adam, Scottish architect and designer (Adelphi Terrace, London), born in Kirkcaldy, Scotland (d. 1792)
  • 1731 Samuel Huntington, American politician and signer of the Declaration of Independence, born in Windham, Connecticut (d. 1796)
  • 1738 John Singleton Copley, American painter of portraits and historical objects, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1815)
  • 1743 Sophia Magdalena of Denmark, Queen consort of Sweden, born in Christiansborg Palace, Copenhagen, Denmark (d. 1813)
  • 1794 Eberhard Friedrich Walcker, German organ builder (Paulskirche Frankfurt), born in Bad Cannstatt, Stuttgart, Germany (d. 1872)
  • 1796 Nikolai Poveloi, Russian writer and publisher (Sotsjinenija), born in Irkutsk [NS]
  • 1828 John Austin Wharton, American lawyer and Major General (Confederate Army), born in Nashville, Tennessee (d. 1865)
  • 1860 Charlotte Perkins Gilman, American feminist, writer and lecturer for social reform, born in Hartford, Connecticut (d. 1935)
  • 1866 Albert Gottschalk, Danish painter, born in Stege, Møn, Denmark (d. 1906)

Richard Bedford BennettRichard Bedford Bennett (1870-1947)

11th Prime Minister of Canada (Conservative: 1930-35), born in Hopewell Hill, New Brunswick

  • 1871 William Henry Davies, Welsh poet (Autobiography of a Super Tramp), born in Newport, Monmouthshire, Wales (d. 1940)
  • 1872 Habibullah Khan, Emir of Afghanistan (1901-19), born in Samarkand, Uzbekistan (d. 1919)
  • 1874 Āpirana Ngata, Māori New Zealand politician and lawyer known for promoting and protecting Māori culture and language, born in Te Araroa, New Zealand (d. 1950)
  • 1875 Ernst Ferdinand Sauerbruch, German Nazi surgeon, born in Barmen, German Empire (d. 1951)
  • 1879 Alfred Korzybski, Polish-American scientist and philosopher, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1950)

Franz KafkaFranz Kafka (1883-1924)

