On This Day

Birthdays in History on June 13

  • 40 Gnaeus Julius Agricola, Roman general and Governor of Britain, conquered Wales and Northern England, born in Gallia Narbonensis (Roman province in Southern France) (d. 93)
  • 823 Charles II the Bald, King of France (843-77) and Holy Roman mperor (875-77), born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 877)
  • 839 Charles the Fat, Carolingian emperor (King of West Francia and Acquitaine, 884-887), born in East Francia (d. 888)
  • 1539 Jost Amman, Swiss cartoonist, graphic artist and illustrator, born in Zürich, Switzerland (d. 1591)
  • 1649 Adrien Baillet, French scholar and critic, born in Neuville, Picardy, France (d. 1706)

Person of interestMartha Washington

1731 Martha Washington, 1st US First Lady (1789-97), born in Kent County, Virginia (d. 1802) [OS June 2]

1st US First Lady Martha Washington
1st US First Lady
Martha Washington
  • 1752 Fanny Burney, English novelist (Camille, Evelina), born in King’s Lynn, Norfolk, England (d. 1840)
  • 1763 José Bonifácio de Andrada, Brazilian statesman, born in Santos, São Paulo (d. 1838)
  • 1773 Thomas Young, British physician and physicist (light interference), born in Milverton, Somerset, England (d. 1829)
  • 1786 Winfield Scott, American army general (Union) and presidential candidate, born in Petersburg, Virginia (d. 1866)
  • 1790 José Antonio Páez, President of Venezuela (1830-35), born in Curpa, Portuguesa, Venezuela (d. 1873)
  • 1795 Thomas Arnold, English educator and historian (History of Rome), born in West Cowes, Isle of Wight, England (d. 1842)
  • 1806 Bernard ter Haar, Dutch poet (Herbert and Clara) and church historian, born in Amsterdam (d. 1880)
  • 1809 George Philip St Cooke, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Leesburg, Virginia (d. 1895)
  • 1820 Henry the Navigator, prince of the Netherlands, third son of King William II of the Netherlands, born in Soestdijk Palace, Netherlands (d. 1879)
  • 1821 Albert, 4th duc de Broglie, Prime Minister of France (1873-74, 1977), born in Paris (d. 1901)

  • 1821 Gustavus Fox, U.S. Navy officer (Mexican–American War), born in Saugus, Massachusetts (d. 1883)
  • 1822 Carl Schmidt, Baltic German chemist, born in Mitau, Russian Empire (d. 1884)
  • 1823 Gustave Paul Cluseret, French Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Suresnes, France (d. 1900)
  • 1825 Benjamin J. Hill, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in McMinnville, Tennessee (d. 1880)
  • 1827 Alberto Henschel, German-Brazilian photographer and businessman, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1882)

Person of interestJames Clerk Maxwell

1831 James Clerk Maxwell, Scottish physicist (electromagnetic theory, speed of light), born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1879)

  • 1854 Charles Algernon Parsons, British inventor (steam turbine), born in London (d. 1931)
  • 1863 Lucy, Lady Duff-Gordon, English fashion designer, born in London (d. 1935)
  • 1864 Rudolf Kjellén, Swedish political scientist and politician who first coined the term "geopolitics", born in Torsö, Sweden (d. 1922)
  • 1864 Dwight B. Waldo, American educator (first President of Western Michigan University), born in Arcade, New York (d. 1939)
  • 1865 W. B. Yeats, Irish poet (Wild Swans at Coole-Nobel 1923), born in Sandymount, Ireland (d. 1939)
  • 1866 Lambertus Zijl, Dutch sculptor (Trade scholarship), born in Kralingen, Netherlands (d. 1947)
  • 1870 Jules Bordet, Belgian bacteriologist (syphillis, Nobel 1919), born in Soignies, Belgium (d. 1961)
  • 1874 Leopoldo Lugones, Argentine poet (Las montañas del oro), born in Villa Maria del Rio Seco, Argentina (d. 1938)
  • 1875 Miriam (Ma) Ferguson, US politician, 1st US elected woman governor, Governor of Texas (1925-27, 1933-35), born in Bell County, Texas (d. 1961)
  • 1876 William Sealy Gosset, English statistician (Student's t-distribution), born in Canterbury, Kent, England (d. 1937)
  • 1879 Johannes Geelkerken, Dutch theologian and vicar, born in Alkmaar, Netherlands (d. 1960)
  • 1884 Anton Drexler, German politician and founder of the German Worker's Party, born in Munich (d. 1942)
  • 1884 Gerald Gardner, British occultist and Wiccan (founding the tradition of Gardnerian Wicca), born in Blundellsands, Lancashire, England (d. 1964)
  • 1884 Étienne Gilson, French philosopher and historian, born in Paris (d. 1978)

