Birthdays in History on July 5

  • 1321 Joan of The Tower, Queen consort of Scotland, born in Tower of London, London (d. 1362)
  • 1554 Elisabeth of Austria, Queen consort of France (1570-74), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1592)
  • 1586 Thomas Hooker, American colonial clergyman (known as "the father of Connecticut"), born in Marefield, Leicestershire, England (d. 1647)
  • 1653 Thomas Pitt, British merchant and Governor of Madras, born in Blandford St. Mary, Dorset, England (d. 1726)
  • 1675 Mary Walcott, American accuser at the Salem witch trials, born in Salem, Massachusetts (d. 1720)
  • 1717 Pedro III, King of Portugal and the Algarves (1777-86) and consort of Queen Maria I of Portugal, born in Lisbon, Portugal (d. 1786)
  • 1718 Francis Seymour-Conway, 1st Marquess of Hertford, Viceroy of Ireland, born in Chelsea, London (d. 1794)
  • 1793 Pavel Ivanovich Pestel, Russian officer, born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1826)
  • 1794 Sylvester Graham, Minister and noted vegetarian (developed Graham cracker), born in Suffield, Connecticut (d. 1851)

David FarragutDavid Farragut (1801-1870)

American admiral ("Damn the torpedoes, full speed ahead!"), born in Campbell's Station, Tennessee

  • 1805 Robert FitzRoy, British naval officer and scientist, born in Ampton, Suffolk, England (d. 1865)

P. T. BarnumP. T. Barnum (1810-1891)

American circus promoter and showman (Barnum & Bailey), born in Bethel, Connecticut

  • 1820 William John Macquorn Rankine, Scottish mechanical engineer and physicist, born in Edinburgh (d. 1872)
  • 1828 Paul Gabriël, Dutch water colors painter and etcher, born in Amsterdam (d. 1903)
  • 1829 Ignacio Mariscal, Mexican lawyer and diplomat (Secretary of Foreign Affairs), born in Oaxaca, Mexico (d. 1910)
  • 1841 William C. Whitney, American financier and 31st United States Secretary of the Navy, born in Conway, Massachusetts (d. 1904)
  • 1843 Mandell Creighton, British historian and a bishop of the Church of England, born in Carlisle, Cumbria, England (d. 1901)
  • 1849 William T. Stead, British newspaper editor (The Pall Mall Gazette - exposed child prostitution), born in Embleton, England (d. 1912)

Cecil RhodesCecil Rhodes (1853-1902)

British businessman, diamond merchant and imperialist politician who was Prime Minister of the Cape Colony (1890-96), born in Bishop's Stortford, Hertfordshire, England

  • 1857 Clara Zetkin, German feminist, Socialist, and Communist leader, born in Wiederau, Saxony (d. 1933)
  • 1860 Robert Bacon, American politician (39th United States Secretary of State), born in Jamaica Plain, Massachusetts (d. 1919)

A. E. DouglassA. E. Douglass (1867-1962)

American astronomer and inventor of dendrochronology (tree-ring dating), born in Windsor, Vermont

  • 1868 William Henry Singer, American painter and collector (Singer Museum, Laren), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1943)
  • 1872 Édouard Herriot, French politician (served 3 times as Prime Minister of France), born in Troyes, France (d. 1957)

Eugen FischerEugen Fischer (1874-1967)

Nazi physician (Kaiser Wilhelm Institute), born in Karlsruhe, Grand Duchy of Baden, Germany

  • 1881 August Hlond, Polish cardinal of the Roman Catholic church, born in Brzęczkowice, German Empire (d. 1948)
  • 1885 André Lhote, French painter and art historian (Traité du paysage), born in Bordeaux, France (d. 1962)
  • 1886 Felix Timmermans, Flemish painter and illustrator (Pallieter), born in Lier, Belgium (d. 1947)
  • 1886 Willem Drees, Dutch statesman of the Labour Party (PvdA) and Prime Minister of the Netherlands, born in Amsterdam (d. 1988)
  • 1890 Frederick Lewis Allen, American social historian and editor of Harper's Magazine, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1954)
  • 1891 John H. Northrop, American biochemist (crystallized enzymes (Nobel 1946)), born in Yonkers, New York (d. 1987)
  • 1891 Tin Ujević, Croatian poet (Žedan kamen na studencu), born in Vrgorac, Austro-Hungarian Empire (d. 1955)
  • 1899 Anna Arnold Hedgeman, African-American social activist (NYC cabinet), born in Marshalltown, Iowa (d. 1990)
  • 1899 Marcel Achard, French playwright (Jean de la Lune), born in Sainte-Foy-lès-Lyon, France (d. 1974)
  • 1900 Bernardus Johannes Alfrink, Dutch cardinal of Utrecht Netherlands, born in Nijkerk, Netherlands (d. 1987)
  • 1901 Sergey Vladimirovich Obraztsov, Soviet puppet master, born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1992)
  • 1902 Frank Waters, American writer, born in Colorado Springs, Colorado (d. 1995)
  • 1902 Henry Cabot Lodge Jr., American politician (Sen-R) and ambassador (West Germany, Vietnam & UN), born in Nahant, Massachusetts (d. 1985)
  • 1904 Ernst Mayr, German-American biologist (evolutionary theory), born in Kempten, Bavaria, Germany (d. 2005)
  • 1904 Harold Acton, English-Italian historian and art collector, born in Villa La Pietra, Florence, Italy (d. 1994)
  • 1909 Andrei Gromyko, Soviet politician (President of Union of Soviet Socialist Republics), born in Staryya Hramyki, Mogilev Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1989) [NS 7/18]
  • 1910 Robert K. Meston, American sociologist (functionalism), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2003)

