Birthdays in History on July 3

  • 1423 Louis XI, King of France (1461-83), born in Bourges, France (d. 1483)
  • 1442 Go-Tsuchimikado, 103rd Emperor of Japan (d. 1500)
  • 1530 Claude Fauchet, French historian, born in Paris (d. 1601)

Person of interestSamuel de Champlain

1567 Samuel de Champlain, French explorer (Lake Champlain), born in Hiers-Brouage or La Rochelle, France (d. 1635)

French Explorer Samuel de Champlain
French Explorer
Samuel de Champlain
  • 1676 Leopold I, Prince of Anhalt-Dessau, Prussian field marshal, born in Dessau, Anhalt-Dessau (d. 1747)
  • 1683 Edward Young, English poet (Revenge, Complaint), born in Upham, Winchester, England (d. 1765)
  • 1685 Sir Robert Rich, 4th Baronet, British cavalry officer, born in Roos Hall, Beccles, England (d. 1768)
  • 1687 Arnold Hoogvliet, Dutch poet (Abraham the Patriarch), born in Vlaardingen, Netherlands (d.1763)
  • 1728 Robert Adam, Scottish architect and designer (Adelphi Terrace, London), born in Kirkcaldy, Scotland (d. 1792)
  • 1731 Samuel Huntington, American politician and signer of the Declaration of Independence, born in Windham, Connecticut (d. 1796)
  • 1738 John Singleton Copley, American painter of portraits and historical objects, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1815)
  • 1743 Sophia Magdalena of Denmark, Queen consort of Sweden, born in Christiansborg Palace, Copenhagen, Denmark (d. 1813)
  • 1794 Eberhard Friedrich Walcker, German organ builder (Paulskirche Frankfurt), born in Bad Cannstatt, Stuttgart, Germany (d. 1872)
  • 1796 Nikoli A Poveloi, Russian writer/publisher (Sotsjinenija) [NS]
  • 1828 John Austin Wharton, American lawyer and Major General (Confederate Army), born in Nashville, Tennessee (d. 1865)
  • 1860 Charlotte Perkins Gilman, American feminist, writer and lecturer for social reform, born in Hartford, Connecticut (d. 1935)

  • 1866 Albert Gottschalk, Danish painter, born in Stege, Møn, Denmark (d. 1906)

Person of interestRichard Bedford Bennett

1870 Richard Bedford Bennett, 11th Prime Minister of Canada (C: 1930-35), born in Hopewell Hill, New Brunswick (d. 1947)

11th Prime Minister of Canada Richard Bedford Bennett
11th Prime Minister of Canada
Richard Bedford Bennett
  • 1871 William Henry Davies, Welsh poet (Autobiography of a Super Tramp), born in Newport, Monmouthshire, Wales (d. 1940)
  • 1872 Habibullah Khan, Emir of Afghanistan (1901-19), born in Samarkand, Uzbekistan (d. 1919)
  • 1874 Āpirana Ngata, Māori New Zealand politician and lawyer known for promoting and protecting Māori culture and language, born in Te Araroa, New Zealand (d. 1950)
  • 1875 Ernst Ferdinand Sauerbruch, German Nazi surgeon, born in Barmen, German Empire (d. 1951)
  • 1879 Alfred Korzybski, Polish-American scientist and philosopher, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1950)

Person of interestFranz Kafka

1883 Franz Kafka, Czech author (Metamorphosis, Trial, Amerika), born in Prague, Austria-Hungary (d. 1924)

Writer Franz Kafka
Writer
Franz Kafka
  • 1884 Moses Leverock Crossley, Dutch bio-chemist, born in Saba, Dutch West Indies
  • 1886 Raymond A Spruance, U.S. Navy admiral (Battle of Midway), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1969)
  • 1906 Francis Steegmuller, American biographer (Cocteau), born in New Haven, Connecticut (d. 1994)
  • 1906 F. Gwendolen Rees, Welsh zoologist and parasitologist, born in Abercynon, Wales (d. 1994)
  • 1907 Arthur Steel, Dutch architect (Group '32)
  • 1908 Thomas Narcejac, French writer (Vertigo), born in Rochefort-sur-Mer, France (d. 1998)
  • 1908 M. F. K. Fisher, American cook book author, born in Albion, Michigan (d. 1992)
  • 1908 Robert B. Meyner, American politician (44th Governor of New Jersey), born in Easton, Pennsylvania (d. 1990)
  • 1909 Earl Butz, 18th U.S. Secretary of Agriculture (1971-76), born in Albion, Indiana (d. 2008)
  • 1909 Lucy Kroll, American talent agent, born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1997)
  • 1909 Stavros Niarchos, Greek shipping magnate (Those Fabulous Greeks), born in Athens, Greece (d. 1996)
  • 1910 Bernard Burrows, British diplomat (d. 2002)
  • 1910 Eric Franklin, Indian civil servant
  • 1912 Edward Jones, Northern Irish lord justice of appeals (d. 1993)
  • 1913 Hugh Stirling Mackenzie, British Royal Navy officer, born in Inverness, Scotland (d. 1996)
  • 1913 William Deakin, British historian and warden (St Anthony's College Oxford), born in London (d. 2005)
  • 1918 Fred Mulley, British Labour politician, born in Leamington Spa, England (d. 1995)

