On This Day

Birthdays in History on July 5

  • 1321 Joan of The Tower, Queen consort of Scotland, born in Tower of London, London (d. 1362)
  • 1554 Elisabeth of Austria, Queen consort of France (1570-74), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1592)
  • 1586 Thomas Hooker, American colonial clergyman (known as "the father of Connecticut"), born in Marefield, Leicestershire, England (d. 1647)
  • 1653 Thomas Pitt, British merchant and Governor of Madras, born in Blandford St. Mary, Dorset, England (d. 1726)
  • 1675 Mary Walcott, American accuser at the Salem witch trials, born in Salem, Massacusetts (d. 1720)
  • 1717 Pedro III, King of Portugal and the Algarves (1777-86) and consort of Queen Maria I of Portugal, born in Lisbon, Portugal (d. 1786)
  • 1718 Francis Seymour-Conway, 1st Marquess of Hertford, Viceroy of Ireland, born in Chelsea, London (d. 1794)
  • 1793 Pavel Ivanovich Pestel, Russian officer, born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1826)
  • 1794 Sylvester Graham, Minister and noted vegetarian (developed Graham cracker), born in Suffield, Connecticut (d. 1851)

Person of interestDavid Farragut

1801 David Farragut, American admiral ("Damn the torpedoes, full speed ahead!"), born in Campbell's Station, Tennessee (d. 1870)

US Civil War Admiral David Farragut
US Civil War Admiral
David Farragut
  • 1805 Robert FitzRoy, British naval officer and scientist, born in Ampton, Suffolk, England (d. 1865)

Person of interestP. T. Barnum

1810 P. T. [Phineas Taylor] Barnum, American circus promoter and showman (Barnum & Bailey), born in Bethel, Connecticut (d. 1891)

Circus Showman and Businessman P. T. Barnum
Circus Showman and Businessman
P. T. Barnum
  • 1820 William John Macquorn Rankine, Scottish mechanical engineer and physicist, born in Edinburgh (d. 1872)
  • 1828 Paul Gabriël, Dutch water colors painter and etcher, born in Amsterdam (d. 1903)
  • 1829 Ignacio Mariscal, Mexican lawyer and diplomat (Secretary of Foreign Affairs), born in Oaxaca, Mexico (d. 1910)
  • 1841 William C. Whitney, American financier and 31st United States Secretary of the Navy, born in Conway, Massachusetts (d. 1904)

  • 1843 Mandell Creighton, British historian and a bishop of the Church of England, born in Carlisle, Cumbria, England (d. 1901)

Person of interestCecil Rhodes

1853 Cecil Rhodes, British businessman, diamond merchant and imperialist politician who was Prime Minister of the Cape Colony (1890-96), born in Bishop's Stortford, Hertfordshire, England (d. 1902)

British Businessman and Imperialist Politician Cecil Rhodes
British Businessman and Imperialist Politician
Cecil Rhodes
  • 1857 Clara Zetkin, German feminist, Socialist, and Communist leader, born in Wiederau, Saxony (d. 1933)
  • 1860 Robert Bacon, American politician (39th United States Secretary of State), born in Jamaica Plain, Massachusetts (d. 1919)

Person of interestA. E. Douglass

1867 A. E. Douglass, American astronomer and inventor of dendrochronology (tree-ring dating), born in Windsor, Vermont (d. 1962)

Archaeologist and astronomer A. E. Douglass
Archaeologist and astronomer
A. E. Douglass
  • 1868 William Henry Singer, American painter and collector (Singer Museum, Laren), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1943)
  • 1872 Édouard Herriot, French politician (served 3 times as Prime Minister of France), born in Troyes, France (d. 1957)

Person of interestEugen Fischer

1874 Eugen Fischer, Nazi physician (Kaiser Wilhelm Institute), born in Karlsruhe, Grand Duchy of Baden, Germany (d. 1967)

Nazi Physician Eugen Fischer
Nazi Physician
Eugen Fischer
  • 1881 August Hlond, Polish cardinal of the Roman Catholic church, born in Brzęczkowice, German Empire (d. 1948)
  • 1882 Inayat Khan, Indian sufi (founder of the Sufi Order in the West (London) in 1914), born in Vadodra, Bombay State, British India (d. 1927).
  • 1885 André Lhote, French painter and art historian (Traité du paysage), born in Bordeaux, France (d. 1962)
  • 1886 Felix Timmermans, Flemish painter and illustrator (Pallieter), born in Lier, Belgium (d. 1947)
  • 1886 Willem Drees, Dutch statesman of the Labour Party (PvdA) and Prime Minister of the Netherlands, born in Amsterdam (d. 1988)
  • 1890 Frederick Lewis Allen, American social historian and editor of Harper's Magazine, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1954)
  • 1891 John H. Northrop, American biochemist (crystallized enzymes (Nobel 1946)), born in Yonkers, New York (d. 1987)
  • 1891 Tin Ujević, Croatian poet (Žedan kamen na studencu), born in Vrgorac, Austro-Hungarian Empire (d. 1955)
  • 1899 Anna Arnold Hedgeman, African-American social activist (NYC cabinet), born in Marshalltown, Iowa (d. 1990)
  • 1899 Marcel Achard, French playwright (Jean de la Lune), born in Sainte-Foy-lès-Lyon, France (d. 1974)
  • 1900 Bernardus Johannes Alfrink, Dutch cardinal of Utrecht Netherlands, born in Nijkerk, Netherlands (d. 1987)
  • 1901 Sergey Vladimirovich Obraztsov, Soviet puppet master, born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1992)
  • 1902 Frank Waters, American writer, born in Colorado Springs, Colorado (d. 1995)
  • 1902 Henry Cabot Lodge Jr., American politician (Sen-R) and ambassador (West Germany, Vietnam & UN), born in Nahant, Massachusetts (d. 1985)
  • 1904 Harold Acton, English-Italian historian and art collector, born in Villa La Pietra, Florence, Italy (d. 1994)
  • 1904 Ernst Mayr, German-American biologist (evolutionary theory), born in Kempten, Bavaria, Germany (d. 2005)
  • 1909 Andrei Gromyko, Soviet politician (President of Union of Soviet Socialist Republics), born in Staryya Hramyki, Mogilev Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1989) [NS 7/18]