  • 1887 Bruno Frank, German-born writer, born in Stuttgart (d. 1945)
  • 1888 Fernando Pessoa, Portuguese poet and writer (The Book of Disquiet), born in Lisbon, Kingdom of Portugal (d. 1935)
  • 1893 Dorothy L. Sayers, English novelist (The Nine Tailors), born in Oxford, England (d. 1957)
  • 1894 Jacques-Henri Lartigue, French photographer and painter, born in Courbevoie, France (d. 1986)
  • 1894 Mark van Doren, American poet and author (Happy Critic, Transients), born in Hope, Vermilion County, Illinois (d. 1972)
  • 1894 Leo Kanner, Austrian-American psychiatrist and social activist known for his work related to autism, born in Klekotów, Austria-Hungary (d. 1981)
  • 1901 Lode Zielens, Flemish author and journalist (Obscure Blood), born in Antwerp (d. 1944)
  • 1901 Tage Erlander, Swedish politician (25th Prime Minister of Sweden 1946-69), born in Ransäter, Värmland County, Sweden (d. 1985)
  • 1905 Chen Yun, Chinese political leader during and after the Chinese Civil War, considered one of the Eight Elders of the Communist Party of China, born in Qingpu, Shanghai, China (d. 1995)
  • 1906 Bruno de Finetti, Italian probabilist statistician and actuary, born in Innsbruck, Austria-Hungary (d. 1985)
  • 1908 Maria Helena Vieira da Silva, Portuguese painter (Infinite Passage), born in Lisbon, Portugal (d. 1992)
  • 1910 Mary Whitehouse, English social activist who opposed social liberalism and the mainstream British media, born in Nuneaton, Warwickshire, England (d. 2001)
  • 1910 Gonzalo Torrente Ballester, Spanish writer associated with the Generation of '36 movement, born in Ferrol, Galicia, Spain (d. 1999)
  • 1911 Albert Cleage, African-American theologian and religious leader, born in Indianapolis (d. 2000)
  • 1911 Luis Alvarez, American physicist (subatomic particles, Nobel 1968), born in San Francisco, California (d. 1988)
  • 1912 Hector de Saint-Denys Garneau, French Canadian poet (Regards et jeux dans l'espace), born in Sainte-Catherine de Fossanbault, Canada (d. 1943)
  • 1913 Etienne Leroux, Afrikaans author (Een vir Azazel), born in Oudtshoorn, Western Cape (d. 1989)
  • 1918 Helmut Lent, German night-fighter ace in World War II, born in Pyrehne, Landsberg (d. 1944)
  • 1925 Hans Fellner, bookseller, born in Vienna (d. 1996)
  • 1926 Geoffrey Finsberg, British politician (d. 1996)
  • 1928 Jean Villain, Swiss writer, born in Zurich (d. 2006)
  • 1930 Ryszard Kukliński, Polish colonel and Cold War spy for NATO, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 2004)
  • 1931 Lachlan Macleay, USAF colonel and astronaut, born in Saint Louis, Missouri
  • 1931 Irvin D. Yalom, American psychotherapist and Emeritus Professor of Psychiatry at Stanford University, born in Washington, D.C.
  • 1933 Tom King, British politician and minister (C), born in Rugby
  • 1935 Aleksandr Alekseyevich Kiselyov, Russian cosmonaut, born in Moscow
  • 1935 Christo [Javacheff], Bulgarian artist and wrapper (Running Fence), born in Gabrovo, Kingdom of Bulgaria (d. 2020)
  • 1935 Jeanne-Claude, French artist (Running Fence), born in Casablanca, French Morocco
  • 1935 Samak Sundaravej, 25th Prime Minister of Thailand (2008), born in Bangkok, Thailand (d. 2009)
  • 1937 Eleanor Holmes Norton, American lawyer and politician (Rep-D-DC), born in Washington, D.C.

Person of interestBan Ki-moon

1944 Ban Ki-moon, South Korean politician and 8th Secretary-General of the United Nations (2007-16), born in Injō, Japanese Korea

8th Secretary-General of the United Nations Ban Ki-moon
8th Secretary-General of the United Nations
Ban Ki-moon
  • 1945 Ronald J Grabe, American Col USAF/astronaut (STS 51-J, 30, 42, 57), born in NYC, New York
  • 1945 Whitley Strieber, American author (The Wolfen, The Hunger), born in San Antonio, Texas
  • 1947 Danie Schutte, South African underminister of Justice, born in Pretoria, South Africa
  • 1947 Jerrold Nadler, American attorney and politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New York), born in NYC, New York
  • 1947 Peter Holm, Swedish ex-husband and manager of Joan Collins
  • 1952 Tony Bruno, American sports talk radio personality, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • 1952 Jean-Marie Dedecker, Belgian politician and former judoka, born in Nieuwpoort, Belgium
  • 1954 Andrzej Lepper, Polish politician (Deputy Prime Minister of Poland), born in Stowięcino, Poland (d. 2011)
  • 1954 Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala, Nigerian economist (Minister of Finance 2011-15), born in Ogwashi-Uku, Delta State
  • 1957 Roy Cooper, American politician, Governor of North Carolina (2017-), born in Nashville, North Carolina
  • 1959 Steve Georganas, Australian politician (MP for Adelaide), born in Adelaide, South Australia
  • 1961 Bob Crow, English trade union leader (National Union RMT), born in Epping, Essex, England (d. 2014)
  • 1965 Infanta Cristina, Duchess of Palma de Mallorca, younger daughter of King Juan Carlos I and Queen Sofía, born in Our Lady of Loreto Clinic, Madrid, Spain
  • 1966 Grigori Perelman, Russian mathematician (Proof of the Poincaré conjecture), born in Leningrad, RSFSR, Soviet Union
  • 1971 Broderick nonuplets, born in Sydney, Australia
  • 1975 Johannes Grenzfurthner, Austrian artist, writer, curator and director
  • 1981 David Madden, 4th-ranked Jeopardy! champion of all-time
  • 1992 Tyler Davison, was world's smallest baby at 6 inches, 11 ounces