On This Day

Birthdays in History on June 10

  • 867 Uda, 59th Emperor of Japan (887-897), born in Kyōto, Japan (d. 931)
  • 1213 Fakhr-al-Din Iraqi, Persian philosopher, born in Hamedan, Iran (d. 1289)
  • 1613 Johann Georg II, Elector of Saxony (1656-80), born in Dresden (d. 1680)
  • 1630 Willem van Bemmel, Dutch painter and etcher, born in Utrecht, Netherlands (d. 1708)
  • 1632 Esprit Fléchier, French writer and Bishop of Nîmes, born in Pernes-les-Fontaines, France (d. 1710)
  • 1637 Jacques Marquette, French Jesuit missionary explorer (Chicago), born in Laon, France (d. 1675)
  • 1657 James Cragg the Elder, British politician (d. 1721)
  • 1688 James Francis Edward Stuart "The old Pretender", Jacobite claimant to the thrones of England and Scotland after the death of his father James II, born in St James's Palace, London, Kingdom of England (d. 1766)
  • 1710 James Short, Scottish mathematician and manufacturer of telescopes, born in Edinburgh (d. 1768)
  • 1713 Princess Caroline Elizabeth of Great Britain, fourth child and third daughter of King George II of Great Britain and his wife Caroline of Ansbach, born in Herrenhausen Palace, Hanover (d. 1757)
  • 1735 John Morgan, American physician-in-chief of Continental Army and co-founder of the Medical College at the University of Pennsylvania, the first medical school in Colonial America, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1789)
  • 1753 William Eustis, 12th Governor of Massachusetts (1823-25), born in Cambridge, Massachusetts Bay, British America (d. 1825)
  • 1782 Amable-Guillaume-Prosper Brugière, French politician and historian, born in Riom, Puy-de-Dôme, France (d. 1866)
  • 1803 Henry Darcy, French hydraulic engineer (Darcy's Law), born in Dijon, France (d. 1858)
  • 1804 Hermann Schlegel, German ornithologist, born in Altenburg, Germany (d. 1884)
  • 1808 Friedrich Kaiser, Dutch astronomer (Kaiser compass-card), born in Amsterdam (d. 1872)

  • 1819 Gustave Courbet, French realist painter (Demoiselles the la Seine), born in Ornans, Doubs, Kingdom of France (d. 1877)
  • 1822 John Jacob Astor III, American businessman (Astor Estate holdings), born in New York (d. 1890)
  • 1825 Sondre Norheim, Norwegian skier and pioneer of modern skiing, born in Øverbø, Norway (d. 1897)
  • 1825 Princess Hildegard of Bavaria, seventh child and fourth daughter of Ludwig I of Bavaria and Therese of Saxe-Hildburghausen, born in Würzburg, Bavaria (d. 1864)
  • 1832 Edwin Arnold, English writer (The Light of Asia), born in Gravesend, Kent (d. 1904)
  • 1832 Nikolaus Otto, German engineer (gas motor, otto motor), born in Holzhausen an der Haide, Nassau (d. 1891)
  • 1834 Hendrik Pierson, Dutch theologist (H Pierson Foundation), born in Amsterdam (d. 1923)
  • 1835 Constant A Serrure, Flemish historian
  • 1835 Ferdinand IV, Grand Duke of Tuscany, born in Florence (d. 1908)
  • 1835 Rebecca Latimer Felton, American writer and politician (first woman to serve as U.S. Senator (Georgia)), born in Decatur, Georgia (d. 1930)
  • 1836 Yamaoka Tesshū, Japanese swordsman and master of kendo, born in Tokyo (d. 1888)
  • 1839 Ludvig Holstein-Ledreborg, Danish politician (Council President of Denmark), born in Hochberg (now Remseck am Neckar), Württemberg (d. 1912)
  • 1840 Thomas F. Toon, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Columbus County, North Carolina (d. 1902)
  • 1840 Theodor Philipsen, Danish painter, born in Copenhagen (d. 1920)
  • 1844 Albert Neuhuys, Dutch painter of peasant families (Laren School), born in Utrecht, Netherlands (d. 1914)
  • 1844 Carl Hagenbeck, German animal trainer (Von Tieren und Menschen), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1913)
  • 1859 Jacques Perk, Dutch poet (Iris, Wood Song), born in Dordrecht, Netherlands (d. 1881)
  • 1861 Joseph Cuypers, Dutch architect (St Bavo, Haarlem), born in Roermond, the Netherlands (d. 1949)
  • 1861 Pierre Duhem, French naturalist, philosopher and historian, born in Paris (d. 1916)
  • 1863 Louis Couperus, Dutch poet and writer (Eline Vere), born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1923)