  • 1910 Robert K. Meston, American sociologist (functionalism), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2003)

Person of interestGeorges Pompidou

1911 Georges Pompidou, President/Prime Minister of France (1962-74), born in Paris, France (d. 1974)

French President Georges Pompidou
French President
Georges Pompidou
  • 1914 Jacob Soetendorp, Dutch rabbi, born in Amsterdam d. 1976)
  • 1920 Mary Louise Hancock, American politician and activist, born in Franklin, New Hampshire (d. 2017)
  • 1923 Arno Motulsky, German-born founder of medical genetics, known as the "father of pharmacogenomics," born in Fischhausen, East Prussia, Weimar Germany (d. 2018)
  • 1924 Niels Jannasch, Canadian historian and museum curator, born in Holzminden, Germany (d. 2001)
  • 1926 Haya van Someren-Downer, Dutch politician (2nd Member of parliament (Dutch Lib Party)), born in Amsterdam (d. 1980)
  • 1927 W. M. Diggelmann, Swiss writer (appeared in The self-destruction of W. M. Diggelmann), born in Zurich, Switzerland (d. 1979)
  • 1928 Pierre Mauroy, Prime Minister of France (1981-84), born in Cartignies, Nord, France (d. 2013)
  • 1929 Mary Maxwell Gates, American businesswoman, philanthropist/mother of Bill Gates, born in Seattle, Washington (d. 1994)
  • 1931 James "Jimmy the Gent" Burke, Irish American gangster (inspiration for Jimmy Conway character in Goodfellas), born in New York City (d. 1996)
  • 1931 Ismail Mahomed, South African and Namibian Chief Justice, 1st permanent black judge on South African Supreme Court, born in Pretoria, South Africa (d. 2000)
  • 1932 Teddy Millington-Drake, English painter, born in London (d. 1994)
  • 1932 Gyula Horn, Hungarian prime minister (1994-8), born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 2013)
  • 1935 Edward McInnes, German scholar, born in Maybole, Ayrshire (d. 1996)
  • 1935 John Gilmore, American true crime author (Severed: The True Story of the Black Dahlia Murder), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 2016)
  • 1936 James Mirrlees, Scottish economist (Nobel 1996), born in Minnigaff, Scotland
  • 1937 Brooke Hayward, American author (Haywire), born in Los Angeles, California
  • 1937 Frouwke J. Laning-Boersema, Dutch politician (CDA) 2nd Chamber
  • 1937 Nita Lowey, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New York), born in NYC, New York
  • 1940 Karen Shepherd, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Utah), born in Silver City, New Mexico
  • 1940 Chuck Close, American painter and photographer, born in Monroe, Washington
  • 1941 Barbara Frischmuth, Austrian writer, born in Altaussee, Salzkammergut, Austria
  • 1945 Dick Scoppettone, American rocker (Harpers Bizarre), born in Santa Cruz, California
  • 1945 Humberto Benítez Treviño, Mexican politician and Attorney General of the Republic of Mexico, born in Zacualpan, Mexico
  • 1946 Pierre-Marc Johnson, Québéc lawyer, physician and politician (24th Premier of Quebec), born in Montreal, Quebec
  • 1946 Paul Smith, British fashion designer (Paul Smith), born in Beeston, Nottinghamshire, England
  • 1946 Gerard 't Hooft, Dutch physicist (Nobel 1999-for elucidating the quantum structure of electroweak interactions), born in July 5, 1946 (age 72) Den Helder, Netherlands
  • 1948 Julie Nixon Eisenhower, American author and the youngest daughter of Richard Nixon, born in Washington, D.C.
  • 1952 David Dreier, American entrepreneur and politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from California), born in Kansas City, Missouri
  • 1952 Terence T. Henricks, USAF colonel and astronaut (STS 44, 55, 70, 78), born in Bryan, Ohio
  • 1954 Leni Björklund, Swedish politician (Minister for Defence, 2002-06), born in Örebro, Sweden
  • 1957 David Hanson, British Labour politician, born in Liverpool
  • 1958 Meredith Ann Pierce, American sci-fi author (Darkangel), born in Seattle, Washington
  • 1958 William "Bill" Watterson, American cartoonist known for being author of the comic strip Calvin and Hobbes (1985-95), born in Washington, D.C.
  • 1959 Veronica Guerin, Irish crime journalist, born in Dublin (d. 1996)
  • 1960 James M. Kelly, American politician (Maryland), born in Baltimore County, Maryland
  • 1964 Mark H Lascells, grandson of English princess Mary
  • 1967 Silvia Ziche, Italian comics artist (Italian Donald Duck comics), born in Thiene, Italy
  • 1968 Ken Akamatsu, Japanese Manga artist, born in Tokyo
  • 1968 John Ruskin a.k.a. Nardwuar the Human Serviette, Canadian journalist, born in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada

Person of interestDolly the Sheep

1996 Dolly the Sheep, first mammal to be cloned from an adult cell born in Scotland