On This Day

Birthdays in History on July 6

  • 1638 Gerrit Berckheyde, Dutch painter, born in Haarlem, Netherlands (d. 1698)
  • 1668 Pieter Burman the Elder, Dutch classical scholar, born in Utrecht, Netherlands (d. 1741)
  • 1686 Antoine de Jussieu, French naturalist, born in Lyon, France (d. 1758)
  • 1736 Daniel Morgan, American soldier and politician (Battle of Cowpens, Whiskey Rebellion), born in Hunterdon County, New Jersey (d. 1802)
  • 1747 John Paul Jones, U.S. first well-known naval hero ("I have not yet begun to fight"), born in Arbigland, Kirkcudbrightshire, Scotland (d. 1792)
  • 1753 John H Midderigh, Rotterdam patriot, baptized
  • 1755 John Flaxman, English sculptor (Westminster Abbey tomb stones)
  • 1766 Alexander Wilson, Scottish-American ornithologist and naturalist, born in Paisley, Scotland (d. 1813)

Person of interestStamford Raffles

1781 Stamford Raffles, British statesman and founder of Singapore, born in off the coast of Port Morant, Jamaica (d. 1826)

British Statesman and Founder of Singapore Stamford Raffles
British Statesman and Founder of Singapore
Stamford Raffles
  • 1782 Luis Brión, Curacao military officer who fought in the Venezuelan War of Independence, born in Plantage Rozentak, Curaçao (d. 1821)
  • 1785 William Jackson Hooker, English botanist and director (Kew Gardens), born in Norwich, England
  • 1789 María Isabella of Spain, Queen of the Two Sicilies (1825-30), born in Royal Palace of Madrid, Spain (d. 1848)
  • 1793 Jacob de Kempenaer, Dutch lawyer and Minister of Internal Affairs (1848-49), born in Amsterdam (d. 1870)
  • 1796 Nicholas I Pavlovitch, tsar of Russia (1825-55), born in Gatchina Palace, Gatchina, Russian Empire (d. 1855)
  • 1814 Justus McKinstry, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in NYC, New York (d. 1897)
  • 1817 Albert von Kölliker, Swiss anatomist and histologist (one of the first to interpret tissue structure in terms of cellular elements), born in Zürich, Switzerland (d. 1905)

  • 1819 Ernst Wilhelm von Brücke, German physician and physiologist, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1892)
  • 1821 Edward Pettus, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Athens, Alabama (d. 1907)

Person of interestMaximilian I

1832 Maximilian I of Mexico and Archduke of Austria, first and only monarch of the Second Mexican Empire, born in Vienna, Austria

Emperor of Mexico Maximilian I
Emperor of Mexico
Maximilian I
  • 1838 Vatroslav Jagić, Croatian scholar of Slavic studies, born in Varaždin, Austrian Empire (d. 1923)
  • 1856 Edward Anseele, Belgian socialist politician, born in Ghent, Belgium (d. 1938)
  • 1859 Verner von Heidenstam, Swedish poet and novelist (Charles Men, Nobel 1916), born in Olshammar, Örebro County, Sweden (d. 1940)
  • 1868 Petrus A Euwens, Dutch vicar/editor (Amigoe di Curacao)
  • 1868 Princess Victoria of the United Kingdom, fourth child and second daughter of Edward VII and Alexandra of Denmark, born in Marlborough House, London (d. 1935)

Person of interestHarry Ford Sinclair

1876 Harry Ford Sinclair, founder of Sinclair Oil (Teapot Dome Scandal), born in Benwood, West Virginia

Founder of Sinclair Oil Harry Ford Sinclair
Founder of Sinclair Oil
Harry Ford Sinclair
  • 1877 Niceto Alcalá-Zamora, 1st Prime Minister of the Second Spanish Republic and President of Spain (1931-36), born in Priego de Cordoba, Spain (d. 1949)
  • 1878 Eino Leino, Finnish poet, born in Paltamo, Finland (d. 1926)
  • 1881 Josef Winckler, German dentist and writer (Quadriga, Pumpernickel), born in Bentlage, Rheine (d. 1966)
  • 1884 André Dunoyer de Segonzac, French painter and cartoonist, born in Boussy-Saint-Antoine, France (d. 1974)
  • 1884 Willem Dudok, Dutch architect (town hall Hilversum/Beehive Rotterdam), born in Amsterdam (d. 1974)
  • 1885 Ernst Busch, German field marshal (WWII), born in Essen, German Empire (d. 1945)
  • 1887 Marc Chagall, Russian-French artist (I & The Village), born in Vitebsk, Russian Empire (d. 1985)
  • 1892 Willy Coppens, Belgian WW I fighter ace, born in Watermael-Boitsfort, Brussels, Belgium (d. 1986)
  • 1896 Thomas W McKnew, president (National Geographic Society)
  • 1897 Richard Krautheimer, art Historian
  • 1903 Axel Theorell, Swedish biochemist (Nobel 1955-discovering the oxidation enzyme and its effects), born in Linköping, Sweden (d. 1982)

  • 1904 Erik Wickberg, 9th Salvation Army general, born in Gävle, Sweden (d. 1996)