  • 1865 Frederick Cook, American explorer, claimed to have 1st discovered North Pole, born in Callicoon, New York (d. 1940)
  • 1869 Gustave Vanzype, Belgian literary (La Gazette), born in Brussels (d. 1955)
  • 1880 Margit Kaffka, Hungarian writer (Colors and Years), born in Nagykároly (d. 1918)
  • 1882 Neville Henderson, British diplomat and Ambassador of the United Kingdom to Nazi Germany (1937-39), born in Sedgwick, Sussex, England (d. 1942)
  • 1884 Leone Sextus Tollemache, British Army captain who was incorrectly alleged to have the longest English surname on record (Leone Sextus Denys Oswolf Fraudatifilius Tollemache-Tollemache de Orellana Plantagenet Tollemache-Tollemache), born in Lincolnshire, England (d. 1917)
  • 1886 Emile van Dievoet, Flemish lawyer, born in Sint-Katherina-Lombeek, Belgium (d. 1967)
  • 1888 Leo Weismantel, German writer (Der Reiter der Apocalypse), born in Obersinn, Germany (d. 1964)
  • 1890 Paul J M Lindemans, Flemish agricultural engineer/author
  • 1895 Immanuel Velikovsky, Russian writer (Worlds in Collision), born in Vitebsk, Russian Empire (d. 1979)
  • 1897 Tatiana Nikolaevna, 2nd daughter of the last Russian Tsar, Nicholas II and Tsarina Alexandra Feodorovna, born in Peterhof Palace, Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1918)
  • 1899 Raoul Salan, French Army general and leader of OAS; Secret Army Organization (Algeria), born in Roquecourbe, France (d. 1984)
  • 1900 Henri Bruning, Dutch poet and literary, born in Amsterdam (d. 1983)
  • 1907 Fairfield Porter, American painter, born in Winnetka, Illinois (d. 1975)
  • 1908 Brinsley Ford, British art historian and CEO (National Art Collections Fund), born in Petworth, Sussex, England (d. 1999)

Person of interestTerence Rattigan

1911 Terence Rattigan, British playwright (Winslow Boy, Browning Version), born in London (d. 1977)

Playwright Terence Rattigan
Terence Rattigan
  • 1912 Leslie Brown, Bishop (St Edmundsbury & Ipswich)
  • 1912 William Gordon Harris, British civil engineer, born in Liverpool, England (d. 2005)
  • 1912 Jean Lesage, Canadian politician (19th Premier of Quebec), born in Montreal, Quebec (d. 1980)
  • 1913 Van Carlyle Wilton-Davies, archdeacon Emeritus (Oxford)
  • 1913 Wilbur J. Cohen, American pioneer of social security, worked on the New Deal, born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin

  • 1914 Polly Hill, Dr/anthropologist

Person of interestSaul Bellow

1915 Saul Bellow, Canadian-born American author (Mr Sammler's Planet, Nobel 1976), born in Lachine, Quebec (d. 2005)

Novelist Saul Bellow
Saul Bellow
  • 1917 William Barr, rector (Exeter College, Oxford)
  • 1919 Haidar Abdel-Shafi, Palestinian Negotiator and community leader (d. 2007)