  • 1920 Louise Allbritton, American actress (The Egg and I, Stage Door, Got a Secret), born in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma (d. 1979)
  • 1922 Corneille [Cornelis G of Beverloo], Dutch painter (Africa, Antilles), born in Liege, Belgium (d. 2010)
  • 1922 François Reichenbach, French director (La douceur du Village), born in Paris (d. 1993)
  • 1922 Tom Hudson, British artist and teacher, born in Horden, County Durham, England (d. 1997)
  • 1923 Sue Ryder, Baroness Ryder of Warsaw & Cavendish, British volunteer with Special Operations Executive in the Second World War, born in Leeds, Yorkshire, England (d. 2000)
  • 1923 Bankole Timothy, Sierra Leonean journalist, born in Sierra Leone (d. 1994)
  • 1923 William Mills, painter (d. 1997)
  • 1924 Geoffrey Sammons, senior partner (Allen & Overy)
  • 1924 S. R. [Sellapan Ramanathan] Nathan, 6th President of Singapore (1999-2011), born in Singapore (d. 2016)
  • 1925 Michael Oliver, British cardiologist (linked cholesterol with coronary artery disease), born in Borth, Wales (d. 2015)
  • 1926 Joseph M. Gaydos, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Pennsylvania), born in Braddock, Pennsylvania (d. 2015)
  • 1926 William Roll, German poltergeist researcher and parapsychologist (The Poltergeist, Unsolved Mysteries), born in Bremen, Germany (d. 2012)
  • 1927 Ken Russell, British film director (Tommy, Altered States, Gothic), born in Southampton, Hampshire, England (d. 2011)
  • 1927 William MacMillan, Moderator of the General Assembly of Church of Scotland, born in Keith, Moray, Scotland (d. 2002)
  • 1928 Evelyn Anthony, English historical writer (Poellenberg Inheritance), born in London (d. 2018)
  • 1928 Günter Bruno Fuchs, German writer, poet and artist, born in Berlin (d. 1977)
  • 1928 John Wills, Lord-Lieutenant of Avon 1974-96, born in Bristol (d. 1998)
  • 1929 Eustace Gibbs, 3rd Baron Wraxall, British diplomat and vice marshal (Diplomatic Corps) (d. 2017)
  • 1931 Andres Burnier [Catharina Irma Dessaur], Dutch criminologist and author (Jongensuur), born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 2002)
  • 1933 Edward Brandt Jr., American physician and public health official, born in Oklahoma (d. 2007)
  • 1934 Manfred Bieler, German writer (The Rabbit is Me), born in Zerbst, Saxony-Anhalt, Germany (d. 2002)
  • 1935 Harrison Schmitt, American geologist and astronaut (Apollo 17), born in Santa Rita, New Mexico
  • 1935 John Swan, 4th Premier of Bermuda (1982-95), born in Bermuda
  • 1936 Anthony Lester, British barrister and Member of the House of Lords

Person of interestTom Stoppard

1937 Tom Stoppard, Czech-born British playwright (Rosencrantz & Guildenstern-1968 Tony), born in Zlín, Czechoslovakia

Playwright and Screenwriter Tom Stoppard
Playwright and Screenwriter
Tom Stoppard
  • 1939 Jay Tarses, American actor and writer (Open All Night, Duck Factory), born in Baltimore, Maryland
  • 1940 Lamar Alexander, American politician (U.S. Senator from Tennessee), born in Maryville, Tennessee
  • 1941 Gloria Allred, American feminist and civil rights attorney, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • 1941 Wylie Walker Vale, American endocrinologist who discovered the stress hormone, born in Houston, Texas (d. 2012)
  • 1943 Norman Thagard, American scientist and astronaut (STS 7, 51-B, 30, 42, 71, Mir), born in Marianna, Florida
  • 1945 Michael Martin, British politician and Speaker of the House of Commons (2000-09), born in Glasgow (d. 2018)
  • 1946 Michael Shea, American sci-fi author (World Fantasy Award: Nifft the Lean, Growlimb), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 2014)
  • 1948 Tarmo Koivisto, Finnish comics artist (Mämmilä), born in Orivesi, Finland
  • 1950 James Hahn, American politician and incumbent judge on the Los Angeles County Superior Court, born in Los Angeles, California

Person of interestJean-Claude Duvalier

1951 Jean-Claude Duvalier "Baby Doc", Deposed Haitian president-for-life (1971-86), born in Port-au-Prince, Haiti (d. 2014)

President of Haiti Jean-Claude Duvalier
President of Haiti
Jean-Claude Duvalier
  • 1953 Alynne Amkraut, American entertainer, born in Amityville, New York
  • 1955 Sanma Akashiya, Japanese comedian and TV personality, born in Kushimoto, Wakayama, Japan
  • 1956 Montel Williams, American TV talk show host (Montel), born in Baltimore, Maryland
  • 1956 Vincent Margera "Don Vito", American reality TV Viva La Bam castmember, born in Chester, Pennsylvania
  • 1957 Faye Resnick, American TV personality and author (Nicole Brown Simpson-Private Diary), born in Brentwood, California
  • 1958 Matthew Fraser, Canadian-British journalist, born in Toronto, Ontario
  • 1958 Siân Lloyd, Welsh meteorologist and TV presenter, born in Maesteg, Glamorgan, Wales
  • 1963 Tracey Emin, English artist (Everyone I Have Ever Slept With 1963–1995), born in Croydon, England
  • 1964 Joanne Harris, British author (Chocolat), born in Barnsley, Yorkshire, England

Person of interestJulian Assange

1971 Julian Assange, Australian founder of Wikileaks, born in Townsville, Queensland

Wikileaks Founder Julian Assange
Wikileaks Founder
Julian Assange
  • 1976 Wanderlei Silva, Brazilian mixed martial artist