Person of interestFrida Kahlo

1907 Frida Kahlo, Mexican painter who explored questions of identity, postcolonialism, gender and race in Mexican society, born in Coyoacán, Mexico City (d. 1954)

Painter Frida Kahlo
Painter
Frida Kahlo
  • 1912 Heinrich Harrer, Austrian mountaineer and author (Seven Years in Tibet), born in Hüttenberg, Austria-Hungary (d. 2006)
  • 1916 Unica Zürn, German writer and artist, born in Berlin (d. 1970)
  • 1918 Bert Voeten, Dutch journalist and poet (Crossing), born in Breda, Netherlands (d. 1992)

Person of interestNancy Reagan

1921 Nancy Reagan [Anne Frances Robbins], US First Lady (1981-89), born in NYC, New York (d. 2016)

US First Lady Nancy Reagan
US First Lady
Nancy Reagan

Person of interestDmitri Polyakov

1921 Dmitri Polyakov, Soviet Major General and spy for the CIA, born in Ukraine (d. 1988)

Soviet General and Cold War Spy Dmitri Polyakov
Soviet General and Cold War Spy
Dmitri Polyakov
  • 1923 Wojciech Jaruzelski, Polish general and 1st President of Poland (1989-90), born in Kurów, Poland (d. 2014)
  • 1924 Robert Michael White, American test pilot (X-15), born in NYC, New York (d. 2010)
  • 1925 Huub Jacobse, Dutch politician and member of Dutch 2nd chamber (Liberal), born in Zeist, Netherlands (d. 1993)
  • 1926 Conrad "Nicky" Hilton Jr., American hotel heir and 1st husband of Elizabeth Taylor, born in Dallas, Texas (d. 1969)
  • 1927 Alan Leslie "Fluff" Freeman, Australian-born British disc jockey and radio personality (Pick of the Pops), born in New South Wales, Australia (d. 2006)
  • 1930 Françoise Mallet-Joris, Belgian writer (Signs & Wonders), born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 2016)
  • 1930 Hans-Jürgen Heise, German writer, born in Bublitz (d. 2013)
  • 1931 Jean Campeau, French Canadian businessman and politician, born in Montreal, Quebec
  • 1931 Emily Nasrallah, Lebanese writer and women's rights activist (Birds of September, A Cat’s Diary), born in Kfeir, Lebanon (d. 2018)

Person of interestTenzin Gyatso

1935 14th Dalai Lama, Tibetan spiritual leader of Tibet's Lamaistic Buddhists, born in Taktser, Qinghai, China

14th Dalai Lama Tenzin Gyatso
14th Dalai Lama
Tenzin Gyatso
  • 1937 Bessie Head, Botswana writer (When Rain Clouds Gather, Maru, A Question of Power), born in Pietermaritzburg, South Africa (d. 1986)
  • 1940 Nursultan Nazarbayev, 1st President of Kazakhstan (1990-2019), born in Chemolgan, Kazakh SSR, Soviet Union
  • 1944 Byron Berline, American world premier fiddle player, born in Caldwell, Kansas
  • 1945 Rik Elswit, American rocker (Dr Hook & Medicine Show-In the Right Place), born in California
  • 1945 Rodney Matthews, English fantasy artist and illustrator, born in Paulton, England

Person of interestGeorge W. Bush

1946 George W. Bush Jr, 43rd President of the United States (2001-09) and 46th Governor of Texas (1995-2000) (R-TX), born in New Haven, Connecticut

43rd US President George W. Bush
43rd US President
George W. Bush
  • 1946 Jamie Wyeth, American artist (An American Vision-Boston), born in Wilmington, Delaware
  • 1946 Peter Singer, Australian philosopher (specialises in applied ethics and approaches ethical issues from a secular, utilitarian perspective), born in Melbourne, Australia
  • 1948 Wadih Sa'adeh, Lebanese-Australian poet (Laysa Lil Massa’ Ikhwah), born in Lebanon
  • 1948 Tom Curley, American media executive (President of the Associated Press), born in Easton, Pennsylvania
  • 1950 John Byrne, Canadian-American author and artist of superhero comics (X-Men), born in Walsall, Staffordshire, England
  • 1950 Hélène Scherrer, Canadian politician (MP of Louis-Hébert, Quebec, 2000-04), born in Quebec City, Quebec
  • 1952 Hilary Mantel, English novelist (Wolf Hall), born in Glossop, Derbyshire
  • 1955 William Wall, Irish writer (This is the Country), born in Cork City, Ireland
  • 1955 Sherif Ismail, Prime Minister of Egypt (2015-2018), born in Cairo, Egypt
  • 1972 D-Styles, American scratch DJ, born in the Philippines
  • 1975 Amir-Abbas Fakhravar, Iranian journalist and activist (Annie Taylor Award), born in Tehran, Iran
  • 1979 Nicolas Daniel Maricio, Prince of Netherlands, born in Utrecht, Netherlands
  • 1986 David Karp, American web developer and founder of the blogging site Tumblr, born in NYC, New York
  • 1986 Luigi Di Maio, Italian politician, Leader of 5-Star, born in Avellino, Italy