Birthdays in History on July 4

  • 1330 Ashikaga Yoshiakira, Japanese shogun (d. 1367)
  • 1546 Murad/Murat III, Sultan of Turkey (1574-95)
  • 1610 Cornelis Evertsen, the Elder, Dutch/Swiss vice-admiral
  • 1610 Paul Scarron, French playwright (Virgile Travesti)
  • 1669 Alexander von Papenhoven, Flemish religious sculptor
  • 1715 Christian F Gellert, Saxony, poet/novelist (Fables & Tales)
  • 1719 Michel-Jean Sedaine, French dramatist (d. 1797)
  • 1753 Jean-Pierre-Francois Blanchard, 1st balloon flights in England, US
  • 1756 William Rush, American sculptor (Spirit of the Schuylkill), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1833)
  • 1790 George Everest, Welsh surveyor (d. 1866)
  • 1799 F J Oscar I, King of Sweden/Norway (1844-59)
  • 1804 Desire de Haerne, Belgian priest/Congressional leader

Person of interestNathaniel Hawthorne

1804 Nathaniel Hawthorne, author (House of 7 Gables, The Scarlet Letter), born in Salem Massachusetts (d. 1864)

Person of interestGiuseppe Garibaldi

1807 Giuseppe Garibaldi, Italian general and nationalist (Risorgimento) who helped unify Italy, born in Nice, First French Empire (d. 1882)

Unifier of Italy Giuseppe Garibaldi
Unifier of Italy
Giuseppe Garibaldi
  • 1816 Hiram Walker, American grocer and distiller (d. 1899)
  • 1819 Reuben Eaton Fenton, Governor (Union), (d. 1885)
  • 1826 Green Clay Smith, American politician and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Richmond, Kentucky (d. 1895)
  • 1828 James Johnston Pettigrew, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • 1828 Theodor W Ahlwardt, German orientalist
  • 1841 Edward Gailliard, Flemish linguist/archaeologicalist
  • 1841 Marie von Wied, Princess of Orange Nassau
  • 1842 Gustav Ratzenhofer, Austrian sociologist/judge/fieldmarshal
  • 1845 Thomas John Barnardo, English social worker
  • 1847 James Anthony Bailey, circus impresario (Barnum & Bailey), born in Detroit, Michigan
  • 1854 Victor Babeş, Romanian bacteriologist (d. 1926)
  • 1867 Stephen Mather, organized US National Park Service
  • 1868 Henrietta Swan Leavitt, American astronomer (d. 1921)
  • 1869 Karl Seitz, president of Austria
  • 1870 Pieter van der Lijn, Dutch geologist (Dutch boulders)

Person of interestCalvin Coolidge

1872 Calvin Coolidge [Silent Cal], 30th US President (R) (1923-29), born in Plymouth Notch, Vermont (d. 1933)

30th US President Calvin Coolidge
30th US President
Calvin Coolidge
  • 1875 Giovanni & Giacomo Tocci, Italian siamese twins, born in Locana (probable date),
  • 1881 Ulysses S. Grant III, American soldier (d. 1968)
  • 1883 Alan Brooke, English general [or Jul 23]

Person of interestRube Goldberg

1883 Rube Goldberg, cartoonist (who made the easy outrageously difficult) Pulitzer Prize 1948, born in San Francisco, California

Cartoonist Rube Goldberg
Cartoonist
Rube Goldberg
  • 1884 Alexander Byvanck, Dutch art historian/archaeologist
  • 1895 Massimo Campigli, Italian painter/illustrator
  • 1896 Mao Dun, Chinese writer (d. 1981)
  • 1898 Dr. Pilar Barbosa, Puerto Rican historian (d. 1997)
  • 1898 Gulzarilal Nanda, Indian politician and economist, temporary Prime Minster of India (1964, 1966), born in Sialkot, British India (d. 1998)

