Birthdays in History on July 30

  • 1511 Giorgio Vasari, Italian painter and art historian (Vasari's Lives), born in Arezzo, Republic of Florence (d. 1574)
  • 1549 Ferdinando I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, born in Florence (d. 1609)
  • 1641 Regnier de Graaf, Dutch physician and anatomist, born in Schoonhoven, Netherlands (d. 1673)
  • 1763 Samuel Rogers, English poet (Italy, a poem), born in Newington Cross, Islington, England (d. 1855)
  • 1809 Charles Chiniquy, Canadian Catholic priest who left the Roman Catholic Church and became a Presbyterian minister, born in Kamouraska, Quebec (d. 1899)
  • 1815 Thomas Jackson Rodman, American Brevet Brigadier General (Union Army), inventor of the rodman gun and perforated-cake gunpowder, born in Salem, Indiana (d. 1871)

Emily BrontëEmily Brontë (1818-1848)

English novelist (Wuthering Heights), born in Thornton, West Yorkshire

  • 1818 John Heemskerk, Dutch politician (Minister of the Interior 1866-88), born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1897)
  • 1825 Chaim Aronson, Lithuanian inventor and academic, born in Seredžius, Lithuania (d. 1893)
  • 1831 Helena Blavatsky, Russian occultist, philosopher, and author (co-founded Theosophical Society), born in Yekaterinoslav, Ukraine (d. 1891)
  • 1837 Elon John Farnsworth, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Green Oak, Michigan (d. 1863)
  • 1838 Eugen Richter, German politician (Liberal), born in Düsseldorf, Germany (d. 1906)
  • 1855 James E. Kelly, American sculptor "Sculptor of American History", born in NYC, New York (d. 1933)
  • 1856 Richard Haldane, British viscount and lord-chancellor (Life of A Smith), born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1928)
  • 1857 Thorstein Veblen, American economist (Theory of the Leisure Class-1899), born in Cato, Wisconsin (d. 1929)
  • 1859 Henry Louis Smith, American physicist who made the first X-ray photograph, born in Greensboro, North Carolina (d. 1951)
  • 1859 Henry Lunn, English humanitarian and religious leader, born in Horncastle, Lincolnshire (d. 1939)

Henry FordHenry Ford (1863-1947)

American industrialist and auto maker (Ford Model T), born in Dearborn Township, Michigan

  • 1868 Alfred Weber, German economist and sociologist, born in Erfurt, Prussian Saxony (d. 1958)
  • 1872 Clémentine, Princess of Belgium, wife of Prince Napoleon Bonaparte V, born in Royal Castle of Laeken, Brussels (d. 1955)
  • 1880 Robert R. McCormick, American editor and publisher (Chicago Tribune), born in Chicago (d. 1955)
  • 1881 Smedley Butler, American Marine general, born in West Chester, Pennsylvania (d. 1940)
  • 1882 Leo van Puyfielde, Flemish art historian and museum curator
  • 1887 Felix Andries Vening Meinesz, Dutch geophysicist (gravity), born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1966)
  • 1888 Raden Soetomo, Indonesian freedom fighter, born in Ngepeh, Nganjuk, Indonesia (d. 1938)

Fatima JinnahFatima Jinnah (1893-1967)

Mother of Pakistan, sister and close adviser of Muhammad Ali Jinnah, born in Karachi, Bombay Presidency, British India