Czech author (Metamorphosis, Trial, Amerika), born in Prague, Austria-Hungary

  • 1884 Moses Leverock Crossley, Dutch bio-chemist, born in Saba, Dutch West Indies
  • 1886 Raymond A Spruance, U.S. Navy admiral (Battle of Midway), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1969)
  • 1899 Ludwig Guttmann, German-British neurologist, founder of the Stoke Mandeville Games (now the Paralympics), born in Tost, Prussia, German Empire (now Toszek, Poland) (d. 1980)
  • 1906 F. Gwendolen Rees, Welsh zoologist and parasitologist, born in Abercynon, Wales (d. 1994)
  • 1906 Francis Steegmuller, American biographer (Cocteau), born in New Haven, Connecticut (d. 1994)
  • 1907 Arthur Steel, Dutch architect (Group '32)
  • 1908 M. F. K. Fisher, American cook book author, born in Albion, Michigan (d. 1992)
  • 1908 Robert B. Meyner, American politician (44th Governor of New Jersey), born in Easton, Pennsylvania (d. 1990)
  • 1908 Thomas Narcejac, French writer (Vertigo), born in Rochefort-sur-Mer, France (d. 1998)
  • 1909 Earl Butz, 18th U.S. Secretary of Agriculture (1971-76), born in Albion, Indiana (d. 2008)
  • 1909 Lucy Kroll, American talent agent, born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1997)
  • 1909 Stavros Niarchos, Greek shipping magnate (Those Fabulous Greeks), born in Athens, Greece (d. 1996)
  • 1910 Bernard Burrows, British diplomat (d. 2002)
  • 1912 Edward Jones, Northern Irish lord justice of appeals (d. 1993)
  • 1913 Hugh Stirling Mackenzie, British Royal Navy officer, born in Inverness, Scotland (d. 1996)
  • 1913 William Deakin, British historian and warden (St Anthony's College Oxford), born in London (d. 2005)
  • 1918 Fred Mulley, British Labour politician, born in Leamington Spa, England (d. 1995)
  • 1920 Louise Allbritton, American actress (The Egg and I, Stage Door, Got a Secret), born in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma (d. 1979)
  • 1922 Corneille [Cornelis G of Beverloo], Dutch painter (Africa, Antilles), born in Liege, Belgium (d. 2010)
  • 1922 François Reichenbach, French director (La douceur du Village), born in Paris (d. 1993)
  • 1922 Tom Hudson, British artist and teacher, born in Horden, County Durham, England (d. 1997)
  • 1923 Bankole Timothy, Sierra Leonean journalist, born in Sierra Leone (d. 1994)
  • 1923 Sue Ryder, Baroness Ryder of Warsaw & Cavendish, British volunteer with Special Operations Executive in the Second World War, born in Leeds, Yorkshire, England (d. 2000)
  • 1923 William Mills, British painter (d. 1997)
  • 1924 S. R. [Sellapan Ramanathan] Nathan, 6th President of Singapore (1999-2011), born in Singapore (d. 2016)
  • 1925 Michael Oliver, British cardiologist (linked cholesterol with coronary artery disease), born in Borth, Wales (d. 2015)
  • 1926 Joseph M. Gaydos, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Pennsylvania), born in Braddock, Pennsylvania (d. 2015)
  • 1926 William Roll, German poltergeist researcher and parapsychologist (The Poltergeist, Unsolved Mysteries), born in Bremen, Germany (d. 2012)
  • 1927 William MacMillan, Moderator of the General Assembly of Church of Scotland, born in Keith, Moray, Scotland (d. 2002)
  • 1928 Evelyn Anthony, English historical writer (Poellenberg Inheritance), born in London (d. 2018)
  • 1928 Günter Bruno Fuchs, German writer, poet and artist, born in Berlin (d. 1977)
  • 1928 John Wills, Lord-Lieutenant of Avon 1974-96, born in Bristol (d. 1998)
  • 1929 Eustace Gibbs, 3rd Baron Wraxall, British diplomat and vice marshal (Diplomatic Corps) (d. 2017)
  • 1931 Andres Burnier [Catharina Irma Dessaur], Dutch criminologist and author (Jongensuur), born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 2002)
  • 1933 Edward Brandt Jr., American physician and public health official, born in Oklahoma (d. 2007)
  • 1934 Manfred Bieler, German writer (The Rabbit is Me), born in Zerbst, Saxony-Anhalt, Germany (d. 2002)
  • 1935 Harrison Schmitt, American geologist and astronaut (Apollo 17), born in Santa Rita, New Mexico
  • 1935 John Swan, 4th Premier of Bermuda (1982-95), born in Bermuda
  • 1936 Anthony Lester, British barrister and Member of the House of Lords
  • 1939 Jay Tarses, American actor and writer (Open All Night, Duck Factory), born in Baltimore, Maryland
  • 1940 Lamar Alexander, American politician (U.S. Senator from Tennessee), born in Maryville, Tennessee
  • 1941 Gloria Allred, American feminist and civil rights attorney, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • 1941 Wylie Walker Vale, American endocrinologist who discovered the stress hormone, born in Houston, Texas (d. 2012)
  • 1943 Norman Thagard, American scientist and astronaut (STS 7, 51-B, 30, 42, 71, Mir), born in Marianna, Florida
  • 1945 Michael Martin, British politician and Speaker of the House of Commons (2000-09), born in Glasgow (d. 2018)
  • 1946 Michael Shea, American sci-fi author (World Fantasy Award: Nifft the Lean, Growlimb), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 2014)
  • 1948 Tarmo Koivisto, Finnish comics artist (Mämmilä), born in Orivesi, Finland
  • 1950 James Hahn, American politician and incumbent judge on the Los Angeles County Superior Court, born in Los Angeles, California

Jean-Claude DuvalierJean-Claude Duvalier (1951-2014)

Haitian dictator and deposed Haitian president-for-life (1971-86) infamous for his brutality, born in Port-au-Prince, Haiti

  • 1953 Alynne Amkraut, American entertainer, born in Amityville, New York
  • 1956 Montel Williams, American TV talk show host (Montel), born in Baltimore, Maryland
  • 1956 Vincent Margera "Don Vito", American reality TV Viva La Bam castmember, born in Chester, Pennsylvania
  • 1958 Matthew Fraser, Canadian-British journalist, born in Toronto, Ontario
  • 1963 Tracey Emin, English artist (Everyone I Have Ever Slept With 1963–1995), born in Croydon, England
  • 1964 Joanne Harris, British author (Chocolat), born in Barnsley, Yorkshire, England

Julian AssangeJulian Assange (51 years old)

1971 Australian founder of Wikileaks, born in Townsville, Queensland

  • 1976 Wanderlei Silva, Brazilian mixed martial artist