Georges PompidouGeorges Pompidou (1911-1974)

French President (1969-74) and Prime Minister (1962-68), born in Paris, France

  • 1914 Jacob Soetendorp, Dutch rabbi, born in Amsterdam d. 1976)
  • 1920 Mary Louise Hancock, American politician and activist, born in Franklin, New Hampshire (d. 2017)
  • 1923 Arno Motulsky, German-born founder of medical genetics, known as the "father of pharmacogenomics", born in Fischhausen, East Prussia, Weimar Germany (d. 2018)
  • 1924 Niels Jannasch, Canadian historian and museum curator, born in Holzminden, Germany (d. 2001)
  • 1926 Haya van Someren-Downer, Dutch politician (2nd Member of parliament (Dutch Lib Party)), born in Amsterdam (d. 1980)
  • 1927 W. M. Diggelmann, Swiss writer (appeared in The self-destruction of W. M. Diggelmann), born in Zurich, Switzerland (d. 1979)
  • 1928 Pierre Mauroy, Prime Minister of France (1981-84), born in Cartignies, Nord, France (d. 2013)
  • 1929 Mary Maxwell Gates, American businesswoman, philanthropist/mother of Bill Gates, born in Seattle, Washington (d. 1994)
  • 1931 Ismail Mahomed, South African and Namibian Chief Justice, 1st permanent black judge on South African Supreme Court, born in Pretoria, South Africa (d. 2000)
  • 1931 James "Jimmy the Gent" Burke, Irish American gangster (inspiration for Jimmy Conway character in Goodfellas), born in New York City (d. 1996)
  • 1932 Gyula Horn, Hungarian prime minister (1994-8), born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 2013)
  • 1932 Teddy Millington-Drake, English painter, born in London (d. 1994)
  • 1935 Edward McInnes, German scholar, born in Maybole, Ayrshire (d. 1996)
  • 1935 John Gilmore, American true crime author (Severed: The True Story of the Black Dahlia Murder), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 2016)
  • 1936 James Mirrlees, Scottish economist (Nobel 1996), born in Minnigaff, Scotland
  • 1937 Brooke Hayward, American author (Haywire), born in Los Angeles, California
  • 1937 Frouwke J. Laning-Boersema, Dutch politician (CDA) 2nd Chamber
  • 1937 Nita Lowey, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New York), born in NYC, New York
  • 1940 Chuck Close, American painter and photographer, born in Monroe, Washington
  • 1940 Karen Shepherd, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Utah), born in Silver City, New Mexico
  • 1941 Barbara Frischmuth, Austrian writer, born in Altaussee, Salzkammergut, Austria
  • 1945 Dick Scoppettone, American rocker (Harpers Bizarre), born in Santa Cruz, California
  • 1945 Humberto Benítez Treviño, Mexican politician and Attorney General of the Republic of Mexico, born in Zacualpan, Mexico
  • 1946 Gerard 't Hooft, Dutch physicist (Nobel 1999-for elucidating the quantum structure of electroweak interactions), born in July 5, 1946 (age 72) Den Helder, Netherlands
  • 1946 Paul Smith, British fashion designer (Paul Smith), born in Beeston, Nottinghamshire, England
  • 1946 Pierre-Marc Johnson, Québéc lawyer, physician and politician (24th Premier of Quebec), born in Montreal, Quebec
  • 1948 Julie Nixon Eisenhower, American author and the youngest daughter of Richard Nixon, born in Washington, D.C.
  • 1951 Roger Wicker, American politician (Senator-R-Mississippi 2007-), born in Pontotoc, Mississippi
  • 1952 David Dreier, American entrepreneur and politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from California), born in Kansas City, Missouri
  • 1952 Terence T. Henricks, USAF colonel and astronaut (STS 44, 55, 70, 78), born in Bryan, Ohio
  • 1954 Leni Björklund, Swedish politician (Minister for Defence, 2002-06), born in Örebro, Sweden
  • 1957 David Hanson, British Labour politician, born in Liverpool
  • 1958 Meredith Ann Pierce, American sci-fi author (Darkangel), born in Seattle, Washington
  • 1958 William "Bill" Watterson, American cartoonist known for being author of the comic strip Calvin and Hobbes (1985-95), born in Washington, D.C.
  • 1959 Veronica Guerin, Irish crime journalist, born in Dublin (d. 1996)
  • 1960 James M. Kelly, American politician (Maryland), born in Baltimore County, Maryland
  • 1964 Mark H Lascells, grandson of English princess Mary
  • 1967 Silvia Ziche, Italian comics artist (Italian Donald Duck comics), born in Thiene, Italy
  • 1968 John Ruskin a.k.a. Nardwuar the Human Serviette, Canadian journalist, born in Vancouver, British Columbia
  • 1968 Ken Akamatsu, Japanese Manga artist, born in Tokyo

Dolly the SheepDolly the Sheep (1996-2003)

first mammal to be cloned from an adult cell, born in Scotland