Person of interestMeyer Lansky

1902 Meyer Lansky, Russian-American mobster known as the "Mob's Accountant", born in Grodno, Belarus (d. 1983)

Mobster Meyer Lansky
Mobster
Meyer Lansky
  • 1905 Lionel Trilling, author (1969 Poses Award, Liberal Imagination)
  • 1905 Irving Johnson, American adventurer (d. 1991)
  • 1906 Vincent Joseph Schaefer, Schenectady New York, American Chemist and Meteorologist (cloud seeding)
  • 1907 Gordon Griffith, American director (d. 1958)
  • 1908 Aurelio Peccei, Italian businessman/chairman (Club of Rome)
  • 1909 Lynette Roberts, British poet, born in Buenos Aires, Argentina (d. 1995)
  • 1909 Madeleine Barot, resistance heroine
  • 1910 Francis D. Foley, US Rear Admiral (WW II, Guadalcanal), born in Dorchester, Massachusetts (d. 1999)
  • 1911 Mitch Miller, sing along with Mitch (Yellow Rose of Tx), born in Rochester, New York
  • 1914 Giuseppe 'Nuccio' Bertone, car designer
  • 1915 Christine Lavant, writer

  • 1916 Tokyo Rose, [Iva Toguri D'Aquino], propagandist (WWII)
  • 1917 Manolete, Spanish bullfighter (d. 1947)
  • 1918 Abigail Van Buren, [Mrs Morton Phillips], Sioux City Iowa, columnist
  • 1918 Ann Landers, Sioux City Iowa, twin sister/advice columnist
  • 1918 Buster Davis, choral director (Garry Moore Show), born in Johnstown, Pennsylvania
  • 1918 Taufa'ahau Tupou IV, King of Tonga (1965- )
  • 1918 Pauline Phillips, Sioux City, Iowa, advice columnist (Dear Abby), (d. 2013)
  • 1920 Leona Helmsley, (wife of Harry), real estate billionaire/tax cheat
  • 1921 Gerard Debreu, French economist (Nobel 1983)
  • 1923 Rudolf Friedrich, Swiss Federal Councilor

Person of interestNeil Simon

1927 Neil Simon, playwright (Odd Couple, Plaza Suite, Biloxi Blues), born in The Bronx, New York

Playwright and screenwriter Neil Simon
Playwright and screenwriter
Neil Simon
  • 1928 Patrick Tilley, UK, sci-fi author (1st Family, Blood River)
  • 1928 Paul de Wispelaere, Flemish writer/essayist/critic
  • 1928 Sylvius G M "Boy" Rozendal, premier (Netherland's Antilles)
  • 1928 Ruth Westerheimer, German psychosexual therapist (Dr Ruth), born in Frankfurt, Germany
  • 1935 Paul Scoon, governor-general of Grenada (1978-92), (d. 2013)
  • 1937 Thomas Nagel, American philosopher
  • 1941 Brian Willson, American peace activist
  • 1941 Sergio Oliva, Cuba, American body builder (The Myth, IFBB Mr. Olympia, 1967-9), (d. 2012)
  • 1942 Michael G C F, English prince of Kent
  • 1942 Stefan Meller, Polish foreign minister (d. 2008)
  • 1943 Milan Máčala, Czech football coach
  • 1946 Michael Milken, partner (Intl Capital Access Group), born in Los Angeles, California
  • 1946 Ron Kovic, disabled vietnam vet (Born on 4th of July)
  • 1951 Kathleen Kennedy Townsend, American Democratic politician and Lieutenant Governor of Maryland (1995-2003), born in Greenwich, Connecticut
  • 1952 Álvaro Uribe Vélez, Colombian politician
  • 1957 Princess Chulabhorn of Thailand
  • 1961 Richard Allen Garriott, computer game designer (Origin), born in Austin, Texas
  • 1965 Jo Whiley, English radio DJ
  • 1971 Koko, sign-language gorilla
  • 1971 Andrew Murray, English entrepreneur
  • 1975 Tania Davis, Australian violist
  • 1998 Malia Obama, American daughter of Barack and Michelle Obama, born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 2003 Alessia di Matteo, Italian medical figure (d. 2005)