  • 1894 Blanche Knopf, American publisher, president of Alfred A. Knopf, Inc. and wife of publisher Alfred A. Knopf Sr., born in NYC, New York (d. 1966)
  • 1897 Jacques de Kadt, Dutch politician and writer (Fascism is War!), born in Oss, Netherlands (d. 1988)
  • 1898 Henry Moore, English artist and sculptor (known for Three Piece Sculpture: Vertebrae), born in Castleford (d. 1986)
  • 1899 Harry Moorman, Dutch vice-admiral (KVP), born in Roermond, Netherlands (d. 1971)
  • 1904 Salvador Novo, Mexican writer and poet, born in Mexico City, Mexico (d. 1974)
  • 1909 C. Northcote Parkinson, English historian (Pursuit of Progress), born in Barnard Castle, County Durham, England (d. 1993)
  • 1910 Edgar de Evia, Mexican-American photographer, born in Mérida, Yucatán, Mexico (d. 2003)
  • 1916 Robert van Spaendonck, Dutch resistance fighter, born in Tilburg, Netherlands (d. 1944)
  • 1919 Berniece Baker Miracle, American writer (My Sister Marilyn) and half-sister of Marilyn Monroe, born in Venice, Los Angeles (d. 2014)
  • 1921 Jacques Van der Schueren, Belgian minister of Economic Affairs, born in Aalst, Belgium (d. 1997)
  • 1922 Henry W. Bloch, American businessman (co-founder of H&R Block) and philanthropist, born in Kansas City, Missouri
  • 1923 Dipa Nusantara Aidit, Indonesian communist leader of PKI (1951-65), born in Belitung Island, Dutch East Indies (d. 1965)
  • 1924 C. T. Vivian, American civil rights activist, worked with Martin Luther King, born in Boonville, Missouri (d. 2020)
  • 1924 William H. Gass, American novelist and philosopher (Omensetter's Luck), born in Fargo, North Dakota (d. 2017)
  • 1926 Peter Trevenen Thwaites, British Brigadier General and playwright (Love or money) (d. 1991)
  • 1929 Sid Krofft, Canadian-American puppeteer (Barbara Mandrell Show), born in Montreal, Quebec
  • 1936 Infanta Pilar of Spain, Duchess of Badajoz, daughter of Infante Juan, Count of Barcelona and Princess María Mercedes of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, born in Cannes, French Third Republic
  • 1936 John Burton-Hall, Dorset England, captain (QE2)
  • 1938 Hervé de Charette, French politician, born in Paris
  • 1938 Terry O'Neill, British fashion and celebrity photographer, born in Romford, London, England (d. 2019)
  • 1940 Clive Sinclair, British consumer electronics inventor (Executive pocket calculator; ZX Spectrum computer), born in Richmond, Surrey, England (d. 2021) [1]
  • 1940 Pat Schroeder, American politician (Rep-D-Colorado, 1973-97), born in Portland, Oregon
  • 1941 Count Desmond [Edward Benjamin], Binghamton NY, sword swallower
  • 1943 Henri-François Gautrin, Quebec politician, born in Béthune, France
  • 1945 Patrick Modiano, French novelist (Nobel 2014), born in Boulogne-Billancourt, France
  • 1947 Françoise Barré-Sinoussi, French virologist (Nobel Prize 2008, discovered HIV), born in Paris, France
  • 1947 Jonathan Mann, American physician and AIDS activist, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1998)
  • 1953 Aleksandr Nikolayevich Balandin, Russian cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-9), born in Moscow, Russia
  • 1956 Anita Hill, American academic and attorney, accused Clarence Thomas of sexual harassment, born in Lone Tree, Oklahoma
  • 1956 Soraida Martinez, American painter and creator of Verdadism, born in Manhattan, New York City
  • 1957 Nery Pumpido, Argentine footballer (played in World Cup 1986, 90), born in Monje, Santa Fe, Argentina
  • 1959 Abdullah of Pahang, sixth Sultan of Pahang, King of Malaysia (2019-), born in Pekan, Malaya
  • 1962 Andy Green, British Royal Air Force and 1st to break sound barrier on land, born in Atherstone, Warwickshire, England
  • 1962 Jay Feaster, American National Hockey League executive, born in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania
  • 1962 Vladimir Dezhurov, Russian cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-21), born in Yavas, Mordovia, Soviet Union
  • 1971 Sagi Kalev, Israeli bodybuilder, born in Tel Aviv-Yafo, Israel
  • 1975 Graham Nicholls, English artist, born in London, United Kingdom
  • 1979 Diva Zappa, American artist and daughter of Frank, born in Los Angeles, California
  • 2002 Prince Hridayendra of Nepal, Nepalese royal, born in Kathmandu, Nepal