Person of interestPrince Philip

1921 Philip Mountbatten, Duke of Edinburgh and consort of Great Britain's Elizabeth II, born in Mon Repos, Corfu, Greece (d. 2021)

Duke of Edinburgh Prince Philip
Duke of Edinburgh
Prince Philip
  • 1922 Rose Mofford, American politician, 1st female Governor of Arizona (1988-1991), born in Globe, Arizona (d. 2016)
  • 1923 Robert Maxwell [Jan Hoch], Czech, billionaire/CEO (NY Daily News)
  • 1925 Nat Hentoff, columnist/novelist (Village Voice, The Cold Society)
  • 1926 Willem Oltmans, Dutch journalist (Outlawed, Free as a Bird)
  • 1927 Lin Yang-kang, Chinese politician
  • 1927 Eugene Parker, American solar astrophysicist (Parker Space Probe named after him)
  • 1928 Asher Wallfish, journalist
  • 1928 Maurice Sendak, American author and illustrator (Where The Wild Things Are), born in NYC, New York (d. 2012)
  • 1929 James "Jim" McDivitt, American Brigadier General and astronaut (Gemini 4, Apollo 9), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1929 Ian McCahon Sinclair, Australian politician
  • 1929 Edward O Wilson, American sociobiologist, world’s leading authority on ants, born in Birmingham, Alabama
  • 1932 J Bennett Johnston, (Sen-D-LA, 1972- )
  • 1933 F. Lee Bailey, American criminal defense attorney (Sam Shepard; Boston Strangler; Patty Hearst; OJ Simpson), born in Waltham, Massachusetts (d. 2021)
  • 1933 Georgi Atanasov, Bulgarian Prime Minister
  • 1934 Paul Gibson, British high court judge
  • 1935 Tom Pendry, MP (Labour)
  • 1935 Elio Fiorucci, Italian fashion designer, born in Milan (d. 2015)
  • 1936 Graham Carleton Greene, British literary agent
  • 1937 Richard Foreman, American theatrical director (Daily Life), born in NYC, New York
  • 1942 Preston Manning, Canadian politician

  • 1943 Simon Jenkins, British author and newspaper editor (Evening Standard, The Times), born in Birmingham, England
  • 1944 Rick Price, rocker (Move)
  • 1946 Mensje F van Keulen-van der Steen, Dutch writer (Bleeker's Summer)
  • 1949 John Sentamu, Archbishop of York
  • 1953 John Edwards, American politician and lawyer
  • 1956 Georg Borwin, Duke of Mecklenburg, head of the House of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
  • 1957 Lindsay Hoyle, British politician
  • 1957 Hidetsugu Aneha, Japanese architect
  • 1959 Eliot Spitzer, American politician (Governor of New York 2007-8), born in the Bronx, New York
  • 1959 Carlo Ancelotti, A.C. Milan coach
  • 1962 Akie Abe (née Matsuzaki), First Lady of Japan, 2006-07 and 2012-20, born in Tokyo
  • 1968 Jimmy Shea, American skeleton racer
  • 1969 Kate Snow, American TV journalist
  • 1971 Piyush "Bobby" Jindal, American politician (US Representative for Louisiana (R), 2005-08; Governor of Louisiana, 2008-16), born in Baton Rouge, Louisiana
  • 1972 Radmila Šekerinska, Macedonian politician
  • 1976 Hadi Saei Bonehkohal, Persian taekwondoka
  • 1976 Esther Ouwehand, Dutch politician, parliamentarian for the Party for the Animals
  • 1981 Prince Hashim bin Al Hussein, of Jordan
  • 1982 Princess Madeleine of Sweden
  • 1994 Nicholas Santo Pietro, son of Vanna White
  • 2001 Sasha [Natasha] Obama, American daughter of Barack and Michelle Obama, born in Chicago, Illinois